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cerity of dealing and speech, hypocrisy, strife, vision, deafness, want of heat-old and gray meekness-equity, gratitude and ingrati-headed-(see under Bony) weariness of life tude, love-first and great commandment-second and peculiar instances of it-suicide in Samson, like unto it-sympathy, forgiveness of injuries Saul, Zimri, Ahithophel, and Judas. until seventy times seven-duty of setting a good example-bad example to be avoided.

MAN SOCIAL.

DEATH, BURIAL,
(See under Disease and Death).

RESURRECTION.

Original equality-rich and poor rest together; solitude in various forms, neighbourhood, A prominent doctrine of Scripture-the work friendship-David andJonathan-false friends of God-special proof in Christ's resurrection -evil company to be shunned-influence of Sadducean objection and its refutation by piety and of sin upon others. Jesus.

TRAVELLING.

THE JUDGMENT,

Places of residence-farewell-with a kiss-Solemn, certain, universal, and impartial--throne journeying singly and with flocks and herds set and books opened-allusion to its awful means of travel scrip and staff-meetings- phenomena-earth burnt up, and heaven pasrefreshments, hospitality, feet washed, and salu- sing away. tation of peace-provender for the asses-stay, alide with us frequent injunctions that strangers be well treated-God's tender care over strangers and travellers the return to home and its joy, David returned to bless his house.

MAN'S DESTINY.

Old age-gray hairs-length of days a blessing -instances of longevity before the flood and among the patriarchs-the aged to be treated with great respect-signs of age-dimness of

MARRIAGE.

HEAVEN.

A state of happiness and glory-fulness of joy of immortality—eternal life, enjoyment of the divine presence-its special occupation being praise.

HELL.

Place of finally wicked-of intense anguishfire, pit, brimstone, darkness-its misery without end-solemn lessons-the terror of the Lordawful imagery and allusion.

MARRIAGE.

Man and woman-a male and female-personal beauty often referred to,and furnishing imagery in the book of Canticles-thou art fair my love.

VIRGINITY, Damsels employed in carrying water, and in watering the flock.

LOVES,

Various in Scripture-sick of love; courtship in various forms-Rebecca, Dinah, Samson, Adonijah; rape, and its punishment-death by law to the ravisher.

MARRIAGE.

Of divine origin in Eden-its continuance an ordinance; marriage is honourable, conditions as to selecting a partner for such a union, both in Old and New Testament-image of the union of Christ and his church: parental authority of old over children in forming matrimonial matches apostolic law the nuptial feast-scene of great rejoicing and lasting many days-procession with lamps to meet the wedded pair-marriages of policy

Merab promised, but Michal given to David; dowry given for the bride by her husbandlaw about marrying a brother's widow-case of the kind proposed to our Lord-peculiarities and restrictions of various kinds in Jewish marriage law.

MARRIED STATE.

Duties of husbands, fidelity and love; of wife, affection and obedience Sarah, etc.; good wives-one of them described in Proverbs; bad wives-Jezebel-contentious and brawling

woman.

DISSOLUTION OF MARRIAGE.

By death-widows often desolate-special obindeed; God himself being the judge of the jects of sympathy, at least such as are widows widow-second marriages -younger widows refused as office-bearers in the church,

BY DIVORCE.

Hebrew law permitting divorce, allowed for hardness of heart-bill to be formally written out-the judgment of Jesus on this subject, and his conclusion, that fornication only war

MARRIAGE.]

SYNOPSIS.

rants divorce-instances of putting wives away in the book of Ezra-divorce the symbol of God's separation from Israel; other kinds referred to both in Old and New Testament.

VIOLATION OF MARRIAGE LAW. Polygamy-Lamech-a common occurrence among the patriarchs and Jews, wherefore one? that he might seek a godly seed-a violation of the original law of marriage, which united only one man and one woman-concubines, or secondary wives, common in Jewish and particularly in royal households.

VIOLATIONS OF THE LAW OF CHASTITY.

