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1805, have seen, were shot away, and so was her figure

head. Her boats and anchors shared the same fate.
If the Belleisle's damages were severe, her loss of
men was not less so: she bad two lieutenants, (Ebe-
nezer Geall and John Woodin,) one midshipman,
(George Nind,) 22 seamen, and eight marines killed,
one lieutenant, (William Ferrie,) one lieutenant of
marines, (John Owen,) her boatswain, (Andrew
Gibson,) two master's mates, (William Henry Pearson
and William Cutfield,) one midshipman, (Samuel
Jago,) one first-class volunteer, (J. T. Hodge,) 67
seamen, and 19 marines wounded.

In her way down astern of the Belleisle, the Mars
suffered severely from the heavy raking fire of the
ships ahead of her, the San-Juan Nepomuceno, Plu-
ton, Monarca, and Algésiras. As the Mars was
directing her course to cut the line between the first
two of these ships, the Pluton, who was to-wind-
ward of the San-Juan, ranged ahead: whereupon, to
avoid being raked by so close an opponent, the Mars


with the intention to pass on and cut the line ahead of the San-Juan. In attempting this manoeuvre, the Mars was followed and engaged by the Pluton. Having by that time had her rigging and sails greatly damaged, the Mars was obliged to come head to wind in order to avoid running on board the Santa-Ana; whereby the Mars lay with her stern exposed to the Monarca and Algésiras. At this moment, however, the Tonnant came up, and soon found full employment for both of those ships. Meanwhile, as she paid off in her completely unmanageable state, the Mars became also exposed to a heavy fire from the Fougueux, then with her larboard guns engaging the Belleisle, and presently received into her stern a most destructive fire from the Pluton; a fire that almost cleared the poop and

quarterdeck of both officers and men. It was at Death

about 1 h. 15 m. P.M., while captain Duff was standing
at the break of the quarterdeck looking over the
side, that a cannon-shot from the Pluton struck him

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of cap

tain Duff,

on the breast, knocked off his head, and cast his 1805. body on the gangway. The same shot killed two Oct. seamen, who were standing close behind their captain. The command now devolved upon lieutenant William Hennah. By this time succour was at hand; and, while the Fougueux made off to the northward in the direction of the Téméraire, the Pluton stood away to the south-east to join admiral Gravina.*

The Mars had her main topmast and spanker-Daboom shot away, and her three lower masts, fore &c. to and main yards, and fore topmast, very badly Mars. wounded : her foremast, indeed, was left in so . sbattered a state that it subsequently fell overboard. The main piece of her rudder was badly wounded, her stern and quarters much cut, and nine of the poop-beams, besides sundry knees, &c.shot to pieces. The ship had also some guns disabled, and had received several shot between wind and water. The loss on board the Mars was proportionably severe: she had her captain, one master's mate, (Alexander Daff,) two midshipmen, (Edward Corbyn and Henry Morgan,) 17 seamen, and eight marine's killed, and two lieutenants, (Edward William Garrett and James Black,) her master, (Thomas Cook,) one captain of marines, (Thomas Norman,) five midshipmen, (John Young, George Guiren, William John Cook, John Jenkins, and Alfred Luckraft,) 44 seamen, and 16 marines wounded.

With respect to the injuries sustained by the Loss on Pluton, the ship is represented to have been unable, Pluton, after the action, to muster more than 400 effective men out of a complement of about 700 : consequently, her loss must have been severe. It appears, also, that the Pluton made three feet water an hour from the shot she had received in the hull.

Having, as already stated, fired at the ships that Tonwere pressing upon the Mars, the Tonnant steered nant. straight for the larboard bow of the Algésiras, then moving slowly onwards the same as her companions

* See second set of figures in diagram at p.71.



1805. in the line, and very near to her present leader, the

Monarca. As the Tonnant advanced, the Algésiras,
having already her main topsail to the mast, backed
her mizen topsail, and thus enabled the former, at
about 45 minutes past noon, to run close under the
spanish ship’s stern. Pouring in a raking fire, the
Tonnant hauled up, and engaged the Monarca along-
side; but, dreading to encounter so large and pow-
erful a ship, the latter fired a few ineffective shot,

dropped astern, and struck her colours, although she Surren- afterwards rehoisted them. The Tonnant's people Monar-believed, although they were not certain, that the

Monarca struck ; but the Spartiate, who, not being
engaged until late, had leisure for observation, saw
the fag hauled down, and in her log says accord-
ingly: “ At lh. 7m. a spanish two-decker struck to
the Tonnant."

