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LITERATURE.

WRITING.

Judges v, 14..... Out of Machir came down governors, and out of Zebulun they that handle the pen of the writer.

Esther viii, 9, 10. Then were the king's scribes called at that time in the third month, that is, the month Sivan, on the three and twentieth day thereof; and it was written (according to all that Mordecai commanded). ... unto every province according to the writing thereof, and unto every people after their language, and to the Jews according to their writing, and according to their language. And he wrote in the king Ahasuerus' name, and sealed it with the king's ring...

Job xix, 23. Oh that my words were now written! oh that they were printed in a book!

Isa. viii, 1. Moreover, the LORD

said unto me, Take thee a great

the rest of their companions, unto Artaxerxes king of Persia; and the writing of the letter was written in the Syrian tongue, and interpreted in the Syrian tongue, Rehum the chancellor, and Shimshai the scribe, wrote a letter against Jerusalem to Artaxerxes the king in this sort: Then wrote Rehum the chancellor, and Shimshai the scribe, and the rest of their companions.... This is the copy of the letter that they sent unto him, even unto Artaxerxes the king.... Then sent the king an answer unto Rebum the chancellor, and to Shimshai the scribe, and to the rest of their companions that dwell in Samaria, and unto the rest beyond the river, Peace, and at such a time. The letter which ye sent unto us hath been plainly read before me.

Ezra vii, 11. Now this is the copy of the letter that the king Artaxerxes gave unto Ezra the priest, the scribe, even a scribe of

Deut. Iv, 32. For ask now of the days that are past, which were before thee, since the day that God created man upon the earth, and ask from the one side of hea ven unto the other, whether there hath been any such thing as this great thing is, or hath been heard like it?

Deut. xxiv, 9. Remember what the LORD thy God did unto Miriam by the way, after that ye were come forth out of Egypt.

days of old, consider the years of Deut. xxxii, 7. Remember the many generations: ask thy father, and he will shew thee; thy elders, and they will tell thee.

Josh. xiv, 6, 15. Then the children of Judah came unto Joshua in Gilgal: and Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenezite said unto him, Thou knowest the thing that the LORD said unto Moses, the man of God, concerning me and

thee in Kadesh-barnea. And the

name of Hebron before was Kir

roll, and write in it with a man's the words of the commandments jath-arba; which Arba was a great

pen concerning Malier-shalal hash-baz.

of the LORD, and of his statutes to Israel.

his servant unto me, in like manNeh. vi. 5. Then sent Sanballat

man among the Anakims...

Sheshai, and Ahiman, and Talmai, thence the three sons of Anak, Josh. xv, 14, 15. And Caleb drove

Isa. xxxviii, 9. The writing of Hezekiah king of Judah, when he had been sick, and was recovered her, the fifth time, with an open the children of Anak.

of his sickness.

letter in his hand.

Ezek. ii 10. And he spread it be-wrote these things, and sent letEsther ix, 20. And Mordecai fore me: and it was written with- ters unto all the Jews that were in and without: and there was in all the provinces of the king written therein lamentations, and Ahasuerus, both nigh and far. mourning, and woe.

Ezek. xxiv, 2. Son of man, write thee the name of the day, even of this same day: the king of Babylon set himself against Jerusalem this same day.

Luke i, 63. And he asked for a writing table, and wrote, saying, His name is John. And they marvelled all.

2 Tim. iv, 13. The cloak that I left at Troas with Carpus, when thou comest, bring with thee, and the books, but especially the parohments.

LETTERS.

2 Sam. xi, 14. And it came to pass in the morning, that David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand of Uriah.

Ezra iv, 7-9, 11, 17, 18. And in the days of Artaxerxes wrote Bishlami, Mithredati, Tabeel, and

(See under SCRIPTURE.) MATTERS OF ANTIQUITY. Gen. xxviii, 19. And he called

the name of that place Beth-el: but the name of that city was called Luz at the first.

Exod. xii, 2. This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you.

Num. xxi, 27. Wherefore they that speak in proverbs say, Come into Heshbon, let the city of Silon be built and prepared.

