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the largest total ever attained, the amount in 1857, the great year of inflation, having been only £122.066,107. In cotton manufactures alone the improvement on 1858 was £5,320,897, or 16 per cent, and in woolen, silk, and linen manufactures, as well as in the metal trade, the augmentation has been very large. “ Haberdashery.” which includes all kinds of ready-made clothing, exhibits an extraordinary increase, and the same is the case with regard to hard. wares, which likewise depend in a great degree upon the activity of our colonies. There is scarcely a single item on the unfavorable side. Wool presents a falling off of £262,374, but this is simply from the fact that the demand for raw mate® rial on the part of our manufacturers has been such as to leave little for expor:tation. A reduction observable in cotton and linen yarn also is evidence on the present occasion that the activity of foreign manufactures has not kept pace with that of our own. The subjoined table gives the exact increase or decrease under each head :

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1858. 1,913,368 1,851,755 390,584 511,053 157,618

90,718 3,045,434

166,625
33,421,843
9,579,479
1,153,579

576,737
258,022

569,205
3,462,832
3,277,607
2,012,916
4,124,356
1,746,340
3,599,352
11,197,072
2,855,021

616,215
1,621,849

814,978
380,559
289,910
455,006

286,222
2,096,300

209,503
813,727
206,429
803,738
352,472

902,341
9,776,944
2,966,743
7,954,281

Apparel and slops...
Beer and ale...
Books
Butter....
Candles.
Cheese....
Coal and culm..
Cordage.
Cottons...
Cotton yarn..
Earthenware..
Fish.....
Furniture...
Glass.....
Haberdashery.
Hardwares...
Leather..
Linens..
Linen yarn.
Machinery...
Iron and steel..
Copper and brass.
Lead
Tip..
Oil seeds...
Painters' colors..
Pickles and sauces.
Plate and jewelry......
Salt...
Silks.
Soap...
Soda...
Spirits...
Stationery.
Sugar, refined..
Wool...
Woolens...
Woolen yarn.
Unenumerated articles..

1859.
2,191,4 32
2,116,207

478,287
717,395
187,830

137,564
3,266,174

190,900 38,742,740 9,465,704 1,313,364 458,739 241,902

607,578 4,288,780 3,826,030 1,997,703 4,607,245 1,684,489 3,701,094 12,327,093 2,600,307

668,037 1,881,380 930,875 460,374 341,824 495,162

253,575 2,351,839

225,918 1,024,283

305,900 840,172 343,958

639,967 12,032,831 3,080,306 9,412,469

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Eggs

Rice

galls

Sabjoined are the quantities of provision, &c., imported and taken for home consumption :

--Imported.-

Taken for home consumption. 1858. 1859.

1868.

1859. Grain, wheat.......qrs. 4,241,719 4,000,922 4,275,435 4,023,578 Graio of other kinds.... 4,087,679 3,905,842 4,135,382 3,951,814 Indian corn..

1,750,825 1,314,303 1,762,320 1,321,633 Flour and meal ....cwt. 3,860,764 3,330,770 3,894,972 3,357,200 Bacon, pork, lard, etc... 576,289 683,710 Free.

Free. Botter and cheese. .....

751,653 832,210 740,000 818,7 59 Animals.... .No. 285,048 347,341 Free.

Free. 134,685,000 148,631,000 134,552,000 148,714,400 Cocoa.

.lbs. 10,338,404 6,006,759 3,071,115 3,480,987 Cotfee..

60,697,265 65,353,029 35,338,111 34,492,947 Sugar..

..cwt. 9,010,796 9,098,880 8,746,729 8,905,744 Tea..

...lbs. 75,132,535 75,077,452 78,217,484 76,362,008

.cwt. 3,692,023 1,450,090 1,761,865 1,306,672 Spirits...

8,506,055 11,056,671 4,561,735 4,911,676 Wines..

5,791,636 8,196,026 6,697,224 7,262,965 Tobacco.. ... lbs. 62,217,705 50,671,264 34,110,751 34,791,262 Currants & raisins. .cwt. 939,865 986,919 643,338 783,970 Lemons & oranges...bu. 972.653 1,103,296 983,777 4,077,820 Spices

.. lbs.

16,082,218 11,614,903 4,760,677 5,015,737 .cwt.

72,254 33,833 20,689 21,049 The following are the comparative imports and exports of raw material :

--Imported.

-Exported.--
1858.
1859.
1859.

1959. Flax.....

cwt. 1,283,905 1,432,037

882,110 1,088,249 Raw silks..

lbs. 6,227,576 9,920,891 2,314,519 2,152,327 Cotton

.cwt. 9,235,198 10,946,331 1,535,800 1,563,778 Wool...

.. lbs. 126,738,723 133,374,634 26,702,542 29,106,750 Tallow... .......cwt. 1,235,789 1,074,336 22,997

6,791 Of silk manufactures the total stands thus :

Taken for home consump-
-Imported.-

tion.
1858.
1859.

1858. 1859. Silk map jf. of Europe, Ib. 827,652 987,080 812,895 954.872 of India, pcs.

