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hosts, Let not your diviners deceive you, goeth forth ; erery one that sweareth shall neither hearken to your dreams, which be cut off according to it. It shall enter ye cause to be dreamed. For they pro- the house of the thief, and into the house phesy falsely unto you in my name: I of him that sweareth falsely; and it shall have not sent them, saith the Lord. Ezek. remain in the midst of his house, and xii. 24.-xxi. 29. Mic. iii. 7. 11. Zech. shall consume the timber thereof, and the x. 2.-xxii. 28.

stones thereof.

viii. 17. Love no false oath-It is an CLXV. Threatenings against them. abomination to the Lord. Isa. xliv. 25, 26. The Lord, that frustrateth Mal. ïü. 5. I will be a swift witness the tokens of liars, and maketh diviners against the sorcerers and adulterers, mad, that turneth wise men backward, against false swearers, saith the Lord of and maketh their knowledge foolishness; hosts. Isa. xlviii. 1. Jer. v. 2.9. Hos. x. 4. that confirmeth the word of his servant, 1 Tim. i. 10. Instance, Matt. xxvi. 72. 74. and performeth the counsel of his mes. Lev. v. 1 to 6. False swearers enjoined sengers.

to make confession, offer sacrifice. Ch. vi. Ezek. xiii. 9. Mine hand shall be upon 2 to 6. and to make restitution to those the prophets that see vanity, and divine they have injured. lies. Ver. 23.

CLXIX. Swearing by the creatures. CLXVI. Familiar spirits forbidden, Matt. v. 33. Swear not at all; neither by with threatenings against them, and those heavens, nor by the earth, nor by Jerusathat consult them. Lev. xix. 31.-XX. 6. lem, nor by thy head. Ver. 34, 35, 36. 27. Isa. viii. 19.

Jam. v. 12. Matt. xxiii. 16 to 22. They were put away by Saul, 1 Sam. Instances. Gen. xlii. 15, 16. By the life xxviii. 3. 9.-—By Josiah, 2 Kings xxiii. 24. of Pharaoh, 1 Sam. xx. 3. As thy soul

- They were consulted by Saul, 1 Sam. liveth. Ch. xxvi. 26. 2 Sam. xi. 11. xxviii. 7, 8. 1 Chron. x. 13.-By Manasseh, 2 Kings xxi. 6. 2 Chron. xxxiii. 6.-By CLXX. Swearing by other gods. Jos. the Egyptians, Isa. xix. 3.-They mutter xxiii. 7. Neither make mention of the and peep out of the dust, Isa. xxix. 4. name of their gods, nor cause to swear by


Jer. v. 7. How shall I pardon thee for COMMANDMENT THIRD. this ? thy children have forsaken me, and

have sworn by them that are no gods. CLXVII. Profaning the name of God. Hos. iv. 15. Amos viii. 14. Zeph. i. 4, 5. Exod. xx. 7. Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain: for CLXXI. Swearing in common converthe Lord will not hold him guiltless that sation forbidden. Matt. v. 34. Swear not at taketh his name in vain. Deut. v. 11. all; neither by heaven, &c. Ver. 35, 36.

Lev. xviii. 21. Neither shalt thou pro. James v. 12. Above all things, my fane the name of thy God. Ch. xix. 12. brethren, swear not; neither by heaven, -XX. 3.-xxi. 6.-xxii. 2. 32.

neither by the earth, neither by any other

oath : but let your yea, be yea; and your CLXVIII. Swearing falsely. Lev. xix. nay, nay, &c. 12. Ye shall not swear by my name falsely:

Jer. vii. 9. Will ye swear falsely, and CLXXII. Swearing to commit sin, or come and stand before me in this house ? to encourage it. -Ver. 15. I will cast you out of my sight. Instances. 1 Sam. xxviii. 10. Saul to

Ver. 23. Because of swearing the land the witch of Endor: mourneth.

Ps. cii. 8. David's enemies. Hos. iv. 2, 3. By swearing and lying, Acts xxiii. 21. Paul's enemies. and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery, they break out, and blood touch. CLXXIII. Rash, unnecessary swear. eth blood. Therefore shall the land mourn, ing. Instances.- Israel, Judg: xxi. 1 to and every one that dwelleth therein shall 18.–Saul, 1 Sam. xiv. 24. 39. 45,-David, languish, with the beasts of the field, and 1 Sam. xxy. 22.-Joab, 2 Sam. xix. 7. with the fowls of heaven; yea, the fishes Herod, Mark vi. 23. of the sea also shall be taken away. Zech, v, 3, 4, This is the curse that CLXXIV. The positive part of this

commandment: God only is to be sworni xxi. 23. Abraham and Abimelech sware by. Deut. vi. 13. Thou shalt fear the Lord both. Ver. 24. 31. thy God and serve him, and shall swear xxvi. 31. Abimelech and Isaac sware by his name. Ch. x. 20.