Deut. ii, 12. The Horims also dwelt in Seir beforetime; but the children of Esau succeeded them, when they had destroyed them from before them, and dwelt in their stead, as Israel did unto the land of his possession, which the LORD gave unto them.

498

And he went up thence to the inhabitants before was Kirjath-sepher. of Debir: and the name of Debir

he went against the inhabitants of Judges 1, 11. And from thence Deb r: (and the name of Debir before was Kirjath-sepher.)

Judges xviii, 29. And they called the name of the city Dan, after the name of Dan their father, who was born unto Israel: howbeit

the name of the city was Laish at the first.

rael, when a man went to enquire 1 Sam. ix, 9. (Beforetime in Isof God, thus he spake, Come, and let us go to the seer: for he that is now called a Prophet, was beforetime called a Seer.)

1 Sam. xli, 7. Now therefore stand still, that I may reason with you before the LORD of all the righteous acts of the LORD, which he did to you and to your fathers.

1 Chron. iv, 22. And Jokim, and the men of Chozeba, and Joash, and Saraph, who had the domin ion in Moab, aud Jashubi-lehem. And these are ancient things.

Ezra vi, 1. Then Darius the king made a decree, and search was made in the house of the rolls, where the treasures were laid up in Babylon.

Job vili, 8--10. For enquire, I pray thee, of the former age, and prepare thyself to the search of their fathers: (For we are but of yesterday, and know nothing, because our days upon earth are a shadow) Shall not they teach thee, and tell thee, and utter

words out of their heart?

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and Immer, but they could not
shew their father's house. and
their seed, whether they were of
Israel: The children of Delaiah,
the children of Tobiah, the chil-
dren of Nekoda, six hundred fifty
and two.

from the house of Gilgal, and out of the fields of Geba and Azmaveth: for the singers had builded them villages round about Jerusalem. And Maaseiab, and Shemaiah, and Eleazar, and Uzzi, and Jehohanan, and Malchijah, and Neh. vii, 5, 61--63. And my God Elam, and Ezer: and the singers put into nine heart to gather to- sang loud, with Jezrahiah their gether the nobles, and the rulers, overseer. Also that day they and the people, that they might offered great sacrifices, and rebe reckoned by genealogy: and Ijoiced; for God had made them foun 1 a register of the genealogy rejoice with great joy: the wives of them which came up at the also and the children rejoiced; so frst, and found written therein. that the joy of Jerusalem was And these were they which went up heard even afar off. And both also from Tel-melah, Tel-haresha, the singers and the porters kept Cherub, Addon, and Immer; but the ward of their God, and the they could not shew their father's ward of the purification, accordhouse, nor their seed, whether ing to the commandment of David, they were of Israel. The children and of Solomon his son. For in of Delaiah, the children of Tobiah, the days of David and Asaph of the children of Nekoda, six hun- old there were chief of the singers, Micah vi, 5. Oy people, remem-dred forty and two. And of the and songs of praise and thanksber now wha' Balak king of Moab consulted, and what Balaam the priests: the children of Habaiah, giving unto God. the children of Koz, the children son of Leor answered him from Shittiza unto Gilgal; that ye may know the righteousness of the LORD.

Isa. xxiii, 13. Behold the land of the Chaldeans; this people was not, till the Assyrian founded it for them that dwell in the wilderness: they set up the towers thereof, they raised up the palaces thereof; and ho brought it to

ruin.

Eccles. 1, 9-11. The thing that nath been, it is that which shall be; and that which is done, is that which shall be done: and there is no new thing under the sun. Is there any thing whereof it may be said, See, this is new? it hath been already of old time, which was before us. There is no remembrance of former things; neither shall there be any remembrance of things that are to come with those that shall come after.

Eccles. iii, 15. That which hath been is now; and that which is to be hath already been; and God requireth that which is past.

Eccles vii, 10. Say not thou, What is the cause that the former days were better than these? for thou dost not enquire wisely concerning this.

HERALDRY.

Num. i, 17, 18. And Moses and Aaron took these men which are expressed by their names: And they assembled all the congregation together on the first day of the second month, and they declared their pedigrees after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, by their polls.

