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substances of this description, for many other kinds exposed to heat sufficiently powerful to destroy the of butterflies and moths do the same; a kind of life of the pupæ. This is generally accomplished by silk has also been manufactured from the webs of placing the vessels in an oven, heated to about the spiders, and as they require less attention than the same degree as that of a baker after his loaves are Silk-worms, the plan might have answered, had it drawn; here they are suffered to remain for about an not been for the ravenous appetites of the little hour, they are then withdrawn, but the blanket that spinners, who, when brought together in any quantity covers them, is not removed for the space of five or very speedily devour each other. Certain shell-fish six hours. also produce a kind of silky thread; as, for instance, The first process in preparing the silk, is winding the muscle, but more particularly the pinna, a large it off the cocoons : for this purpose, after the rough kind of shell-fish found in the Mediterranean and outsides are removed, several handfuls at a time are other seas.

thrown into a vessel containing water, and placed The time that elapses while the silk-worm is under- over a gentle fire, the water is then allowed to be going its changes, varies according to the warmth of the heated to nearly the boiling point; a short stunted weather, and the quantity of nourishment with which brush formed of heath or any other shrub of that it is supplied; the Chinese, who are very particular description, is now gently moved about among the on this head, take the greatest pains to supply the cocoons, and on withdrawing it from the water, the little creature with food, as on this they say depends ends of the silk are found to have adhered to it in the quantity of silk which the worm will produce. several places; the winder then gathers together with They calculate that the same number of insects, her fingers, as many ends as she intends the first dewhich would, if they had attained their full size, in scription of thread to consist of, and hands them to from twenty-three to twenty-five days, produce an assistant, whose office it is to turn the reel as soon twenty-five ounces of silk, would only yield twenty as the silk is laid upon it; the principal workwoman, ounces if their growth occupied twenty-eight days, in the mean time, continually adds to the thread the and only ten ounces if forty days. During the first ends of fresh cocoons, as soon as the first are twenty-four hours of the creature's existence, the exhausted. patient Chinese feeds the objects of his care forty- The silk, when reeled off in this manner, is called eight times, or once every half hour, and during singles, and is used in weaving to form the weft, that the second day and night thirty times, and so on, is, the thread that crosses the cloth from side to side. reducing the number of meals as the worms grow Another description of silk threads, are called trams, older; the care bestowed on their culture, and the and these consist of two or three singles twisted numerous precautions taken to preserve them clean together; but the strongest and most valuable sort and warm, are curiously expressed in the following is the organzine, which is formed by placing skeins extract from an old Chinese work on the subject. of singles upon a reel, and as they are wound off, they “ The place where their habitation is built must be Two or three of these are then taken, and the whole

are, by the assistance of machinery, strongly twisted. retired, free from noisome smells, cattle and all noises ; a noisome smell, or the least fright, make again twisted together to form a stronger thread; great impressions upon so tender a breed; even the this thread is the organzine, and is used for the warp barking of dogs and the crowing of cocks are capable or length of the cloth.

The process of making organzine, is called throwof putting them in disorder, when they are newlying, and the throwsters form a very important branch hatched. “For the purpose of paying them every attention, of the thrown silk used in England came from

of the silk business. Before the year 1719, the whole an affectionate mother is provided for the worms, abroad, but at that time Sir Thomas Lombe and his who is careful to supply their wants; she is called brother erected a large mill at Derby for the pur.. Isan-mon, mother of the worms.

