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ministration of Charitable Trusts. of Good Hope ; and she trusts The obstacles which existed to the that the establishment of Reprejust and beneficial use of property sentative Government in that coset apart for the purposes of Cha- lony may lead to the development rity and of Education, have been a of its resources, and enable it to serious public evil, to which Her make efficient provision for its fuMajesty is persuaded that in your ture defence. wisdom you have now applied an “We are also commanded to efficient remedy.

congratulate you, that, by the “ Gentlemen of the House of united exertions of the naval and Commons-Weare commanded by military forces of Her Majesty and Her Majesty to thank you for the of the East India Company, the supplies which you have granted war in Burmah has been brought for the service of the present year,

to an honourable and successful and for the provision which you issue. The objects of the war have made for the defence of the having been fully attained, and country both by sea and land. due submission made by the BurHer Majesty will apply them with mese Government, peace has been a due regard to economy, and con- proclaimed. sistently with that spirit which has " Her Majesty contemplates with at all times made our national se grateful satisfaction and thankfulcurity the chief object of her care. ness to Almighty God the tran

"My Lords and Gentlemen,- quillity which prevails throughout Her Majesty commands us to in- her dominions; together with that form you that she continues to re peaceful industry and obedience to ceive from her Allies the assurance the laws which insure the welfare of their una bated desire to culti- of all classes of her subjects. It vate the most friendly relations is the first desire of Her Majesty with this country.

to promote the advance of every " It is with deep interest and con. social improvement, and, with the cern that Her Majesty has viewed aid of your wisdom, still further to the serious misunderstanding which extend the prosperity and happihas recently arisen between Russia ness of her people.” and the Ottoman Porte.

The parliamentary session which “The Emperor of the French was thus brought to a close had has united with Her Majesty in been of an unusually protracted earnest endeavours to reconcile and laborious character. It comdifferences, the continuance of menced under the Earl of Derby's which might involve Europe in war. Administration, upon the 4th of

" Acting in concert with her June, 1852, when the representaAllies, and relying on the exer tive branch of the Legislature tions of the Conference now as comprised a greater number of sembled at Vienna, Her Majesty new and inexperienced members has good reason

to hope that than any previous Parliament for an honourable arrangement will many years past. Under these speedily be accomplished.

auspices it proceeded until the “ Her Majesty rejoices in being catastrophe of the 16th of the able to announce to you the ter following month, when the overmination of the war on the fron- throw of the Derby Ministry tiers of the settlement of the Cape led to the formation of a coaliVol. XCV.

[P]

ment upon

tion Cabinet by the Earl of Aber when some contraction of trade deen. On the 10th of February, was to be expected, and an in1853, the real business of the crease in the rate of wages was session commenced; and between obviously impossible, a sudden that period and the prorogation rage possessed the population in 116 Bills were introduced by the large portions of the manufacturMinistry, of which 104 passed into ing districts with the hope of law, 10 were withdrawn, and only bettering their circumstances 2 rejected. But that for which through the desperate and suithe session of 1853 will be most cidal agency of " strikes,” and remarkable is, that measures, not the reckless contest was still proonly numerous, but of great im- longed. But that which, at the portance and complexity, and close of 1853, riveted the attendealing with questions of a very tion of all men, and bade fair to controverted nature, should have give to the past year a melancholy been originated, elaborated, and prominence in history, was the carried in so short a period. probability of its being the last of

We cannot conclude our narra the great peace which followed the tive of the events of the present wars of the French Revolution. year without dwelling for a mo The events which threatened to

the contrast afforded lead to this catastrophe will be by the prospect of its opening found detailed in another part of with the condition of affairs the volume. at its close. At the commence It only remains for us to notice ment of 1853 the retrospect of that an important ministerial crisis the past and the anticipations of was occasioned br the announcethe future were equally happy. ment, on the 16th of December, The cheapness and abundance of that Viscount Palmerston had rethe necessaries of life had brought signed his office of Secretary of content and comfort to the people. State for the Home Department. The unprecedented extension of our His resignation, however, was not commerce and shipping had given accepted, and, after an interval of enormous stimulus to trade

