Page images

maining 14, reached the Arab's tower. On the 16th 1807. the Tigre alone stood in towards Alexandria, to as-Mo. certain from major Missit, the british resident, and arrives Mr. Briggs, the vice-consul, who were expected to cohe be on board the Wizard, which had been previously.” detached to receive them, the strength and disposition of the garrison and inhabitants. A favourable report being returned, the transports were called in from the offing; and, in the course of the evening, all the ships anchored off the entrance of the old or western harbour. A summons was immediately sent, demanding pos-Thesession of the town and fortresses. The next morn-o." ing, the 17th, brought a reply from the governor,..., that he would defend the place to the last extremity. “ On the same evening, therefore, between 600 and Troops 700 troops, along with five field-pieces, and 56 sea-. men under lieutenant James Boxer, were disembark-in." ed, without opposition, near the ravine that runs from lake Mareotis to the sea; but, owing to the heavy surf which got up in the night, the remainder, consisting of about 300 men, were not landed until the following day. On the evening of this day, the 18th, the troops moved forward, and attacked and ". carried the enemy's advanced works, with the slight enemy. loss of seven killed and 10 wounded. On the 19th the Apollo and the missing transports appeared in the offing. On joining the Tigre, the Apollo proceeded, with all the transports, to Aboukir bay; where, on the following day, the 20th, the remainder of the troops were landed without opposition, the castle of Aboukir having previously been secured. The appearance of such a reinforcement induced the turkish governor to offer terms of capitulation, similar to those which the British had proposed. On Alex: the same afternoon these terms were accepted; and, i. at 2 A. M. on the 21st, possession was taken of the ders, heights of Caffarille and Cretin, and immediately af. terwards of the city of Alexandria itself, the garrison of which amounted only to 467 troops and sailors.

**07. In the old or western harbour of Alexandria were March found two turkish frigates and one corvette. One frigate mounted 28 long 18-pounders (french caliber) on the main deck, and six !. 8-pounders and six 18-pounder carronades on the quarterdeck and forecastle; total 40 guns, all brass. The other frigate mounted 26 long brass 12, and eight long brass 6 pounders, total 34 guns; and the corvette 14 long 6, and two long 18 pounders, also of brass. Arrival On the 22d vice-admiral Duckworth, with a part 3:... of his squadron, arrived on the coast. The arrival P. of this reinforcement induced major-general Fraser * to attack Rosetta and Rhamanieh, chiefly to get a jo supply of provisions for the garrison. The troops i... advanced and took possession, without resistance, ta. of the heights of Abourmandour which command the town of Rosetta. In attempting, however, to possess themselves of that town, the troops were completely defeated, and returned to Alexandria with the loss of 400 officers and men killed and wounded, including among the former the major-general himself. Freed Famine now threatened the city of Alexandria, and Famine. Vice-admiral Sir John Duckworth, leaving the comDe- mand of the squadron to rear-admiral Sir Thomas E. Louis, (who died soon afterwards on board the Cai>uck- nopus,) quitted the coast, for England; where, on *** the 26th of May, the Royal-George safely arrived. The further operations of the British in Egypt, being wholly of a military nature, need not be here detailed. It may suffice to state, that the troops, being overpowered by numbers, suffered reverses; and, af. ter losing upwards of 1000 of their number in killed, wounded, and prisoners, were compelled, in the middle of September, to evacuate Egypt, and reembark Alex on board their ships. This the British were permitand is ted to do by a convention with the governor of Egypt; :... who, immediately on their departure, entered the city of Alexandria at the head of a powerful army, and rehoisted on its lofty towers the standard of Mahomet.

While on the subject of Turkish affairs, we must

give some account of the naval war carried on be-,1807, tween Russia and the Porte. Vice-admiral Seniavin, who made so bold a proposal to sir John Thomas RusDuckworth, had been educated in the british navy, so and, if we are rightly informed, subsequently gave a . proof of his attachment by retiring from service while . hostilities existed between Russia and England. The avia. squadron now under his orders, and of which rearol Greig was the second in command, consisted of the - -

[ocr errors]

With this fleet, having taken possession of the Takes islands of Lemnos and Tenedos, and placed a garri- ...; son in the latter, the russian admiral blockaded the LemDardanells. Another russian squadron cruised off?..." the mouth of the Bosphorus, and effectually cut off dos. all communication between Constantinople and the Black Sea. w

