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V. and VI. of the present Treaty; of such port and territory shall be and that at the expiration of twelve bound to give every assistance in months after such notice shall bave their power for the appreheusion been received by either party from of such deserters, on application the other, the said Articles, and all to that effect being made by the the stipulations contained therein, Consul of the party concerned, or shall cease to be binding on the by the deputy or representative of two contracting parties.

the Consul; and that no public Art. XVII. Provides for the body whatever shall protect or harratifications.

bour such deserters : (L.S.) PALMERSTON.

And whereas the power of ap(L.S.) H. LABOUCHERE. prehending such deserters in the (L.S.) JOAQN J. DE Osma. British dominions is by law con

fined to seamen, not being slaves, Declaration made by the British who may desert from merchant

Plenipotentiary on the exchange ships belonging to the subjects of of the Ratifications of the pre- a foreign power : ceding Treaty.

The undersigned, PlenipotenWhereas by the second para- tiary of Her Britannic Majesty, in graph of Article X. of the Treaty proceeding to the exchange of the of Friendship, Commerce, and ratifications of the Treaty above Navigation, between Her Majesty mentioned, therefore declares, that the Queen of the United Kingdom the ratifications are exchanged on of Great Britain and Ireland, and the understanding that the abovethe Republic of Peru, concluded quoted stipulations of Article X. and signed at London on the 10th thereof shall, in the British doof April, 1850, it was stipulated, minions, be held to be applicable that if any of the crew shall de- only to seamen, not being slaves sert from the vessels of war or who may desert from merchantmerchant-vessels of either con- ships belonging to citizens of the tracting party, while such vessels Republic of Peru. are within any port in the territory Loudon, October 15, 1852. of the other party, the authorities



between HER MAJESTY and the REPUBLIC OF THE EQUATOR. (Signed at Quito, May 3, 1851.- Ratifications exchanged at Guayaquil,

January 29, 1853.) The Preamble recites the Con. Ireland, her heirs and successors, tracting Parties.

and the Republic of the Equator Art. I. There shall be perpetual, and its citizens. firm, and sincere amity between Art. II. There shall be between the dominions and subjects of Her all the territories of Her Britannic Majesty the Queen of the United Majesty in Europe, and the terriKingdom of Great Britain and tories of the Equator, a reciprocal


freedom of commerce. The sub- gation, which either contracting jects and citizens of the two coun. party has actually granted, or may tries, respectively, shall have liberty hereafter grant, to the subjects or freely and securely to come, with citizens of any other State, shall their ships and cargoes, to all such be extended to the subjects or citiplaces, ports, and rivers in the ter zens of the other high contracting ritories aforesaid, to which other party, gratuitously, if the foreigners are or may be permitted cession in favour of that other nato come, to enter into the same, tion shall have been gratuitous; and to remain and reside in any or in return for a compensation as part of the said territories respec. nearly as possible of proportionate tively; also to hire and occupy value and effect, to be adjusted by houses and warehouses for the pur- mutual agreement, if the conposes of their commerce; and ge- cession shall have been condinerally, the merchants and traders tional. of each nation, respectively, shall Art. V. No higher or other duenjoy the most complete protection ties shall be imposed on the imand security for their commerce; portation into the territories of subject always to the laws and Her Britannic Majesty of any arstatutes of the two countries re ticles of the growth, produce, or spectively.

manufacture of the Equator, and Art. III. Her Majesty the Queen no higher or other duties shall be of the United Kingdom of Great imposed on the importation into Britain and Ireland engages fur- the territories of the Equator of ther, that the citizens of the any articles of the growth, produce, Equator shall have the like liberty or manufacture of Her Britannic of commerce and navigation stipu- Majesty's dominions, than are or lated for in the preceding Article, shall be payable on the like articles, in all her dominions situated out being the growth, produce, or maof Europe, to the full extent to nufacture of any other foreign which the same is permitted at country: nor shall any other or present, or shall be permitted here- higher duties or charges be imafter, to any other nation.

posed, in the territories or doIt being understood that the minions of either of the contracting general liberty of commercial in- parties, on the exportation of any tercourse which is conceded by each articles to the territories or docontracting party to the other by minions of the other, than such the preceding Articles II. and ti.