some days' suspense, the noble and manufactures, and the great Lord was prevailed upon to withprosperity of the working classes draw it. The opponents of the had occasioned an immense de Government, with some colour of mand for all articles of food. Thus probability, asserted that Lord the agricultura interest, in com Palmerston's secession from office mon with the mercantile, the was occasioned by a difference of manufacturing, the carrying, the opinion on his part as to the policy colonial and banking interests of the Cabinet upon the Eastern were all full of hope and exertion. question. On the other hand, this But, as the year passed on, the was strenuously contradicted by the horizou darkened. The gloomy adherents of the Ministry; but, as prospects of the harvest, which all explanation upon the subject prognosticated a short crop, not was declined in Parliament, the only in these islands but in every motive for a step so dangerous to corn-growing country in Europe, the stability of the Earl of Aberwere only too well verified by the deen's Cabinet must, at present, result. At a period of scarcity, remain matter for conjecture.

an

CHAPTER VIII.

FRANCE.- Recognition of the new Emperor by Foreign Powers-An

nouncement by the Emperor of his intended MarriageAccount of the Ceremony-Report of the Minister of Finance-Political ArrestsMeeting of the Senate and Legislutive Body-Speech of the Emperor -Féte in honour of Napoleon I.-- Question of fusion between the Legitimists and Orleanists Visit of the Duc de Nemours to the Duc de Bordeaux, at Frohsdorf, and reconciliation effected - Inauguration

of the Statue of Marshal Ney. Spain. - Meeting of the Cortes-Charge of Corruption against the

Roncali Ministry-Suspension of the Cortes-Change of Ministrythe Lersundi Cabinet - Ministerial Programme--Formation of the

Sartorius CabinetSecond Suspension of the Cortes. PORTUGAL.Death of the Queen of Portugal -- Regency of the King Con

sort-His Address to the Cortes. BELGIUM.—Marriage of the Duc de Brabant, Heir-apparent of the

Throne - Royal Speech at the Opening of the Legislative Session of the

Chambers. AUSTRIA.— Attempt to Assassinate the Emperor-Execution of the

Criminal. PRUSSIA.--Extract from the Royal Speech at the Opening of the Chambers with reference to the Eastern Question. SWEDEN.Extract from the King of Sweden's Speech at the Opening of the Diet.

THE ruler of France having seemed to negative Napoleon's

been elevated to the throne right to be admitted into the as Emperor, with the title of Na- fraternity of Monarchs. It was, poleon III., some difficulty oc- therefore, generally believed that curred as to the form of address M. de Kisseleff, the Russian amby which foreign States recognised bassador, would receive his passthe new monarch. It is usual for ports — and this was supposed to Sovereigns on such occasions to be the advice of Napoleon's Counstyle the occupant of the throne cil of Ministers. The good sense, as Monsieur mon Frère,--and this however, of the Emperor prevailed. form was adopted by Austria and He felt how unwise it would be to Prussia, and also by the other Eu. proroke a quarrel upon a mere ropean powers, with tbe exception point of etiquette ; and, after an of Russia. We believe the style animated discussion with his Counmade use of by the Czar was cil on the subject, he gave orders Mon cher Ami, which, although the next morning that a state carapparently more friendly, was felt riage should be sent to bring M. de to be a slight, inasmuch as it Kisseleff to the Tuileries, where

his credentials were presented and same arms as the Dukes of Meaccepted.

dina-Sidonia, their near relations, The next important event was and bear the same name, which is the marriage of the Emperor. De Guzman." The lady whom Napoleon III. se On the 22nd of January, the lected for his bride was Eugenia Emperor met at the Tuileries de Montijo, Countess-Duchess of Deputations or Committees from Téba, the daughter of Dona Maria the Senate, the Legislative Corps, Manuela Kirkpatrick, Countess and the Council of State, and, Dowager of Montijo, Countess of having taken his seat on the Miranda, and Duchess of Pena- throne, he read aloud the following conda, who was the widow of the paper, in which he formally anCount de Montijos, an officer of nounced his approaching marrank in the Spanish army. The riage :name of the Countess de Montijo's Gentlemen

