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CHAPTER IV.

FINANCIAL AFFAIRS :-Succession Duty- The Chancellor of the Exchequer

explains bis plan with reference to the liabilities of Corporate Bodies to

the Tax-On the motion for going into Committee, Sir J. Pakington

moves that the Bill be committed that day six months-His Speech-

The Bill is opposed by Mr. Freshfield, Mr. Mullings, Sir J. Trollope,

Mr. W. E. Duncombe, and Sir E. Dering, and supported by Mr. Headlam,

Mr. R. Phillimore, Mr. W. Williams, Mr. A. Pellatt, and Lord J. Russell

-- The Amendment is negatived by 268 against 185—The Bill is much

opposed in Committee, and its merits are further discussed by Sir W. Jol-

liffe, Mr. Newdegate, Mr. Mullings, Sir J. Pakington, Mr. Malins, and

Lord Galway–Various Amendments are proposed and rejected, but one

relative to the 21st Clause, on the motion of Sir J. Trollope, is carried

against the Government by 153 to 150. The motion for the Third Read-

ing is opposed by Mr. Liddell, but after several Amendments have been

moved and negatived, the Bill passes the House of Commons by 176 to

102.—In the House of Lords the Earl of Malmesbury, on the 27th of

May, moves for a Select Committee to inquire into the probable effect of

the Bill-Iis Speech-The motion is opposed by the Earls of Aberdeen

and Granville, the Lord Chancellor, and the Duke of Argyll, and sup-

ported by the Earls of Derby and Fitzwilliam, and Lord St. Leonards

It is rejected by 139 to 126_On the 22nd of July the Earl of Aberdeen

moves the Second Reading of the Bill—After Speeches from the Earls of

Derby, Malmesbury, Granville, and Harrowby, the Duke of Argyll, and

Lord St. Leonards, it is read a second time without a division-In Com-

mittee Lord St. Leonards renews his opposition-His Speech-He is an-

swered by the Lord Chancellor, and supported by the

Earl of Winchilsea

- The Earl of Derby moves an Amendment to the Second Clause-His

Speech-In the debate which follows, the principal speakers are the

Earls of Aberdeen and Granville, the Duke of Argyll, and the Marquess

of Lansdowne—The Amendment is rejected by 102 to 68—On the motion

for the Tbird Reading Lord St. Leonards proposes clauses, but they are not

adopted, and the Bill is passed—In the House of Commons Mr. M. Gibson,

on the 8th of April, moves three Resolutions on the subject of Taxes on

Knowledge-His Speech- The Chancellor of the Exchequer, the Attorney-

General, Lord J. Russell, and others oppose the motion, which is sup-

ported by Mr. Ewart, Mr. Bright, Mr. J. Phillimore, Mr. Disraeli, Mr.

Cobden, Sir J. Pakington, and several other Members—Upon divisions on

the three Resolutions, the first is carried by 200 to 169, and the second

and third are negatived—On the 1st of July, the House being in Com-

mittee, the Chancellor of the Exchequer moves that the Duty on Adver-

tisements should be reduced to Sixpence—Mr. M. Gibson moves as an

Amendment for their total repeal, his first Resolution of the 14th of April

- The Chancellor of the Exchequer justifies the Sixpenny Duty, and Mr.

Cobden supports the Amendment, and it is negatived by 109 to 99—Upon

the motion of Mr. M. Gibson, Pamphlets are exempted from the tax-After

considerable debate upon the original Resolutions, the Committee divided

upon an Amendment by Mr. Craufurd to substitute the cypher 0 for 6d.

which is carried against the Government upon a division by 68 to 63—

The Chaneellor of the Exchequer then divides upon the amended Reso-

lution, and is again defeated by 61 to 70

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sons confined in monastic establishments—His Speech-The motion is

supported by Mr. C. Berkeley, Mr. Frewen, Mr. Newdegate, Sir J. Tyrrell,

and Sir R. InglismMr. Drummond and Mr. Whiteside are in favour of á

measure of the kind-It is opposed by Mr. Bowyer, Serjeant Murphy, Mr.

Lucas, Lord E. Howard, Mr. Fagan, and Lord J. Russell, but carried by

138 to 115—Sir R. Inglis moves the Second Reading—Mr. Phinn moves

an Amendment-His SpeechAfter a debate, in which the principal

speakers are Mr. J. Butt, Mr. Fagan, Mr. Napier, Lord J. Russell, Mr. G.

H. Moore, Mr. R. Palmer, Sir G. Grey, and Sir J. Pakington, the Second

Reading is negatived by 207 to 178—The debate on Mr. Phinn's motion is

adjourned, and subsequently falls to the ground_Mr. G. H. Moore moves

for a Select Committee to inquire into the Ecclesiastical Revenues in Ire-

land–His Speech-A debate ensues, in which the principal speakers are

Mr. O'Connell, Sir J. Young, Mr. Murrough, Mr. P. Urquhart, Sir R.

