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publications would put down the papers. The money, therefore, was bad.
fairly earned, although he would Mr. J. M.Gregor, Sir J. Paking. not say it was wise to levy it in ton, and Mr. Maguire, also sup- that particular form. He admitted ported the motion, which the impolicy of the paper-duty, opposed by Lord R. Grosvenor. owing to the peculiar manner in
Upon a division the first resolu- which it pressed upon the manution was carried against the Go- facture of paper, and which, there. vernment by 200 to 169, the second fore, was a fit tax for repeal, if the was negatived by 280 to 98, and House so willed. With the adverthe third by 275 to 80.
tisement duty the case was altoOn the 1st of July the first re- gether different. This was simply solution was again the subject of a tax upon trade and labour, and debate. The House having gone he asked the Committee whether into Committee, the Chancellor of it was prepared to abolish all taxes the Exchequer moved a resolution of that nature? If not, there was that the advertisement duty should no argument for the total repeal of be reduced to 6d. He explained the advertisement-duty. The mothat he proposed to enlarge the tiou, in fact, was simply meant as space prescribed to newspapers an attempt to subvert indirect taxfrom 1530 to 2295 inches, but ation, and he warned hon. memconfining that space to two sheets bers that if they assented to the of paper, still retaining the duty amendment, they would shortly on any supplement beyond that find themselves called upon to go size. He offered this enlargement much further in the same direction, of space in lieu of his original pro- and that all the indirect taxes thus posal to abolish the duty on sup- repealed must, of course, be replements altogether.
levied upon the valued property of Mr. Milner Gibson then moved, the country. The surplus now as an amendment, that “all duties left upon the estimates of the year now chargeable on advertisements amounted only to about 252,0001. be repealed, in accordance with a per annum, and it would be danResolution of this House on the gerous to reduce it any further, at 14th of April last."
a time when great financial changes The Chancellor of the Exchequer were being carried out. The mojustified the sixpenny duty upon tion was, in fact, a trap for the the ground that it was fair in prin- substitution of direct in the place ciple and moderate in proportion of indirect taxation, which he to the services performed. He looked upon as “a delusion and a denied that any special boon was snare," and for which he had no intended to the large monopolists, desire to prepare the way, and and he believed the smaller papers against the consequences of which would prospectively profit by the he warned the Committee to be on reduction of the duty. With re their guard, if they sanctioned the gard to the penny stamp upon amendment by their votes. newspapers, he had instituted in Mr. Cobden accused the Chanquiries at the Post Office, and found cellor of the Exchequer of having that the 400,0001. so received fairly evaded and misrepresented the paid for the actual labour created question. The right hon. gentleby the postal transmission of news man had introduced various sub
jects for the purpose of mystifying pressed, and placards would not be the matter, and by threatening allowed to be carried through the hon, members with further addi- public streets. Mr. Milner Gibson tions to direct taxation, in order then moved, that pamphlets and to effect a repeal to the extent literary works be exempt from the of 60,0001. a year, although he operation of the tax. Mr. Bright, had boasted of having repealed in opposing the resolution, said, 3,000,0001. of taxation in his bud- the Chancellor of the Exchequer get, and had himself occasioned the would receive more than his "mipecuniary difficulty in the way of serable sixpence" from the letters ihe total repeal of the advertise- passing through the Post-Office ment-duty, for which there was a which the advertisements would general demand, by making a occasion. The Chancellor of the change in the supplement-duty Exchequer consented to Mr. Milner which nobody asked for. The tax Gibson's amendment relating to was something more than a tax pamphlets and other literary works, upon trade and labour, since it provided they were not continued struck at the very foundation of periodically. The original resocommercial transactions, and re lution was then debated at much stricted the intercommunication of length, and Mr. Craufurd moved wants and wishes. It operated as that instead of “ 6d.” a cypher a bar to free competition amongst (or “0) ") be inserted. newspapers, and was advocated The Committee divided upon only by the larger and most pros- the question as put from the Chair, perous of the public journals. that “ 6d.” stand part of the reso
Mr. Spooner would vote against lution, which was negatived by 68 both the original resolution and against 63, leaving the Governthe amendment, believing that the ment in a minority of 5. The advertisement-duty as it stood was Chairman then put the resolution neither oppressive as a tax nor ob- thus amended, namely, with a cyjected to by the country.
