Science in the Ancient World: An Encyclopedia

Գրքի շապիկի երեսը

The first A-Z resource to catalog the achievements and legacy of more than four millennia of scientific thought in the ancient world of the Mediterranean and the Near East, providing a complete overview of the physical, chemical, life, medical, and social sciences of the classical world.


Many are familiar with such wonders as steam power and the discovery that the planets revolve around the Sun. The fact that such phenomena were known to the ancient Greeks more than 2,000 years ago is less well known. Now, Science in the Ancient World fills this gap by covering all the major scientific developments during 4,000 years of ancient history.

Over 200 A-Z entries explore the origins of science, from astronomy and mathematics to medicine and chemistry. Giants like Aristotle and Plato are examined, together with more obscure figures like Nearchus, explorer of the Indian Ocean, and Hero, discoverer of steam power. Emphasis is placed on the diversity of ancient science, from the achievements of the Mesopotamians to the science of the Romans. The philosophies behind ancient science are explored, from the Epicurean pursuit of happiness to the asceticism of the Stoics. This comprehensive survey brings to the modern reader a long lost age of scientific discovery.


  • A complete bibliography of primary source documents, secondary source biographies, and critical analyses
  • 50 illustrations including maps, portraits of the key scientific figures, and depictions of scientific instruments and phenomena

From inside the book

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Բովանդակություն

II
1
III
45
IV
51
V
63
VI
69
VII
83
VIII
85
IX
101
XVI
177
XVII
213
XVIII
221
XIX
233
XX
243
XXI
247
XXII
249
XXIII
253

X
121
XI
127
XII
129
XIII
139
XIV
165
XV
173
XXIV
255
XXV
261
XXVI
269
XXVII
291
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Common terms and phrases

Սիրված հատվածներ

Էջ 6 - A sower went out to sow his seed : and as he sowed, some fell by the way side ; and it was trodden down, and the fowls of the air devoured it. And some fell upon a rock ; and as soon as it was sprung up, it withered away, because it lacked moisture. And some fell among thorns ; and the thorns sprang up with it, and choked it. And other fell on good ground, and sprang up, and bare fruit an hundredfold. And when he had said these things, he cried, He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.
Էջ 158 - And it came to pass on the third day in the morning, that there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud upon the mount, and the voice of the trumpet exceeding loud; so that all the people that was in the camp trembled.
Էջ 210 - Pythagorean theorem, which states that the square of the hypotenuse of a right triangle equals the sum of the squares of the other two sides.
Էջ 6 - I indeed baptize you with water ; but one mightier than I cometh, the latchet of whose shoes I am not worthy to unloose : he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and with fire...
Էջ 249 - There are many suns and moons according to the regions, divisions, and zones of the earth, and at certain times the disk falls upon some division of the earth not inhabited by us, and thus when, as it were, stepping where there is void, exhibits eclipse.
Էջ 19 - universe" is the name given by most astronomers to the sphere whose centre is the centre of the earth and whose radius is equal to the straight line between the centre of the sun and the centre of the earth. This is the common account as you have heard from astronomers.
Էջ 135 - Hillel, who lived at the end of the first century BCE and the beginning of the first century CE, was a great sage.
Էջ 175 - Economic activity, industry, and trade, deprived of the security of the first and second centuries, had declined at the end of the fourth and beginning of the fifth centuries...
Էջ 19 - In his treatise On the Sizes and Distances of the Sun and Moon...

Հեղինակի մասին (2004)

Russell M. Lawson, Ph.D., is an associate professor of history and chair of the Division of General Studies at Bacone College, Muskogee, OK.

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