one to another. Isa. lxv. 16. He that sweareth shall xxxi. 53. Jacob sware (to Laban) by swear by the God of truth.

the fear of his father Isaac. Jer. xij. 16. If they learn the ways of Jos. ii. 12. The spies sware to Rahab. ny people, to swear by my name, &c. Co. vi. 22. then shall they be built, &c.

ix. 15. Joshua and the princes of the Heb. vi. 16. Men verily swear by the congregation, sware to the Gibeonites. greater. 1 Kings viii. 31. Ps. lxiii. 11. Ver. 19, 20, 2 Sam. xxi. 2.

1 Sam. xix. 6. Saul sware that he would CLXXV. The nature and duty of an not slay David. oath. Jer. v. 2. Thou shalt swear, The xx. 42. Jonathan and David sware. 2 Lord liveth, in truth, in judgment, and in Sam. xxi. 7. See also Judg. xv. 12.righteousness.

xxx. 15. 2 Sam. xix. 23. 2 Kings xxv. 4. Heb. vi. 16. An oath for confirmation Jer. xxxviii. 16.—xl. 9. is an end of all strife. 2 Chron. vi. 22.

CLXXIX. The breach of such oaths CLXXVI. Such oaths to be carefully purished, 2 Sam, xxi. 1. 9. 2 Chron. xxvi.

13. Ezek. xvii. 16. kept. Ps. xv. 1. Lord who shall abide in thy tabernacle? who shall dwell in thy CLXXX. Private compacts ratified by holy hiil ?— Ver. 4. He that sweareth to oath. Gen. xxiv. 2. 9. 37. 41. Abraham his own hurt, and changeth not. takes an oath of his servant, concerning

xxiv. 3, 4. Who shall ascend into the a wife to his son Isaac. hill of the Lord ? and who shall stand in xxv. 33. Esau sells his birth-right upon his holy place ? He that hath clean hands oath. and a pure heart; who hath not lift up his xiyii. 29, 30, 31. Jacob takes an oath soul unto vanity, nor sworn deceitfully. of Joseph concerning his burial.

1. 25. Joseph takes an oath of the chil. CLXXVII. The things to be sworn to, dren of Israel to carry his bones out of are, truth and duty. Deut. xxix. 10. You Egypt. Exod. xiii. 19. stand this day all of you before the Lord 1 Kings i. 13. 29. David by oath fixed your God.-Ver. 12. That thou shouldst Solomon to be his successor, enter into the covenant of the Lord thy 2 Kings vi. 4. Jehoiada takes an oath of God, and into his oath, which the Lord the rulers to conceal Joash from his cnethy God maketh with thee this day. Ver. mies. 13, 14.

Neh. v. 12. Nehemiah takes an oath of 2 Chron. xv. 12. They entered into a the priests to do justice to injured persons. covenant to seek the Lord God of their fathers, with all their heart, and with all

CLXXXI. Oaths sworn to kings. Eccl. their soul.-Ver. 14, 15. And they sware viii. 2. I counsel thee to keep the king's unto the Lord with a loud voice. And commandment, and that in regard of the all Judah rejoiced at the oath ; and the oath of God. Lord gave them rest on every side.

Oaths exacted by kings from the people. Ezra x. 5. Ezra made the chief priest See 1 Kings ii. 42.-xviii. 10. and Levites, and all Israel, to swear to a CLXXXII. The oath a single person covenant with God. Ver. 3.

decides controversy. Exod. xxii. 10, 11. Neh. x. 29. They entered into a curse In cases of property, where no other eviand into an oath, to walk in God's law. dence can be had.

Isa, xix. 18. Five cities in the land of Numb. v. 12 to 22. A woman's oath in Egypt shall speak the language of Ca- case of jealousy, without evidence against naan, and swear to the Lord of hosts.

her. xlv. 23. Unto me, every knee shall bow,

CLXXXIII. The duty and laufulness and every tongue shall swear. See Neh. xiii. 25. Ps. cxix. 106.—cxxxii

. 2. Ezek. of swearing, upon proper occasions, is xvi. 59. Dan. ix. 11. Hab. iii. 9.

urged not only from the foregoing Scrip

tures, but also from the following examples. CLXXVIII. Duty towards men suorn CLXXXIV. God promised, upon oath, to. Articles of peace ratified by oath. Gen. to bless Abraham, and to multiply his off

spring. Gen. xxii. 15–17. The angel 2 Cor. i. 23. I call God for a record of the Lord called unto Abraham, and upon my soul. said, By myself have I sworn, saith the xii. 19. We speak before God, in Christ. Lord, that in blessing I will bless thee, Ch. ii. 17. and in multiplying I will multiply thy Gal. i. 20. Behold, before God I lie not. seed as the stars of heaven, and as the 1 Tim. v. 21. I charge thee before sand which is upon the sea-shore. Ex. God. xxxii. 13. Deut. xiii. 17.