She takes possession of the chamber, but not till she has washed pose of forming organzine, and obtained an exsession of the chamber, but not till, she has washed clusive patent for its manufacture, for the term of herself and put on clean clothes, which have not the fourteen years; at the expiration of that term, they least ill smell; she must not have eaten any thing applied for a renewal of their patent, but it was immediately before, or have handled any wild succory, refused by Parliament, and the trade has since then the smell of which is very prejudicial to these tender creatures ; she must be clothed in a plain habit, formed of the extent to which the silk manufacture

Some idea may be

been open to competition. without any lining, that she may

be more sensible of

is carried on at present in England, by the fact that the warmth of the place, and accordingly increase or lessen the fire, but she must carefully avoid making and ninety three thousand, five hundred and seven

no less a quantity than four million, six hundred a smoke or raising a dust, which would be very teen pounds of raw silk were imported for home offensive to these tender creatures, which must be

consumption, in the year ending January 1831. carefully humoured before the first time of casting

The substance on which this valuable caterpillar their slough. Every day is to them a year, and has feeds, is the leaf of the Mulberry Tree; and Provi, in a manner the four seasons ; the morning is the dence as if to ensure the continuance of this useful spring, the middle of the day the summer, the species, has so ordained it

, that no other insect will evening the autumn, and the night the winter.”

partake of the same food; thus ensuring a certain While it remains in the state of a caterpillar, the supply for the little spinster. Silk-worm changes its coat four times, and previous to each moult refuses its food, and appears in a very sickly condition. As soon as its nest or cocoon The engravings which illustrate this article are is finished, and it has changed into the pupa-state, copied from original Chinese drawings: the first shows the cocoons are carefully removed from the place the apartment in which the worms are fed, and the where the animal had formed them; and after those manner in which the little trays containing them are which it is intended to keep, that they may perfect | arranged. In the second, the cocoons being comtheir changes and lay eggs for the ensuing year, are pleted by the insect, are being cleared of dirt and removed, the remainder are placed in large vessels, dead leaves, before they are removed from the frames each covered with a thick blanket; they are then on which they had spun. The third represents the

65

winding off the silk into singles, but the windster a Chinese silk-loom, is shown; the figure seated above, appears for the moment to have left her post for the among the machinery, appears to assist the labour by purpose of blowing the fire. In the fourth engraving, I means of her weight.

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NARRATIVE OF A' SAILOR LEFT ON AN

and thickets, he began to think of returning. Being perISLAND IN THE PACIFIC OCEAN.

fectly satisfied in his owr. mind that he was proceeding in

the direction for the ship, he pursued the path he had EARLY in the year 1825, the subject of this narrative was chosen; evening, however, began to wrap the forest in a at the age of seventeen, placed on board a ship employed deeper gloom, and only just sufficient light remained to in the South Sea Fishery. The ship being in the latitude | show him that he had arrived at a place clothed with some of the Gallapagos, a group of islands situated about two fine trees, beyond which the woods grew so thick as to hundred miles west of Peru, she directed her course towards render them impassable. The fact now first flashed upon them for the purpose of obtaining wood and water. Here him, that he had proceeded in all probability some miles they found an American brig which had arrived there, a into the interior, and he cheerfully made up his mind to day or two previous, with the same intention. They came pass the night in the woods, not doubting that on the to an anchor fronting a sandy beach of no very great extent, morrow, he should readily find his way back to the vessel. with high hills, and lofty woods terminating the prospect; In this comfortable hope, after having fortified himself with the inland parts at a little distance seemed impracticable a draught of water from a spring, he ascended one of the from the great thickness of the forests. A number of trees; and here, notwithstanding the loud screaming of the hands were despatched on shore in the long-boat, but not nightbird, and the continued whoopings of innumerable meeting with so desirable a place for watering as they ex- owls, “making night hideous," worn out by fatigue and pected, some of the men entered the woods in search of watching, he slept till morning, the “ Quick freshes," while others proceeded along shore It may be imagined that at the first glimpse of daybreak, to find one less objectionable. Of the former party was he was not a little anxious to get out of the wood, for he young Lord, who, separating from the rest, entered uncon- now began to suffer severely from want of food. For some sciously into the thickest part of the country. Having hours he wandered about in the intricacies of this wild and wandered on in this wild labyrinth for nearly two hours, uninhabited spot, supported in the hope that his toils were without finding water, or being able to knock down any of near their termination. Often did he listen in breathless the large birds which he chased from among the wild fürze attention to catch the sound of any signal-gun to guide his footsteps, and often did he shout in expectation of being returned to the task of procuring subsistence. With this heard by those who might have been despatched in search intent he walked along the beach, and at a rocky part of of him. He ascended the high trees, but his view was the shore he perceived several seals; some of them were constantly intercepted by forests and elevated hills wooded reposing on the sand, while others lay upon the rocks. to their summits. "Hunger now forced on him the necessity | Approaching very silently, and selecting one whose head of seeking some means of subsistence; he accordingly pre- presented a fair mark, he with a few blows secured the pared with his knife a formidable bludgeon, and scarcely prize. Being unable to make a fire he proceeded to cut it had an hour passed when, startled by a rustling among up, and selecting a piece of the liver, ate it ravenously; the underwood, he expected some kind of animal to sally this he had no sooner done than he was seized with forth, but was surprised to see a large black snake glide excessive sickness, and was obliged to lie upon the sand for out from its concealment and raise its head, “ nimble in a length of time, completely exhausted. Having refreshed threats," at his approach. Having got within range of his himself with some water, he again pursued his path along stick, he immediately “rapped" it “o' the coxcomb," shore, when by great good fortune he fell in with a torwhereupon it rolled itself up, and after a few twists and toise; this he also quickly despatched, and the flesh agree twirls remained stationary, with its forked tongue thrust out ing with his stomach renovated his strength; he was soon of its mouth.