Filling her main and mizen topsails, the Algésiras
now evinced an intention to cross the stern of the

Tonnant, who, by this time, had had her fore topmast Ton- and main yard shot away; but the Tonnant, putting runs on her helm hai^l-a-port, ran the Algésiras on board,

and defeated the manoeuvre. The bowsprit and Algési

anchors of the Algésiras getting entangled with the
main rigging of the Tonnant, the two ships were
held fast together, greatly, on account of their re-

lative positions, to the advantage of the Tonnant. Monar- It was, doubtless, while the Tonnant's attention was hoists thus occupied, that the Monarca, being left to herher co- self, and having suffered comparatively little in the

action, rehoisted her colours.

While thus fast to the Algésiras on her starboard side, the Tonnant fired her larboard aftermost guns athwart the hawse of the Mars at the Pluton lying upon the latter's larboard bow, and her larboard foremost guns at the San-Juan Nepomuceno lying upon her own bow. Meanwhile the Mars, until she and the Pluton dropped astern, fired several welldirected shot into the larboard quarter of the Algésiras. The position of the Tonnant and ships around her at this time, which was about lh. 35 m.



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P. M., we have endeavoured to illustrate by the fol- 1805. lowing diagram.


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At about 1 h. 40 m. P. M. captain Tyler received a Capt. severe wound, and was obliged to be taken below. woundThe command of the Tonnant thereupon devolved ed. upon lieutenant John Bedford. In the mean time an animated cannonade was kept up between the two ships ; by which the Algésiras soon lost her foremast, and the Tonnant her main and mizen topmasts. The Algésiras made a serious attempt to board; but the marines of the Tonnant maintained so steady and well-directed a fire, that the french crew did not succeed, except in the case of one man, who contrived to enter one of the Tonnant's maindeck ports, and whose life, to the credit of those who took him, was spared. At about 2 h. 15 m. P. M., just as her main and mizen masts were about to share the fate of her foremast, the Algésiras, after a very gallant defence, struck her colours; and lieutenant Charles AlgéBennett, with lieutenant of marines Arthur Ball, and siras, about 48 men, stepped on board and took possession of her. In another quarter of an hour the San-Juan hailed that she surrendered; and lieutenant Benjamin Clement was sent in the jollyboat, with two hands, to take possession. The boat, being damaged by shot, swamped, before she reached a quarter of the way. The two men could swim, but not the lieutenant. While the latter was clinging to the boat, a shpt struck her and knocked off her quarter. The boat then turned bottom upwards; and lieutenant Clement held fast by the boat's fall until

Surrender of

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1905. one of his two companions, a black man, Macnamara
Oct. by name, swam to the Tonnant, and returned with a

rope that lead out of the ship’s stern port. By this
means a brave young officer, who had been in two
or three of the general actions of the preceding
war, was saved to his country.

Among the damages sustained by the Tonnant in mes to the hull, was a bad wound in the rudder, a portion of Ton- the head of which was shot away; and a great part

of her starboard quarter-piece, with the rails and
gallery, was carried away by the Algésiras when
the vessels got foul. The loss on board the Ton-
nant amounted to one midshipman, (William Brown,)
16 seamen, and nine marines killed, her captain, (se-
werely,) boatswain, (Richard Little,) the captain's

clerk, (William Allen,) one master's mate, (Henry Also to Ready,) 30 seamen, and 16 marines wounded. The Alge- Algésiras had upwards of 200 men killed and

wounded, including several officers, and among the
mortally wounded, the brave and highly respected
rear-admiral Magon, who had previously been
wounded in two places, but would not quit the deck.

After having captured the Algésiras and disen-
gaged herself from her prize, the Tonnant fired
several shot at the squadron of M. Dumanoir passing
to-windward ; but, having no boat left, could not
send again to take possession of the San-Juan. That
spanish ship, however, was shortly afterwards en-
gaged and secured by the Dreadnought.

In consequence of the novel mode of attack arising adopted by the commander in chief, each british from ship, as she bore up in line ahead, was obliged to

follow in the wake of her leader until close upon the

enemy's line: her commander, then, acting up to tions to lord Nelson's instructions, as contained in the melis.cap- morandum at a previous page, that no captain could

do very wrong who placed his ship alongside that of
an enemy, attached himself to the first Frenchman or
Spaniard that crossed his path. Most of the cap-
tains had also received, on the morning of the
action, lord Nelson's verbal directions, transmitted

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Nelson's direc

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