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twelves. The inference meant to be drawn was, 1805. that the Cleopatra, in every respect, was the equal F.C.’ of the Ville-de-Milan; and that, therefore, the victory gained by the latter redounded to the honour of the french navy. One admission has slipped out, which, as coming from a Frenchman, is rather important, and so precisely applicable to the case of the Cleopatra and Ville-de-Milan, that, offering our acknowledgments, we adopt the very words: “We should seem here” (alluding to an opinion just given) “to be passing sentence upon several french captains, did we not hasten to remark, that, to be equal in force, it is not enough that two vessels be armed with the same guns, in number and caliber, but they ought to be of an equal strength in their hull, masts, and rigging.” “ Nous semblerions prononcer ici l’arrêt de plusieurs capitaines de vaisseau français, si nous ne nous hātions de faire remarquer que, pour étre égaux en force, il ne suffit pas que deux bátimens soient armés d'une artillerie pareille, quant au nombre et au calibre, mais qu'ils doivent étre d'une égale solidité dans leur coque, leur màture, et leur gréement.”* All curiosity about the circumstances that at-False tended the capture of the Ville-de-Milan stifled at once by the sweeping falsehood, that of the british 40-gun frigate Cambrian was aiding and ..." assisting the feander in the very difficult task she brian. had to perform. And yet he, whom, after what has already appeared in these pages, it will be no libel to call the imperial fictionist, and who actually took some interest in this particular case, wholly overlooked the circumstance of the alleged interference of a second british ship. “Il parait,” says Napoléon, in a letter to his minister of marine, dated May 10, 1805, “que la Ville-de-Milan a été prise, mais mon la Cléopâtre qui s'est sauvée. Les renseignemens

* Victoires et Conquêtes, tome xvi. p. 66, note.

1805. Feb,

ue j'aime donnent lieu de croire que la Cléopâtre était très-loin de la Ville-de-Milan, et n'a puprendre art au léger combat qui a eu lieu contre le Léandre; que le commandant de la Ville-de-Milan, voyant que l'état de délabrement oil elle était la compromettrait, lui fit le signal des'éloigner, et que lorsqu'il la vit hors de danger, il amena son pavillon: c'est dans ce sens que vous devez en parler.”* The last sentence of this account would lead us to infer, that Buonaparte had, in reality, received no intelligence, but was inventing a story to deceive his minister of marine, and, through him, the public. Our assertion, that the Cambrian had parted company from the Leander on the night of the 15th, and, at the moment of the Ville-de-Milan's capture, was in the act of coming to an anchor in a harbour of the Bermudas, may not carry conviction to the quarter intended; but the depositions of the two principal surviving officers, late belonging to the french frigate, probably will. Both of them, then, have sworn and certified, and the documents are at hand to be referred to, that no other ship than the Leander was present, either at the recapture of the Cleopatra, or at the capture of the Ville-de-Milan. That the Ville-de-Milan's late officers were not the authors of the mistatement is clear from the fact, that the writer in the “Victoires et Conquètes” complains of having no french official account to resort to, and of his consequent inability to specify the loss which the Ville-de-Milan had sustained. Sir Robert Laurie, in his official letter, rather incautiously stated, that the Ville-de-Milan had “ been intended for a 74.” This, as being contrary to the fact, very naturally gave umbrage to the French. The truth is, the Ville-de-Milan was a regular frigate, and, instead of being, as a contemporary states, “ 1200 tons,”H was even a trifle smaller than several french frigates which had pre

French acCounts.

* Précis des Evénemens, tome xi. p. 259. t Brenton, vol. iii. p. 509.