CXCII. Ancient forms of swearing CLXXXV. To give the land of Canaan. among men were~By lifting up the hand Gen. xxiv. 7. Abrabam said, The Lord God Gen. xiv. 22. Abraham said, I have list of heaven sware unto me, saying, Unto up my hand to the Lord. See Deut. xxxii. thy seed will I give this land. Ch. xii. 7. 40. Rev. x. 5.

xxvi. 2, 3. The Lord appeared unto By putting the hand under the thigh Isaac, and said, I will be with thee, and of him that administereth the oath. Gen. will bless thee; for unto thee and unto thy xxiv. 2, 3. 9. seed, will I give all these countries, and I The usual expressions were: 1 Sam. will perform the oath which I sware unto xxv. 34. As the God of Israel liveth. I Abraham thy father. Ch. xxii. 16.–1. 24. Kings xvii. 1.-xviii. 15. 2 Kings iii. 14. CLXXXVI.

As the Lord of hosts livetlı. Ch. v. 16. To fulfil his covenant. Deut. vii. 12. If ye hearken to these

2 Kings ii. 2. As the Lord liveth, and as judgments, and keep and do them, the thy soul liveth. Ch. iv. 30, 1 Sam. xx. Lord thy God will keep unto thee the 3. As thy soul liveth. Ch. xxvi. 26. 2 covenant and the mercy, which he sware

Sam. xi. 1. unto thy fathers. Ch. iv. 31.-vii. 8.viii. 18.-ix. 5.—xxviii. 9.

CXCIII. Blasphemy forbidden. Col. To continue the seed of David. Ps. iii. 8. Put off all these, anger, wrath, lxxxix. 3, 4. I have sworn unto David my malice, blasphemy,filthy communications. servant: Thy seed will I establish for ever, and will build up thy throne to all

CXCIV. Occasions of it to be avoided.

2 Sam. xii. 14. Nathan said to David, generations. Ver. 35. 49.

Because, by this deed, thou hast given CLXXXVII. The perpetuity of Christ's great occasion, to the enemies of the Lord priesthood. Heb. vii. 21. The Lord sware, to blaspheme, the child that is born unto and will not repent, Thou art a priest for thee shall surely die. Isa. lii. 5. Ezek. ever, after the order of Melchizedek. Ps. xxxvi. 20. Mal. ii. 17. Rom. i. 24. cx. 4. See Isa. xlv. 22, 23.

1 Tim. vi. 1. Let as many servants as CLXXXVIII. To fulfil his threaten- are under the yoke, count their masters ings against the unbelieving and disobe worthy of all honour, that the name of dient. Heb. iii. 18. To whom sware he, Tit. ii. 5.

God and his doctrine be not blasphemod. that they should not enter into his rest, but to them that believed not. See Numb.

CXCV. From whence it proceeds. Matt. xiv. 23.-xxxii. 10, 11. Judg. ii. 15. Jer. xlix. 13.—li. 14. Amos vi. 8. also Lev. xv. 19. Out of the heart proceed eyil xxvi. and Deut. xxviii. referred to in these thoughts, murders, adulteries, thefts, false

witness, blasphemies. Mark vii. 22. Gen. threatenings.

vi. 5.-vii. 21. CLXXXIX. Example 2d. Jesus Christ ansvers upon oath, Matt. xxvi. 63, 64. CXCVI. Instances of blasphemers and tendered to him by the high priest. their punishments. Lev. xxiv. 10. The CXC. Example 3d. The angel. Rev. ther was an Egyptian, and a man of Is

son of an Israelitish woman, whose fa x. 5, 6. The angel lifted up his hand to rael strove together.–Ver. 11. And the heaven, and sware by him that liveth for

Israelitish woman's son blasphemed the ever and ever, That there shall be time

name of the Lord, and cursed.-Ver. 14. no longer, &c.