1 Chron. v, 17. All these were reckoned by genealogies in the days of Jotham king of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam king of Israel.

Ezra ii, 59, 60. And these were they which went up from Telmelah, Tel-harsa, Cherub, Addan,

of Barzillai, which took one of the
daughters of Barzillai the Gilead-
ite to wife, and was called after

their name.

Neh. xii, 22, 23. The Levites, in
the days of Eliashib, Joiada, and
Johanan, and Jaddua, were re-
corded chief of the fathers; also
the priests, to the reign of Darius
the Persian. The sons of Levi,
the chief of the fathers, were
written in the book of the Chroni-
cles, even until the days of Jo-
hanan the son of Eliashib.

Judah, and the princes of Jeru-
Jer. xxxiv, 19. The princes of
salem, the eunuchs, and the
priests, and all the people of the
and, which passed between the
parts of the calf.

MUSIC.

VOCAL MUSIO.

1 Sam. xviii, 7. And the women answered one another as they played, and said, Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands.

1 Chron. xv, 22. And Chenaniah, chief of the Levites, was for song: he instructed about the song, because he was skilful.

1 Chron. xxv, 7. So the number of them, with their brethren that were instructed in the songs of the LORD, even all that were cunning, was two hundred fourscore and eight.

Neh. xi, 23. For it was the king's commandment concerning them, that a certain portion should be for the singers, due for every day.

Neh. xii, 28, 29, 42, 43, 45, 46. And the sons of the singers gathered themselves together, both out of the plain country round about Jerusalem, and from the villages of Netophathi; Also

God our strength; make a joyful Ps. lxxxi, 1. Sing aloud unto noise unto the God of Jacob.

Ps. xcviii, 4. Make a joyful noise unto the LORD, all the earth: make a loud noise, and rejoice, and sing praise.

I will pray with the spirit, and I 1 Cor. xiv, 15. What is it then? will pray with the understanding also: I will sing with the spirit, and I will sing with the understanding also.

INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC.

Gen. iv, 21. And his brother's name was Jubal; he was the father of all such as handle the harp and organ.

Gen. xxxi, 27. Wherefore didst thou flee away secretly, and steal away from me, and didst not tell that I might have sent thee away with mirth, and with songs, with tabret, and with harp?

me,

all the house of Israel, played 2 Sam. vi, 5. And David, and before the LORD on all manner of instruments made of fir-wood, even on harps, and on psalteries, and on timbrels, and on cornets, and on cymbals.

1 Chron. xiii, 8. And David and all Israel played before God with all their might, and with singing, and with harps, and with psalteries, and with timbrels,,and with cymbals, and with trumpets.

1 Chron. XV, 19-21. So the singers, Heman, Asaph, and Ethan were appointed to sound withcymbals of brass; And Zechariah, and Aziel,andShemiramoth,and Jehiel, and Unni, and Eliab, and Maaseiab, and Benaiah, with psalteries on Alamoth; And Mattithiah, and Elipheleh, and Mikneiah, and Obed-edom, and Jeiel, and Azaziah, with harps on the She minith to excel.

all this continued until the burnt-
offering was finished.

song unto thee, O God: upon a psaltery, and an instrument of ten strings, will I sing praises unto thee.

1 Chron. xvl, 5, 6. 42. Asaph the chief, and next to him. Zecuariah, Jeiel, and Shemiramoth, and JeEzra iii, 10, 11. And when the hiel, and Martithiah, and Eliab, builders laid the foundation of the and Benaiah, and Obed-edom; and temple of the LORD, they set the Ps. cl, 3-5. Praise him with Jeiel with psalteries and with priests in their apparel with trum- the sound of the trumpet: praise harps: but Asaph male a sound pets, and the Levites, the sons of him with the psaltery and harp. with cymbals; Beniah also and Asaph, with cymbals, to praise Praise him with the timbrel and Jahaziel the priests with trumpets the LORD, after the ordinance of dance: praise him with stringed continually before the ark of the David king of Israel. And they instruments and organs. Praise Covenant of God. And with them sang together by course, in prais-him upon the loud cymbals: praise Heman and Jeduthun, with trum-ing and giving thanks unto the him upon the high-sounding pets and cymbals, for those that LORD; because he is good, for his cymbals. should make a soun1, and with mercy endureth for ever toward musical instruments of God. And Israel. And all the people shouted the sons of Jeduthun were with a great shout, when they porters. praised the LORD, because the foundation of the house of the LORD was laid.

