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rent in all, or nearly all, persons, by continued pressure. Several and not only in all tables, but in simple and conclusive experiments all other materials capable of being showed most clearly that the movemoved—and especially hats—the ment resulted from the will of the experiment was successfully per- operators, and that the supposed formed in the lecture rooms of pro- miracle was nothing more than vincial societies, in public rooms, and pushing the table round. When an even at private parties ; and receiv. indicator was placed upon the table, ed the faith of incredible numbers. concealed from the experimenMany persons of presumed scientific talists, the index wavered about acquirements wrote treatises expla- as though under the influence of natory of the principles of the new contending forces, until it finally science, attributing it to electricity, took a decided direction, and the magnetism, attraction, mesmerism, phenomenon occurred in the usual or to some new unrecognised phy. manner; when, however, the appasical power able to affect inanimate ratus was kept in sight, it proved bodies, giving it a systematic scien to possess a corrective power over tific dignity. Clergymen preached the mind of the table-turner-the or lectured upon it, and the adver- instant each perceives that he is tising columns of the newspapers pressing obliquely instead of diteemed with essays and pamphlets rectly downwards, as he supposes, treating the subject in its religious the power is gone; and this only bearings. So singularly did the because the parties are made consubject take possession of the pub- scious of what they are really lic mind, that Professor Faraday doing mechanically, and so are undid not deem it beneath his dignity able unwittingly to deceive themto publish an address to expose the selves. delusion, on the simple principles By this explanation, so scientiof inductive science. Mr. Faraday fically exact and popularly inteldeclared himself “greatly startled ligible, the delusion was dispelled. by the revelation which this purely The imposture passed into the physical subject has made of the hands of mesmerists, clairvoyants, condition of the public mind," and and conjurors, and degenerated into administered the severe rebuke that “table rappings" of the ordinary the system of education that could vulgar class; and though some leave the mental condition of parties who ought to have known the public body in the state in better declared themselves duped, which this subject had found it, the experiments became matter of must have been greatly deficient holiday amusement. in some very important principle. THE WEATHER The spring According to this acknowledged quarter has been singularly cold philosopher, the phenomenon is due and ungenial. From the 20th of to nothing more than the prepon- April to the 15th of May, a period derance or resultant of physical of bitterly cold weather was expeforce in one direction, given by a rienced. The temperature was quasi-involuntary muscular action frequently 8°, 9°, and 10° below the of the experimentalists, when their average ; on two days the defect minds have been deadened by long was 13° and 14°. Snow fell frewaiting in vacancy, and the sense quently in April, and very heavily of touch in the fingers is benumbed in the first two weeks of May. In
the neighbourhood of Sheffield the ing on board 308 deck passengers, lines of railway were shut up by seven cabin passengers, and some
Several trains were im- cattle. When off the Pigeon bedded in snow-drifts, and the House (a fort in Dublin Harbour), passengers endured much danger one of her boilers exploded, or and privation. The untoward cha- rent, and the vessel was instantly racter of the spring weather pro- enveloped in scalding steam. The duced very evil consequences to unfortunate passengers, who were the corn crops, and contributed crowded chiefly in the waist, were much to the deficiency and inferior injured in the most shocking manquality of the harvest of this year. ner by the jets of scalding water
and still hotter steam, and uttered
the most piercing shrieks and cries; JUNE.
and the cattle, exposed to the same
injuries, bellowed in agony and beSALE ENGRAVINGS. А came furious. When the alarm had very fine collection of etchings in some degree subsided, the unand engravings has been sold fortunate passengers were landed, by Messrs. Sotheby and Wil- and it was found that 33 persons kinson, some of the specimens were injured, some of them very in which brought unprecedented severely, and that a boy and girl prices. A “Bag-piper," by Berg. were dead. Ten of the wounded hem, 351. 108.; “ Adam and Eve," died in the hospital. by Albert Durer, 261. 58.; “St. 5. GREAT FIRE IN THE CITY Hubert,” esteemed the masterpiece Road.-A terrible fire, by which of that artist, 281. 108.; "The property valued at 100,0001. was Resurrection of Lazarus,” by Lucas consumed, occurred in the City van Leyden, the finest impression Road, about 10 o'clock A.m. The known, 501. 108.; the “ Passion of premises in which it broke out our Lord," the rarest of that artist, were those of the Patent Gutta 761. ; Christ presented to the Percha Company, situate at the People," 771.; " Interior with edge of the Wenlock Basin, City Peasants Drinking,” Ostade, 391. ; Road. “ Queen Elizabeth,” Crispin Passe, Adjoining the Gutta Percha 271. 58.; “ St. Cecilia,” Raimondi, Company's works on one side, was 441. ; “ Christ Healing the Sick," an extensive factory for making by Rembrandt, known as “ the Edwards's fire-lighters, belonging guilder print,” 501.; “ Portrait of Mr. W. Gorton. In the yard of Old Haaring," Rembrandt, 581.; these works stood a pile of wood, “ The Burgomaster Six," Rem- containing 140 fathoms, or about brandt, 801.; "St. James Fight- one ship-load and a half. ing the Saracens," Schoengauen, From the fact of the Wenlock421. 10s.