Emboldened by their success over a formidable Turksquadron of the far-famed British, the Turks hastened to to equip their fleet to act against the Russians in the . of Archipelago. With this stimulus to their exertions, ... the Turks managed, by the middle of May, to equip nei. a squadron of eight sail of the line, six frigates, some ship and brig corvettes, and about 50 gun-vessels. On the 19th this fleet passed the Dardanells, and, finding that the russian admiral had gone to the island of Imbro, steered for Tenedos. Here the Turks endeavoured to land a body of troops, but were repulsed, and stood over to the coast of Natolia. On Ischasthe 22d the two fleets got a sight of each other; and o: that of the Turks immediately crowded sail to escape in through the Dardanells. After a running fight of two"

hours, the turkish admiral succeeded in sheltering

Alsos., himself under the guns of the castles that guard the straits, but not without, it appears, losing three of his - ships by stranding upon Cape Janizary. i." . Owing to this disaster, it was not until the 22d of June that the Turks were again able to make their * appearance outside the Dardanells. On that day 10 forces sail of the line, including one three-decker, with six frigates and five smaller vessels,anchored off the island of Imbro. They shortly afterwards steered for TeneH. dos, and, disembarking a strong body of Turks, reTene- took the island. On the 1st of July the russian fleet * descried the turkish fleet off the island of Lemnos. Is met An engagement ensued, which lasted all day, and terof minated in the alleged loss to the Turks of three ships i... of the line and three frigates. The latter and two ... of the former were driven on shore. The other was captured, and proved to be the ship of the captain i."bey, mounting 80 brass guns, and manned with 774 and men; of whom, exclusive of the loss on board the * other ships, 230 were killed and 160 wounded: a sufficient proof of the obstinate manner in which the Turks had defended themselves. That they were by no means so skilful as they were brave, is evident from the small loss sustained by the Russians; which amounted, on board of all their ships, to only 135 killed and 409 wounded. It was a circumstance as singular as it was fortunate, that, on board the captured turkish ship, were found young Harwell and his four fellow-prisoners. A short time afterwards, falling in with the Kent 74, captain Edward Oliver Osborn, the russian admiral sent them on board that ship. ... Having completely defeated the Turks, and com.* pelled them a second time to retire to the Dardanells, : vice-admiral Seniavin took measures to recover posAegos. session of Tenedos. On the 9th he appeared off this island with his fleet, and summoned the turkish general to surrender upon a capitulation. This the latter did ; and on the 10th the turkish garrison, numbering 4600 men, was o; to the coast of

Asia. The treaty of Tilsit, of which we have already

[ocr errors]

given some account, having effected a total change in 1807. the politics of Alexander, vice-admiral Seniavin, on W.’ the 24th of August, concluded an armistice with coal

the Porte. He then, after detaching rear-admiral cludes Greig, with the Moscow, St.-Petro, and some smallero. vessels, to take possession of the island of Corfu, #. ceded to Russia by France under the treaty above- . named, hastened, with the remaining nine sail of the posses. line and one frigate, to get out of the Mediterranean.”

- - Corfu. and into the Baltic, before the expected rupture no

between Russia and England should render that a theme

difficult undertaking. diterra



At the very time that the columns of the Moniteur Napowere filled with invectives against England, for vio-. lating the neutrality of Denmark, the french empe-Porturor was marching an army to the frontiers of Portu-š.

gal; and that, not because the latter had relaxed her;

neutrality in favour of Great Britain, but because

she had hitherto refused wholly to abrogate it in
favour of France. Napoléon had the modesty to de-

mand, that Portugal should shut her ports against

the commerce of England, and should detain the
subjects of the latter and sequestrate their property;
thus compelling the prince regent virtually to declare
war against the ancient ally of his house, merely to
indulge the rancour of the french emperor, and assist
him with a fleet of ships in his meditated plan of
adding Ireland to the number of his conquests. Awed,
at length, by the near approach of general Junot and
an army of 40000 men, and swayed probably by the
arguments of the powerful french faction that exist-
ed in the heart of his capital, the prince regent, on
the 20th of October, declared, by a proclamation,
that he had judged it proper “ to accede to the cause
of the continent,” and shut his ports against the men ...,
of war and merchantmen of Great Britain. o
Intelligence of this proceeding reached England dron

[ocr errors]

early in November; and the following nine sail of the ol.

« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »