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1805. asks, “Ne sera-t-il donc pas possible de trouver
dans la marine un homme entreprenant, qui voit
The french emperor's sentiments will be found against fully developed in the following set of charges which Willec, he is represented to have drawn up with his own
hand: “ First; he (Villeneuve) did not disembark at
to Brest, while Villeneuve himself steered for Caant ad- diz.”I In these charges two important facts dis
close themselves: one, that M. Villeneuve, in spite
* Précis des Evénemens, tome xii. p.
253. + As to this and other dates see p. 25.
# This extract is of too important a character not to be given in the original, it will therefore be found in the Appendix at No. 5.
of all the nonsense published in the Moniteur, did 1805. not, on the 23d of July, attempt to bring to action Sept. sir Robert Calder's fleet; the other, that something unexpected, and which, by a fair inference, was the false intelligence received through the danish ship from the Dragon 74, caused the franco-spanish fleet to run from an english ship of the line and two disabled frigates, and subsequently to change its destination from Brest to Cadiz.
A part of Napoléon's vexation with M. Villeneuve arose, no doubt, from the dissatisfaction with Dissa. which the Spaniards viewed the loss of their two tion of ships. This was augmented by the apparent un- Spara willingness of the french admiral, even though he had under him so powerful a fleet, to sail out, in the face of 11 english sail of the line cruising off Cadiz, and enable the Carthagena squadron to form a junction with admiral Gravina. In a letter of September 17, Napoléon complains of M. Villeneuve for this, and directs his minister of marine to order out the latter, with the french ships alone, (“mon escadre," not “ les escadres franco-espagnols,” or “ la flotte combinée,") upon a new expedition. M. ExpeVilleneuve is to proceed off Naples, and disembark, dition at some point on the coast, all the troops on board ed for the french ships, in order that they may join the army portion under general Saint-Cyr. He is then to capture the ofcomenglish ship of the line (Excellent 74) and russian feet. frigate cruising in the bay of Naples; to do all possible injury to the English; to intercept an expedition (sir James Craig's) which Napoléon supposes to be destined for Malta, and then to enter Toulon; where M. Villeneuve was to find every thing necessary for repairing and revictualling his ships. Part of the plan, if not previously accomplished, was to call at Genoa for the new 74 Génois ; and then, with the Borée (launched at Toulon, June 26) and Annibal 74s, Same there would be a fleet of 21 sail of the line in Toulon. The emperor's brother Jérôme, who had been Buonaappointed to the 40-gun frigate Pomone, was also, parte.
1805. with the assistance of the Borée, and of the Annibal,
if the latter could be made serviceable, to do all pos .
But the most extraordinary part of this letter is
from undertaking the expedition. He therefore ment of directs, that vice-admiral Rosily be despatched to adomi ir supersede M. Villeneuve in the command; and who to su- is to carry out orders to the latter to return immebede M. diately to France, to render an account of his conVille- duct. “ J'estime donc," says Napoléon, “ qu'il faut
faire deux choses : 1°. Envoyer un courrier extra-
Harsh and very unmerited was this treatment of treat. M. Villeneuve. The main point in the french admatter of miral's instructions had always been, to avoid an
engagement, and to bring his fleet fresh and entire
shifted his flag from the Queen 98 to the Décade
frigate, and proceeded to England for the recovery lingwood of his health. On the 30th sir Robert Calder, last Robeit from off Ferrol, where he had learnt that the comCalder. bined fleet, nine days previous, had made sail for
* Précis des Evénemens, tome xii. p.261.
Cadiz, joined with 18 line-of-battle ships.* Some of 1805.
The force now under lord Nelson consisted of A-
1805, strong westerly gales should prevail, the danger was
lessened of being forced into the Mediterranean; in
On the 1st of October the Euryalus frigate, cap-
18 french and 16 spanish sail of the line, four friCom- gates, and two brigs. On the 2d lord Nelson debined tached rear-admiral Louis, with the Canopus, Queen, in Ca- Spencer, Tigre, and Zealous, of the line, to Gibral
tar, for provisions and water. On the same day a
to put to sea the first easterly wind. This intelliLouis gence, meeting the rear-admiral on his way to the editch-eastward, induced him, on the 3d, to return with his Gibral- squadron to the fleet'; but lord Nelson, conceiving
the whole to be a stratagem to draw him nearer to
On the 4th, twice in the course of the day, seve-
state of the weather, pulled out from Cadiz and Attack attacked the Euryalus and Hydra; but, after the by spa- exchange of a few ineffectual shot, the former re
tired to the harbour's mouth. On the 7th the Deboats fiance joined from England, and on the Sth the LeEurya, viathan from Gibraltar. On the same day, with the lus and aid of a fine south-east wind and clear weather, the Hydra.
Euryalus was again enabled to count 34 sail of the