pher instead of 6d., and in that Mr. J. M Gregor supported the form it was carried by 70 against amendment, which upon a division 61. When the House resumed, was negatived by 109 against 99. Mr. Hume wished to know whether
In answer to a question put by the Committee was justified in Mr. Milner Gibson, the Chancel adopting a resolution with a lor of the Exchequer said, the tax “nought” in place of 6d., the would be levied upon those adver- sum originally proposed, and the tisements only which were at pre- Speaker decided that there was no sent liable to it. The advertising informality in the proceeding. van system was about to be sup
CONVENTUAL ESTABLISHMENTS.— Mr. T. Chambers moves for leave to
bring in a Bill to facilitate the recovery of personal liberty in the case of persons confined in monastic establishments—His Speech – The motion is supported by Mr. C. Berkeley, Mr. Freuen, Mr. Newdegate, Sir J. Tyrell, and Sir R. Inglis—Mr. Drummond and Mr. Whiteside are in farour of a measure of the kind -- It is opposed by Mr. Bouyer, Sergeant Murphy, Mr. Lucas, Lord E. Howard, Mr. Fagan, and Lord J. Russell, but carried by 138 to 115—Sir R. Inglis moves the Second Reading, Mr. Phinn moves an Amendmeet—His Speech - After a debate in which the principal speakers are Mr. J. Butt, Mr. Fagan, Mr. Napier, Lord J. Russell, Mr. G. H. Moore, Mr. R. Palmer, Sir G. Grey, and Sir J. Pakington, the Second Reading is negatived by 207 to 178—The debate on Mr. Phinn's motion is adjourned, and subse. quently falls to the ground - Mr. G. H. Moore moves for a Select Committee to inquire into the Ecclesiastical Rerenues in Ireland—His Speech—A debate ensues in which the principal speukers are Mr. O'Connell, Sir J. Young, Mr. Murrough, Mr. P. Urquhart, Sir R. Inglis, Mr. Gardner, Mr. Neudegate, Mr. J. Phillimore, Mr. R. Moore, Mr. Drummond. Mr. Maguire, Mr. Lucas, Lord J. Russell, and Mr. Bright—The House negatived the motion by 240 against 98- In the course of his speech Lord J. Russell makes observations upon the Romish Clergy, which occasion much angry feeling amongst the Roman Catholic Members, and in consequence Mr. Keogh, Mr. Monsell, and Mr. Sadleir resign their offices—An explanatory correspondence takes place between the Earl of Aberdeen and Mr. Monsell, which results in the withdrawal of the resignations. Church Rates—Dr. R. Phillimore moves to bring in a Bill to alter and amend the law of — His Speech-Sir W. Clay moves an Amendment-After a long debate, in which the principal speakers are Mr. Collier, Mr. E. Ball, Mr. Hume, Sir R. Inglis, Mr. A. Pellatt, Mr. Miall, Mr. Wigram, Sir G. Grey, Lord J. Russell, and Mr. Bright—The House divides and rejects the Amendment by 207 to 185, and the original motion by 220 to 172, Law REFORM—In the House of Lords the Lord Chancellor moves the Second Reading of the Registration of Assurances Bill, and explains the measure-Lord St. Leonards opposes the Bill at great length - Lords Campbell, Brougham, and Beaumont support it -The Third Reading is opposed, but carried by 57 to 24—The Bill is subsequently abandoned in the House of Commons. CHARITABLE TRUSTS_The Lord Chancellor moves the Second Reading of a Bill for regulating-His Speech-The Duke of Cleveland, Lords Chichester and Brougham approve of the Bill, which after some observations by Lord St, Leonards, is read a second time and subsequently passes the
House - In the House of Commons Lord J. Russell explains his views as to the manner in which he proposed to deal with Roman Catholic Charities—Upon the Bill being considered as amended, Sir F. Thesiger objects to the proposed exemption of Roman Catholic Charities-His
Speech-Lord J. Russell defends his proposition, and Mr. Headlam proposes to limit the exemption to tuo years — To this Lord J. Russell assents, and upon a division the Amendment of Lord John Russell thus altered is carried by 87 against 76—The Bill subsequently becomes law. TRANSPORTATION-Necessity for some alteration in the system of
-The subject is brought before the House of Lords on a motion by Earl Grey-His Speech-After an interesting debate, in which the speakers are the Earls of Aberdeen and Derby, the Dukes of Newcastle and Argyll, the Lord Chancellor and Lord Campbell, and an Amendment by the Earl of Chichester, Lord Grey's motion is rejected upon a division by 54 against 37—On the 11th of July the Lord Chancellor moves the Second Reading of a Bill for altering the punishment of transportation-His Speech - After observations by Earl Grey, the Duke of Newcastle, Lords Brougham and Campbell, and the Marquess of Clanricarde, the Bill is read a second time and subsequently passes— In the House of Commons in Committee upon the Bill, Lord Palmerston explains the views of Government, and Mr. Walpole, Sir J. Pakington and others discuss the merits of the plan- Upon the Third Reading Mr. Keating suggests that the ticket of leave clauses should be deferredLord Palmerston defends them, and after a discussion in which Mr. Walpole and other Members take part, the Bill is read a third time and passed.
