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CHINA

NEGOTIATIONS FOR RELINQUISHMENT BY THE UNITED STATES AND OTHER POWERS

OF EXTRATERRITORIAL RIGHTS IN CHINA-Continued

Date and number

Subject

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1931 May 4 From the Minister in China (tel.)

Information from the British Minister that the Chinese find American proposals on personal status more acceptable than the British. Request for the American text for the informa

tion of the British Minister. May 4 Memorandum by the Minister in China

Further discussion between Lampson and Wang on the

question of reserved areas. Mav 4 To the Consul General at Nanking (tel.) (33) For the Minister: Transmittal of draft article on personal

status. Possibility that British and American texts may be

worked into something acceptable to the three Governments. May 5 From the Minister in China (tel.)

Report that People's Conference met in the morning; that mandate issued May 4 puts regulations governing jurisdiction

over foreigners into effect January 1, 1932. May 6 Memorandum by the Minister in China

Conversation with Dr. Wang, who expressed concern over a report that the United States had attempted to persuade the British not to go so fast in meeting the Chinese desires;

his request for confirmation by the Department. May 6 Memorandum by the American Minister in China of a Conver

sation With the Chinese Minister for Foreign Affairs Discussion of the points insisted upon by the United States; Dr. Wang's reiteration that his Government must insist on a term of not more than 3 years, although it might concede the

exclusion of the area of Greater Shanghai. May 6 Memorandum by the Minister in China

Discussion with Lampson, who was at a loss to understand the motive behind Dr. Wang's statement regarding U. S. attempt to dissuade British from going too fast in meeting Chinese wishes, but stated that he himself had observed to Dr. Wang that all the powers, including the United States,

felt that the British were going too fast in the negotiations. May 7 From the Minister in China (tel.)

Transmittal of changes made by the British in personal

status draft which is now being considered by Hsu Mo.
May 8 To the Consul General at Nanking (tel.)
(34) For the Minister: Instructions to keep in close touch with

Lampson and, if expedient, to inform him of this Government's
willingness to drop the reservation of Hankow simultaneously

with the British.
May 8 Memorandum by the Minister in China

Conversation with the Japanese Chargé, who said that Japan was anxious to reach an accord with China on extraterritoriality; that Japan's position was more complicated because of her interests in Manchuria.

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CHINA
NEGOTIATIONS FOR RELINQUISHMENT BY THE UNITED STATES AND OTHER POWERS

OF EXTRATERRITORIAL RIGHTS IN CHINA-Continued

Date and number

Subject

Page

1931 May 8

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May 8

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May 8

(36)

May 9

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May 9

850

Memorandum by the American Minister in China of a Conver

sation With the British Minister in China
Information from Lampson that he had suggested to his
Government the continuation of negotiations until agreement
on certain points, when it would be time for a summer recess,
after which negotiations could be resumed with a better chance
for success.
To the Consul General at Nanking (tel.)

For the Minister: Instructions for reply to Dr. Wang con-
cerning his reference to a report of U. S. attempt to dissuade
British from going too fast in meeting Chinese wishes. Expla-
nation of Department's position on various points under dis-
cussion.
To the Consul General at Nanking (tel.)

For the Minister: Suggestion, in view of the possibility of a
revision in 1934 of the Chinese-American treaty of 1903, of an
exchange of notes (draft printed) defining consular rights and
privileges. Instructions to consult with Lampson and report.
To the British Ambassador

Acknowledgment of a communication from the British Em-
bassy indicating the British position on certain points; Depart-
ment's interest in the British suggestion of an international
commission to study and make recommendations regarding
excluded areas.
From the Minister in China (tel.)

Transmittal of draft article on personal status (text printed),
worked out by Teichman and Hsu Mo, and recommended by
the British Minister to his Government as probably acceptable
to the Chinese.
To the Consul General at Nanking (tel.)

For the Minister: Instructions to make note of certain fea-
tures of Department's draft of April 27, to compare this draft
with the Chinese-British draft, discuss with Lampson, and re-
port.
To the Consul General at Nanking (tel.)