1 Chron. xxv, 5, 6. All these were the sons of Heinan the king's seer in the words of God, to lift up the horn. And God gave to Heman fourteen sons and three daughters. All these were under the hands of their father for song in the house of the LORD, with cymbals, psalteries, and haps, for the service of the house of God, according to the king's order to Asaph, Jeduthun and Heman.

2 Chron. v, 11, 12. And it came to pass, when the priests were come out of the holy place; (for all the priests that were present were sanctified, and did not then wait by course: Also the Levites which were the singers, all of them of Asaph, of Heman, of Jeduthun, with their sons and their brethren, being arrayed in white linen, having cymbals, and psalteries, and harps, stood at the east end of the altar, and with them an hundred and twenty priests sounding with trumpets.)

2 Chron. vii. 6. And the priests waited on their offices; the Levites also with instruments of musick of the LORD, which David the king had made to praise the LORD, be

sons with

Neh. xii, 27, 35, 36, 41. And at the dedication of the wall of Jerusalem they sought the Levites out of all their places, to bring them to Jerusalem, to keep the dedication with gladness, both with thanksgivings, and with singing, with cymbals, psalteries, and with harps. And certain of the priests' trumpets; namely, Zechariah the son of Jonathan, the son of Shemaiah, the son of Mattaniah, the son of Michaiah, the son of Zaccur, the son of Asaph; And his brethren, Shemaiah, and Azarael, Milalai, Gilalai, Maai, Nethaneel, and Judah, Hanani, with the musical instruments of David the man of God, and Ezra the scribe before them. And the priests; Eliakim, Maaseiah, Miniamin, Michaiah, Elioenai, Zechariah, and Hananiah, with trumpets.

Ps. xxxiii, 2, 3. Praise the LORD with harp; sing unto him with the psaltery, and an instrument of ten strings.

Eccles. II, 8. . . . . . I gat me men singers and women singers, and the delights of the sons of men, as musical instruments, and that of all sorts.

Isa. xxxviii, 20. The LORD was ready to save me: therefore we will sing my songs to the stringed instruments all the days of our life in the house of the LORD.

Daniel iii, 7. Therefore at that

time, when all the people heard the sound of the cornet, flute, harp, sackbut, psaltery, and all kinds of music, all the people, the nations, and the languages, fell down and worshipped the golden image that Nebuchadnezzar the king had set up.

Rev. xiv, 2, 3. And I heard a voice from heaven, as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of a great thunder; and I heard the voice of harpers harping with their harps: And they sung as it were a new song before the throne, and before the four beasts, and the elders; and no man could learn that song but the hundred and forty and four thousand, which were redeemed from the

earth.
Sing unto him a new
song, play skilfully with a loud
noise.

Ps. lxviii, 25. The singers went

POWER OF MUSIC.

cause his inercy endureth for ever, before, the players on instruments shalt come to the hill of God,

when David praised by their ministry; and the priests sounded trumpets before them, and all Israel stood.

2 Chron. xxix, 25--28. And he set the Levites in the honse of the

LORD with cymbals, with psal teries, and with harps, according

to the commandment of David, and of Gad the king's seer, and Nathan the prophet: for so was the commandment of the LORD by his prophets. And the Levites stood with the instruments of

David, and the priests with the trumpets. And Hezekiah commanded to offer the burnt-offering upon the altar: and when the burnt-offering began, the song of the LORD began also with the trumpets, and with the instruments ordained by David king of Israel. And all the congregation worshipped, and the singers sang, and the trumpeters sounded: and

followed after, among them were
the damsels playing with timbrels.

P3. lxxxi, 3, 4. Blow up the
trumpet in the new-moon, in the
time appointed, on our solemn
feast-day. For this was a statute
for Israel, and a law of the God

of Jacob.

