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The population in 1850 was 43,194, thus showing an increase of 27,032. The following facts and figures will also be found valuable and interesting to our readers :The population of the city of Louisville, as returned by the United States Marshal, shows an aggregate of...
70,226 The census for 1857, as taken by commissioners appointed by the General Council, shows an aggregate of ......
57,585 Showing an increase in less than three years of.....
12,641 The following table will show the increase for the above period (three years) in the several wards :
1st 2d 3d 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th
ward. ward. ward. ward. ward. ward. ward. ward. Total. 1860.. 16,319 8,105 6,200 5,166 5,231 7,593 6,835 14,777 70,226 1857.
12,815 6,818 5,265 4,541 4,706 5,951 5,496 11,970 57.585
OCCUPATIONS OF EMIGRANTS. Of the 120,432 emigrants who left Great Britain and Ireland last year, 2.016 of the men were agricultural laborers, gardeners, and carters, 176 bakers, 166 blacksmiths and farriers, 26 book binders and statiovers, 287 boot and shoemakers, 49 braziers, tidsmiths, and whitesmiths. 22 potters, brick, and tile makers, 606 bricklayers, plasterers, and masovs. 31 builders, 114 butchers and poulterers, 71 cabinet-makers and upholsterers, 1,393 carpenters and joiners, 27 carvers and gilders, 682 clerks, 29 clock and watch-makers, 21 coach-makers and trimmers, 18 coal miners, 54 coopers, 17 cutlers, 145 dornestic servants, 10 dyers, 11 engravers, 141 engineers, 4,439 farmers, 1,454 gentlemen, professional men, and merchants, 17 jewelers and silversmiths, 23,286 general laborers, 3 locksmiths and gunsmiths, 92 millers and maltsers, 8 millwrights, 771 miners and quarrymen, 262 painters, paper hangers, and plumbers, 111 pensioners, 70 printers, 10 rope-makers, 42 saddle and harness makers. 4 sail-makers, 46 sawyers, 269 seamen, 24 shipwrights, 1,045 shopkeepers. 331 smiths, 290 spinners and weavers, 34 sugar bakers and boilers, 10 surveyors, 447 tailors, l tallow chandler, 24 tanners and curriers, 25 turners, 69 wheelwrights, 8 woolcombers and sorters, and the 6,965 of trades not particularly specified. Of the other sex, 7,107 were domestics and farm servants. 119 gentlewo:nen and governesses, 251 milliners, dress-makers, and needlewomen; 14,562 married women, and 18,032 of undistinguished occupation, (a large total, which seems to indicate that the official examination into the pursuits of the female sex is not of a very rigid nature.) The remainder of the emigrants were children, and of these 8,431 boys, and 8,130 girls, were under 12 years of age, 3,046 were infants, and 14,517 were undistinguished as to age or sex.
POPULATION OF THE CITY OF ST. ANTHONY, MINNESOTA. Number of resident females..... 670 | Number of females under 21 Population ....
3,237 Number under 4 years of age.... Persons under 21 years of age... 1,536 Number of males under 4 years... Persons between the age of 4 & 21 1,017 Number of females under 4 years. Number of males under 21...... 490
527 519 253 266
DEATH OF CAPTAIN SILAS HOLMES.
The death of this well known citizen and greatly respected “son of the sea” took place yesterday morning at East Greenwich, Rhode Island, at which place the deceased bad spent the principal part, if not the whole, of last summer in the company of his friends there residing. He had been for some length of time in very feeble health, and his death had been daily expected by bis friends, as be was far advanced in life, being in the 70th year of his age :
Captain Silas HOLMEs was one of the leading shipping merchants of this city for many years. He first commenced his maritime career“ before the mast," and during that period of his life, when he served as a “common seaman," he pot only gained credit for his industry and energy of character, but also for his integrity, as may be judged from the following little anecdote related by one of his oldest acquaintances :-On one occasion, when the seamen of the vessel to which he belonged were being paid off the old Quaker gentleman who owned the vessel (and who was always remarkable for his acuteness in scrutinizing tbe accounts of the men who worked it, in most cases making out the accounts bimself,) seeing the deceased among the parties to be paid, said to him, “Silas, thee canst make out thine own account," and paid him according to it; which action, on the part of the old gentleman, was considered the greatest mark of confidence ever shown to any in his service.
