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1805, have seen, were shot away, and so was her figure
head. Her boats and anchors shared the same fate.
In her way down astern of the Belleisle, the Mars
with the intention to pass on and cut the line ahead of the San-Juan. In attempting this manoeuvre, the Mars was followed and engaged by the Pluton. Having by that time had her rigging and sails greatly damaged, the Mars was obliged to come head to wind in order to avoid running on board the Santa-Ana; whereby the Mars lay with her stern exposed to the Monarca and Algésiras. At this moment, however, the Tonnant came up, and soon found full employment for both of those ships. Meanwhile, as she paid off in her completely unmanageable state, the Mars became also exposed to a heavy fire from the Fougueux, then with her larboard guns engaging the Belleisle, and presently received into her stern a most destructive fire from the Pluton; a fire that almost cleared the poop and
quarterdeck of both officers and men. It was at Death
about 1 h. 15 m. P.M., while captain Duff was standing
on the breast, knocked off his head, and cast his 1805. body on the gangway. The same shot killed two Oct. seamen, who were standing close behind their captain. The command now devolved upon lieutenant William Hennah. By this time succour was at hand; and, while the Fougueux made off to the northward in the direction of the Téméraire, the Pluton stood away to the south-east to join admiral Gravina.*
The Mars had her main topmast and spanker-Daboom shot away, and her three lower masts, fore &c. to and main yards, and fore topmast, very badly Mars. wounded : her foremast, indeed, was left in so . sbattered a state that it subsequently fell overboard. The main piece of her rudder was badly wounded, her stern and quarters much cut, and nine of the poop-beams, besides sundry knees, &c.shot to pieces. The ship had also some guns disabled, and had received several shot between wind and water. The loss on board the Mars was proportionably severe: she had her captain, one master's mate, (Alexander Daff,) two midshipmen, (Edward Corbyn and Henry Morgan,) 17 seamen, and eight marine's killed, and two lieutenants, (Edward William Garrett and James Black,) her master, (Thomas Cook,) one captain of marines, (Thomas Norman,) five midshipmen, (John Young, George Guiren, William John Cook, John Jenkins, and Alfred Luckraft,) 44 seamen, and 16 marines wounded.
With respect to the injuries sustained by the Loss on Pluton, the ship is represented to have been unable, Pluton, after the action, to muster more than 400 effective men out of a complement of about 700 : consequently, her loss must have been severe. It appears, also, that the Pluton made three feet water an hour from the shot she had received in the hull.
Having, as already stated, fired at the ships that Tonwere pressing upon the Mars, the Tonnant steered nant. straight for the larboard bow of the Algésiras, then moving slowly onwards the same as her companions
* See second set of figures in diagram at p.71.
1805. in the line, and very near to her present leader, the
Monarca. As the Tonnant advanced, the Algésiras,
dropped astern, and struck her colours, although she Surren- afterwards rehoisted them. The Tonnant's people Monar-believed, although they were not certain, that the
Monarca struck ; but the Spartiate, who, not being
Filling her main and mizen topsails, the Algésiras
Tonnant, who, by this time, had had her fore topmast Ton- and main yard shot away; but the Tonnant, putting runs on her helm hai^l-a-port, ran the Algésiras on board,
and defeated the manoeuvre. The bowsprit and Algési
anchors of the Algésiras getting entangled with the
lative positions, to the advantage of the Tonnant. Monar- It was, doubtless, while the Tonnant's attention was hoists thus occupied, that the Monarca, being left to herher co- self, and having suffered comparatively little in the
action, rehoisted her colours.
While thus fast to the Algésiras on her starboard side, the Tonnant fired her larboard aftermost guns athwart the hawse of the Mars at the Pluton lying upon the latter's larboard bow, and her larboard foremost guns at the San-Juan Nepomuceno lying upon her own bow. Meanwhile the Mars, until she and the Pluton dropped astern, fired several welldirected shot into the larboard quarter of the Algésiras. The position of the Tonnant and ships around her at this time, which was about lh. 35 m.
P. M., we have endeavoured to illustrate by the fol- 1805. lowing diagram.
At about 1 h. 40 m. P. M. captain Tyler received a Capt. severe wound, and was obliged to be taken below. woundThe command of the Tonnant thereupon devolved ed. upon lieutenant John Bedford. In the mean time an animated cannonade was kept up between the two ships ; by which the Algésiras soon lost her foremast, and the Tonnant her main and mizen topmasts. The Algésiras made a serious attempt to board; but the marines of the Tonnant maintained so steady and well-directed a fire, that the french crew did not succeed, except in the case of one man, who contrived to enter one of the Tonnant's maindeck ports, and whose life, to the credit of those who took him, was spared. At about 2 h. 15 m. P. M., just as her main and mizen masts were about to share the fate of her foremast, the Algésiras, after a very gallant defence, struck her colours; and lieutenant Charles AlgéBennett, with lieutenant of marines Arthur Ball, and siras, about 48 men, stepped on board and took possession of her. In another quarter of an hour the San-Juan hailed that she surrendered; and lieutenant Benjamin Clement was sent in the jollyboat, with two hands, to take possession. The boat, being damaged by shot, swamped, before she reached a quarter of the way. The two men could swim, but not the lieutenant. While the latter was clinging to the boat, a shpt struck her and knocked off her quarter. The boat then turned bottom upwards; and lieutenant Clement held fast by the boat's fall until
1905. one of his two companions, a black man, Macnamara
rope that lead out of the ship’s stern port. By this
Among the damages sustained by the Tonnant in mes to the hull, was a bad wound in the rudder, a portion of Ton- the head of which was shot away; and a great part
of her starboard quarter-piece, with the rails and
clerk, (William Allen,) one master's mate, (Henry Also to Ready,) 30 seamen, and 16 marines wounded. The Alge- Algésiras had upwards of 200 men killed and
wounded, including several officers, and among the
After having captured the Algésiras and disen-
In consequence of the novel mode of attack arising adopted by the commander in chief, each british from ship, as she bore up in line ahead, was obliged to
follow in the wake of her leader until close upon the
enemy's line: her commander, then, acting up to tions to lord Nelson's instructions, as contained in the melis.cap- morandum at a previous page, that no captain could
do very wrong who placed his ship alongside that of