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Anno

Name.

Place. 23 Hen. Newton, arm.

Arg. on a chevron Az. three garbs. 0. 24 Joh. Buller, arm.

S. on a plain cross Arg. quarter pierced, four eaglets of

the field. 25 Ar. Hopton, arm.

Witham. Arg. two bars S. each with three mullets of six points 0. 26 Gabr. Hawley, arm.

Vert, a saltire engrailed 0. 27 Nic. Sidenham, arm. ut prius. 28 Joh. Clifton, mil. Barrington.

S. semée of cinquefoils, a lion rampant Arg. 29 Hen. Berkley, mil, ut prius. 30 Edw. Sainthorp, arm. 31 Sam. Norton, arm. 32 Hugo Portman, arm. ut prius. 33 Joh. Harington, arm.

S. a fret Arg. 34 Geo. Speke, arm.

Whitlackington. Arg. two bars Az.; over all an eagle displayed G. 35 Geo. Lutterel, arm. ut prius. 36 [AMP.] Hen. Walrond. 37 Joh. Francis, arm. . Combe Flourée.

Arg. a chevron betwixt three mullets G. pierced. 38 Joh. Stowel, mil. ut prius. 39 Joh. Colles, arm. 40 Joh. Gennings, arm. Burton.

Az, a chevron 0. betwixt three bezants; on a chief Erm.

three cinquefoils G. 41 Geo. Rodney, arm. ut prius. 42 Hugo. Portman, mil.

ut prius. 43 Joh. Mallet, arm. ut prius. 44 Joh. May, arm.

Charterhouse Heyden.
S. a chevron O. betwixt three roses Arg. ; a chief of the

second.
45 Edw. Rogers, arm. ut prius.

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JACO. REG. 1 Edw. Rogers, arm. ut prius. 2 Joh. Windham, mil. Orchard.

Az. a chevron betwixt three lions' heads erased 0. 3 Tho. Horner, arm. ut prius. 4 Joh. Portman, arm.

ut prius. 5 Edw. Hext, mil. .

Ham. O. a castle betwixt three pole-axes S. 6 Edw. Gorges, mil. Wraxal.

Masculy, O. and Az.

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Anne
Name.

Place.
7 Geo. Lutterel, arm. ut prius.
8 Francis Baber, arm.

Chew Mag. Arg. on a fess G. three falcons' heads erased of the first. 9 Jo. Rodney, mil. et ut prius. Hugo Smith, mil. .. Ashton. G. OR a chevron betwixt three cinquefoils O. pierced

as many leopards' heads S. 10 Rob. Hendley, arm. Leigh.

Az. a lion rampant Arg. crowned 0.; within a border of

the second an entoyre of eight torteaux. 11 Nat. Still, arm. 12 Joh. Horner, mil. ut prius. 13 Barth. Michel, mil.

Parti per fess G. and S. a chevron Arg. betwixt three

swans proper. Joh. Colles, arm. 14 Joh. Paulet, arm.

Hinton St. George. S. three swords in pile Arg. 15 Rob. Hopton, arm. .

ut prius. 16 Theob. Newton, mil. ut prius. 17 Jo. Trevilian, arm.

Nettlecombe. G. a demi-horse Arg. issuing out of the waves of the sea. 18 Hen. Hendley, arm.

ut prius. 19 Marmad. Gennings, arm. ut prius. 20 Edw. Popham, arm.

Arg. on a chief G. two bucks' heads 0. 21 Will. Francis, arm.

ut prius. 22 Th. Windham, arm. .

ut prius.

CAR. REG.

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1 Rob. Philips, mil. : . Montacute.

Arg. a chevron between three roses G. 2 Joh. Symmes, arm. .

Pounsford.
Az. three scallops in base 0.
3 Joh. Latch, arm.

Langford.
Arg. on a fess wavy three lozenges 0. between as many

ineschocheons G. 4 Joh. Stowell, mil.

ut prius. 5 Tho. Thynne, mil.

WILTSHIRE. Barry of ten, O. and S. 6 Fr. Dodington, mil. . Loxton.

S. three hunters' horns Arg. 7 Th. Lutterel, arm.

ut prius. 8 Will. Walrond, arm.

ut prius. 9 Joh. Carew, mil.

O. three lions passant S. armed and langued G.

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Anno
Name.

Place. 10 Hen. Hodges, arm. .

Hasilbere.
O. three crescents; and in a canton S. a ducal crown of

the first.
11 [AMP.] Joh. Basset, arm.
12
13
14 Will. Evvens, arm.

S. a fess between two flowers-de-luce Or. 15 16 17 18 S Bellum nobis hæc otia fecit. 19 20

21

22 Rich. Cole, arm.

Nailsle.
Parti per pale Arg. and G. a bull passant counterchanged.

KING JAMES. 14. John PAULET, Armiger.—He was son to Sir Anthony Paulet, (governor of Jersey) by the sole daughter of Henry Lord Norrice, being the sole sister to the brood of many martial brethren. A very accomplished gentleman, of quick and clear parts : a bountiful housekeeper, so that king Charles consigned Monsieur Soubize unto him, who gave him and his retinue many months' liberal entertainment. The said king afterwards created him baron Paulet of Hinton St. George, in this county, descended to him from the Denbaudes, the ancient owners thereof. He married Elizabeth, the daughter and sole heir of Christopher Ken of Ken castle in the same shire, esquire, whose right honourable son and heir John Lord Paulet now succeedeth in that barony.

