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enclose as many of the fish as possible. The largest contains, are almost beyond the power of calculation; net which is employed, is called a sean, and is up- some of the shoals will form almost solid masses, wards of sixty fathom (three hundred and sixty feet,) covering a surface frequently of six square miles, in length, and thirty-six feet in depth; the lower and extending in depth upwards of one hundred part of this net is kept down by means of leaden feet. In successful times, as many as from five to weights, while the upper floats on the surface, being seven hundred hogsheads have been taken from rigged out with a number of corks; if one of these shoal. The annual value of the fish that are exported nets is found to be insufficient for the purpose of is from fifty to sixty thousand pounds. surrounding the shoal, a second, or even a third, is The appearance of a shoal of Pilchards on a dark attached to it. The sean now forms a kind of wall, night, when enclosed by the nets, is splendid beyond within which the fish are enclosed, and the object description; struggling and leaping in every direction, of the fishermen is to bring this net as near as pos- to escape from their confinement, or to avoid the sible to the shore, so that at low water, the fish shall attacks of their numerous enemies (particularly the have all means of escape cut off, except by over- Dog-fish), who are imprisoned along with their vicleaping the net. As soon as the tide is out, a net tims, they appear like so many flakes of fire, and the called a truck-net, which differs from the sean in being sea itself seems like a lake of liquid flame. smaller, and without leads, is cast among the Pil- The Pilchard Fisheries, according to evidence laid chards, and, cords being attached to its four corners, before a Committee of the House of Commons, it is hauled on shore, along with as many fish as it appear, of late years, to have decreased considerably. may happen to contain; and this is repeated until the Several causes have tended to produce this state of whole of them are taken or have made their escape. the fishery; among others, the removal of a bounty

While these means are employed for the capture of 88. 6d. a hogshead, which had been paid to the of the larger quantity, other boats are engaged in exporters till within this five or six years, and the taking the scattered parts of the shoal by means of increase of duty at present is as much as 18s. 2d. a driving-nets. The boats and nets of the seaners, hogshead, imposed by the Government at Naples, to being very expensive, are generally provided by some which place large quantities were exported. capitalist or company of proprietors, and the men The fishery is also injured by the illegal practice of during the season are paid a small weekly sum, and employing drift and other nets too near the shore, also a certain portion of the captured fish. As soon by which means the shoals are dispersed as they as they are brought on shore, they are carried off in approach. It is likely, however, that the statute of baskets to the curing-house, where they are carefully the 14th of Charles II. will soon be more strictly laid in rows one above the other, with alternate layers enforced. This Act imposes a fine upon all persons of salt, till a pile of considerable height is formed. who “shall in any year, from the first of June till They are said now to be in bulk, as seen in the en- the last day of November, presume to take fish in graving, on the right hand, and are allowed to remain the high sea, or in any bay, port, creek, or coast, in this state from a fortnight to five weeks. During of or belonging to Cornwall and Devon, with any this time a quantity of brine and oil has drained drift-net, trammel, or stream-net or nets, or any from them, which runs off through gutters in the other nets of that sort or kind, unless it be at the floor and is carefully collected; they are next thrown distance of one league and a half at least from the into a large wooden trough which contains a false respective shores." bottom formed of battens or long strips of wood, The number of boats at present engaged in this and are freed from the salt and impurities that are fishery is about 1000, giving employment to 3500 attached to them; they are now very carefully and men at sea, and upwards of 5000 men, women, and neatly packed in hogsheads, arranged in circles, one children, on shore. within the other, the heads all pointing inwards. As soon as the hogshead is full, a circular board

A HYMN, is placed on the top of the fish, and they are pressed

NORTII-WEST COAST OF CORNWALL; BY THE REV. C. V. LE GRICE. very closely together by the application of heavy weights, in the simple and ingenious manner shown