Incest-its punishment to be death-adultery a heinous crime-seventh commandment-image of the national infidelities of Israel;-an ordeal of jealousy prescribed in drinking of water of the curse-chastity and modesty solemnly enjoined flee youthful lusts-lewiness condemned, and all practices leading to it, the Hebrew

[MINISTERS OF RELIGION.

law prohibiting the sexes from exchanging garments-cautions against lewdness a covenant with the eyes; uncleanness not to be named; Fornication-associated often with idolatrous worship- such whoredom with daughters of Moab-spiritual allusion, the symbol of idolatry-gone a whoring from GodBabylon, mother of harlots; Hebrew statute against it, and frequent condemnation of it, punished often in providence by poverty, loss of health and character,and final ruin-brought to a piece of bread-her steps take hold on hell; prostitution forbidden-she forgetteth the covenant of her God.

BASTARDS.

Bastards not admitted to the congregation of the Lord, and not subjected to discipline and training-bastards and not sons-sins against nature-sin of Sodom-its territic punishment-fire and brimstone rained down from heaven.

METALS AND MINERALS.

GOLD,

Found in Havilah-gold of Parvaim-plentiful in days of Solomon, tried by fire-gold of Ophir, very fine-wedjes and shekels of it.

SILVER,

IRON.

Smelted out of stones-formed into tools—northern iron and steel specially hard-the emblem of hardness-brass and iron often connected as useful metals.

OTHER METALS.

Made into vessels-found in veins, tried in a
furnace, and the dross taken away-a com- Copper or bronze-lead and tin.
mon medium of exchange. Gold and silver
often connected together as a general expres-
sion for money-silver and gold have I none.

BRASS.

Dug out of mines-employed in making vessels, doors, and gates-the emblem of strength.

MINERALS, ETC. Salt-jewels-precious stones-precious stones mentioned in connection with Aaron's breastplate, and the gates of the New JerusalemAgate and Carbuncle-Beryl-Coral-Diamond-Emerald and Sardine-Jacinth-Jas per-Onyx-Pearl-Ruby-Sapphire.

MINISTERS OF RELIGION,

MINISTERS OF RELIGION,

Under the old dispensation—priests-Melchizedec king and priest,-Jewish priests,-holy to God, their various duties, to teach the people, take charge of the sacred things, offer sacrifice and form a board of health, as inspection of lepers, their services in rotation,-courses in roation, their services, etc.

THE HIGH PRIEST,

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Chief of them,-not allowed to mourn or marry a widow or a divorced woman,-Aaron Turban and Mitre,-that of high-priest with and his sous in hereditary succession possess the inscription on it of HoLINESS TO THE

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OTHER SACRED PERSONS,

The seventy elders, elders of cities-Nazarites with their vow of abstinence and peculiar restraints.

[MIRACLES

increase of thy seed,-other perquisites belonging to them, as first-fruits and firstlings, the hides of the victims, and portions of some of the sacrifices,-with fines, redemption-money, poll-tax, share of booty, and voluntary giftthe treasury-royal gifts during the period of the temple.

UNDER THE NEW ECONOMY,

Twelve Apostles Chosen by Jesus, Matthias and
Paul added, having special prerogatives to
bind and loose, witnesses of the resurrection,
their special claim on the people to hear
itinerant labourers.
them, the seventy,-bishops,-elders,—deacons,

THE APOSTLE PAUL,

His sudden conversion,- his travels and
labours, his exemplary conduct, his preach-
ing,-his character in several aspects,
him devolving the care of all the churches.

THE MINISTRY.

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A divine institute,-duties enjoined, faithfulness,-studiousness, consistency, -aptness to teach,-preach the word,-sins ascribed to it in the old Testament,-idleness,-the prophet is a fool, (see under ANIMALS, FLOCKS,) its punishment severe-under New Testament,-sins referred to,-jealousy, contention, pide, heresy, Levites having no inheritance, but only some selfishness: duty of people, obedience and land round their forty-eight cities, Tithes | esteem. affection, support, they which preach paid to them,-thou shalt surely tithe all the should live of the Gospel.

SUPPORT OF SACRED MINISTERS,

MIRACLES,

MIRACLES.

Their purpose to produce conviction of a
divine interposition,-sometimes failing to
effect this, both in days of Moses, Christ and
his Apostles, a divine work, and beyond the
power of man, and often causing a great
sensation of marvel and fear.

MIRACLES IN OLD TESTAMENT,
Those in connection with Enoch, Noah, Abra-

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capture of Jericho, sun and moon arrested as told in Jasher-in conection with Samson, men killed, Philistines slaughtered, efforts of personal strength;-in connection with Samuel, thunder storm in harvest, disease, death of Uzziah, men of Beth-shemesh descent of fire upon the altar in days of David and Solomon,-Jeroboam's hand withered.

