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Swallows him with his host; but them lets pass,
As on dry land, between two crystal walls,
Aw'd by the rod of Moses so to stand
Divided, till his rescu'd gain’d their shore.
Such wondrous pow'r God to his saint will lend,
Though present in his Angel, who shall go 201
Before them in a cloud and pillar of fire,
(By day a cloud, by night a pillar of fire)
To guide them in their journey, and remove
Behind them, while th' obd’rate king pursues.
All night he will pursue; but his approach 206
Darkness defends between till morning watch;
Then through the fiery pillar and the cloud
God, looking forth, will trouble all his host,
Andcraze theirchariot-wheels: when bycommand
Moses once more his potent rod extends
Over the sea ; the sea his rod obeys;
On their embattI'd ranks the waves return,
And overwhelm their war: the race elect
Safe towards Canaan from the shore advance
Thro' the wild desert, not the readiest way, 216
Lest, ent’ring on the Canaanite, alarm’d,
War terrify them inexpert, and fear
Return them back to Egypt, choosing rather
Inglorious life with servitude; for life
To noble and ignoble, is more sweet
Untrain'd in arms, where rashness leads not on.
This also shall they gain by their delay
In the wide wilderness; there they shall found
Their government, and their great senate choose



Thro' the twelve tribes, to rule by laws ordain'd.
God from the mount of Sinai, whose gray top
Shall tremble, he descending, will himself
In thunder, lightning, and loud trumpets sound,
Ordain them laws; part such as appertain 230
To civil justice, part religious rites
Of sacrifice, informing them, by types
And shadows, of that destin'd Seed to bruise
The Serpent, by what means he shall atchieve
Mankind's deliv'rance. But the voice of God
To mortal ear is dreadful! They beseech
That Moses might report to them his will,
And terror cease. He grants what they besought,
Instructed that to God is no access
Without Mediator, whose high office now 240
Moses in figure bears, to introduce
One greater, of whose day he shall foretel;
And all the prophets in their age

the times
Of great Messiah shall sing. Thus laws and rites
Establish’d, such delight hath God in men 245
Obedient to his will, that he vouchsafes
Among them to set up his tabernacle,
The Holy One with mortal men to dwell.
By his prescript a sanctuary is fram’d
Of cedar, overlaid with gold, therein 250
An ark, and in the ark his testimony,
The records of his cov’nant; over these
A mercy-seat of gold between the wings
Of two bright Cherubim; before him burn
Sev’n lamps, as in a zodiac, representing 255

The heav'nly fires : over the tent a cloud
Shall rest by day, a fiery gleam by night,
Save when they journey; and at length they come,
Conducted by his Angel, to the land
Promis'd to Abrah'm and his seed. The rest
Were long to tell, how many battles fought,
How many kings destroy'd, and kingdoms won,
Or how the sun shall in mid Heav'n stand still
A day entire, and night's due course adjourn,
Man's voice commanding, Sun in Gibeon stand,
And thou moon in the vale of Aijalon, 266
Till Israel overcome; so call the third
From Abraham, son of Isaac, and from him
His whole descent, who thus shall Canaan win.

Here Adam interpos’d: 0 sent from Heav'n, Enlight'ner of

my darkness, gracious things 271 Thou hast reveal'd, those chiefly which concern Just Abraham and his seed: now first I find Mine eyes true op’ning, and my heart much eas'd, Erewhile perplex'd with thoughts what would become

275 Of me and all mankind; but now I see His day, in whom all nations shall be blest, Favour unmerited by me, who sought Forbidden knowledge by forbidden means. This yet I apprehend not, why to those 280 Among whom God will deign to dwell on earth, So many

and so various laws are giv'n? So many laws argue so many sins Among them. How can God with such reside?

To whom thus Michael: Doubt not but that sin Will reign among them, as of thee begot; 286 And therefore was law giv'n them to evince Their nat’ral pravity, by stirring up Sin against law to fight: that when they see Law can discover sin, but not remove, 290 Save by those shadowy expiations weak, The blood of bulls and goats, they may conclude Some blood more precious must be paid for man, Just for unjust, that in such righteousness To them by faith imputed, they may find 295 Justification towards God, and peace Of conscience, which the law by ceremonies Cannot appease, nor man the moral part Perform, and, not performing, cannot live. So law appears imperfect, and but giv'n 300 With purpose to resign them in full time Up to a better cov’nant, disciplin'd From shadowy types to truth, from flesh to sp'rit, From imposition of strict laws to free Acceptance of large grace, from servile fear 305 To filial, works of law to works of faith. And therefore shall not Moses, though of God Highly belov’d, being but the minister Of law, his people into Canaan lead; But Joshua, whom the Gentiles Jesus call, 310 His name and office bearing, who shall quell The adversary Serpent, and bring back, Thro' the world's wilderness long wander'd, man Safe, to eternal Paradise of rest.


Mean while they in their earthly Canaan plac'd,
Long time shall dwell and prosper, but when sins
National interrupt their public peace,
Provoking God to raise them enemies ;
From whom as oft he saves them penitent
By judges first, then under kings: of whom
The second, both for piety renown'd
And puissant deeds, a promise shall receive
Irrevocable, that his regal throne
For ever shall endure. The like shall sing
All prophecy, that of the royal stock

Of David (so I name this King) shall rise
A Son, the Woman's seed to thee foretold,
Foretold to Abraham, as in whom shall trust
All nations, and to kings foretold, of kings
The last; for of his reign shall be no end. 330
But first a long succession must ensue,
And his next son, for wealth and wisdom fam'd,
The clouded ark of God, till then in tents
Wand'ring, shall in a glorious temple’ inshrine.
Such follow him as shall be register'd 335
Part good, part bad, of bad the longer scroll,
Whose foul idolatries, and other faults
Heap'd to the pop'lar sum, will so incense
God, as to leave them, and expose their land,
Their city', his temple, and his holy ark, 340
With all his sacred things, a scorn and prey
To that proud city, whose high walls thou saw'st
Left in confusion, Babylon thence call’d.
There in captivity he lets them dwell

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