Agxix we hear the Sabbath bell,

A welcome joyful sound; in the engraving, the weights being large blocks of

O'er rock and moor, and down the dell granite. This pressure reduces the bulk of the fish

It's cheering peals rebound, by nearly one third, and the hogshead has to be

Come, come, again they seem to say, filled up three times before it is considered well

To God's own House repair ;

Come with a heart of faith to pray, packed. A quantity of pure oil runs off, during this

And Christ will meet you there. part of the process, through a small hole in the

Though floods of waters beat around bottom of the cask. It is calculated, that a hogshead

On ever-shifting sands; of Pilchards which weigh about four hundred weight

A rock is the foundation-ground,

On which our Temple stands. and a quarter, will yield from three to four gallons

The winds may roar, the tempest frown, of oil, worth about 171, a tun, or rather better than

Each breast from fear is free : ls. 4d. a gallon."

The worshipper looks calmly down

Upon the troubled sea : The oil is used in the manufacture of cart-grease,

So mid the storms of human life and for many other purposes to which the commoner

The Christian is secure, kind of whale-oil, called train-Bil, is applied. At

And far above the fretful strife

His path serene, and sure. tempts have been made to purify this oil, so as to render it serviceable to the currier, but hitherto

Though built by man our Temple-gate,

The way, by which it leads without success, on account of the quantity of salt

To one “ not made with hands," is straight, and glutinous matter which it contains. The Pilchards,

• If Faith for mercy pleads. when thus packed, are exported chiefly to the West

For mercy, while 'tis callid to-day, Indies, for the use of the slave-population, and to

To plead we'll hasten near;

Ere the same bell, that bids to pray, different parts of the Mediterranean, and are likewise

Shall greet our coming bier. salted and dried in great quantities for winter-pro- The mind of a proud man is like a mushroom, which starts vision, by the poorer classes in Cornwall and Devon. The myriads of fish that a shoal of Pilchards then his friends. --South.

up in a night: his business is first to forget himself, and

FOR THE OPENING OF THE CHURCH REBIILT AT MORVANI, ON THE

THE ART OF CONTENTMENT.

THE CORAL ISLANDS. To learn the art of contentment, is only to learn Few objects are calculated to strike the mind with wonder what happiness actually consists in. Sensual plea- seemingly insignificant

, animal, the Coral Insect. In

and admiration more powerfully than the minute, and sures add little to its substance. Ease, if by that be the great book of nature we meet with wonders on every meant exemption from labour, contributes nothing. side, though, in general, we observe some perceptible proOne, however, constant spring of satisfaction, and portion and fitness in the agent employed, to the object almost infallible support of cheerfulness and spirits, to be accomplished. In these minute agents, however, we is the exercise of domestic affections—the presence of

can perceive no such proportion or fitness; and, while we objects of tenderness and endearment in our families, labours, we are led to admire the wisdom and power of

contemplate, with silent astonishment, their prodigious our kindred, our friends. Now, have the poor any that Being, who can thus employ the weakest of his thing to complain of here? Are they not surrounded creatures in effecting the most magnificent designs. by their relatives, as generally as others? The poor The substance called Coral, appears to have been man has his wife and children about him; and what considered as a vegetable production, until about the year has the rich man more? He has the same enjoyment 1720, when M. de Peyronnel, of Marseilles, commenced of their society, the same solicitude for their welfare, which he ascertained, that the Coral

, instead of being a

and (continued for thirty years,) a series of observations, by the same pleasure in their good qualities, improve- plant, was a living animal, of the Polypi tribe. The ment, and success: their connexion with him is as general name of Zoophytes, or Plant-Animals, has since strict and intimate, their attachment as strong, their been applied to them, although some modern travellers gratitude as warm. I have no propensity to envy still call them Lithophytes, or Stone-Plants. These any one, least of all the rich and great; but, if I animals, of which six species have been discovered, are were disposed to this weakness, the subject of my concocted of animal gluten, calcareous earth, and other

furnished with minute glands, secreting a milky juice, envy would be, a healthy young man, in full pos- substances. This juice, when exuded from the animal, session of his strength and faculties, going forth in a becomes fixed and concrete. Naturalists do not consider morning, to work for his wife and children, or bring- this substance merely as the habitation, but as a part, of ing them home his wages at night. --Paley. the animal itself, to which it bears the same relation, as the INDUSTRY AND CONTENTMENT.