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1 Sam. x, 5. After that thou where is the garrison of the Philistines: and it shall come to pass,

when thou art come thither to the

city, that thou shalt meet a company of prophets coming down from the high place, with a psaltery, anda tabret, and a pipe, and a harp, before them; and they shall

prophesy.

1 Sam. xvi, 15, 16, 17, 19, 23. And Saul's servants said unto him, Behold now, an evil spirit from God troubleth thee. Let our lord now

command thy servants, which are before thee, to seek out a man

who is a cunning player on an harp: and it shall come to pass, when the evil spirit from God is upon thee, that he shall play with his hand, and thou shalt be well. And Saul said unto his servants, Provide me now a man that can play well, and bring him to me. Wherefore Saul sent messengers unto Jesse, and said, Send me

David thy son, which is with the sheep. And it came to pass, when the evil spirit from God was upon Saul, that David took an harp, and played with his hand: so Saul was refreshed, and was well, and the evil spirit departed from him.

2 Kings iii, 15, But now bring

me a minstrel. And it came to

pass, when the minstrel played,

that the hand of the LORD came upon him.

what my God had put in my heart to do at Jerusalem: neither was there any beast with me, save the beast that I rode upon. And I went out by night by the gate of the valley, even before the dragonwell, and to the dung-port, ani viewed the walls of Jerusalem, which were broken down, and the fire. Then I went on to the gate gates thereof were consumed with of the fountain, and to the king's pool: but there was no place for the beast that was under me to pass. Then went I up in the night by the brook, and viewed the wall, and turned back, and entered by the gate of the valley, and so returned. And the rulers knew not whither I went, or what I did; neither had I as yet told it to the Job xxi, 12. They take the tim-Jews, nor to the priests, nor to the brel and harp, and rejoice at the nobles, nor to the rulers, nor to the sound of the organ. rest that did the work.

Ezek. xxxili, 32. And, lo, thou art unto them as a very lovely song of one that hath a pleasant voice, and can play well on an instrument: for they hear thy words, but they do them not.

VARIOUS ALLUSIONS.

Isa. v, 12. And the harp and the viol, the tabret and pipe, and wine,. are in their feasts: but they regard not the work of the LORD, neither consider the operation of his hands.

Ezek. xxvi, 13. And I will cause the noise of thy songs to cease; and the sound of thy harps shall

be no more heard.

Amos. v, 23. Take thou away from me the noise of thy songs: for I will not hear the melody of thy viols.

Amos vi, 5. That chant to the sound of the viol, and invent to themselves instruments of musick, like David.

PIONEERING.

VARIOUS FORMS OF
BUSINESS.

MERCHANDISE, ITS BENEFITS.

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Isa. xxiii, 11. . . . . The LORD hath given a commandment against the merchant city, to destroy the strong holds thereof.

Isa. xlvii, 15. Thus shall they be unto thee with whom thou hast laboured, even thy merchants, from thy youth; they shall wander every one to his quarter; none shall save thee.

Ezek. vii, 12, 18. The time is come, the day draweth near: let not the buyer rejoice, nor the seller mourn; for wrath is upon all the multitude thereof. the seller shall not return to that which is sold, although they were yet alive: for the vision is touch

For

Gen. xxxiv, 20, 21. And Hamoring the whole multitude thereof, and Shechem his son came unto shall any strengthen himself in which shall not return; neither the gate of their city, and communed with the men of their city, the iniquity of his life, saying, These men are peaceable with us; therefore let them dwell in the land, and trade therein; for the land, behold, it is large enough for them; let us take their daughters to us for wives, and let us give them our daughters.

Judges xviii, 28. And there was no deliverer, because it was far from Zidon, and they had no business with any man; and it was in the valley that lieth by Beth

Ezek. xxii, 13. Behold, therefore I have smitten mine hand at thy dishonest gain which thou hast made, and at thy blood which hath been in the midst of thee.