IN CONNECTION WITH ELIJAH.

OF ELISHA.

ham, Lot, Hagar, Er; Moses,-ten plagues of Miracles of Elijah, drought, widow's meal, proEgypt, water turned into blood, Frogs, Lice, phet fed, dead child restored, fire upon altar Flies, Murrain, Boils and Blains, Hail, Lo-in contest with priests of Baal, captain and custs, Darkness, Death of First-born,Red fifty destroyed-Jordan divided by his mantle. Sea, the Shechinah, Transfiguration of Moses, Water sweetened, Manna, Quails, Water from Rock, Aaron's rod blossoming, Leprosy of Miriam, destruction of Korah, death of Nadab and Abihu,--waters in Kadesh, healingbrazen serpent-plague, fire from God, those miracles often referred to, and forming themes of subsequent meditation and praise.

MIRACLES,

Water healed, young men destroyed, in the dearth, child restored, Naaman healed, Gehazi punished, iron swimming, Syrians smitten with blindness, restored to sight, Syrians defeated, man revived by touching his corpse.

MIRACLES OF CHRIST.

1. UPON EXTERNAL NATURE.

In connection with Joshua, Jordan divided, Water turned into wine,-draught of fishes,

tempest calmed,-four thousand fed,-Christ | Gadara,-dumb demoniac,-blind and dumb walking on the sea,-five thousand fed,- demoniac boy. fish with the money in its mouth,-fig-tree blasted, draught of fishes.

5. RESTORATION TO LIFE.

Daughter of Jairus,-son of the widow of
Nain,-Lazarus of Bethany.

OTHER MIRACLES IN THE NEW TESTAMENT.

2. THE HEALING OF DISEASES. Thenobleman's son,-Peter's mother-in-law,Leper,--Centurion's servant,-man sick of the palsy,- -woman with the issue of blood, the lame man at Bethesda,-man with a withered hand, daughter of Syro-Phenician woman, -man deaf and dumb cured,-woman cured of eighteen years' infirmities,-dropsical man, -ten lepers cleansed,-the ear of Malchus-great miracles;-by Philip-various miracles; restored.

3. GIVING SIGHT TO THE BLIND. Two blind men,-blind man restored to sight, -man born blind receiving sight,-blind Bartimæus.

4. EXPULSION OF DEMONS.

By the seventy disciples, by and in connection with the apostles, etc.,-by Peter,lame man cured,-death of Ananias,-death of Sapphira,-the sick healed-Eneas made whole,-Dorcas restored to life;-by Stephen, -by Paul,-Elymas smitten with blindness,lame man cured,-an unclean spirit cast out, special miracles,-Eutychus restored to life.-viper's bite made harmless,-father of Publius healed;-Paul and Barnabas,-various miracles, signs requested, -signs given, - & solemn caution, since the power to work miracles is not equivalent to the possession of genuine faith and saving grace,-I never knew

Man with an unclean spirit,demoniacs of you.

OCCUPATIONS.

OCCUPATIONS.

Ovarious, wine, wool, cedar, pearls, clothing,

Writing, scribes, writing table,-parchments, let-metals, spices, etc.,-accounts regularly made ters, matters of antiquity recorded in Old up: The Christian law-enjoining industry and Testament-Heraldry-pedigrees of the tribes quiet-Paul a tentmaker. originally, and of such as came back from Babylon.

MUSIC,

TRADES.

Preparation of food, cooking-pots-wine in Vocal-female choirs-choirs in temple; in- stone bottles, cedar, timber for building,strumental music invented by Jubal, and of clothing-new cloth on old garment-spinused in families and in public worship-ning, weaving, needle-work; earthenware Heman, A-aph, Levites and David-harp,-potters, pitchers, treasure in earthen vessels; psaltery, organ, cornet, trumpet, etc., power of music-among sons of prophets, and over Saul and Elisha.

PIONEERING.

Employed by the tribes to survey the country, and by Nehemiah over the ruins of Jerusalem,

BUSINESS,

leather, Simon a tanner; working in metalsTubal-Cain, silver and dross. (see under METALS) gold-smiths silver-smiths-lampscarving-jewellery; mills, women grinding; roads, cast ye up, cast ye up; fowling applied to devices of the wicked-done by pit, gin, snare, net; (NAVIGATION, see under WATER)

CUSTOM OF CARRYING PRESENTS,

Merchandise-old and early-getting gain, Often referred to, often given for mere selfTyre the great mercantile city-buy the truth interest, and also from fear, and as compli and sell it not; articles of merchandise veryments,-a truly oriental fashion.