shell of a snail or an oyster does to either of those animals,

and without which they cannot long exist. The production A NOBLE instance of contentment is given in the life of this secretion, is one of those processes of nature's of the late William Roscoe, Esq. That gifted man was chemistry, which the skill of man has not enabled him almost entirely self-taught, and indebted to his own

either to imitate or to detect; but it is certain, that by such efforts for his rise from a very humble station, his

means this diminutive insect has the power of raising huge father having been the master of a public house, with mendous power of the ocean, even when agitated to the

masses of rocky substance, capable of resisting the tre gardens and a bowling-green, at Liverpool. Mr. Roscoe highest pitch, by winds or tempests. afterwards represented this, his native town, in Parlia- The Coral Insect is found in most of the great seas; ment, was universally respected, and became distin- and is particularly abundant in the Mediterranean, where guished as the author of the Life of Pope Leo the Tenth, it produces corallines of the most beautiful forms and and of the Life of Lorenzo de' Medici.In an account colours; but it is in the Pacific Ocean where these tiny of his early days, written by himself, he says, “Having the most stupendous works of man. That part of tho

workmen are effecting those mighty changes which exceed quitted school at twelve years old, I now began to Pacific in which these operations are going on, has been assist

my father in his agricultural concerns, particu- called the Dangerous Archipelago, from the number of coral larly in his business of cultivating potatoes for sale, of reefs and sunken islands with which it abounds; but latwhich he every year grew several acres, and which he terly it has been denominated the Coral Sea. It compresold, when produced early in the season, at very ad-hends a region of many hundred miles in extent, the whole vanced prices. His mode of cultivation was entirely by columns of coral, continually approximating to each other.

of which is thickly studded with reefs, rocks, islands, and the spade, and when raised early, they were considered,

The principal groups of islands of coral formation are, in that part of Lancashire as a favourite esculent. from the New Hebrides, eastward, the Friendly Islands, When they had attained their proper growth, we were Navigation Islands, and the Society Islands; and, to the accustomed to carry them to the market on our heads, northward of the latter group, the Marquesas. These in large baskets, for sale, where I was generally in

groups are separated from each other by channels or seas, trusted with the disposal of them, and soon became which form the respective groups; but all these waters

wider than those which separate the individual islands a very useful assistant to my father. In this and abound with shoals and minor islets, which indicate the other laborious occupations, particularly in the care existence of a common base, and show that the processes of a garden, in which I took great pleasure, I passed by which they will hereafter be united above the level of several years

my life, devoting my hours of relaxa- | the sea, are in constant operation. tion to reading my books. This mode of life gave

The structure and progress of these islands towards a

state of fitness for the habitation of man, has been thus health and vigour to my body, and amusement and

described. At a vast but unknown depth, below the surinstruction to my mind : and to this day I well re

face of the sea, the insects attach themselves to the upper remember the delicious sleep which succeeded my points and ridges of rocks, which form the bottom of the labours, from which I was again called at an early ocean, and many of which, in the Pacific Ocean, are hour If I were asked whom I consider to be the supposed to be of volcanic origin. Upon these foundations, happiest of the human race, I should answer, those the little architects labour, building up, by means of the who cultivate the earth by their own hands.”