Ezek. xxvii, 32-34, 36. And in their wailing they shall take up a lamentation for thee, and lament over thee, saying, What city is like Tyrus, like the destroyed in the midst of the sen? When thy wares went forth out of the seas,

Josh. xviii, 4-6, 8, 9. Give out rehob: and they built a city, and thou filledst many people; thou

dwelt therein.

Prov. xxxi, 18. She perceiveth that her merchandise is good: her candle goeth not out by night.

from among you three men for each tribe: and I will send them, and they shall rise and go through the land, and describe it, according to the inheritance of them; and Isa. xxiii, 2, 3, 8. Be still, ye inthey shall come again to me. habitants of the isle; thou whom And they shall divide it into seven the merchants of Zidon, that pass parts: Judah shall abide in their over the sea, have replenished. coast on the south, and the house And by great waters the seed of of Joseph shall abide in their Sihor, the harvest of the river, is coasts on the north. Ye shall her revenue; and she is a mart of therefore describe the land into nations. Who hath taken this seven parts, and bring the descrip- counsel against Tyre, the crowntion hither to me, that I may casting city, whose merchants are lots for you here before the LORD our God. And the men arose, and went away: and Joshua charged them that went to describe the land, saying, Go and walk through the land, and describe it, and come again to me, that I may here cast lots for you before the LORD in Shiloh. And the men went and pissed through the land, and described it by cities into seven parts in a book, and came again to Joshua to the host at Shiloh.

Neh. ii, 12-16. And I arose in the night, I and some few men with me; neither told I any man

princes, whose traffickers are the honourable of the earth?

Ezek. xxviil, 4, 5. With thy wisdom and with thine understanding thou hast gotten thee riches, and hast gotten gold and silver into thy treasures: By thy great wisdom, and by thy traflick, hast thou' increased thy riches, and thine heart is lifted up because of thy riches.

Hosea xil, 8. And Ephraim said, Yet I am become rich, I have found me out substance: in all my labours they shall find none iniquity in me that were sin.

didst enrich the kings of the earth with the multitude of thy riches, and of thy merchandise. In the time when thou shalt be broken by the seas in the depths of the waters, thy merchandise, and all thy company in the midst of thee, shall fall. The merchants amorg the people shall hiss at thee: thou shalt be a terror, and never shalt be any more.

Ezek. xxviii, 16, 18. By the multitude of thy merchandise they have filled the midst of thee with violence, and thou hast sinned: therefore I will cast thee as profane out of the mountain of God; and I will destroy thee, O covering cherub, from the midst of the stones of fire. Thon hast defiled thy sanctuaries by the multitude of thine iniquities, by the iniquity of thy traffick; therefore will I bring forth a fire from the midst of thee, it shall devour thee; and I will bring thee to ashes upon the earth in the sight of all them that

behold thee.

Zeph. i, 11. Howl, ye inhabitants of Maktesh, for all the merchant

people are cut down; all they that bear silver are cut off.

cording to all his desire,) that
then king Solomon gave Hiram
twenty cities in the land of Gali-
lee. And Hiram came out from

Rev. xviii, 11. 15. And the merchants of the earth shall weep and Tyre to see the cities which Solomourn over her; for no man buy-mon had given him, and they eth their merchandise any more. pleased him not. The merchants of these things, What cities are these which thou And he said, which were made rich by her, hast given me, my brother? And shall stand afar off for the fear of he called them the land of Cabul her torment, weeping and wailunto this day. And Hiram sent ing. to the king sixscore talents of gold.

Prov. xxiii, 23. Buy the truth and sell it not; also wisdom, and instruction, and understanding.

Da

2 Kings xii, 15. Moreover, they reckoned not with the men into whose hand they delivered the money to be bestowed on workmen: for they dealt faithfully.

2 Kings xxii, 7. Howbeit there
was no reckoning made with them
of the money that was delivered
into their hand, because they dealt
faithfully.

made all these vessels in great
2 Chron. iv, 18. Thus Solomon
abundance: for the weight of the
brass could not be found out.