The Lord spake unto Moses, saying, CXCI. Example 4th. Assederations of Bring forth him that hath cursed without sincerity, which are equal to an oath among the camp, and let all the congregation Christians. Rom. i. 9. God is my wit stone him. ness. Phil. i. 8. God is my record. Ver. 16. He that blasphemeth the name of the Lord shall surely be put to xxi. 10. 13. Naboth. Acts vi. 11. 13. death.

Stephen.- Jesus Christ : See Matt. ix. 2 Kings xviii. 32, 33. and xix. 10. The 3.-xxvi. 65. Mark ii. 7. Luke v. 21. king of Assyria's blasphemy. Ch. xix. John x. 33. 36. 35, 36, 37. His punishment.

Ps. lxxiv. 10. O Lord, shall the enemy CXCIX. Of vows : they are religiously blaspheme thy name for ever ?-Ver. 18. to be fulfilled. Numb. xxx. 2. If a man Remember, O Lord, that the foolish peo. vow a vow unto the Lord, or swear an ple have blasphemed thy name.

oath to bind his soul with a bond, he shall Isa. Ixv. 7. Your iniquities, and the not break his word; he shall do accordiniquities of your fathers together, saith ing to all that proceedeth out of his the Lord, which have burnt incense upon mouth. the mountains, and blasphemed me upon Deut. xxiii. 21, 22. When thou shalt the hills; therefore will I measure their vow a vow unto the Lord thy God, thou former works into their bosoms. Ezek. shalt not be slack to pay it; for the Lord XX. 27.-xxxv. 12.

thy God will surely require it of thee; Luke xxii. 65. Many other thingsand it would be a 'sin in thee. But if blasphemously spake they against Jesus. thou shalt forbear to vow, it shall be no

Acts xxvi. 11. I (Paul) compelled sin in thee. them to blaspheme. I was a blasphemer, Prov. xx. 25. It is a snare after vows and a persecutor, and injurious; but I to make inquiry. obtained mercy, because I did it igno- Eccl. v. 4, 5. When thou vowest a rantly.

vow unto God, defer not to pay it; for xviii. 6. The Jews opposed and blas- he hath no pleasure in fools; pay that phemed. Ch. xii. 45.

which thou hast vowed. Better is it 1 Tim. i 20. Of whom is Hymeneus that thou shouldst not vow, than that and Philetus, whom I have delivered un- thou shouldst vow and not pay. See Job to Satan, that they may learn not to blas- xxii. 27. Ps. xxii. 25.–1. 14.-Ivi. 12.pheme.

Ixi. 5. 8. 13.-xxvi. 11.cxvi. 14. 18. Jer. 2 Tim. iii. 1, 2. In the last days peril. xliv. 25. Nah. i. 15. ous times shall come. - For men shall be lovers of their own selves, covetous, xxviii. 20. Jacob vowed a vow, saying,

CC. Vows to do duty. Instances. Gen. boasters, proud, blasphemers. James ii. 7. Do not rich men blas- in the way that I go, and will give me

If God will be with me, and keep me pheme that worthy name by the which ye bread to eat, and raiment to put on, then are called ? Rev. ii. 3. I know the blasphemy of

shall the Lord be my God. Ver. 21. Ch. them, which say they are Jews and are Ps. cxxxii. 2. Jonah i. 16.—ii. 9.

xxxi. 13. Numb, xxi. 2. 1 Sam. i. 11. 28. xiii. 1. The beast had upon his heads the name of blasphemy.- Ver. 5,6. There

CCI. Sinful vows. Judg. xi. 30 to 39. was given to him a mouth speaking Jephtha’s vow. Mal. i. 14. To vow a corgreat things, and blasphemies. And he rupt thing. opened his mouth in blasphemy against vowed.

Lev. xxvii. The redemption of things God, to blaspheme his name and his tabernacle, and them that dwell therein.

Numb. xxx. 3, &c. A woman's vow xvi. 9. Men were scorched with great what cases binding.

in her virginity, and married state, in heat, and blasphemed the name of God. Ver. 11. 16.

vi. 2, &c. Of a Nazarite's vow, See

also Judg. xiii. 5. 7.-xvi. 17. Lam. iv. 7. CXCVII. Blasphemy against the Holy

Amos ii. 11, 12. Ghost ; ils punishment. Matt. xii. 3. All

COMMANDMENT FOURTH. manner of sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven unto men; but the blasphemy CCII. Of the Sabbath. Exod. xx. 8. against the Holy Ghost shall not be for. Remember the Sabbath-day to keep it given unto men. Mark iii. 28. Luke xii. holy, &c. Ver. 9, 10, 11. 10. 1 John v. 16.

xxxi. 13. Verily my Sabbaths ye shall

keep; for it is a sign between me and CXCVIII. Persons unjustly accused you, that ye may know that I am the and put to death for blasphemy. 1 Kings Lord which doth sanctify you. Gen, ii.