Inglis, Mr. Gardner, Mr. Newdegate, Mr. J. Phillimore, Mr. R. Moore,

Mr. Drummond, Mr. Maguire, Mr. Lucas, Lord J. Russell, and Mr. Bright

-The House negatived the motion by 240 against 98—In the course of

his speech Lord J. Russell makes observations upon the Romish Clergy,

which occasion much angry feeling amongst the Roman Catholic Mem-

bers, and in consequence Mr. Keogh, Mr. Monsell, and Mr. Sadleir

resign their offices-An explanatory correspondence takes place between

the Earl of Aberdeen and Mr. Monsell, which results in the withdrawal

of the resignations. CHURCH RATES :- Dr. R. Phillimore moves to bring

in a Bill to alter and amend the law of-His Speech-Sir W. Clay moves

an Amendment-After a long debate, in which the principal speakers are

Mr. Collier, Mr. E. Ball, Mr. Hume, Sir R. Inglis, Mr. A. Pellatt, Mr. Miall,

Mr. Wigram, Sir G. Grey, Lord J. Russell, and Mr. Bright, the House

divides and rejects the Amendment by 207 to 185, and the original motion

by 220 to 172. LAW REFORM :- In the House of Lords the Lord Chan-

cellor moves the Second Reading of the Registration of Assurances Bill,

and explains the measure-Lord St. Leonards opposes the Bill at great

length-Lords Campbell, Brougham, and Beaumont support it—The Third

Reading is opposed, but carried by 57 to 24—The Bill is subsequently

abandoned in the House of Commons. CHARITABLE TRUSTS:—The Lord

Chancellor moves the Second Reading of a Bill for regulating-His

Speech-The Duke of Cleveland, Lords Chichester and Brougham, approve

of the Bill, which, after some observations by Lord St. Leonards, is read a

second time and subsequently passes the House—In the House of Com-

mons Lord J. Russell explains his views as to the manner in which he

proposed to deal with Roman Catholic Charities–Upon the Bill being

considered as amended, Sir F. Thesiger objects to the proposed exemption

of Roman Catholic Charities—His Speech-Lord J. Russell defends his

proposition, and Mr. Headlam proposes to limit the exemption to two

years—To this Lord J. Russell assents, and upon a division the Amend-

ment of Lord John Russell thus altered is carried by 87 against 76—The

Bill subsequently becomes law. TransPORTATION :-Necessity for some

alteration in the system of—The subject is brought before the House of

Lords on a motion by Earl Grey–His Speech—After an interesting

debate, in which the speakers are the Earls of Aberdeen and Derby, the

Dukes of Newcastle and Argyll, the Lord Chancellor and Lord Campbell,

and an Amendment by the Earl of Chichester, Lord Grey's motion is

rejected upon a division by 54 against 37—On the 11th of July the Lord

Chancellor moves the Second Reading of a Bill for altering the punish-

ment of transportation_His Speech—After observations by Earl Grey,

the Duke of Newcastle, Lords Brougham and Campbell, and the Marquess

of Clanricarde, the Bill is read a second time and subsequently passes,

In the House of Commons in Committee upon the Bill, Lord Palmerston

India BILL:—Sir C. Wood, on the 3rd of June, in a Speech of Five Hours,

introduces his Bill for the Government of India-His Speech-Mr. Bright

criticises the Measure, and it is debated for three nights, Mr. J. G. Philli-

more condemns the Policy and Proceedings of the Directors—Sir J. Hogg

replies and defends them--The debate is continued by Mr. Blackett, Mr.

T. Baring, Sir H. Maddock, Mr. Danby Seymour, Mr. Archibald Hastie,

and Mr. Hume-Upon the Second Reading Lord Stanley moved an

Amendment-He advocates delay until further information is obtained

He is answered by Mr. Lowe-A long and important debate ensues,

which is continued by adjournment for four nights—Speeches of Mr.

Phinn, Sir R. Inglis, Mr. Baillie, Mr. Herries, Mr. Hume, Mr. Macaulay,

Mr. Blackett, Lord Jocelyn, Mr. Otway, Mr. Adderley, Mr. Mangles, Mr.

Cobden, Sir J. Graham, Sir H. Maddock, Mr. J. G. Phillimore, Mr. Monck-

ton Milnes, Mr. Hardinge, Mr. Bright, Sir J. Hogg, Mr. Rich, Mr. Cum-

ming Bruce, Mr. Marjoribanks, Mr. Napier, Mr. J. Macgregor, Mr. Digby

Seymour, Sir C. Wood, Mr. Disraeli, and Lord John Russell—After a di-

vision the Amendment is rejected by 140 against 322—In Committee

upon the Bill various amendments are proposed by Mr. Phinn, Lord

Jocelyn, Mr. Vernon Smith, Mr. Bright, Mr. Ilume, Sir H. Maddock, and

Mr. Monckton Milnes—An anecdote is related by Mr. Bright illustrative

of the alleged Corruption of the Directors-Several new clauses are pro-

posed to be added by Sir H. Willoughby, Mr. Hume, Mr. Rich, Mr. J. G.