ARTICLES OF MERCHANDISE. Ezek. xxvii, 18-20, 23, 24. mascus was thy merchant in the multitude of the wares of thy making, for the multitude of all riches; in the wine of Helbon, and white wool. Dan also and Javan going to and fro occupied in thy fairs: bright iron, cassia, and calamus, were in thy market. Dedan was thy merchant in precious clothes for chariots. Haran, and Canneh, Gen. xxxvii, 25. And they sat and Eden, the merchants of She-down to eat bread: and they lifted ba, Asshur, and Chilmad, were up their eyes and looked, and, bethy merchants. These were thy hold, a company of Ishmeelites merchants in all sorts of things, in came from Gilead, with their blue clothes, and broidered work, camels bearing spicery and balm and in chests of rich apparel, and myrrh, going to carry it down bound with cords, and made of to Egypt. cedar, among thy merchandise.

Rev. xviii, 12. The merchandise of gold, and silver, and precious stones, and of pearls, and fine linen, and purple, and silk, and scarlet, and all thyine wood, and all manner vessels of ivory, and all manner vessels of most precious wood, and of brass, and iron, and marble.

ACCOUNTS, ETC.

SPICES.

Rev. xviii, 13. And cinnamon, and odours, and ointments, and frankincense, and wine, and oil, and fine flour, and wheat, and beasts, and sheep, and horses, and chariots, and slaves, and souls of men.

TIMBER

1 Kings v, 6, 8--10. Now therefore command thou that they hew me cedar-trees out of Lebanon; and my servants shall be with thy Gen. xli, 49. And Joseph ga- servants: and unto thee will I give thered corn as the sand of the hire for thy servants, according to sea, very much, until he left num- all that thou shalt appoint: for bering; for it was without num-thou knowest that there is not ber.

1 Kings v, 11. And Solomon gave Hiram twenty thousand measures of wheat for food to his household, and twenty measures of pure oil: thus gave Solomon to Hiram year by year.

1 Kings vii, 47. And Solomon left all the vessels unweighed, because they were exceeding many: neither was the weight of

the brass found out.

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2 Chron. I, 16, 17. And Solomon had horses brought out of Egypt, and linen yarn: the king's mera price. And they fetched up and chants received the linen yarn at brought forth out of Egypt a

chariot for six hundred shekels of silver, and an horse for an hundred and fifty: and so brought they out horses for all the kings of the Hittites, and for the kings of Syria, by their means.

(GRAIN AND LAND, see under
AGRICULTURE.)

TRADES.
CHRISTIAN RULE.

1 Cor. iv, 12. And labour, working with our own hands: being reviled, we bless; being persecuted, we suffer it.

1 Cor. vii, 17, 20, 24. But as God hath distributed to every man, as the Lord hath called every one, so let him walk: and so ordain Í in all churches. Let every man abide in the same calling wherein he was called. Brethren, let every man, wherein he is called, therein abide with God.

2 Thess. iii, 10-12. For even when we were with you, this we commanded you, that if any would not work, neither should he eat. For we hear that there are some which walk among you disorderly, working not at all, but are busybodies. Now them that are such we command and exhort by our My Lord Jesus Christ, that with quietness they work, and eat their own bread.

among us any that can skill to
hew timber like unto the Sidoni-
ans. And Hiram sent to Solomon,
saying, I have considered the
things which thou sentest to me
for: and I will do all thy desire
concerning timber of cedar, and
concerning timber of fir.
servants shall bring them down
from Lebanon unto the sea; and 1
will convey them by sea in floats
unto the place that thou shalt ap-

point me, and will cause them to
be discharged there, and thou
shalt receive them: and thou shalt
accomplisa my desire, in giving
So Hi-
food for my household.

1 Kings ix, 10--14. And it came to pass at the end of twenty years, when Solomon had built the two houses, the house of the LORD, and the king's house. (Now Hiram gave Solomon cedar-trees, ram the king of Tyre had fur- and fir-trees, according to all his nished Solomon with cedar trees desire. and fir trees, and with gold, ac

learn to maintain good works for necessary uses, that they be not unfruitful.

Titus iii, 14. And let ours also

Acts xviil, 3. And because he was of the same craft, he abode with them, and wrought: for by their occupation they were tent

1 Chron. xxil, 4. Also cedar-makers,

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