The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization
What did the ancient Greeks eat and drink? What role did migration play? Why was emperor Nero popular with the ordinary people but less so with the upper classes? Why (according to ancient authors) was Oedipus ('with swollen foot') so called? For over 2,000 years the civilizations of ancient Greece and Rome have captivated our collective imagination and provided inspiration for so many aspects of our lives, from culture, literature, drama, cinema, and television to society, education, and politics. Many of the roots of the way life is lived in the West today can be traced to the ancient civilizations, not only in politics, law, technology, philosophy, and science, but also in social and family life, language, and art. Beautiful illustrations, clear and authoritative entries, and a useful chronology and bibliography make this Companion the perfect guide for readers interested in learning more about the Graeco-Roman world. As well as providing sound information on all aspects of classical civilization such as history, politics, ethics, morals, law, society, religion, mythology, science and technology, language, literature, art, and scholarship, the entries in the Companion reflect the changing interdisciplinary aspects of classical studies, covering broad thematic subjects, such as race, nationalism, gender, ethics, and ecology, confirming the impact classical civilizations have had on the modern world.
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1st cent 2nd cent 3rd cent 4th cent Achilles Aeschines Aeschylus Alexander ancient animals antiquity Apollo Archaic Aristotle Aristotle’s Asia Minor Athenian Athens attested Augustus became bronze Caesar Carthage Cato Catullus centre Christian Cicero citizens classical Claudius coinage comedy consul cult culture death Demosthenes developed Dionysus divine early Egypt élite emperor empire epic epigram especially Euripides evidence Gaius Gaul genre gods Greece Greek Greek and Roman Hadrian Hellenism Hellenistic period Heracles Herodotus Hesiod Homer imperial important inscriptions Isocrates Italy king late later Latin literary Livy Lucius lyric Macedonian magistrates Marcus ment military modern Odysseus origin perhaps Persian philosophical Plato plays poems poetry poets political Pompey probably provinces Ptolemy republic rhetoric ritual Rome Rome’s sanctuary Satires senate sexual slaves social sources Sparta speeches status Strabo surviving temple texts theory Thucydides tion tradition women writing Zeus