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WORTHIES SINCE THE TIME OF FULLER.
lord Say and Sele. He died anno domini 1612. William Fiennes, his eldest son, was since created viscount Say and Sele, and is still alive, 1661.*
KING CHARLES I. 3. RICHARD WENMAN, Mil.—This worthy knight was by king Charles the First created first baron Wenman of Chilmaynam in the county of Dublin, and then viscount Wenman, of Tuant in the county of Galway, both in the kingdom of Ireland, by letters patent, dated at Cambray the 25th of July, 1628, 4 Caroli.
THE FAREWELL. As for the poorer sort of husbandmen in this county, I wish there may be more Sir Henry Kebles for their sakes. This knight (though a native of London, and lord mayor thereof) had such an affection for this and Warwickshire, that he singled out a hundred and fifty of the poorest husbandmen therein, and gave each of them a new plough-share and a new coulter of iron,t and, in my mind, that is the most charitable charity which enableth decayed industry to follow its vocation.
WORTHIES OF OXFORDSHIRE WHO HAVE FLOURISHED SINCE
THE TIME OF FULLER.
Andrew ALLAM, divine and biographer, assisted Anthony
Wood; born at Garsington 1655; died 1685. Sir Wm. Beechey, R.A., celebrated painter; born at Burford
1753; died 1839. William BERRIMAN, divine, author of “Sermons;" born at
Banbury 1688. Charles Davenant, political economist; born at Oxford 1656;
died 1714. Sir William DAVENANT, dramatist and poet-laureat, loyalist;
born at Oxford 1605; died 1668. Rev. Mr. DE LA FIELD, historian of his native parish; born at
Hasely 1690. Nathaniel FIENNES, son of lord Say and Sele, parliamentarian
officer; born at Broughton 1603; died 1669. John Free, divine, political and miscellaneous writer; born at
Oxford 1711. William GREENHILL, divine, commentator on Ezekiel; died
• He died 1662.- ED.
† Stow's Survey of London, p. 89.
Warren Hastings, for many years governor of the East Indies,
subsequently impeached, but acquitted; born at Churchill
1732; died 1818. Peter HEYLIN, sub.dean of Westminster, author of “Cosmo
graphy;" born at Burford 1600; died 1662. Sir John Holt, patriotic lord chief justice of the King's
Bench; born at Thame 1642; died 1709. Charles JENKINSON, first earl of Liverpool, statesman; born
at Walcot 1727; died 1808. Mary LATTER, dramatist and satirist; born at Henley-upon
Thames 1725. William LENTHAL, speaker of the Long Parliament; born at
Henley-upon-Thames 1591; died 1663. Marchmont NEEDHAM, political writer during the civil war;
born at Burford 1620; died 1678. William Oldes, biographer and herald ; born at Adderbury
1686. John Owen, independent divine, scholar and author; born at
Stadhampton 1616; died 1683. John Philips, poet, author of “Cyder” and “Splendid Shil
ling;" born at Bampton 1676; died 1708. Edward Pococke, divine, orientialist, and archbishop Laud's
first professor of Arabic; born at Oxford 1604; died 1691. Thomas RANDOLPH, divine and author; died 1788. John Wilmot earl of RochESTER, wit and poet; born at
Ditchley 1648; died 1680. Dr. John ROGERS, divine, author on “ The Visible and Invisible
Church;" born at Ensham 1679; died 1729. Henry Rose, author of a philosophical essay for the re-union of
languages; born at Pirton 17th century. John SiBTHORP, physician, botanist, and traveller; born at
Oxford 1758; died 1796. Edward WARD, miscellaneous writer, author of “London Spy;"
born 1667; died 1731. Anthony à Wood, industrious biographer and antiquary;
at Oxford 1632; died 1695. Benjamin WOODROFFE, Principal of Gloucester Hall, scholar;
born at Oxford; died 1711. Wm. Smith, LL.D., naturalist and geologist; born at Churchill
1769; died 1840.
Of Oxfordshire there is no complete topographical history. In 1705, however, Dr. Plot published the Natural History of the county ; and in 1813 some general notices appeared in the Beauties of England and Wales, by J. N. Brewer. In 1823 also appeared Skelton's engraved Illustrations of Oxfordshire, with descriptive and historical observations. Of the town and university various accounts have appeared ; as Pointer's Oxoniensis Academia (1749); Ant, à Wood's History of the University, by J. Gutch (1796); Skelton's Oxonia Antiqua Restaurata ; Rev. T. Warton's History of Kiddington (1815); Dunkin's Histories of the Hundreds of Bullington and Ploughley, and of Bicester, &c. (1823).-Ed.
RUTLANDSHIRE is, by a double diminutive, called by Mr. Camden, “ Angliæ Provinciola minima.” Indeed it is but the pestle of a lark, which is better than a quarter of some bigger bird, having the most cleanly profit in it; no place, so fair for the rider, being more fruitful for the abider therein.
Banishing the fable of king Rott, and their fond conceit who will have Rutland so called from roet, the French word for a wheel, from the rotundity thereof, (being in form almost exactly orbicular); it is so termed quasi Red-land; for as nature kept a dye-cat herein, a reddish tincture discoloureth the earth, stones, yea the very fleeces of the sheep feeding therein. If the Rabbins' observation be true, who distinguish betwixt Arets, the general element of the earth, and Adamah, red ground, from which Adam was taken and named; making the latter the former refined ; Rutland's soil, on the same reason, may lay claim to more than ordinary purity and perfection.