secretion before described, pile upon pile of their rocky habitations, until at length the work rises above the sea,

and is continued to such a height, as to leave it almost dry There is an ancient relation of a solemn convention of at low water, when the insect leaves off building upon that many Philosophers, before the ambassador of a foreign part. A solid rocky base being thus formed, sea-shells, prince, and how that every one, according to their several fragments of coral, and sea-sand, thrown up by each abilities, made demonstration of their wisdom; that so the returning tide, and broken and mixed together, by the ambassador might have matter of report, touching the action of the wavęs, become in time converted into a sort admired wisdom of the Grecians. But amongst these, of stone, and thus raise up the surface higher and higher. one there was, as the history goes, that stood still and The heat of the sun so penetrates this mass of stone, that uttered nothing in the ass bly, insomuch, as the ambas- it breaks off into flakes, and these tlakes are again raised sador turning to him, should say, “ And what is your gift one upon another by the waves, at high water. The everthat I may report it?" To whom the Philosopher, “Report,” active surf continues to throw up the shells of marine said he, “ unto your king, that you found one amongst the animals, and other materials, which fill up the crevices Grecians that knew how to hold his peace."-Bacon. between the stones, and the sand upon the surface being

of

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OORAL ISLANDS, IN THE PACIFIC OCEAN.

plants cast upon it by the waves, a soil upon which they rabiats smGambier Group consists of fire large islands, and several

ones, the whole as as islands,) grow, and overshadow the dazzling whiteness of the new being enclosed in a reef of coral, forming an irregular formed land. Trunks of trees, washed into the sea by the diamond-shaped space. The older islands are volcanic, rivers from other countries and islands, find here a resting and the largest rises in two peaks, 1248 feet above the place, and with these come some small animals, chiefly of level of the sea. The outer belt of coral descends abruptly the lizard and insect tribes. Even before the trees form a outside to an unfathomable depth, but slopes inward by a wood, the sea-birds nestle among them, and soon the stray decreasing declination, to about 120 or 150 fathoms below land-bird takes refuge in the bushes. At a later period, the surface; and within this enclosure, a number of low man appears, builds his hut upon the fruitful soil formed islands are already formed, and others are in progress, by the corruption of the vegetation, and calls himself lord | rendering it almost certain that, in process of time, the and proprietor of this new creation.

whole space will become one island, each of the original These islands vary in extent, as well as in the degree of islands being also enclosed with its own reef. These are finish to which they have arrived. Of thirty-two examined inhabited by a race of men with fine Asiatic countenances, by Captain Beechey, the largest was thirty miles in diameter, wearing mustachios and beards, and they appeared to be and the smallest somewhat less than a mile. They were more civilized than those of many other islands. Specimens of various shapes, and all formed of living coral, except of spars, crystals, alumine, jasper, and chalcedony, have been one, called Henderson's Island, which was partially sur- procured on these islands by the Naturalist who accompanied rounded by it; and they all appeared to be increasing in Captain Beechey. They are covered with a deep soil, and size by the active operations of the Zoophytes, which are well wooded with trees and evergreens of different kinds. gradually extending, and building up above the level of It is a fact worthy of remark, that on all these islands, a the sea, those parts which are at present below the water.plentiful supply of fresh and sweet water may be obtained, Twenty-nine of the number had lagoons, (or morasses,) by digging three or four feet into the coral; and, that even in their centres, within which, it has been observed, the within one yard of high-water mark, such a supply is to be smaller species of coral seek a quiet abode, and labour found. This is an important consideration to the navisilently and slowly, in throwing up banks, which, in pro- gators of those seas, where such a resource is so valuable, cess of time, unite with islets that surround them, and at on account of the extreme heat to which they are exposed; length fill up the lagoon, so that what was at first a ring and it shows, also, the powerful properties of the coral, in of little islands, becomes one connected mass of land. divesting the sea-water of its saline particles. These