viously been captured. The ship was afterwards
purchased for the british navy, and classed, under
the same name, or rather, under that of Milan, as a
38-gun frigate. It affords us pleasure to state, that
the first captain appointed to her was sir. Robert
Laurie himself; and that lieutenant Balfour, late
senior lieutenant of the Cleopatra and already named
among her wounded, received the promotion which
he had so honourably earned.
On the 20th of March the 18-gun ship-sloop
Renard, captain Jeremiah Coghlan, being in latitude
21° 14′ north, longitude 71°30' west, discovered a
ship to-leeward, standing under easy sail to the
north-west. The Renard immediately chased, and
the stranger, which was the french privateer Général-
Ernouf, captain Lapointe, shortened sail to engage.
At 2 h. 25 m. P. M., being on the weather bow of the
Général-Ernouf, the Renard received her fire ; but
the latter reserved hers until she had dropped within
pistol-shot of her opponent. The Renard then
opened her broadside with such effect, that in 35
minutes the Général-Ernouf was set on fire, and in
10 minutes more blew up with a tremendous explo-
sion. Every exertion was now made by the British
to save the lives of their late enemies, and the only
boat that could swim was launched for the purpose.
By this means, 55 persons that were floating on the
scattered remains of the wreck, the survivors of a
crew of 160, were rescued from a watery grave.
The Renard's establishment of guns was 16 carron-
ades, 18-pounders, and two long sixes, with a comple-
ment of 121 men and boys; none of whom are repre-
sented to have been hurt in the action. The Géné-
ral-Ernouf had been the british sloop of war Lily,
and was armed with 18 english 12-pounder carron-
ades, (four more than she mounted when captured
by the Dame-Ambert,”) and two long 6-pounders.
The fatal precision of the Renard's fire shows the

* See vol. iii. p. 393.

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high state of discipline of her crew; and the already-
established gallantry of her commander* needs no
assurance, that, had the Général-Ernouf been even
more formidably armed, her officers and crew would
have found it a difficult task to avoid becoming the
prize of the Renard. It has appeared somewhere in
print, that the Général-Ernouf, on first coming along-
side, hailed the Renard, in english, desiring her to
strike, and that captain Coghlan replied, he would
strike, and d d hard too. If the account be true,
the captain amply fulfilled his promise.
On the 23d of March, as the british 18-gun ship-
sloop Stork, captain George Le Geyt, was cruising

Roxo, off the port of Cape Roxo in the island of Porto


Boats of Bacchante at Mariel.

Rico, a large armed schooner was discovered lashed
alongside a brig in the harbour. For the purpose
of cutting out this vessel captain Le Geyt, in the
evening, despatched the pinnace and cutter of the
Stork, containing between them 18 men, under the
command of lieutenant George Robertson, assisted
by lieutenant James Murray.
As the schooner, which was the dutch privateer
Antelope, was preparing to heave down on the fol-
lowing day, her five guns were on board the brig,
and the two vessels were defended by 40 out of her
54 in crew. Both the schooner and the brig were
boarded simultaneously by the two boats, and gal-
lantly carried, without any other casualty to the
British than lieutenant Murray and one seaman
slightly wounded. The privateer's men having
taken to the water soon after the boats got along-
side, 15 prisoners were all that were secured.
On the 5th of April, as the british 22-gun ship
Bacchante, captain Charles Dashwood, was cruising
off Havana, island of Cuba, information was received
that there were three french privateers lying in the
harbour of Mariel, a small convenient port situated
a little to the westward, and defended by a round
tower nearly 40 feet high, on the top of which were
* See vol. ii. p. 64.

three long 24-pounders, and round its circumference 1805. numerous loop-holes for musketry. The daring and `. piratical conduct of these privateers, who plundered and maltreated Americans as well as Englishmen navigating the gulf, determined captain Dashwood, notwithstanding the strength of their position, to endeavour to cut them out. Accordingly, in the evening, he despatched on that service two boats, containing about 35 seamen and marines, under the command of lieutenant Thomas Oliver, assisted by lieutenant John Campbell, with directions to attack and carry the fort previously to entering the harbour, so as to secure a safe retreat. The boats pushed off, and, on nearing the tower, were discovered and fired at. Seeing that no time was to be lost, lieutenant Oliver, without waiting for his companion, who was astern, pulled rapidly for the shore, in the face of a heavy fire, which badl wounded one man. Leaving in the boat a midship- Gallant man, the honourable Almeira De Courcy, and three.* men, including the one wounded, lieutenant Oliver, o: then, with 13 men, gallantly rushed to the foot of “ the tower, and, by means of a ladder which his men had brought, scaled, and without any further loss carried, the tower, although garrisoned by a spanish captain and 30 soldiers; of whom two were killed and three wounded. Having performed this noble exploit, left a sergeant of marines and six men as a guard at the fort, and been joined by lieutenant Campbell and his boat's crew, lieutenant Oliver proceeded to execute the second branch of the duty assigned him. To the mortification, however, of both lieutenants, the three privateers had, the day previous, sailed on a cruise. Not to quit the harbour o lieutenant Oliver took possession of two schooners laden with sugar; and which he gallantly brought away from alongside a wharf, in spite of several discharges of musketry from the troops and militia, that were pouring down in numbers from the surrounding

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