afterwards enabled to return to the place where he had In this desolate situation night again overtook him, left the seal, which he forthwith cut up into long strips, and although the climate of the island, notwithstanding and laying them upon the sand, left them to dry, intending its latitude, is generally mild, and the middle of the day to try another piece for breakfast in the morning, the pleasantly warm, yet the mornings and the evenings are remains of the tortoise sufficing only for that evening. rather cold; consequently, he had to struggle against both In this manner, he existed for some days, sleeping in the cold and hunger without any apparent remedy. The sim- woods at night, and roving abroad in the day; but the ple circumstance of having met with a snake in the day supply of seals at last failed him, nor could he find another did not seem of much consequence, but the idea of meeting tortoise, and starvation began once more to stare him in one in the night, occasioned by his hearing those peculiar the face. It happened that the weather was particularly noises usually made by them at this period, kept him in pleasant, and he often refreshed himself by sleeping on continual anxiety. He ascended a tree, and having eaten the warm sand; a gun would have been the means of supsome of the leaves, remained during the obscurity of a plying him with plenty of water-fowl, and he often had the night intensely dark, with his spirits dreadfully depressed, vexation of seeing quantities of such birds fly past him for he now began to fear that the ship would sail without with impunity. One morning when he had wandered some him; his situation appeared hopeless, and he passed a distance, allaying his appetite with whatever he could find sleepless and desponding night; the noises kept up in upon the coast

, he sank down beside a small bank quite the woods convinced him that many birds of prey existed exhausted, and fell asleep. On awaking, he found that he upon the island. When day began to appear, he descended had overlaid a snake; its species was different from the from the tree, and had not gone many paces when he per- one he had killed in the woods, and it was not quite dead ; ceived a large owl perched, with the most imperturbable the unexpected occurrence not a little startled him, and, gravity, upon a low bough, with its large eyes intently placing his stick under its speckled belly, he tossed it into fixed on him, but as if unconscious of his appearance.

the sea.

He had not the good fortune, with all his inHe quietly approached near enough to knock it on the dustry, to meet with any provision, he therefore crawled head, and thus he had the good fortune to provide himself back to the bay. In the morning, which was very serene with a breakfast.' Having eaten sufficiently of this carrion, and pleasant, he sauntered along, but with the same want which left his mouth as bitter as wormwood, he set out of success as on the foregoing day; nothing could he with a determination of moving in a right line, which find to recruit his strength, which now became seriously could not fail of bringing him to the sea-shore at some part impaired, not only from the deprivation, but the quality, of of the island. Towards evening he was seized with a most the food which he had been obliged to eat. The morning painful sickness, and felt cold and disheartened; he had being very far advanced and the sun pleasantly warm, not seen during this day any four-footed animal.