All these islands are situated within the action of the properties, which are probably chemical, and not merely trade wind, exept one (Oeno,) which is on the verge of it, the effect of filtration, have never been examined or and follow one general rule in having their windward experimented upon, but they furnish a subject of conside higher, and more protected than the other, and, not sideration for the naturalist, and the man of science. unfrequently, well wooded, while the other is only a half Of the rapidity with which the coral grows, we are not drowned reef, or wholly under water. At Gambier and in possession of sufficient information, on which to form Matilda Islands this inequality is very conspicuous; the a correct judgment. Matilda, or Osnaburg Island, is weather-side of both being wooded, and, of the former, supposed to have been only a reef of rocks, when the inhabited, while the other sides were twenty or thirty feet Matilda was wrecked there, in 1792; it is now an under water, where they might be perceived equally narrow island, fourteen miles in length, and covered on one side and well defined.

with tall trees, and the lagoon in the centre is dotted One of these islands (Malden Island,) presented the with columns. The coral, therefore, has, probably, made singular appearance of perpendicular coral Cliffs, elevated a rapid growth since 1792, although Captain Beechey eighty feet above the level of the sea; these were of dead found two anchors, of a ton weight each, and a kedge coral, but the outside of the island was surrounded with a anchor, which he supposes belonged to the Matilda, belt of living coral, sloping from the clif to from three to thrown upon the sunken reef of live coral, and around twenty-five fathoms under water, after which it descends these anchors, the coral had made no progress in growing, abruptly to a depth where a 200-fathom line does not reach while some large shell-fish, adhering to the same rock, the bottom. The surface of this' island is flat; and it is were so overgrown with coral, as to have only space enough not easy to account for its present elevation, unless by an left to open about an inch. It is probable, however, that earthquake or sub-marine volcanıę explosion.

the oxide proceeding from the anchors may have been

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prejudicial, as far as its effects extended, to the coral insect, | remotest regions of the north, amidst mountains of ice;
and thus have prevented its growth. All navigators, who under the burning sun of the equator; nay, even in the
have visited these seas, state that no charts or maps are of middle of the ocean, on islands which have been formed
any service after a few years, owing to the number of fresh by animals, they are met with !"
rocks and reefs which are continually rising to the surface;

Fig. 1.

Fig. 2.
and it is perfectly accordant with the instincts of animals,
to continue working without intermission, until their labours
are consummated, or their lives are extinct.

Such are the wonderful productions of the coral insects,
and we cannot but view their operations as calculated to
produce, in time, the most important changes in those parts
of the ocean where they are found, connected with the
abolition of idolatry, the introduction of Christianity, and
the consequent increase of the population of those fertile
parts of the world. Here are continually increasing lands
produced for them, to which they may resort, when their

Fig. 3.

Fig 4. numbers become too large for their native islands.

The instinct, too, which can draw together inconceivable myriads of these insects, to commence a structure many miles in diameter, and of heights which the hand of man has hitherto been unable to fathom, and impel them, in spite of the violence of the sea, steadfastly, and with mathematical precision, to pursue their purpose to its completion, is as surprising as the work itself; and, while it throws in the shade the physical powers of man, strikingly displays the omnipotence of that God, who “ weighs the mountains in scales and the hills in a balance," and can thus cause “ the weakest things of the world, to confound

Fig. 5. things that are mighty!"

Captain Kotzebue, the Russian navigator, who visited these regions during his voyage of discovery, performed between the years 1815 and 1818, indulges in the following reflections upon the mighty works which he had witnessed. “ The spot on which I stood filled me with astonishment, and I adored in silent admiration the omnipotence of God, who had given even to these minute animals the power to construct such a work. My thoughts were confounded, when I consider the immense series of years that must elapse, before such an island can rise from the fathomless

THE CORAL INSECTS; Radiated Animals, whose dwellings abyss of the ocean, and become visible on the surface. At Fig. form the basis of the Coral Islands. a future period, they will assume another shape ; all the 1. Animal of the CARYOPHYLA solitaria, magnified and natural size. islands will join, and form a circular slip of earth, with a

