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He on the wings of cherub rode sublime
On the crystálline sky, in sapphire throned,
Illustrious far and wide; but by his own
First seen: them unexpected joy surprised,
When the great ensign of Messiah blazed
Aloft, by angels borne, his sign in heaven;
Under whose conduct Michael soon reduced

army, circumfused on either wing,
Under their Head embodied all in one.
Before him Power Divine his way prepared;
At his command the uprooted hills retired
Each to his place; they heard his voice, and went
Obsequious: heaven his wonted face renew'd,
And with fresh flow'rets hill and valley smiled.

“This saw his hapless foes, but stood obdured, And to rebellious fight rallied their powers, Insensate, hope conceiving from despair. In heavenly spirits could such perverseness dwell, But to convince the proud what signs avail, Or wonders move, the obdurate to relent? They, harden'd more by what might most reclaim, Grieving to see his glory, at the sight Took envy; and, aspiring to his height, Stood re-embattled fierce, by force or fraud Weening to prosper, and at length prevail Against God and Messiah, or to fall In universal ruin last: and now To final battle drew, disdaining flight, Or faint retreat; when the great Son of God To all his host on either hand thus spake : “Stand still in bright array, ye saints; here stand,

Ye angels arm’d; this day from battle rest:
Faithful hath been your warfare, and of God
Accepted, fearless in his righteous cause :
And as ye have received, so have


Invincibly; but of this cursed crew
The punishment to other hand belongs;
Vengeance is his, or whose he sole appoints;
Number to this day's work is not ordain’d,
Nor multitude; stand only and behold
God's indignation on these godless pour’d
By me; not you, but me, they have despised,
Yet envied; against me is all their rage,
Because the Father, to whom, in heaven supreme,
Kingdom, and power, and glory, appertain,
Hath honour'd me, according to his will.
Therefore to me their doom he hath assign'd:
That they may have their wish, to try with me
In battle which the stronger proves; they all,
Or I alone against them; since by strength
They measure all, of other excellence
Not emulous, nor care who them excels;
Nor other strife with them do I vouchsafe.'

“So spake the Son, and into terror changed
His count'nance, too severe to be beheld,
And full of wrath bent on his enemies,
At once the four spread out their starry wings
With dreadful shade contiguous, and the orbs
Of his fierce chariot roll'd, as with the sound
Of torrent floods, or of a numerous host.
He on his impious foes right onward drove,
Gloomy as night: under his burning wheels

The steadfast empyréan shook throughout,
All but the throne itself of God. Full soon
Among them he arrived; in his right hand
Grasping ten thousand thunders, which he sent
Before him, such as in their souls infix'd
Plagues: they, astonish'd, all resistance lost,
All courage; down their idle weapons dropt;
O’er shields, and helms, and helmed heads he rode
Of thrones and mighty seraphim prostráte;
That wish'd the mountains now might be again
Thrown on them, as a shelter from his ire.
Nor less on either side tempestuous fell
His arrows, from the fourfold-visaged four
Distinct with eyes, and from the living wheels
Distinct alike with multitude of

One spirit in them ruled, and every eye
Glared lightning, and shot forth pernicious fire
Among the accursed, that wither'd all their strength,
And of their wonted vigour left them drain'd,
Exhausted, spiritless, afflicted, fall’n.
Yet half his strength he put not forth, but check'd
His thunder in mid volley; for he meant
Not to destroy, but root them out of heaven:
The overthrown he raised, and as a herd
Of goats or timorous flock together throng’d,
Drove them before him, thunderstruck, pursued
With terrors, and with furies, to the bounds
And crystal wall of heaven; which, opening wide,
Roll'd inward, and a spacious gap disclosed
Into the wasteful deep: the monstrous sight
Struck them with horror backward, but far worse

Urged them behind: headlong themselves they

threw Down from the verge of heaven; eternal wrath Burnt after them to the bottomless pit.

“Hell heard the unsufferable noise; hell saw Heaven ruining from heaven, and would have fled Affrighted: but strict Fate had cast too deep Her dark foundations, and too fast had bound. Nine days they fell: confounded Chaos roard, And felt tenfold confusion in their fall Through his wild anarchy; so huge a rout Encumber'd him with ruin. Hell at last, Yawning, received them whole, and on them closed; Hell, their fit habitation, fraught with fire Unquenchable, the house of woe and pain. Disburden'd heaven rejoiced, and soon repair'd Her mural breach, returning whence it rollid.

“Sole Victor, from the expulsion of his foes, Messiah his triumphal chariot turn’d: To meet him, all his saints, who silent stood Eye-witnesses of his almighty acts, With jubilee advanced ; and, as they went, Shaded with branching palm, each order bright Sung triumph, and him sung victorious King, Son, Heir, and Lord, to him dominion given, Worthiest to reign. He, celebrated, rode Triumphant through mid heaven, into the courts And temple of his mighty Father throned On high; who into glory him received, Where now he sits at the right hand of bliss. “Thus measuring things in heaven by things on


At thy request, and that thou may’st beware
By what is past, to thee I have reveald
What might have else to human race been hid:
The discord which befell, and war in heaven
Among the angelic powers, and the deep fall
Of those, too high aspiring, who rebell'd
With Satan; he who envies now thy state,
Who now is plotting how he may seduce
Thee also from obedience, that with him,
Bereaved of happiness, thou may'st partake
His punishment, eternal misery;
Which would be all his solace and revenge,
As a despite done against the Most High,
Thee once to gain companion of his woe.
But listen not to his temptations, warn
Thy weaker; let it profit thee to have heard,
By terrible example, the reward
Of disobedience; firm they might have stood,
Yet fell; remember, and fear to transgress.”

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