he threw himself, or rather fell, down upon the shore, The night set in dark and rainy, and he took up his and obtained in sleep a respite from the pangs of quarters at the base of a mountain, determined to ascend hunger. to the summit in the morning, in the hope of gaining a On awaking, he beheld the amphibious and black bullyview of the sea; but the first thing he did was to shelter head of a large seal, who, like himself, was basking in the sun himself in one of the low trees which had the thickest and enjoying a sound sleep; it had taken up its situation, foliage, and which proved, in some measure, a defence singular as it may appear, almost within the grasp of our against the tempestuous weather which now set in. In this famished Crusoe. Astonished at the companionable qualidismal situation he fell asleep; and on awakening found him- ties displayed by his unctuous friend, for “misery acquaints self in a very feeble condition, and completely wet through. a man with strange bed-fellows," he raised himself up, and Towards morning the weather cleared up, and he proceeded gazed perfectly panic-struck on the uncouth monster, who with no very great expedition to climb the mountain, for soundly reposed with the utmost tranquillity. From what his strength was nearly exhausted ; after great exertion he has been related, it will be concluded that poor Lord was succeeded in gaining the top, and with great joy found not at this time very strong, and unfortunately he had that it commanded a view of the anchorage ; but he also let fall his club about twenty paces before he sank down made another discovery, which, in its event, threatened to upon the shore, and feared that if he got up to fetch it, prove more fatal to this unfortunate youth than all his he might disturb his reposing companion. He therefore former adventures; the ship to which he belonged had put determined on commencing an attack with his knife. to sea, and the American brig was at that moment loosen- He suddenly darted forward, and succeeded in encircling ing her sails. The distance from the place where he stood the seal in his arms and legs, and rolling with the creature to the sea-beach, was at least three miles; and the well- over and over; but the seal was too strong in despite of all known signal warned him that not a moment was to be he could effect, and they both rolled into the sea. lost. The perfect hopelessness all succour, should she Vexed and confounded at the escape of his prey, the sail before he could arrive at the beach, rendered him more so when he found his hands much lacerated in the desperate ; le rushed down the mountain, sick, dizzy, and encounter, he crawled on shore, where he luckily recovered faint, his limbs with difficulty performing their office ; he his knife which he had dropped on the spot where they succeeded after nearly two hours of great fatigue and floundered. As he did not expect another visit from this difficulty in reaching the bay where he first landed ; but animal, he picked up his club, and began to pursue his what was his horror on beholding the white sails of the road back, benumbed with cold, and much reduced by the American brig dwindled to a mere speck upon the horizon ! heavy fatigue of the day; he had not gone half a mile,

Though naturally of an almost unconquerable spirit, when, to his great joy, he beheld a tolerably large tortoise the hopelessness of his situation overpowered him, and moving up from the sea towards the woods. Exerting his he fell down in agony upon the sand which he grasped utmost strength, he was so successful as to arrive in suffiin an agitated spasm. Here he lay until the day was cient time to intercept its retreat, and he proceeded to despretty far advanced. On recovering a little, the want patch it without delay. This supply came very opportunely, of food became insupportable; he hobbled along shore and after this meal he found himself so much the better, in search of shell-fish, but was obliged to put up with that he reached the tree, where he put up for the night, wild shrubs. He sheltered himself this night in the and slept without disturbance. The next morning he woods which skirted the sea, and in the morning finished the remains of the tortoise, and he then mus.

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tered up resolution to enter the forest, in order to keep a ON THE SIGNS OF THE SEASONS IN look-out from the mountain from whence he had beheld

RURAL PURSUITS. the American ship prepare for sailing. He succeeded in

“Our forefathers probably paid more attention to the gaining the summit

, and remained all this day viewing the distant horizon, but no sail appeared, and the night passed periodical occurrences of Nature, as guides for direcheavily. About the middle of the next day, he was obliged tion in their domestic and rural occupations, than we by hunger to return to the beach, the island being destitute of the present day are accustomed to do. They seem of berries or fruits.