BUILDINGS. Burgley on the Hill belonged formerly to the lord Harrington, but since so beautified with buildings by the duke of Buckingham, that it was inferior to few for the house, superior to all for the stable; where horses (if their pabulum so plenty as their stabulum stately) were the best accommodated in England. But, alas ! what saith Menedemus to Chremas in the comedy? “Filium unicum adolescentulum habeo. Ah, quid dixi habere me? immo habui." So
So may Rutland say, “I have, yea I had, one most magnificent house: this Burgley being since demolished in our civil war ;* so just was the poet's ancient invective,
"Αρες, άρες, βρoτoλoιγέ, μιαιφόνε τειχεσιπλήτα.
“Mars, Mars, bane of men, slaughter-stain'd spoiler of houses." But when we have first sufficiently bemoaned the loss of so many worthy men in our late war, if then we have still any sor
• Daniel earl of Nottingham afterwards purchased this estate, and rebuilt the house, which has a park inclosed by a wall of five or six miles round. It has since belonged to the earl of Winchelsea.-Ed.
row left, and tears to spare, we will spend them in lamenting the raising and ruining of so many stately structures.
WONDERS. How it will appear to the reader I know not; but it is wonderful in my apprehension, that this county, so pleasant, so fruitful, almost in the middle of England, had not one absolute or entire abbey therein; producing only two small appurtenances (of inconsiderable value) to convents in other counties : viz.
Okeham, under the custody of the priory of St. Anne by Coventry, founded by William Dalby, for two chaplains and twelve poor; receiving in all one and twenty pounds per annum.
Brook, a cell to Killingworth, founded by Walkeline de FerTers, baron of Okeham, for black canons, valued, at the dissolution, at forty-three pounds thirteen shillings and four-pence.
Thelike cannot be paralleled in England, choose so great a parcel of good ground where you please. Shew me so fair a bunch of sweet grapes which had no more flies to suck them. Nor can I conjecture any competent cause thereof, except because Edward the Confessor, by his will, gave all Rutland to Westminster church; which, though rescinded by king William the Conqueror, yet other convents perchance might be scrupulous to accept what once belonged to another foundation,
PROVERBS. “ Rutland Raddleman."] I meet in an author * with this blazon, as he terms it, of Rutlandshire, though I can scarcely recover the meaning thereof.
Rad here is the same with red (only more broadly pronounced); as Radcliffe, de rubro clivo, Redcliffe. Raddleman then is a Reddleman, a trade (and that a poor one) only in this county, whence men bring on their backs a pack of red stones, or ochre, which they sell to the neighbouring countries for the marking of sheep, well nigh as discernible (and far less hurtful to the wool) as pitch-brands made on their feeces.
St. Tibba.—Because this county is princeless, I mean, affords no royal natives, we begin with Saints; and here almost we are at a loss, finding but one worshipped therein, and probably a native thereof. But seriously peruse, I pray, the words of our authorit speaking of Rihall, a village in this county :
“Where, when superstition had so bewitched our ancestors, that the multitude of their petty saints had well near taken quite away the true God, one Tibba, a petty saint or goddess, reputed to be the tutelar patroness of Hawking, was of fowlers and falconers worshipped as a second Diana."
* Drayton's Polyolbion.
| Camden's Britannia, in Rutlandshire, p. 526.
This saint of falconers doth stive so high into the air, that my industry cannot fly home after the same, so as to give a good account thereof to the reader. All that I can retrieve of her is digested into these following particulars ;
1. She was a female whose sex (dubious in the English) is cleared in the Latin Camden, Tibba minorum gentium Sancta.*
2. Though gentium may import something of heathenism, Sancta carries it clear for Christianity; that she was no Pagan deity amongst the Britons (who were not our ancestors, but predecessors), but a Popish she-Saint amongst the Saxons.
3. She could not be Saint Ebba, a virgin Saint, of whom formerly in Northumberland, whom the country-people nick-name Tabbs for St. Ebbs.
4. My best inquiry, making use of mine own and friends' industry, perusing authors proper to this purpose,t cannot meet with this Tibb with all our industry.
But I will trouble myself and the reader no longer with this saint, which if she will not be found, even for me let her be lost; only observe, after that superstition had appointed saints to all vocations (St. Luke to painters, St. Crispin to shoemakers, &c.) she then began to appoint patrons to recreations; and surely falconers (generally) according to the popish principles, if any, need a saint, both to protect them in their desperate riding, and pray for a pardon for their profane oaths in their passions.
A POST-SCRIPT. Eõpnka, at last we have found it. She was no Pagan deity, but a Saxon saint, as plainly appeareth, because the passage concerning her is commanded to be expunged out of Camden by the Index Expurgatorius ;f bearing a pique thereat, as grating against their superstitious practice. The same, no doubt, with Tibba, virgin and anchoress, who, living at Dormundcaster, died with the reputation of holiness about the year 660. However, reader, I am not ashamed to suffer my former doubts and disquisitions still to stand, though since arrived at better information.
BENEFACTORS TO THE PUBLIC. WILLIAM BROWNE, Esq. twice alderman of Stamford, merchant of the Staple, was (as I am credibly informed) extracted from the ancient family of Brownes of Toll-Thorp in this county. He built, on his own proper cost, the beautiful
Though it be Diva in his first and quarto Edition, yet it is Sancta in his last. I mean in the text, whereon I rely, though Diva again in the margin.-F.
+ Cæsar Baron. Not. on Martyrolog. Rom. Fran. Haræus de Vitis Sanct Laurent. Sur. Carthusian. Pet. de Natalib. Catal. Sanctorum, &c.
Printed at Madrid, by Lewes Sanchez, anno 1612. $ MS. de Vitis Sanctorum Mulierum Angliæ