ORDINANCES.

ORDINANCES.

his sons once against the letter of the law by Ceremonial institutions-drily burning of David; sprinkling on hand, ear and toe, incense in censer - -the symbol of prayer; symbol of complete purification-of things sherbread in twelve loaves, removed every-showing their dedication, to divine ser Sabbath, and to be eaten only by Aaron and vice, as in case of all things by the law purged

ORDINANCES.

SYNOPSIS.

[PARABLES AND EMBLEMS.

with blood-uncleanness and necessary cere- their staff in their hands and kneading troughs monial ablution-the question among John's on their shoulders-observed annually in disciples-ablutions very frequent-the special Jerusalem-unleavened bread the bread of purification of the leper-and other forms of it-anointing-the sacred oil after the art of the apothecary, used in sacerdotal consecration alone, the symbol of union and the Holy Ghost-sick anointed with oil in New Testament times.

affliction and haste, and also symbol of sincerity and truth-the feast lasting seven days, and no leaven during that period to be found in any house-kept on the fourteenth day of the first month-no stranger, or one uncircumcised, allowed to eat of it-ceremonial purity an indispensable preparation-many sacrifices often accompanying the feastChrist's last Passover-in the upper room with his disciples preceding the institution at the same table of the Lord's Supper.

BAPTISM,

SACRAMENTAL ORDINANCES, Circumcision-ordered to Abraham and his house-for every min-child on eighth day, and to be observed by his posterity applied spiritually to renovation of heart and obedience-circumcision not made with hands-ob. served by Abraham-Jacob and sons of She-Instituted by Jesus-baptism the figure of chem, by Zipporah, wife of Moses, on her sons -Joshua on the nation after crossing the Jordan-Paul on Timothy, but not on Titus -subject of keen dispute in days of the apostles-inspired decision declaring that it was not to be enforced on Gentile converts, for it availed nothing-the concision.

PASSOVER,

suffering in some places-apostolic baptism recorded often in Acts-its spiritual blessingsChrist baptized by John-baptism dispensed by Christ through his disciples-the baptism of John initiatory by water in contrast with that by Holy Ghost.

LORD'S SUPPER,

Instituted on the night on which he was betrayed in the upper room and at the paschal

First observed on the night Israel left Egypt-table-bread broken, his body broken-wine the naschal lamb without spot-slain-and blood sprinkled on lintels and door-postsroasted-not a bone broken-eaten with bitter herbs and unleavened bread, and none of it to be left until the morning-the feasters having

poured out, his blood poured out-drink ye all of it-the apostle Paul's account given to the church in Corinth-sin of unworthy communicating and its awful penalty-many sleep→ Let a man examine himself.

PARABLES AND EMBLEMS.

PARABLES,

A favourite mode of teaching in the eastsimilitudes also commonly employed-Parables in the Old Testament-Royal Bramble-Ewe Lamb-Quarrelsome brothers-Ambitious Thistle-Fruitless vineyard-Red wine vineyard-Eagles and Vine-tree-Lioness-Christ's Parables Parables in the New Testament The two foundations-axes-Mustard-seed -Heaven-Treasure found-Fishing-Debtors and Creditors-Day labourers-The two sons-Marriage feast-Ten virgins-Talent

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PICTURED SPIRITUAL SCENES,

Sower-Seed springingupimperceptibly-Hus- Presence of Satan-Heaven in council--Jo-
bandmen-Blind guide-The Good Samaritan shua and Satan-Riddles
-Midnight visitor-Unclean spirit-Rich fool
-Barren fig-tree--Great supper-Lost sheep

EMBLEMS AND TITLES OF CHRIST, Lost money-Prodigal son-Unjust steward- The branch-Bread-Water-Shepherd-Life Rich and poor-Unjust judge and importu-Lamb- Foundation-Foretold as the cornate widow-Pharisee and Publican-Ten ner stone-Application-Predicted as a stum. pounds-Vernal trees-Shepherd-Allegories, bling-block-Living stone-As light and sun Cedar, Vine out of Egypt. -Light of the world -A star.

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