2. Animal of the TUBIPORA musica, magnified and natural size.

3. Animal and dwelling of the CELLEPORA hyalina, natural size. pond or lake in the circle; and this form will again change,

4. Animal and central axis of the GORGONIA patula, natural size. as these animals continue building, till they reach the 5. Coralline of the ASTREA ananas, natural size. surface, and then the water will one day vanish, and only one great island be visible. It is a strange feeling, to walk about on a living island, where all below is actively at

FROM one of those casualties, to which a periodical work of the work. And to what corner of the earth can we penetrate, graving was inserted, at page 196, instead of the view of Messingham

nature of the Saturday Magazine is peculiarly liable, a wrong enwhere human beings are not already to be found ? In the Church, which is, therefore, given below.

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HINDOO DEVOTEES.

THE ABBEY OF ST. ALBAN. With respect to the Devotees, who prowl about the TOWARDS the eastern extremity of Hertfordshire, temples at Benares, we saw some of the most revolting and situated upon an eminence, conspicuous to all objects that can be supposed to exist in any state of human the neighbouring country, stands the ABBEY OF ST. society; they were disgusting beyond description, and Fitch, in the latter part of the sixteenth century, alluded to ALBAN. The snows of upwards of seven centuries these monsters of devotion. Of one, in particular, he says,

and a half have fallen upon its tower and tran“his beard was of enormous growth, his hair hanging septs. Its elongated nave, curtailed chancel, and more than half down his body, his nails two inches long; severed Lady's Chapel, comprise an extent of nearly he would cut nothing from him, neither would he speak, – six hundred feet: but it has little or nothing to boast he would not speak to the king." I shall presently take of from exterior splendour. It has neither buttresses the liberty to describe one among the multitude which we

nor pinnacles: neither cloisters nor chapter-house. saw at Benares, as he was even remarkable among many of the most extraordinary objects in human nature ; he Denuded of every trace of its once celebrated was what they call an Ooddoobahoo of the Yogue tribe. monastic accessory, on the south side, it presents in These visionaries live frequently in the deptlis of the that direction, to the eye of the spectator, little more jungles, like wild beasts, subsisting.on roots or fruits, or than an extended brick and stone wall, which, till on the casual benefactions of travellers; they go perfectly lately, scarcely seemed to be pierced by a single naked, having their bodies daubed with cow-dung and window. But, in spite of such drawbacks from sprinkled with wood-ashes

, neither cutting their nails, admiration, this venerable pile has very much, within their hair, nor their beards. These monsters, for they are truly so, as well in moral as in physical deformity, occa

and without, to command our attention and to sionally inflict upon themselves the most intolerable interest our feelings. In the first place, its antiquity tortures, in order to establish a claim, as they pretend, competes with that of any similar establishment in upon the Deity to everlasting reward in Paradise. Their the kingdom. The materials of which the outer inflictions are so severe, and sometimes so horrible, that walls are built, exhibit an abundant portion of the they would seem to be beyond the power of human endurance, did not almost daily experience prove the contrary.

tile and fint of which the old Roman city Verulam * When they have submitted to a certain course of infliction,

was constructed. Its immediate contiguity to the they demand eternal happiness as a right, having, as they ruins of that once celebrated spot, naturally suggested conceive, established their claim by the sanctity of their the importance of the aid of such materials. The penances, and these, as I have already said, are truly tower and transepts, or, perhaps, more strictly speakfrightful. Sone of them keep their limbs in particular ing, the greater portion of those parts of the edifice, positions, until the sinews and joints become immoveable; others chain themselves to trees, with their faces towards