I yield to the father was Kirkpatrick, who, at desire, so often manifested by the the time of her marriage with him, country, in announcing my marwas the English Consul at Malaga. riage. The Count de Montijos belonged The union which I contract is to one of the most ancient of the not in accord with the traditions noble families of Spain. In a of ancient policy; and in that lies communication from the Heralds' its advantage. College at Paris, the following ac France, by her successive recount was given of it:—“Our volutions, has always abruptly sefuture Empress belongs to the parated from the rest of Europe. house of Guzman, whose origin Every prudent Government ought dates back to the earliest times of certainly to endeavour to again the Spanish monarchy, and which place her within the pale of the several historians say was the issue old monarchies; but that result of royal blood. All the branches will be more surely attained by a of this family have played a distin- straightforward and candid policy, guished part in history. We will and by good faith in all transactions, quote among others those of the than by royal alliances, which creDukes of Medina, of Las Torres, ate feelings of false security, and of Medina-Sidonia, and of Olivares, frequently substitute family inteand those of the Counts of Mon- rest for that of the nation. Be. tijo, of Teba or Teva, and of Villa- sides, the examples of the past verde, Marquis de Ardales, de la bave left in the mind of the people Algara, &c., grandees of Spain. certain superstitious persuasions. The Duchess de Teba, Countess It is not forgotten that for the last de Montijo, descends from this last seventy years foreign princesses branch. It is not the first time have ascended the steps of the that this family has been called to throne only to behold their offspring ascend the throne; for, in 1633, dispersed and proscribed by war or Dona Luiza Francisca de Guzman, by revolution. One woman only daughter of Juan Perez de Guz- appeared to bring with her good man, eighth Duke of Medina. fortune, and to live longer than the Sidonia, married the King of Por others in the memory of the peotugal, Don Juan IV. of Braganza. ple; and that woman, the good and The Counts de Montijo have the modest wife of General Buona

parte, was not the issue of a royal father shed for the cause of the family.

Empire, she has, as a Spaniard, " It must, however, be admitted, the advantage of not having in that in 1810 the marriage of Na- ' France any family to whom she poleon I. with Marie-Louise was a would wish to give honours and great event: it was a pledge for the dignities. Gifted with every mental future, and a decided satisfaction quality, she will be the ornament for the national pride, since the of the throne, as in the day of ancient and illustrious house of danger she would become one of Austria, who had so long been at its most courageous supports. A war with us, solicited the alliance pious Catholic, she will address to of the elected chief of a new em Heaven the same prayers as myself pire. In the last reign, on the for the happiness of France : gracontrary, has not the amour propre cious and good, she will exhibit, I of the country had to suffer, when firmly hope, in the same position, the heir to the throne was seen so the virtues of the Empress Joliciting for several years without sephine. result the alliance of a sovereign "I come, therefore, gentlemen, house, and at last obtained a to say to France, I have preferred princess, accomplished, undoubted a woman whom I love and respect ly, but ouly of a secondary rank, to one unknown, and whose alliance and of a different religion ? would have had advantages mingled

“When in the face of old Europe with sacrifices. Without testifying a man is raised by the force of a disdain for any one, I yield to my new principle to a level with the inclination, but not without having long-established dynasties, it is not first consulted my reason and my by giving an ancient character to convictions. In short, in placing his blazon, and by endeavouring to independence, qualities of heart, introduce himself at any price into and family happiness, above dynasthe family of kings, that he can tic prejudices and calculations of get himself accepted; it is infinitely ambition, I shall not be the less rather by always bearing in mind strong, since I shall be more at his origin, by preserving his pecu- liberty. liar character, and by frankly taking “Soon, in proceeding to Nôtre up before Europe the position of Dame, I shall present the Empress one who has arrived at fortune to the people and to the army. (position de parvenu)—a glorious The confidence which they have in position, when success is achieved me assures me of their kind feeling by the free suffrage of a great towards her whom I have chosen; people.

and you, gentlemen, in learning to “Thus, obliged to depart from know her, will be convinced that the precedents hitherto followed, again on this occasion I have been my marriage was no longer any- inspired by Providence.” thing but a private affair: the only The civil marriage of the Emthing that remained was the choice peror and his bride was celebrated of the person. She who has be- at the Tuileries on the 29th of come the object of my preference January. The Countess of Téba is of high birth. French in heart, was accompanied by her mother, by education, and by the remem the Duc de Cambacères, and the brance of the blood which her Spanish minister, the Marquis de

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