R. O. BERKELEY
had leave to bring in a Bill to facilitate
Commons the case of Miss Talbot, certain cases. In the course of an a young Roman Catholic lady, an able and temperate speech, he obbeiress and an orphan, who, he served, that an impression precomplained, had been subjected to vailed that there were classes in undue influence and restraint in a this country, especially females, conventual establishment. The subjected to personal coercion and discussion which ensued had more restraint, a wrong which the state particularly directed public atten- of the law was not adequate to retion to the conventual establish- dress; that there were institutions ments of Great Britain ; and a in this country-namely, monastic very general feeling had, in conse establishments—alien to our legal quence, arisen in the public mind, institutions, and rapidly increasing, that measures should be adopted which required the interposition of for subjecting those establishments Parliament, with the view of proto inspection, and for bringing per- tecting those who were beyond the sous, suspiciously detained, under reach of the law as it now existed; the prompt operation of the Habeas the Bill not being directed, be Corpus Act. In accordance with said, against Roman Catholic insti . this feeling, Mr. Thomas Cham tutions alone, but including all bers, in the House of Commons, such establishments. He enumeon the 10th of May, moved for rated the reasons which had pro
duced the impression to which he go, in company with a justice of had referred, that the Roman Ca- the peace, to the house, see the tholic nunneries were not, as al- party, ascertain the facts, and, if leged, societies of contented and necessary, put the ordinary law in happy females, but that the in- force by writ of habeas corpus.
As mates were retained there against things now stood, a nun was practheir inclination, though entitled tically out of the pale of the conto their liberty by British law. stitution, and without means of reHe anticipated objections to legis- dress. Power of Government conlation upon this subject, one of trol existed in Prussia, Russia, which was that it was an invasion Austria, Bavaria, and France. of religious liberty; but the object Mr. C. Berkeley seconded the was not to interfere with religious, motion, and alluded to his own exbut to protect civil liberty. It ap- perience in the case of Miss Talbot. peared that there were 75 Roman Mr. Bowyer opposed the motion, Catholic nunneries in England and and said he could readily account Wales; but there were likewise, for the popular feeling on the subperhaps, 100 Anglo-Catholic nun- ject to which Mr. Chambers had neries, which required quite as referred, when he called to mind much looking after. The inmates the atrocious libels against conof these establishments, he ob. vents, contained in pamphlets, and served, were subjected to irrespon- the inflammatory speeches in Exesible power exercised in secret; ter Hall. The question was, whethe fair inference from this fact ther convents were to exist at all was, that the law should be vigi- in this country, for, under the prolant in protecting persons so se posed inspection to be appointed cluded; whereas, a nun was less by the Government of the dayunder the protection of the law which might be an Orange Prothan luvatics, factory children, or testant Government—it was imparish apprentices. Moreover, possible that any convent, subject these institutions located in this to religious rules, could exist. He country were affiliated with similar explained the constitution and ininstitutions abroad, and a woman terior administration of convents, might be transported for life with respecting which he said false out the possibility of tracing her. notions prevailed, and he inferred These institutions were no part of from the facts he stated, that the the Roman Catholic Church; they existence of coercion in those estaexisted at the option of the rulers blishments was utterly improbable. of that Church; and he contended Mr. Frewen, Mr. Newdegate, that it was too late, in the face of Sir John Tyrell, and Sir Robert modern legislation, to press the Inglis supported the motion, and maxim that an Englishman's house it was opposed by Mr. Sergeant was bis castle. He proposed, there. Murphy, Mr. Lucas, Lord Edward fore, that the Secretary of State for Howard, and Mr. Fagan, who conthe Home Department should have tended that nuns were not prethe power of appointing one or vented seeing their friends; that more persons, where there were conventual establishments were reasonable grounds to infer the beneficial, as the dispensers of use. exercise of coercion and restraint ful education; and that if the meatowards any female anywhere, to sure passed, the Irish female RoVOL. XCV.