as are or may be payable on the shall not apply, on either side, to exportation of the like articles to the coasting trade of the two re any other foreign country; nor spective nations.

shall any prohibition be imposed Art. IV. It being the intention upon the exportation or importaof the two high contracting par tion of any articles, the growth, ties to bind themselves by the two produce, or manufacture of Her preceding Articles to treat each Britannic Majesty's dominions, or other on the footing of the most of the said territories of the favoured nation, it is hereby agreed Equator, to or from the said dobetween them, that any favour, minions of Her Britannic Maprivilege, or immunity whatever, jesty, or to or from the said terriin matters of commerce and navi- tories of the Equator, which shall

not equally extend to all other or citizens of the Republic of the nations.

Equator, shall have full liberty, in Art. VI. No higher or other du- all the territories of both Powers ties or charges on account of ton respectively, to manage their own nage, light or harbour dues, pilot affairs themselves, or to commit age, salvage in case of damage or them to the management of whom. shipwreck, or any other local soever they please, as broker, faccharges, shall be imposed, in any tor, ngent, or interpreter; nor of the ports of the Equator, on shall they be obliged to employ British vessels, than those payable any other persons for those purin the same ports by Equatorian poses, nor to pay them any salary vessels; nor in the ports of Her or remuneration, unless they shall Britannic Majesty's territories, on choose to employ them; and absoEquatorian vessels, than shall be lute freedom shall be allowed, in payable in the same ports on British all cases, to the buyer and seller, vessels.

to bargain and fix the price of any Art. VII. The same duties shall goods, wares, or merchandize imbe paid on the importation into the ported into or exported from the territories of the Equator of any territories of either of the conarticle of the growth, produce, or tracting parties, as they shall see manufacture of Her Britannic good. Majesty's dominions, whether such Art. IX. In whatever relates to importation shall be in Equatorian the lading and unlading of ships, or in British vessels; and the same the safety of merchandize, goods, duties shall be paid on the impor- and effects, the succession to pertation into the dominions of Her sonal estates, and the disposal of Britannic Majesty of any article personal property of every sort and of the growth, produce, or manu- denomination, by sale, donation, facture of the Equator, whether exchange, or testament, or in any such importation shall be in British other manner whatsoever, as also or Equatorian vessels. The same the administration of justice, the duties shall be paid, and the same subjects and citizens of the two drawbacks and bounties allowed, contracting parties shall enjoy, in on the exportation to the Equator their respective dominions and terof any articles of the growth, pro- ritories, the same privileges, liberduce, or manufacture of Her Bri- ties and rights as the most favoured tannic Majesty's dominions, whe- nation, and shall not be charged, ther such exportation shall be in in any of these respects, with any Equatorian or in British vessels; bigher imposts or duties than those and the same duties shall be paid, which are paid, or may be paid, by and the same bounties and drawn the native subjects or citizens of backs allowed, on the exportation the Power in whose dominions or of any articles the growth, produce, territories they may be resident. or manufacture of the Equator, to They shall be exempted from all Her Britannic Majesty's dominions, compulsory military service whatwhether such exportation shall be soever, whether by sea or land, and in British or Equatorian vessels. from all forced loans, or military

Art. VIII. All merchants, com exactions and requisitions; neither manders of ships, and others, the shall they be compelled to pay any subjects of Her Britannic Majesty, ordinary taxes, under any pretext

wbatsoever, greater than those that tion, so long as they behave peaceare paid by the subjects or citizens ably and commit no offence against of one or other Power.

the laws; and their effects and If any subject or citizen of property, whether entrusted to ineither of the two high contracting dividuals or to the State, shall not parties shall die without will or be liable to seizure or sequestration, testament in any of the territories, or to any other demands than those dominious, or settlements of the which may be made upon the like other, the Consul-General or Con- effects or property belonging to the sul of the nation to which the native inhabitants of the State in deceased belonged, or the repre- wbich such subjects or citizens may sentative of such Consul-General reside. or Consul, in his absence, shall Art. XII. The subjects of Her have the right to nominate curators Britannic Majesty residing in the to take charge of the property of territories of the Republic of the the deceased, so far as the laws of Equator shall enjoy the most perthe country will permit, for the fect and entire security of conbenefit of the lawful heirs and science, without being annoyed, creditors of the deceased; giving prevented or disturbed on account proper notice of such nomination of their religious belief. Neither to the authorities of the country. shall they be annoyed, molested