basin, which was 100 feet wide, 2. DREADFUL STEAM-Boat Ex- being behind, and filled with water, PLOSION.— A dreadful accident oc not the least fears were entercurred to the Times, a
tained of the flames being able to steamer plying between Dublin attack the wharfs and warehouses and Liverpool, by which 12 pers on the opposite side ; but, unforsons lost their lives. The vessel tunately, such was the extraorleft the North Wall, Dublin, hav- dinary progress of the fire, that
several buildings on the opposite Mr. Thellusson's Rataplan;" side of the water were ignited. the “ Ascot Stakes," by Lord
The fire seems to have burst Palmerston's Buckthorn ; " the out at once into an immense con Coronation Stakes,” by “Catheflagration, the materials being of rine Hayes,” the winner of the the most combustible nature; and Oaks. Her Majesty, accompanied the first notice was given by the by the Duke of Genoa, eldest son appearance of a great body of of the King of the Two Sicilies, flame. When first perceived, the and a suite of illustrious visitors, main part of the building was in honoured the course with her preflames, and two immense tanks of on Thursday, the naphtha were blazing from the man- day," when the “ Emperor of Rusholes. Some daring neighbours sia's Plate” was won by Mr. J. M. stifled these vents, and by so doing Stanley's “ Teddington.” probably prevented the greatest 9. RIOTS AT QUEBEC, AND Loss disaster which has occurred since OF LIFE.-Father Gavazzi, an the great Fire of London. The Italian priest and Church reformer, light of the burning mass speedily after lecturing in London against brought six engines of the brigade, the abuses of the Roman Catholic who, from the nature of the com Church with great eloquence and bustibles, could do little to check success, proceeded to Canada, the progress of the flames, which where he followed the same course. ignited two vessels lying in the In a lecture in the Free Church basin, and thence spread to six at Quebec, the Father made some large warehouses on the other side. allusion to the Roman Catholic Six more engines arrived to cope Church in Ireland, which with this new conflagration. For fensive to some Irish who were a long time, notwithstanding an present. A general row ensued, ample supply of water, the flames in the course of which the Fa. raged unabated; but by great ther, after defending himself with perseverance their progress was great valour, was thrown out of the finally stopped. Had all the ware- pulpit and severely maltreated. houses which caught been con From Quebec, Father Gavazzi sumed, the destruction of property went to Montreal, the capital of would have amounted to more than Catholicism in Canada. Here, on half a million.
the 9th, he lectured, guarded by a The Gutta Percha Works were strong body of police. These offialmost totally destroyed. It is cers were attacked by an infuriwell known how highly inflamma- ated crowd, and nearly overble this substance is ; the adjoin- whelmed. Shots were fired on ing works were a Patent Fire- both sides, and two or three of the wood Factory; next to them the assailants were killed and several premises of a Patent Cooperage wounded. The mob were driven Company! The fury of such a from the chapel, but conducted conflagration may therefore be themselves so riotously in the readily imagined.
streets, that the military were 7. Ascot RaceS.— The follow- called out; and as the rioters ining were the results of the princi- creased in audacity, and attacked pal races at this favourite meeting. the soldiers, the latter fired, in “ The Queen's Vase ” was won by defence of themselves and society.