MODERN BATTLES. None have been fought in this county, which come properly under this notion. Indeed the skirmish at Martial's Elm (some thing military and ominous in the name thereof) fought 1642, made much noise in men's ears (a musket gave

then a greater report than a cannon since); and is remembered the cause conceived first to break the peace of this nation, long restive and rusty in ease and quiet.

As for the encounter at Langport, where the king's forces under the Lord Goring were defeated by the Parliament's, July 12, 1645, it was rather a flight than a fight; like the battle of Spurs (fought many years since); the horse, by their speed, well saving themselves, whilst the poor foot (pawned in the place) paid dearly for it. And henceforward the sun of the king's cause declined, verging more and more westward, till at last it

more, be

BRISTOL--NATURAL COMMODITIES.

113

set in Cornwall, and since (after a long and dark night) rose again by God's goodness in the east, when our gracious sovereign arrived at Dover.

THE FAREWELL.

May He, who bindeth the sea in agirdle of sand, confine it within the proper limits thereof, that Somersetshire may never see that sad accident return, which happened here 1607 ; when, by the eruption of the Severn sea, much mischief was, more had been done, if the west wind had continued longer with the like violence. The country was overflowed, almost twenty miles in length, and four in breadth, and yet but eighty persons drowned therein. It was then observable that creatures of contrary natures, dogs, hares, foxes, conies, cats, mice, getting up to the tops of some hills, dispensed at that time with their antipathies, remaining peaceably together, without sign of fear or violence one towards another; to lesson men in public dangers, to depose private differences, and prefer their safety before their revenge.

BRISTOL.

eminent persons.

BRISTOL, more truly Bright-stow, that is, illustrious or bright dwelling, answers its name in many respects : bright in the situation thereof, conspicuous on the rising of a hill; bright in the buildings, fair and firm ; bright in the streets, so cleanly kept, as if scoured (where no carts, but sledges, are used); but chiefly bright for the inhabitants thereof, having bred so many

It standeth both in Somerset and Gloucester-shires (and yet in neither, it being a liberty of itself); divided into two parts by the river Avon, conjoined with a bridge, which, being built on both sides, counterfeiteth a continued street, for which strangers at the first sight do mistake it. The houses of the merchants herein are generally very fair; and their entries, though little and narrow, lead into high and spacious halls; which form may mind the inhabitants thereof of their passage to a better place.

NATURAL COMMODITIES.

DIAMONDS. These are the stars of the earth, though such but dim ones, which St. Vincent's rock, near to this city, doth produce. Their price is abated by their paleness and softness, to which we may add their number and nearness; for, were they but few and far

VOL. III.

1

fetched, their value would be advanced. They are not those unions, pearls so called, because thrifty Nature only affordeth them by one and one ;* seeing that not only twins, but bunches and clusters of these are found together.

Were this rock of raw diamonds removed into the East Indies, and placed where the beams of the sun might sufficiently concoct them; probably in some hundreds of years they would be ripened into an orient perfection. All I will add is this: a lady in the reign of queen Elizabeth would have as patiently digested the lie, as the wearing of false stones or pendants of counterfeit pearl, so common in our age; and I could wish it were the worst piece of hypocrisy in fashion.

MANUFACTURES.

GRAY-SOAP. I behold Bristol as the staple place thereof, where alone it was anciently made ; for though there be a place in London, nigh Cheapside, called Sopers-lane, it was never so named from that commodity made therein (as some have supposed), but from Alen le Soper, the long since owner thereof. Yea, it is not above a hundred and fifty years, by the confession of the chronicler of that city, since the first soap was boiled in London ;t before which time the land was generally supplied with Castile from Spain, and Gray-soap from Bristol. Yea, after that London meddled with the making thereof, Bristol soap (notwithstanding the portage) was found much the cheaper. I

Great is the necessity thereof: seeing, without soap, our bodies would be no better than dirt, before they are turned into dust: men, whilst living, become noisome to themselves and others. Nor less its antiquity: for although our modern soap, made of pot-ashes and other ingredients, was unknown to the ancients, yet had they ri ávaxoyov, something which effectually supplied the place thereof, making their woollen clear, their linen cloth cleanly. Christ is compared by the prophets to Fuller's soap, in Hebrew borith, which word Arias Montanus, in his Interlineary Bible, retaineth untranslated; but, in his comment (following the example of St. Hierom) on the place, rendereth it herba Fullonum, expounding it to be saponaria, in English soapworth. Indeed, both Dodoneus and Gerardus write thereof, “ This plant hath no use in physic.” Yet, seeing Nature made nothing in vain, soapworth cannot justly be charged as useless, because purging (though not the body) the clothes of a man, and conducing much to the neatness thereof.

* “Uniones, quia nulli duo simul reperientur.” Pliny's Natural History, lib. ix. cap. 35.

† Stow's Survey, p. 265. # Idem, in his first Table, verbo Sope. $ Malachi iii. 2.

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