to have referred to the Book of Nature more freIn this manner he subsisted till the morning of the quently and regularly than to the almanack. Whether twenty-first day, which found him on the top of the mountain, reduced to the greatest extremity, and more like an

it were, that the one being always open before them, apparition than a human being; “ sharp misery had worn

was ready for reference, and not the other, certain it him to the bone," and he expected to die very shortly. As is, that they attended to the signs of the seasons, and his eye wandered round the glittering expanse, he thought regarded certain natural occurrences as indicating, he distinguished in the extreme distance a dark speck, and reminding them of, the proper time for comwhich he took to be a sail. He gazed at it most intensely, mencing a variety of affairs in common life. but it did not seem to move, and he concluded it was a

The time was (perhaps it is not yet gone by), when rock; in order to be convinced, he lay down, and brought the stem of a small tree to bear upon the distant object,

no good housewife would think of brewing when which he now perceived moved along the level horizon. It the beans were in blossom. The bursting of the must be a ship, but she was passing the island, and he alder-buds, it was believed, announced the period at kept anxiously looking, in the expectation of her fading which eels begin to stir out of their winter quarters, from his view. In a short time he could perceive her to be and, therefore, marked the season for the miller or a vessel of some size, but his heart sank within him when fisherman to put down his traps, to catch them at he observed soon afterwards that she stood away upon a different tack. In about half an hour she tacked again, the season at which tench bite most freely to be in

the wears and flood-gates. The angler considered and it now became evident that she was making for the island. The joy of the poor sufferer at this welcome sight dicated by the blooming of the wheat ; and when broke out in sundry raptures and transports. He rushed the mulberry-tree came into leaf, the gardener judged down the mountain with such little caution, that he stum- that he might safely commit his tender exotics to the bled over the broken rocks, and pitched headlong down the broken and rugged descent.

open air, without the fear of injury from frosts and

After many painful efforts, he staggered from the woods to the sea-shore, and, cold. Then there was a variety of old sayings, or when he beheld the ship come fairly into the bay, and proverbs, in vogue, such asanchor, a boat hoisted out, and pull with long and rapid When the sloe-tree is white as a sheet, strokes towards him, he fell overpowered upon the sand. Sow your barley whether it be dry or wet. On the boat reaching the shore, the poor fellow appeared

When elder is white, brew and bake a peck; at his last gasp, and all he could articulate was Water, water!" One of the sailors brought some in a can, and

When elder is black, brew and bake a sack. suffered him to drink his fill; soon afterwards he again People talked of “the cuckoo having picked up the swooned away, and in this state they carried him alongside, dirt,” alluding to the clean state of the country at where he became sensible, but unable to speak or move.

the time of the arrival of the cuckoo; and of “ blackHis helpless condition rendered it necessary to hoist him on board. Nothing could exceed the kind and humane thorn winds,” meaning the bleak north-east winds, treatment which he received from Captain Cook, and the so commonly prevalent in the spring, about the time surgeon of the ship, to whose skill and attention may be of the blowing of the blackthorn. Virgil, in the attributed his ultimate recovery, as from the quantity of recipe he gives in his Georgics, for the production of water the sailor suffered him to drink (which the surgeon

a stock of bees, states that the process should be succeeded in dislodging from his stomach,) in his miserable

begun, and emaciated state, the medical gentleman, when he first saw him, had but faint hopes of his surviving; indeed,

Before the meadows blush with recent flowers, this gentleman declared that he could not have lived upon

And prattling swallows hang their nests on high. the island many hours longer. In a short time, he was And Shakspeare, in his Winter's Tale, speaks of well enough to leave his cot, when he was informed by

Daffodils Captain Cook, that about a week's sail from the Gallapagos,

That come before the swallow dares, and take he had luckily fallen in with the ship by which Lord had

The winds of March with beauty. been left, when the master told him, that a youth had been missed, and was left upon the island; this induced the The intelligent observer of nature, from whose Captain to bear up for the place, otherwise he had no writings we have been permitted to make some exintention of making it.