Unhappily, seven persons were Pernambuco; where, however, killed on the spot; six severely he put in a claim for salvage to or mortally wounded; and ten or the amount of 20,0001. Among twelve others more slightly. the passengers of the Condor was
10. FIRE AT Sea.The ship a fortunate gold speculator who Condor, of Liverpool, was totally had purchased for 18001. a nugget destroyed while on her passage of gold which weighed 32 lbs., and from Melbourne round Cape Horn, other nuggets, weighing in all by a fire, which originated in 80 lbs. These valuable specimens spontaneous combustion. The he had with him, and about 4000 Condor was a fine ship of about ounces of the same precious com900 tons register; she had about modity ; but as he brought this 60 passengers, a quantity of Aus- wealth with him as “passenger tralian produce, including a large luggage," and had not insured it, bulk of wool, and 22,000 ounces salvage will fall to his own loss. of gold. She sailed from Mel THE MONSTER BALLARAT bourne on the 11th of April, and Nugget.—There is now exbibitseemed likely to make a rapid pas- ing at Wyld's Globe, in Leicester sage. After doubling Cape Horn, Square, a nugget of gold which and just as she was about to cross was found in
Canadian Gully, the line, the wool on board of her Ballarat Diggings, 66 feet below iguited from spontaneous combus- the surface. It is imbedded in, tion, and the fire could not be kept or rather encrusted with, quartz, under. There were about 100 the whole interior being a mass of persons on board, passengers and gold. The weight of the precious crew, but only two boats. The metal, free from the quartz, is destruction of the majority of the calculated at 134 lbs 11 oz., and crew and passengers appeared in its value is computed at 60001. evitable, for she had sighted no 12. DREADFUL MURDER vessel for seven days; but happily, GLASGOW.- A murder of singuon the evening of the day on larly savage character, and brought which the fire broke out, a ship clearly home to the perpetrators, hove in sight, and bore down upon in a most extraordinary manner, her, and proved to be a French was committed in Glasgow. vessel. The weather was squally, Two ship - carpenters pamed but fortunately not very tempes- Boyd and Law had been drinking tuous. The Frenchman kept com- freely to a late hour on Saturday pany with the burning ship, but night. About one o'clock on Sun. sent no boat alongside to assist the day morning they were enticed escape of the persons on board. by two prostitutes into a low den Before midnight, however, the in the New Vennel. About an whole of the passengers and crew hour afterwards Boyd was precipihad been conveyed on board the tated, half-naked, from the winFrench ship in their own boats, dow into the street-about 23 together with the gold. When the feet--and killed on the spot. ship bore away, the Condor was a The circumstances of the atromass of flames below and aloft. cious deed were witnessed by two The French captain treated the boys who had hidden themselves rescued persons with the greatest under the woman's bed, and by humanity, and conveyed them to two girls who were looking through
the chinks of the room-door, and took a paper with half an ounce of who gave the alarm.
snuff out of her pocket, and put it The evidence of these persons, into the cup, and then handed the given before the High Court of liquor to the man. The man by Justiciary, will show the cold. this time was sleeping, with his blooded atrocity of the deed. The hands on his knees and his head parties indicted were Hans Smith hanging down, and did not see her Macfarlane, Helen Blackwood, do this. The man drank all that Mary Hamilton, and Ann Marshall was in the cup, and then he lay or Young
gasping. He appeared to get The boys, William and James sick from it, and" stupid like." Shillinglaw, were aged respec- He rose up, and attempted to tively 11 and 9 years.
The elder strike Helen Blackwood. She stated, that the house (i.e. in the was standing near the bed. She Scotch sense) consisted of only one lifted up the chamber-pot and room. There was one bed in it. struck him on the side of the head His brother and himself slept with it. They were standing face under the bed. Remembered Sa to face when she struck him. • turday, the 11th of June last. When the man got the blow he Went to bed that night about 9 fell back all his length, and his o'clock. Helen Blackwood was the head struck on
a stone which only one in the house at that was used for a stool. The man time. They crept under the bed lay there gasping. Law at this as usual, and fell asleep. Wit time was sitting on one of the ness awoke during the night, and stones near the window. saw no person in the house, and quite drunk and helpless. Blackfell asleep again. He awoke a wood and Marshall said to Macsecond time. There were people farlane, “Oh, what 'll we dae wi' in the house then. Saw Mary him?" Macfarlane said, Oh, Hamilton and a man named Law, its dark, naebody 'll see, heave him who appeared to be drunk. About out o' the window.” Before Macfive minutes after that there came farlane said this the man's clothes in Blackwood, Marshall, Macfar had been taken off. Blackwood lane, and the man who was thrown proposed to take them off. She out of the window.
There was a said to Marshall, “ Let us strip candle burning at the time. The him," and they did so. They took man was drunk.
Law and be ap off him a pair of moleskins, a peared to be acquainted. Helen dark coat and waistcoat, and a Blackwood asked the last man who cap. Macfarlane was sitting near came in to give her money to get
the door while this was going on, whisky. He gave her some, and and Hamilton was sitting beside she brought in whisky. The him. Blackwood took out of his whisky was brought in a jug, and pocket a handful of money. The it was poured into a cup. It was clothes were at this time lying then handed round, and all the com on the bed. The man made no pany drank some of it. Saw the resistance while they were stripman drink some of it. Before ping him. He appeared to be he drank it, Hamilton took the quite unable to resist. It was cup from Blackwood and poured after the man was stripped that whiskey into it from the jug. She Macfarlane said, “ Throw him over