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ledged,) commenced refitting his ships. The French, 1805. indeed, were sedulous in concealing the state of . their ships; but the Spaniards on shore gave out, violi, that the Terrible, America, and Espana, the two damage last especially, were considerably damaged; and a $.” neutral merchant master, who rowed round the ships ships. in the harbour, declared, that the larboard or engaged side of the Atlas was like a riddle, and that, in the hulls of the two last-named spanish ships, innumerable shot-holes were visible. On the 29th or 30th the courier returned, if not M. with any additional instructions, with the important.
intelligence, that on the 28th, the day of his de-door. parture, no british ships were in sight from Ferrol ...a or Corunna. No time was to be lost. Accordingly, arrival on the 30th of July, leaving behind him the America, . Espana, and Atlas, not because they, or any one of them, had been so battered in the action of the 22d as to render them, for the present, ineffective ships, but simply because they were “slow sailers” and might “delay the progress of the fleet,” M. Villeneuve, with 13 french and two spanish sail of the line, seven frigates, and two brigs, got under way, and steered for Corunna; with a wind, as blowing from west-south-west, so fair, and at the same time so strong, that even a slow sailing merchantman, much more a slow sailing man of war, would have found no difficulty in keeping company. On the evening of the very day, the 1st of August, on the morning Aug. of which the british fleet, which had so recently arrived off the port, was driven from its station, the combined fleet entered Corunna. Learning, while at this anchorage, that the Rochefort squadron was at sea in search of him, M. Villeneuve, on the 5th, despatched the Didon frigate to endeavour to find M. Allemand, and enable him to join. On the 9th the combined fleet, the french part of which consisted, besides the whole of the ships His denamed at p. 4 except the Atlas, of the 74s Argo- route naute, Duguay-Trouin, Fougueux, Héros, and Re-9".
Chase of the
doutable, and the spanish part, of the Principe-de-
irisand 2 P. M. the advanced french ship, which had been
chasing the Iris since 6 P.M. on the preceding day,
from the Iris, then in company with the 38-gun frigate
Naïad, captain Thomas Dundas. On this very day,
ward, the british 74 gun-ship Dragon, accompanied by 1805; the 36-gun frigate Phoenix, captain Thomas Baker, ‘....' having in tow her prize the late french frigate Didon, chase both much disabled, hove insight to-leeward. One of;..." the french advanced frigates was then speaking a da- j nish ship, from Lisbon to the Baltic, which had that. morning been boarded by the Dragon, and by the lat- Dion. ter been informed, that 25 british sail of the line were near her. On gaining this important information from sucthe dane, the effect of which the Dragon took care to cessful strengthen by firing guns and hoisting signals, the ol. french frigate made several signals, and then tacked; towards her fleet; which, when last seen by the g Dragon, at about sunset, was steering north-west. Shortly after this, it is believed, M. Villeneuve altered his course and steered to the southward. That M. Villeneuve first steered a north-west, and then a south course, is indeed admitted by a french writer. “Il mit à la voile le 13 par un bon vent d'est, n'ayant en vue aucune force ennemie; il fit d'abord route au nord-ouest, et changeant tout à coup de direction, il mit le cap au sud, longea hors de vue la côte de Portugal, attéra six jours après sur le Cap Saint-Vincent, où il s'empara de quelques bâtimens marchands, et entra à Cadix le 21 août, le jour méme qu'il était attendu a Brest.” The dates in this account are wrong: those given by us have their correctness proved by the rôles d'équipage of several of the ships belonging to M. Villeneuve's fleet. Keeping out of sight of the portuguese coast, the combined fleet, on the 18th, arrived off Cape St.Vincent, and there captured and burnt three merchantmen, bound from Gibraltar to Lisbon, under convoy of the british 16-gunbrig-sloop Halcyon, which vessel, however, managed to effect her escape. On the 20th, at 10 A.M., Cadiz bearing north-east distant about nine leagues, the combined fleet, steering southeast, with the wind at west-south-west, discovered
1805, three british sail of the line right ahead. At 1 P.M. o the latter, which were the 98-gun ship Dreadnought, vice-admiral Cuthbert Collingwood, captain Edward
Rotheram, and 74s Colossus and Achille, captains Chase James Nicholl Morris and Richard King, tacked to * reconnoitre. On this, the advanced ships of the ‘....'s combined fleet, which had shortened . chased H. away the British to the southward; and at 3 P. M. .* M. Villeneuve and his whole fleet bore up for the ... harbour of Cadiz. At midnight, having been joined v. of by the 74-gun ship Mars, captain George Duff, from
M. Vil- - - : “ - 1. i. Tangier bay, vice-admiral Collingwood, with his
in that four sail of the line, tacked in-shore, and, before
* daylight on the 21st, gallantly resumed his station
emperor directs that, if less than 23 of the latter are 1805.