tracts, has been greatly struck with coincidences of This individual was afterwards Master's Assistant on

this kind ; and he mentions, with interest, an idea board his Majesty's ship Druid.

suggested in the same work, of forming “a calendar, [Abridged from the United Service Journal.]

by which the flowering of a plant should acquaint us with the appearance of a bird, and the appearance of

an insect tell us the flowering of a plant.” It is easy to exclude the noontide light by closing the eyes ; and it is easy to resist the clearest truth, by harden

Following up this idea, he annexes a plan of such ing the heart against it.—Keith on Prophecy

a calendar, in which each month, except

December,” contains notices of these occurrences in “ WHERE did your Church lurk, in what cave of the earth nature. The grounds for his remarks are extremely slept she, for so many hundreds of years together, before curious, and worthy of our observation. In assothe birth of Martin Luther?" The reply is, that she ciating the wasp with the hawthorn-leaf in April, the lurked beneath the folds of that garment of many colours, which the hands of superstition had woven and embellished

Wasps seem to delight in frequentfor her, and wherewith she was fantastically encumbered ing hawthorn-hedges in the spring, as soon as the and disguised. She slept in that cavern of enchantment, early foliage comes out. What is it that attracts where costly odours and intoxicating fumes were floating them to these haunts ? Perhaps they come in search around, to overpower her sense, and to suspend her faculties; of the larvæ of other insects which feed on the hawtill, at last, a voice was heard to cry, Sleep no more. And thorn. That wasps, whose ordinary food seems to then she started up, like a strong man refreshed, and be fruit, yet occasionally devour insects, there can be shook herself from the dust of ages. Then did she cast aside the gorgeous “ leadings," which oppressed her, and

no doubt, as, even in summer, they may often be stood before the world, a sacred form of brightness and of seen to attack and devour the flies in the windows purity.-Le Bas.

When they make their first appearance in spring,

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there is no fruit for them; therefore they may, at THE GREAT BELL OF MOSCOW. that season resort to hawthorn-hedges, which abound In our first volume, (p. 20,) we gave a history of with the larvæ of various insects. The song of the Bells, with a table of the weights of some of the • cuckoo is found to occur at the time of the appear-most remarkable. ance of the Papilio cardamines, (or orange-tipped GREAT BELL OF Moscow, is furnished in compliance

The following account of the butterfly.) It is a common remark, that the cuckoo with the request of some of our youthful readers in is seldom heard in July, and this papilio is rarely the country. met with so late. In the end of November, the

In the churches of Russia in general, the bells little winter-moth (Phalana brumaria,) is classed with

are numerous and of large size. They are hung, the late-flowering asters.” We add an account of particularly at Moscow, in belfries, or steeples sepathis insect in the author's own words. “ This rated from the churches; they do not swing like our modestly-attired little moth is found abundantly bells, but are fixed to the beams, and rung by a rope throughout the greater part of the months of No-tied to the clapper and pulled sideways. One of these vember and December. Its delicate texture, and bells in the belfry of St. Ivan's Church, at Moscow, weakly form, would seem to mark it as an insect ill weighs more than fifty-seven tons. It is used only calculated to endure the inclement season appointed on important occasions. “When it sounds,” says Dr. as its proper period of existence. But nature knows Clarke, “ a deep and hollow murmur vibrates all over her own business best; and, accordingly, these Moscow, like the fullest and lowest tones of a vast slender creatures brave the tempestuous weather they are doomed to encounter

, totally regardless of organ, or the rolling of distant thunder.”

“ The Great Bell of Moscow, known to be the the cold, the wet, the winds, and the fogs of Novem- largest ever founded, its weight being upwards of ber and December;

four hundred and thirty thousand pounds,) is in a These little bodies, mighty souls inform !

deep pit in the midst of the palace of the Kremlin, Let it blow, or rain, or shine, there they are sporting the central and highest part of the city). It is said and dancing away, under the sheltered sides of banks to have fallen, in consequence of a fire, from a beam to and hedges, with a resolute hardihood and perse bell remains in the same place where it was originally

which it was fastened. But this is not the fact. The verance that are truly admirable, apparently enjoying themselves as much as the butterfly in the sultry cast. It never was suspended; the Russians might as sun-beams of July.”

well attempt to suspend a first-rate line-of-battle ship [From a paper by the Rev. W. T. Bref, in the Magasine

with all her guns and stores. A fire took place in the of Natural History.]