For the Minister: Advice that the Department is willing to
accept the Teichman-Hsu Mo draft article regarding personal
status if it is acceptable to the British and Chinese and if the
reciprocity clause is deleted.
To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)

Advice from British Embassy that the British Government
fears lest the American negotiations have conceded more than
the British deem it wise to surrender in the question of personal
status; opinion of the Department that this is another example
of Chinese effort to play off Americans and British in order to
obtain further concessions.
From the Consul General at Nanking (tel.)

Issuance by the National People's Convention of a mani-
festo (substance printed) declaring (1) that the people do not
accord recognition to any of the unequal treaties previously
concluded between the foreign nations and China, and (2) that
the National Government will put into realization the freedom
and equality of China.

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May 9

(38)

May 12

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May 13

(130)

May 13

(21)

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CHINA NEGOTIATIONS FOR RELINQUISHMENT BY THE UNITED STATES AND OTHER POWERS

OF EXTRATERRITORIAL RIGHTS IN CHINA–Continued

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1931
May 14 Memorandum by the Minister in China

Conversation with Dr. Wang, who was informed of the
Secretary's reply as set forth in telegram No. 35, May 8, to

Nanking.
May 15 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
(147) Information that the British Foreign Office concurs in the

Department's opinion expressed in telegram No. 130, May 13. May 19 From the Minister in China (tel.)

Information that British desire a change in tbe personal status draft but that the Chinese are unwilling to accept it; transmittal of revised texts of British-Chinese draft articles,

notes, and letters (texts printed). May 19 | From the Minister in China (tel.)

Transmittal of British revision (text printed) of second para-
graph of personal status article, and suggestion that the change
be incorporated in the American draft for discussion with Dr.

Wu.
May 19 From the Minister in China (tel.)

Information from Lampson that the British feel it would not
be opportune at present to bring up question of a consular con-
vention with China, and that they expect to take up subject of
consular rights in a commercial treaty after extraterritoriality

has been disposed of. May 19 From the Minister in China (tel.)

Request for instructions in the event the Foreign Office officially transmits the text of its mandate and regulations

mentioned in telegram of May 5. May 20 | From the Minister in China (tel.)

Review of the status of the negotiations; comments on

American draft, as requested in Department's No. 38, May 9. May 20 To the Consul General at Nanking (tel.) (42) For the Minister: U. S. attitude in case of Chinese official

communication of the recent mandate and regulations.
May 20 To the Consul General at Nanking (tel.)
(43) For the Minister: Advice that the Department's interest in

concluding an exchange of notes on consular rights and privi-
leges arises from a desire to remove the question from the
realm of "interpretation”; expectation of discussing the ques-

tion with Dr. Wu.
May 20 To the Consul General at Nanking (tel.)
(44) Instructions to inform Department of the approximate

boundaries of the reserved areas shown on the maps to be sub

mitted by the British with article 16. May 21 | Memorandum by the Minister in China

Inquiry by Dr. Wang as to U. S. attitude toward the payment of Chinese taxes by American citizens, and his observation that when foreign citizens resident in the International Settlement and foreign concessions had to pay Chinese taxes, “die-hardism” would vanish.

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NEGOTIATIONS FOR RELINQUISHMENT BY THE UNITED STATES AND OTHER POWERS

OF EXTRATERRITORIAL RIGHTS IN CHINA-Continued

Date and number

Subject

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1931 May 23

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May 23

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May 24

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May 26

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May 27

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May 27

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From the Minister in China (tel.)

Information that no maps have as yet been introduced into
the discussion of reserved areas, but that maps of the municipal
areas of the cities will be forwarded.
From the Minister in China (tel.)

Information that the British and American Ministers agree
that an exchange of notes on consular rights would be desirable.
From the Minister in China (tel.)

Transmittal of draft of article 21 (text printed) as accepted
by the Chinese and sent to London for approval; information
that the British Minister will insist upon a 10-year term for
the treaty and 5 years for special provisions.
From the Minister in China (tel.)