In 1818, the deceased, who had worked his way up by his indomitable energy and perseverance, was appointed to the command of the ship Remittance, which was one of the vessels plying between this city and Liverpool. This vessel, du. ring one of the voyages, unfortunately sprang aleak and sunk at sea ; but as it was laden with paval stores, there was no jeopardy of life during the misfortune. In the year 1820, he, in company with Join W. Russell, built the Phæbe Ann, a brig, which he commanded. This brig may be said to have been the pioneer of all the packets between this city and New Orleans. This vessel he was captain of for three years, and when he gave up the command, it may be said, without exaggeration, that he was completely driven from the sea, and made to live on shore by the underwriters and marine insurance offices in Wall-street. When plying between this city and New Orleans, it is said that, in the energetic desire of making quick passages, he was far too zealous, and ran the vessel aground inore than once. When called upon by the “ offices” to make an explanation, he is said to have replied to their interrogatories in somewhat of the following strain :-" By this accident I have learned nothing more than I knew before. I was previously aware that at any time I might run aground, very likely in or near the spot where I did, and I also know that I am very likely to do exactly the same thing in my next voyage.” This set somewhat of a prejudice against him afloat, which resulted in his being compelled to retire from the sea ; and which, like many other apparent misfortunes, was the very thing that helped to make his fortune. In 1823, he commenced the new line to New Orleans, and purchased the ship Crawford and others. In this line he was very successful up to the time when he sold out the business to the present owners, W. Nelson & Co., which was in the year 1840. In 1837, at the time of the commercial panic, he was compelled by his connection with some outside matters to suspend payment, and compromised with his creditors for fifty cents on the dollar. "He, Jowever, subsequently paid up the whole hundred. It is said that some of his then friends told him lie might have easily gone on with his business without suspension, but he deemed otherwise ; and, rather than risk the chance of an entire failure, and a greater loss to his creditors, he suspended. He also was con
nected in the ownership of the first successful screw-lifting dock in this city. which dock, although for many years a source of many difficulties, still ultimately was a means of realizing great profits. He further was one of the di. rectors of the Delaware and Hudson Canal Company, and it is owing in a great measure to his indefatigable energy that it became so successful. Jle not only made money himself in this concern, but he was the means of preventing many from selling out when the stock was very low, who would otherwise have done so to their future regret; at least they do not now feel sorry at having retained their shares. For many years he had retired into complete private life, and but little is known of him during that period outside of his own family. The deceased was for many years a prominent member of the “Old Brick Church,” in Beekman-street, and was so when that edifice was taken down; but when the removal of that congregation to Murray Hill and the erection of the new building there took place, he transferred his church relation to Dr. McElroy's. He resided for some length of time at 48 Bond-street, to wbich house his body was removed, and from whence his funeral took place.
The deceased is said to have died worth at least, if not over, a quarter of a million of dollars. He was considered to be in his business relations during life a man of strict probity, and in his moral relations as estimable as could be desired by the most stringent Puritan. As a shipmaster he was unequaled, and was much respected by both passengers and crew. As he was a man of intellect and education, be was deemed by his passengers (who were mostly members of Congress and the first men of the time) as an equal in every way; and as he was very affable and pleasant in his mapper, he won their esteem as well as their respect during the voyage. Although a married man, he never had any children, but his nephews avd nieces were considered by him as such. Among them are some of the most important of our present merchants, and the late wellknown William Hazard, of New Orleans, who perished from the ravages of the cholera in 1832, was one of his nephews. The deceased was a man of strong will and determination, and when he once set bis mind on any course of action he was not to be frightened from it, nor would he flinch from apparent difficulties in the way At one time, wben an invetorate slave to the use of tobacco, both in smoking and chewing, he made up his mind to abandon it, and not all the persuasions of his friends or their statements of evil results of his sudden leaving it off, could make him refrain from immediately doing so. There are several anecdotes current about the evidences of his strong will, among which is the fact that, in consequence of one of the merchants, who had been in the habit of sending good by bis vesseis, saying continually he would not send any longer by bim" if so and so did not take place, he one day surprised him by refusing to carry the goods at all, stating to the merchant, when he inquired the reason of his so doing, that, as he had so often said he “would not send by him," he would keep him at his word, and he should not do so." And a great length of time elapsed before he could be persuaded by his most intimate friends, and even the oifering of the most abject apology by the offending merchant, to allow the goods to be sent by his vessels. Ile was well known by the shipping and other merchants, and his death is much regretted by many.