Art. X. It shall be free for each or disturbed in the proper exercise of the two contracting parties to of their religion, provided that this appoint Consuls for the protection take place with the decorum due of trade, to reside in the dominions to divine worship, and with due and territories of the other party; respect to the laws, usages and but before any Consul shall act as customs of the country. Liberty such, he shall, in the usual form, shall also be granted to bury the be approved and admitted by the subjects of Her Britannic Majesty Government to which he is sent; who may die in the said territories and either of the contracting par- of the Equator, in convenient and ties

may except from the residence adequate places, to be appointed of Consuls such particular places and established by themselves for as either of them may judge fit to that

purpose, with the knowledge be so excepted.

of the local authorities; nor shall Art. XI. For the better security the funerals or sepulchres of the of commerce between the subjects dead be disturbed in any wise, nor of Her Britannic Majesty and the upon any account. In like mancitizens of the Equator, it is agreed ner, the citizens of the Equator that if at any time any interruption shall enjoy within all the domivions of friendly commercial intercourse, of Her Britannic Majesty a perfect or any rupture should unfortunately and unrestrained liberty of contake place between the two con science, and of exercising their tracting parties, the subjects or religion, publicly or privately, citizens of either of the two con within their own dwelling-houses, tracting parties residing in the or in the chapels and places of dominions of the other shall have worship appointed for that purpose, the privilege of remaining and agreeably to the system of toleracontinuing their trade therein tion established in the dominious without any manner of interrup- of her said Majesty.

Art. XIII. In order that the cles V., VI. and VII. of the pretwo high contracting parties may sent Treaty; and that at the exhave the opportunity of hereafter piration of twelve months after treating and agreeing upon such such notice shall have been received other arrangements as may tend by either party from the other, still further to the improvement of the said Articles, and all the their mutual intercourse, and to stipulations contained therein, shall the advancement of the interests cease to be binding on the two of their respective subjects and high contracting parties. citizens, it is agreed that at any Art. XIV. provides for the ratitime after the expiration of seven

fication. years from the date of the exchange Done in the city of Quito, the of the ratifications of the present third day of May, one thousand Treaty, either of the high con- eight hundred and fifty-one. tracting parties shall have the right (L.S.) WALTER COPE. of giving to the other party notice (L.S.) JE MODESTO LARREA. of its intention to termiuate Arti


between HER MAJESTY and THE REPUBLIC OF PARAGUAY. (Signed at Assumption, March 4, 1853--Ratifications exchanged at

London, November 2, 1853.) The Preamble recites the Con- tion, the capital of the Republic, tracting parties.

and of the right side of the Paraná Art. I. There shall be perfect from where it belongs to her as peace and sincere friendship be- far as the city of Encarnacion. tween Her Majesty the Queen of They shall be at liberty, with the United Kingdom of Great their ships and cargoes, freely and Britain and Ireland, and the Go- securely to come to and to leave vernment of the Republic of Para- all the places and ports which are guay, and between the subjects already mentioned ; to remain and and citizens of both States, with- reside in any part of the said terout exception of persons or of ritories; hire houses and wareplaces. The high contracting par- houses; and trade in all kinds of ties shall use their best endeavours produce, manufactures, and merthat tbis friendship and good un chandize of lawful commerce, subderstanding may be constantly and ject to the usages and established perpetually maintained.

customs of the country. They may Art. II. The Republic of Para- discharge the whole or part of guay, in the exercise of the sove their cargoes at the ports of Pilar, reign right which pertains to her, and where commerce with other concedes to the merchant flag of nations may be permitted, or pro. the subjects of Her Britannic ceed with the whole or part of the Majesty the free navigation of the cargo to the port of Assumption, River Paraguay as far as Assump- according as the captain, owner, or

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