207,081 343,034 83,012 47,774 The annexed summary shows the manner in which the 47 articles that are henceforth to be retained in the British tariff

' may be classified, only 16 being for revenue, and 13 being terminable at specific dates :

1. Articles on which a duty is to be levied for revenue purposes :-Chicory, cocoa, and chocolate, coffee, corn and flour, currants, figs and fig cake, pepper, plums, prunes, raisins, spirits, sugar, tea, tobacco, wine, wood.

2. Articles on which a duty is to be levied to countervail a duty of inland revenue : -Beer or ale, of all sorts, hops, cards (playing cards,) dice, malt, plate (gold or silver,) vinegar.

3. Articles on which the duties are to cease on and after a specified date :March 31, 1861, corks, hats or bonnets. February 1, 1861, plating, gloves of leather, of all sorts.

4. Articles containing sugar to be charged with duty until the 1st of July, 1861 :- Almond paste, cherries (dried,) cocoa paste and chocolate, comfits, (dried,) confectionery, ginger (preserved.) marmalade, plams (preserved.) succades.

5. Articles of farinaceous character, to be rated as flour :-Arrow-root, bar.

Hemp..

ley, (pearled,) biscuit and bread, cassava powder, potato flour, powder, (hair,) powder, (perfumed,) powder, (other sorts.) rice, sago, semolina, vermicelli and maccaroni.

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WHEAT TRADE,
The following table shows the imports and exports of wheat into France and
England for many years, with the exports from the United States in a corre-
sponding period. The general result is an increasing trade between the United
States and Europe in breadstuffs. The French wheat includes flour :--
IMPORT AND EXPORT OF WHEAT INTO AND FROM FRANCE AND THE UNITED STATES, AND

IMPORT OF WHEAT AND WHEAT FLOUR INTO GREAT BRITAIN.

Years. 1841....... 1842..... 1843..... 1844..... 1845..... 1846... 1847.. 1848.. 1849.. 1850... 1851..... 1852... 1853.. 1854. 1855. 1856... 1857..... 1858..... 1859...

Great Britain.-

-France.

-United States.
Imports.
Imports. Exports.

Exports.
Flour. Wheat,
Wheat. Wheat. Wheat,

Flour.
Cwt.
Bush.
Bush. Bush. Bush,

Bbis.
1,263,126 19,278,032 3,754,982 5,077,233
1,130,754 21,777,440 4,514,543 6,462,949

436.878 7,520,990 9,093,692 3,388,212 311,685 841,474
980,645 8,792,616 5,172,060 5,768,207 558,917 1,436,575

945,864 6,973,680 6,900,238 3,654,585 389,716 1,195,230
3,198,876 11,460,728 16,624,422 3,467,833 1,613,795 2,289,476
6,329,058 21,251,232 28,754,658 4,154,427 4,399,951 4,382,496
1,765,475 20,752,104 4,494,199 3,576,546 2,634,704 2,119,083
3,349,830 32,763,024 1,264,217 5,002,152 1,527,534 2,108,013
3,855,059 30,036,745 2,772,081 6,919,398 608,661 1,285,448
5,314,414 40,496,072 2,003,943 6,327,735 1,026,725 2,202,335
3,889,583 25,551,136 4,126,640 4,014,107 2,694,540 2,799,339
4,646,400 35,595,512 10,103,107 2,101,206 3,890,141 2,920,918
3,646,505 26,448,816 18,972,988 1,053,132 8,036,665 4,022,386
1,904,224 21,34 2,608 12,165,022 822,256 798,844 1,204,540
3,970,100 32,582,664 28,769,782 672,168 8,154,877 3,510,626
2,178,148 27,503,656 15,865,574 1,344,063 14,570,331 3,712,053
8,860,764 37,175,471 8.927,380 19,336,320 8,926,196 8,512,169
3,330,770 32,008,298 4,425,244 23,278,601 8,002,016 2,431,828

BEET ROOT SUGAR PRODUCT IN THE ZOLLVEREIN.
The following is the quantity of beet roots manufactured into sugar in the
Zollverein for the last two years :

1858.
Factories.

1859. Prussia.....

24,312,925 221 31,600,308 Brunswick..

1,293,952 14 2,623,440 Baden....

1,139,735

798,126 Wurtemberg..

935,325

6

4,157,915 Bavaria...

377,166

7

421,780 Thuringia..

225,853

2

15,770 Saxony..

118,738

3

136,131 Hanover.

84,346

2

303,845 Hesse

20,028

1

15,770

1

Total.........

28,409,674 251 36,668,667 The sugar product is about seven per cent, amounting to 1,927,680 cwt. in 1858, and 2,600,000 in 1859.

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GOLD EXPORTS OF CALIFORNIA,
San Francisco papers contain the full returns of the gold trade and general
conmerce of that port for 1859, of which an abstract was furnished some days
since through our overland dispatches. We copy as follows:
Gold exported to-

1857.
1858.

1859. New York

$35,287,778 $35,578,236 $39,831,937 England....

9,347,748 9,265,739 3,910,840 New Orleans

244,000 313,000 314,500 Panama..

410,929 299,265 279,949 China

2,993,264 1,916,007 3,100,756 Sandwich Islands...