2, 3. Deut. v. 12. 15. Ezek. xx. 12.- that preach him, being read in the synaxliv, 24.

gogues every Sabbath-day.

xvii. 2, 3. Paul, as his manner was, CCIII. The Sabbath a day of rest from went in unto them, and three Sabbaths servile work. Exod. xx. 10. In it thou reasoned with them out of the Scripshalt not do any work, thou, nor thy tures; opening and alleging that Christ son, nor thy daughter, thy man servant, must needs have suffered. Ch. xviii. 4. nor thy maid servant, nor thy cattle, nor Paul reasoned in the synagogue every the stranger that is within thy gates.- Sabbath. Ver. 11. xvi. 23. The Lord said, To-morrow is CCV. Works of charity and


to the rest of the holy Sabbath.-- Ver. 29. be done on the Sabbath-day. Instances. Let no man go out of his place on the Matt. xii. 1. Jesus went on the Sabbathseventh day, to gather manna.

day through the corn; and his disciples, xxiii. 12. Six days shalt thou do thy being an hungered, began to pluck the work, in the seventh day thou shalt rest; ears of corn and to eat. Mark ii. 23. that thine ox and thine ass may rest, and xii. 2, 3. The Pharisees said, Thy disthe son of thine handmaid, and the stran- ciples do that which is not lawful on the ger may be refreshed. Ch. xxxiv. 21.- Sabbath. Jesus said, Have ye not read xxxv. 23. Deut. v. 14, 15.

what David did ?-Ver. 5. Have ye not Jer. xvii. 21, 22. Thus saith the Lord, read in the law, &c. ?-Ver. 7. I will have Take heed to yourselves, and bear no mercy and not sacrifice. burthen on the Sabbath-day, nor bring

Ver. 12. It is lawful to do well on the it in by the gates of Jerusalem. Nei Sabbath-day.-Ver. 13. He healed the ther carry forth a burthen out of your withered hand. Mark iii. 2. 4. Luke vi. 9. houses on the Sabbath-day, neither do Mark ii. 27. The Sabbath was made ye any work. Luke xxviii. 56. Heb. for man, and not man for the Sabbath. iy. 9.

Luke xiii. 15, 16. The Lord said,

Doth not each of you loose his ox or CCIV. The duties of the Sabbath ; his ass on the Sabbath-day? (Ch. xiv. worshipping, God, reading, hearing his 3. 5.) And ought not this woman to be word, fc. Lev. xix. 30. Ye shall keep loosed from her bond on the Sabbathmy Sabbaths, and reverence my sanctu. day? See John v. 8, 9, 10. 18.-vii. 22. ary: I am the Lord. Ch. xxvi. 2.

-ix. 14. Ezek. xlvi. 3. The people shall wor. ship before the Lord in the Sabbaths. CCVI. Promises to them that keep the

Mark vi. 2. When the Sabbath-day Sabbath. Isa. Ivi. 2. Blessed is the man was come, Jesus began to teach in the that keepeth the Sabbath from polluting it. synagogue.

Ver. 4. 5. Thus saith the Lord to the Luke iv. 16. Jesus, as his custom was, eunuchs that keep my Sabbaths, and went into the synagogue on the Sab- choose the things that please me, and take bath-day, and stood up for to read. hold of my covenant; Even unto them Ver. 31. He came to Capernaum and will I give in mine house, and within my taught them on the Sabbath-day. Ch. walls, a place and a name, better than of xiii. 10.

sons and of daughters, &c. Acts xiii. 14–16. The disciples went Ver. 6. Also the sons of the stranger into the synagogue on the Sabbath-day. that join themselves to the Lord, to After the reading of the law and the serve him, and to love the name of the prophets, Paul stood up and said, Men Lord, to be his servants, every one that of Israel, and ye that fear God, give au- keepeth the Sabbath from polluting it, dience.

and taketh hold of my covenent; even Ver. 27. The prophets are read every them will I bring to my holy mountain, Sabbath-day.

and make them joyful in my house of Ver. 42.' The Gentiles besought that prayer. these words might be preached unto lviii. 13, 14. If thou turn away thy them the next Sabbath. - Ver. 44. The foot from the Sabbath, from doing thy next Sabbath-day came almost the whole pleasure on my holy day, and call the city together to hear the word of Sabbath a delight, the holy of the Lord, God.

honourable ; and shalt honour him, not xv, 21. Moses hath in every city them doing thine own ways, nor finding thine

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