COMMERCE AND TRADE IN OLDEN TIME.
Mr. E. Meriam, of the “Sage,” contributes to the public the following on the occasion of the recent awful events in Syria :
On the map of the Holy Land, in my old Bible, imprinted in London in 1599, a part of the Mediterranean Sea is laid down, and two ships (each with 3 masts) under full sail, are represented. This map is an imprint from wood cuts, and very well done. In the book of Ezekiel, written about 600 years before the advent of the Saviour, the ships used by the merchants of Tyre and Sidon are mentioned. He says:
• They made all the boards of firre trees of Shenir ; they have brought cedars from Lebanon to make masts for thee.
* Of the oakes of Bashan have they made thine ores; the coinpany of the Assyrians liave made thy banks of yrory, out of the ystes of Chittim.
" Fine linen with broidered worke, from Egypt, was spread over thee, to be tby saile, blevo silk and purple, from the yles of Elisha, was thy covering.
“ The inbabitants of Zidon and Amad were thy mariners, 0 Tyrus: the wise men that were in thee, they were thy pilots.
“ The ancients of Gabal, and the wise men there of, were in thee thy calkers, all the ships of the sea were in thee to occupy thy merchandise.
They of Tarshish thy marchants for the multitude of all riebes, for silver, yron, tinne, and lead, they brought to thy fuires.
" They of lanan, Tubal, and Meshech were thy merchants, concerning the lives of men, and they brought vessels of brasse for thy marchandise.
“ They of the house of Togarmach brought to thy faires, horses and horsemen, and mules.
* The men of Dedau thy marchants : and the marchandise of mine yles in thine haods : They brought thee for a present, hornes, teeth, and peacockes.
• They of Aram thy marchants for the multitude of thy wares: they occupied in thy faires with emerandes, purple, and broydred-worke, and fine lippen and corall
* They of Judah and of the land of Israel were thy marchants: they brought for thy marchandise wheale of Minnith and Pennag, and hony, and oyle, and balme.
• They of Damascus thy marchants in the multitude of thy wares, for the multitude of all riches, in the wine of Helbon and white wooll.
** They of Dan also and of Janam going to and fro, occupied in thy faires : yrun worke, cassia, and callamus were among thy marchandise.
They of Dedan thy marchants in precious cloathes for the charets.
• They of Arabia, and all the princes of Kedar, occupied with thee in lambes, and rammes and goales : in these were iby marchants.
• The marchants of Sheba and Raamah were thy marchants : they occupied in thy fayres with the chiefe of all spices, and with all precious stones and gold.
They of Haram, and Carmeh and Eden, the marchants of Sheba, Ashar Chilmad thy merchants.
" These were thy marchants in all sorts, in rayment of blew silke, and of broy. dered worke, and in coffers for the rich apparell, which were bounde with coardes : chaines also among thy merchandise.”
But for the great length of this communication, I would add the account of Paul's voyage, by ship, from Adramytnium to Italie. The ship visited Sidon, where Paul went on shore to be refreshed by his friends.
The ship was wrecked, but all reached the shore in safety, and Paul saya :- And the Barbarians shewed us po little kindnesse, for they kindled a fire, and received us every one, because of the showre, and because of the cold."