Transmittal of Lampson-Wang draft of article 16 and ex-
change of notes (texts printed) regarding reserved areas.
Memorandum by Mr. Joseph E. Jacobs of the Division of Far

Eastern Affairs of a Conversation Between the Chief of the

Division and the Chinese Minister
Proposal by Dr. Wu of his Government's willingness to ex-
clude "Greater Shanghai" for a 3-year period in return for ne-
gotiations on the extra-Settlement road question at Shanghai;
arrangement for redrafting some of the articles of Depart-
ment's April 27 draft.
To the British Ambassador

Acknowledgment of receipt of summary of correspondence
between Foreign Office and British Minister in China, and
concurrence in the views expressed on reserved areas.
From the Minister in China (tel.)

Comments and suggestions after comparison of latest Şino-
British draft with Department's draft; text of the draft article
on excluded areas which is being submitted to the British
Government for approval.
From the Minister in China (tel.)

Information that the British Minister is still awaiting the
reaction of his Government on texts submitted; opinion that,
because of the Chinese political situation, it is better for United
States to leave the question of reserved areas without commit-
ment and await Chinese initiative.
Memorandum by Mr. Joseph E. Jacobs of the Division of Far

Eastern Affairs of a Conversation With the Third Secretary

of the Chinese Legation
Comments on the unfinished and controversial points of the
re-draft of the Department's April 27 draft.
To the Consul General at Shanghai (tel.)

For the Minister: Inquiry concerning the Sino-British pro-
vision regarding the Chinese legal counselor.
From the Minister in China (tel.)

Transmittal of pertinent paragraph of Sino-British declara-
tion on legal counselors (text printed), giving Chinese legal
counselor the same functions as the other legal counselors.

May 29

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May 30

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CHINA NEGOTIATIONS FOR RELINQUISHMENT BY THE UNITED STATES AND OTHER POWERS

OF EXTRATERRITORIAL RIGHTS IN CHINA—Continued

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1931
June 6 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Far Eastern Affairs

of a Conversation With the Chinese Minister
Inquiry by Dr. Wu as to Department's attitude toward the
Chinese proposal for the reservation of Greater Shanghai; Mr.

Hornbeck's opinion that there should be four reserved areas.
June 8 | From the Minister in China (tel.)

Information that, upon Dr. Wang's refusal to accept British Foreign Office's new version of article 21, Lampson agreed to alterations, subject to final approval by both Governments, and that Lampson and Wang then signed and exchanged the letters on June 6; that Lampson departed for Peiping and will not return unless instructed or unless it is possible to sign a

treaty. June 8 From the Minister in China (tel.)

Transmittal of article 21 and of the letters exchanged be

tween Lampson and Wang (texts printed).
June 12 From the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.)
(184) Information that Dr. Wang was not optimistic as to his

Government's approval of the Tientsin reservation, and that
the British Foreign Office is concerned over the status of
British residents in case the treaty safeguards and the Shanghai

reservations are made coterminous. June 13 | From the Minister in China (tel.)

Information that Consul General Peck at Nanking has' received & formal note from Foreign Ministry (substance printed) announcing the resignation of Minister Wu and proposing that the negotiations be continued in Nanking; also a personal letter from Dr. Wang requesting American Minister's

return to Nanking. Request for instructions. June 16 To the Consul General at Shanghai (tel.)

For the Minister: Instructions to telegraph the full text of the formal note and to return to Nanking in order that Wang may indicate what he has in mind; advice that the SinoBritish text is not entirely what the Department would wish to duplicate, and that the Department desires that Wang be requested to instruct the Chinese Legation to continue its work

on the draft with the Department. June 17 From the Minister in China (tel.)

Transmittal of the formal note and the personal letter (texts printed) received by Peck; information that the Minister is

proceeding to Nanking.
June 20 Memorandum by the American Minister in China of a Con-

versation With the Chinese Minister for Foreign Affairs
Dr. Wang's consent to the continuation of the discussions
now going on in Washington; and his discussion of the Sino-

British draft for the reservation of Shanghai and Tientsin.
June 21 | Memorandum by the American Minister in China of a Conversa-

tion With the Japanese Chargé in China
Outline of the terms presented to Dr. Wang by the Japanese
Chargé under which Japan would consider relinquishment of
its extraterritorial rights in China.

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