are of early Norman construction: yielding, on this the rising sun, in which position they sometimes remain score, neither to Canterbury, Ely, nor Winchesterf. for years, if death do not release them from their torments, In the second place, it has outlived, in the identity of and are fed meanwhile by devout passengers, who throng its structure, the once rival-edifices of St. Edmond'sto the scene of their sufferings, and offer them the most bury, Croyland, Glastonbury, and Malmesbury; servile homage, as beings of superior endowments and that of Westminster, alone, presuming to eclipse both untainted sanctity. Others nightly sleep upon beds composed of iron-spikes, sufficiently blunt not to penetrate

its grandeur and importance. In the third place, its their flesh; thus subjecting themselves to sufferings Abbot, having, about the close of the twelfth century, absolutely incredible. Oihers, again, bury themselves alive, made a successful struggle against the interposition in a hole just capacious enough to contain their bodies, of the Bishop of Lincoln (the visitor), and shaken having a small aperture to admit the hand of the charitable off all fealty towards him, assumed the mitre for his passenger, who supplies them with food; and in this narrow

own brows; and, thus habited, preceded, on all public grave they will continue for years.

The man to whom I have alluded had stamped upon his occasions, every other Abbot in the kingdom. "True emaciated body the seal of the first-mentioned penalty. He

it is, this priority of rank was lost in the thirteenth had vowed to keep his right arm in a vertical position century, in consequence of the never-ceasing feuds above his head for a certain length of time; but when the and bickerings between the Albanian Abbot and his term of probation had expired, the arm remained fixed, so formidable rival of Westminster: but, we apprehend, that he could no longer use it; the sinews were shrunk, the on all attendances abroad, on papal elections and limb had withered; the nails had grown to an enormous length, quite through the hand, which was clenched, and consecrations, our Abbot of St. Alban uniformly took looked like monstrous claws. The whole appearance Os

the precedence. Not fewer than twelve cells and the man was squalid aud repulsive in the most odious hospitals were dependent upon his Abbatial jurisdegree. His hair was long, matted, and filled with filth; | diction; of which some extended as far as Lincolnshire his shaggy beard, tangled and thick with the revolting and Northumberland. accumulation of years, covered his meagre chest, which These, however, may be considered as secondary was smeared with cow-dung and ashes. His eyes glared considerations. with an expression of hardened and reckless impiety, speaking, was once not less remarkable for its

The venerable pile, of which we are induced, doubtless, by the supposition of his claims to a blessed immortality. He scowled upon all around him who political influence than its extended wealth: for its did not seem disposed to administer to his wants, among large scale of hospitality, and the talents of many of whom were my companions and myself; and the silent those who had the direction of its spiritual and arrogance of this unwholesome beggar, for to beg he was temporal concerns. Nineteen out of twenty portions not ashamed, was truly disgusting.

into which the whole county of Hertford was [From the ORIENTAL ANNUAL.]

divided, acknowledged its headship in the payment

* Perhaps the largest Roman town or station in this kingdom. Our most unreasonable prejudices are generally the Stukeley, at the beginning of the last century, measured the traces strongest. -Boucher.

of the outward walls, and found them a mile in length, and nearly

three quarters of a mile in breadth. The labouring man, even yet, Be thankful that your lot has fallen on times when, though coin. Why is not every vestige of a hedge cut away, that the ex

with his spade or his hoe, brings home a handful of imperial Roman there may be many evil tongues and exasperated spirits, plorer of ancient relics may have at least an uninterrupted view? there are none who have fire and faggot at command.- + The reader will give us credit for being sober as well as grave SOUTHEY.

antiquarian judges. When we hear warm-headed critics talking

about Danish and Saxon architecture, and averring that the very Let the grounds of our actions be noble, beginning upon

traces of Offa's structure of the first abbey, (A. D. 800,) are yet reason, proceeding with prudence, measured by the com

evident, we naturally "shift our trumpet, and only take snutt." mon lines of men, and confident upon the expectation of a

We ought to add, that St. Alban was the first British martyr, and

that he fell in the second persecution of the Christian church unger usual Providence. -JEREMY TAYLOR,

Dioclesian A, D, 292,

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