The remembrance of those who were the friends of Paul at Sidon, although a period of more than eighteen hundred years have passed and gone, is thus male new, and those who have been enriched by the best of hopes through the sufferings of Paul and his co-workers, should now in kindness and in charity remember the descendants of the friends of Paul at Sidon, who are in great tribulation.
Syria cries for help to those who have been enriched by commerce.
BOSTON IN 1860. The Boston Herald thus records some of the changes in that growiog city :
Were an individual to visit our city to-day, after an absence of five years, he would hardly credit the evidences of his senses, as he walked or rode abont the streets which were once familiar to bim, so extensive has been the change ia tbis
short period. Indeed, so many old buildings have been demolished and so many new ones built, that one who has been a constant resident can hardly realize the change, and unless he has been a frequent visitor to different portions of the city, he will have no idea of the rapid extension of the metropolis, particularly that part of it known as the “South End.”. Where within a few years the view of the adjacent cities and town was entirely unobstructed, it has been cut off by new buildings erected upon lands which were once considered useless and value. less. So large is the number of these, that it seems almost as if a new city bad been added to what was formerly the little city of Boston The little peninsula has been transformed, and what used to be properly termed the “ Neck,” has been extended in such a manner that a long walk is necessary to go from one side to the other, and the extensive area which has been created from the marshes, which the tide once covered, vow bears upon its surface the splendid homes of many of the wealthy men of the city. Care has been taken in laying out this extensive territory, and the broad streets and avenues and the beautiful parks which have been reserved for the common use, give evidence that the experience of the past has not been without its lesson. Building is still going on here, and is likely to continue for an indefinite period, and future dwellings are daily being prepared for the population which is rapidly wending its way up town, and leaving the old down town houses to be converted to the purposes of trade. Perhaps there is hardly another city in the Union where such an opportunity is afforded for extension in every direction as in Boston, and now that the southerly portion has been pretty well built over, we see the tide of building turned in a westerly direction. The Commonwealth lands and those of the Water Power Company are fast coming into market; indeed, large portions of them have already been sold, and buyers are waiting for further investments. Some buildings have already been erected, which in size and architectural design will be worthy of the section, which we hope will be made the model section of Boston. There is ample time, opportunity, and room for improving upon all that is good here, and for adopting whatever may be grand and elegant in architecture elsewhere. We believe it is the intention of those who are already owners in this section, and of those who propose to invest, to make the new section a source of pride to the city and a monument to the enterprise and taste of Boston mer: chants. We like the suguestion made in the columns of a cotemporary, recently, that a wide arenue should be laid out parallel to the Commonwealth-avenue, which may be devoted to the purposes of trade, like Broadway in New York, that the stores to be built should have a front of uniform height and design, and that the material should be of stone or iron. This avenue might commence at the end of Boylston-street and extend in time to Brighton. It could be made of any width required, and Boston would have one of the finest thoroughfarts in the world. There is nothing to hinder this project. if it is considered in stason. There will certainly be. before many years have passed, an immense population in this part of the city, and such an avenue will be needed. The experience of the last twenty-five years has proved how rapid and how profitable the extension of Boston may be, and how unfounded were the fears of the overprudent with regard to what were considered rash investments. Boston is bound to grow more rapidly in the future than in the past, and those who are to come after us will never forgive the blunder which would deprive them of a magnificent street. We should not be surprised if the intentions of those who can control this matter, are such as will furnish the proposed avenue, bui we have bad some fears lest the land should be so arranged for elegant residences, that this idea of a grand thoroughfare would be overlooked. If the time is not pow at hand for such a movement, it will certainly come before many years, and the importance of the present opportunity should not be lightly estimated. We desire to see this vast area covered over with stores and mansions, which we as Bostonians may point to with pride, and which shall afford us the opportunity to compare our city with others in this country without feeling that they surpass us in any respect, so far as the elegance of our buildings and the general width and extent of our streets are concerned.