Kremlin, the flames caught the building erected over

the pit where the bell yet remains, in consequence of If a man will look at most of his prejudices, he will find which the metal became hot; and water thrown to that they arise from his field of view being necessarily extinguish the fire fell upon the bell, causing the fracnarrow, like the eye of the fly. He can have but little ture which has taken place. The engraving will better notions of the whole scheme of things, as has been give an accurate view of its present appearance, and well said, than a fly on the pavement of St. Paul's Cathe- also of the descent into the cave by means of a doudral can have of the whole structure. He is offended, ble ladder. The entrance is by a trap-door, placed therefore, by inequalities, which are lost in the great design. This persuasion will fortify him against many even with the surface of the earth.” Dr. Clarke then injurious, and troublesome prejudices.-CECIL.

describes his falling into the pit down the stairs, by

which he narrowly escaped with his life. “ The bell," The Christian member of a Christian household has this he continues, " is truly a mountain of metal. It is heavenly and solacing assurance, “that so strong, so un

said to contain a very large proportion of gold and earthly become the bonds which unite those who have long lived together in the unity of the Spirit, no less than silver. While it was in fusion, the nobles and the community of blood ; that they undoubtedly enjoy," even people cast in, as votive offerings, their plate and in absence, “ a certain, though undefinable, fruition of each money. I endeavoured, in vain, to assay a small other's presence; they hear each other's voices speaking in part: the natives regard it with superstitious venerathe depth of their bosoms, dissuading, approving, comfort- tion, and would not allow even a grain to be filed off. ing, rejoicing, and thus realize, to its fullest extent, that the compound has a white shining appearance, unblessed privilege, alas ! how seldom enjoyed, or even understood, of the communion of saints.”—The Rectory like bell-metal in general, and perhaps its silvery of Valehead.

aspect has strengthened if not excited the conjecture

respecting the costliness of its ingredients. We cannot keep our bodies long here, they are corruptible On festival days, peasants visit the bell as they bodies, and will tumble into dust; we must part with them would resort to a church; considering it an act of for a while, and if ever we expect and desire a happy devotion, and crossing themselves as they descend meeting again, we must use them with modesty and and ascend the steps. The bottom of the pit is SHERLOCK.

covered with water and large pieces of timber; these,

added to the darkness, render it always an unpleaDeath !

sant and unwholesome place, in addition to the What art thou, O thou great mysterious terror !

danger arising from the ladders leading to the botThe way to thee we know ; diseases, famine,

tom.”—(Travels in Russia, by the late Dr. CLARKE.) Fire, sword, and all thy ever-open gates,

With the assistance of six Russian officers, Dr. Which day and night, stand ready to receive us ;

Clarke took the dimensions. He was unable to But what's beyond them ?—Who shall draw that veil ?

measure the base, that being buried in the earth, but [Hugues's Siege of Damascus.]

within two feet of its lower extremity, the circumANSWER, by the late Rev. S. Bishop, M. A.

ference was found to be sixty-seven feet four inches. Beyond and, Who shall draw that veil ?—The man The perpendicular height, from the top, measures Whom Christian Spirit hath ennobled can

twenty-one feet four inches and a half. In the He from th' abyss beyond, the veil shall tear, For 'tis his triumph, that Death is not there!

stoutest part, that in which it should have received That there is all sublime devotion's scope;

the blow of the hammer, its thickness is twentyAll rest from sorrow; all expanse of hope ;

three inches. They were able to ascertain this, by There perfect souls, the path he treads, who trod; placing their hands under water where the rent had There Immortality ! there Heaven! there God! taken place; this is abyve seven feet high from the

reverence now.

DEATH.

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