Phillimore, Mr. Bright, and Mr. Vernon Smith-Upon the Bill being

considered as amended, Sir J. Pakington moves the insertion of a clause

putting an end to the salt monopoly—This gives rise to a debate, in

which Sir C. Wood, Mr. J. G. Phillimore, Sir J. Hogg, Mr. Hume, Mr.

Lowe, Lord John Russell, Mr. Disraeli, and others, take part-Upon a

division the clause is carried against the Government by 117

to 107–

After the addition of clauses moved by Mr. Wigram and Sir C. Wood, and

the rejection of others moved by Sir C. Wood, Mr. J. G. Phillimore, and

Mr. Bright, the Bill is passed.—In the House of Lords the question of the

Future Government of India is discussed on several occasions during the

Session—Upon the 13th of June a motion by the Earl of Ellenborough

for the production of certain correspondence, occasions an important

debate—Speeches of the Earls of Ellenborough and Granville, Lord Mont-

eagle, the Duke of Montrose, and Marquess of Clanricarde—The Second

Reading of the Bill is moved by the Earl of Granville-After a debate,

in which the Earls of Malmesbury, Aberdeen, and Ellenborough, Lord

Monteagle, the Duke of Argyll, Lords Ashburton and Wharncliffe, and

the Bishop of Oxford take part, the Bill is read a second time, without a

division-In Committee upon the Bill, several Amendments are proposed

by the Earl of Ellenborough, and rejected; but upon his motion, Sir J.

Pakington's Salt Clause is expunged - The Bill, as amended, passes the

House of Commons, and becomes law.

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RUSSIA AND TURKEY :—The demands of the Czar upon the Sultan are re-

garded with great anxiety by Parliament and the country-Discussions

in both Houses upon the subject from time to time—On the 25th of

April the Earl of Clarendon makes a Statement-On the 27th of May the

Earl of Malmesbury asks for information-Answer of the Earl of Claren-

don-Observations of the Earl of Hardwick, Lord Beaumont, and Lord

Brougham.-In the House of Commons, Lord John Russell is questioned

by Mr. Disraeli-Speech of Lord John Russell—On the 30th of May the

Earl of Hardwick addresses questions to the Ministry—The Earl of

Clarendon replies— In the House of Commons, Lord John Russell declines

to answer similar inquiries made by Mr. Disraeli—The Russians enter the

Danubian provincesCount Nesselrode and Circular-It is commented

upon with great severity by Lord Lyndhurst—On the 11th of July the

Ministers are further questioned in both Houses—Next day, in the House

of Lords, an important discussion arises, in which Lord Lyndhurst and

the Earls of Clarendon and Fitzwilliam take part-In the Commons, Mr.

Layard's motion is several times postponed—On the 13th of July Lord

John Russell explains his previous interpretation of the Nesselrode Cir-

cular, which on the 18th of July is the subject of an interesting discus-

sion in the House of Lords-On the 2nd and 8th of August the Marquess

of Clanricarde asks for information relative to the Danubian Provinces-

The Earl of Clarendon answers—Speeches of Earls Clarendon and Malmes-

bury-Further inquiries in the House of Commons-The reserve of the

Government causes dissatisfaction-On the 12th of August the Eastern

Question is again brought before the Lords, and discussed at some length

by Earls Malmesbury, Clarendon, Hardwick, Ellenborough, and Lord

Beaumont-On the 10th of August it is the subject of an animated de-

bate in the House of Commons—Speeches of Lord John Russell, Mr.

Layard, Sir J. Pakington, Lord D. Stuart, Mr. M. Milnes, Mr. Muntz, Mr.

Blackett, Mr. Cobden, and Lord Palmerston-Naval Coast Volunteers

Bill explained by Sir J. Graham-Pilotage and Mercantile Marine Bills

by Mr. Cardwell—The three Bills are passed— Minor Measures of the

Session--Acts for the Suppression of Betting Houses—The better Pre-

vention of Aggravated Assaults—The Abatement of Smoke Nuisance, and

the Vaccination Extension Act-Termination of the Session-Parliament

is Prorogued by Commission—Speech of the Lords Commissioners-Re-

view of the Session-Number and Importance of the Measures passed-

Aspect of Public Affairs at the commencement of 1853 contrasted with

that at its termination Ministerial Crisis occasioned in December by the

resignation of Lord Palmerston.

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