86,803 98,672 142,190 Manilla

278,900 49,975 26,200 Australia,

32,000

631 Mexico...

41,500 14,500 Chili...

83,479 11,500 Society Islands...

2,000

34,000 220,296

500

Japan ...
Other countries

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SUGAR PRODUCT, 1859.
The total production of sugar has been for several years comparatively as fol-

lows:

PRODUCTION OF SUGAR.

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1849. 1854. 1855. 1856. 1857. 1859. 220,000 849,502 376,475 367,347 369,610 415,000

43,600 40,107 41,058 53,377 35,660 50,000 121,000 114,509 113,754 105,603 125,000 75,000

98,200 224,662 173,317 115,713 36,903 105,000 56,300 78,780 81,713 110,000 106,686 110,000

7,900 10,000 9,711 11,204 12,212 8,500 13,000 17,102 16,701 18,291 19,000 14,000 142,200 172,216 146,498 147,911 146,925 180,000 73,400 40,121 37,104 68,383 57,822 160,000 44,700 101,000 107,235 115,000 110,000 120,000 90,000 74,771 69,210 68,240 72,911 110,000 20,000 41,908 46,210 48,422 42,210 60,000

East Indies....
Mauritius..
Java...,
Manilla ..

Total cane......
France,
Belgium.
Zollverein..
Russia..
Austria

915,300 1,264,677 1,207,986 1,209,491 1,134,959 1,307,500 38,000 76,951 44,669 92,197 88,126 115,000

5,000 8,760 9,000 9,180 10,101 17,500 33,000 70,821 73,981 80,753 87,319 115,000 13,000 17,192 18,192 21,207 22,208 40,000 6,500 14,211 17,111 19,102 19,892 70,000

Total beet-root...

95,500 187,935 162,953 222,439 222,646 857,500 Grand total..... 1,010,800 1,452,612 1,370,939 1,431,930 1,857,605 1,665,000

BURNING OF COTTON AT SEA. We copy from the New York Herald the following list of vessels, laden with cotton, that have been destroyed by fire since the 1st of January, 1859. It appears that sixteen of that class of vessels have been burnt since the above date, at an estimated value of $2,247,000. Eight of those, or one-half of them, were burnt in port, caused by the stevedores smoking their pipes, and dropping fire into the cotton. A portion of those burnt at sea are supposed to be from ignition caused by the concentration of the sun's rays through the decklights :

LIST OF FIRES IN COTTON LADEN VESSELB.
1859–60.
Name.

From.
Destination.

Value. Jan. Ship Oakland.

..Charleston...... Liverpool........ $160,000 Feb. Ship Mary and Adeline.. ....At New Orleans. Cork.

75,000 Ship Vanguard.. At New Orleans. Cronstadt....

150,000 Ship Monticello..... .New Orleans.... Liverpool........ 200,000 May Ship Pleaides .New Orleans. Queenstown

150,000 Bark Thames, (Br).......... Savannah........At Liverpool... 50,000 June Bark Amy... . Apalachicola.... Norwich.....

30,000 July Ship Stalwart... .New Orleans. ...Liverpool...

250,000 Ship Sarah Minot.. .New Orleans.... Liverpool....

300,000 Sept. Ship Helois..... At New Orleans. Liverpool...

200,000 Dec. Ship Wm. Stetson. Mobile ..... ... Liverpool...

275,000 Jan. Bark Gleaner... At Apalachicola. Rotterdam...

50,000 Mar. Ship Independence... .At New Orleans. Liverpool...

120,000 April Bark Fanny Holmes. .At Apalachicola. Antwerp..

70,000 Schooner R. L. Tay.. At Savannah..... Philadelphia .... 7,500 May Ship Switzerland

At A palachicola. Liverpool....... 160,000

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Total......

$2,247,000

OHIO WOOL PRICES.

40 43

The following table shows the value of Ohio fleece wool in October of each year, from 1840 to 1859, from actual sales :Firsts. Seconds. Thirds.

Firsts. Seconds. Tbirds. 1840.. 46 36 31 1850...

47 42 36 1841.. 50 45 40 1851..

41 33 42 1842.. average 331 a 35 1852..

49 45 1843.. 41 35 30 1853..

65 50
1844..
42 37 323 1854..

42
36

321 1845..

361 80 26
1855..

60 42 34 1846.. 34 30 265 1856.,

65 47 37 1847..

345 29 25
1857..

66 49
1848..
82 88 34 1858..

53 46 36 1849..... 41 37 32 1859..

68

35 Showing an improvement in the finer kinds especially. For 1857, the price in August is given, as there were no sales in October.

37

49

CEYLON EXPORTS OF PRODUCE, OCT. 1 TO SEPT. 30. The chief articles of export from Ceylon have been as follows :

1855 '56. 1856 '57. 1857 '59. Coffee, planta, and native, cwt. 446,498 545,913 652,643 Zimmt...

... lbs. 1,009,391 711,905 805,586 Rice..

.cwt. 12,540 32,818 15,673 Cocoa oil.

..galls.

956,960 1,324,609 1,178,851

1858 '59. 584,562 719,831

18,858 980,882

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