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steeple, with a great part of the church, of All Saints in Stamford; and lieth therein, with his wife, buried in a chapel proper to his family. He also erected, anno 1493, the old Bead-house in that town, for a warden, confrater, twelve poor old men, with a nurse-woman to attend them: to this he gave the manor of Swayfeld (seven miles from Stamford), worth four hundred pounds per annum, besides divers lands and tenements elsewhere. I am loath to insert, and loath to omit, what followeth in my author; viz. “ That the pious and liberal gift is much abused by the avarice and mis-employment of the governors thereof;"* and charitably to presume that such faults (if any) are since, or will be suddenly, amended.

He was

SINCE THE REFORMATION. John HARRINGTON the elder, son to Sir James Harrington, was born at Exton in this county, where their ancient family had long flourished :-a bountiful housekeeper, dividing his hospitality between Rutland and Warwickshire, where he had a fair habitation,

one of the executors to the lady Frances Sidney, and a grand benefactor to the college of her founding in Cambridge. King James created him baron of Exton; and his lady, a prudent woman, had the princess Elizabeth committed to her government. When the said princess was married to Frederick prince Palatine, this lord (with Henry Martin, doctor of the laws) was sent over to the Palatinate, to see her highness settled at Hidleburgh, and some formalities about her dowry and jointure performed. This done (as if God had designed this for his last work), he sickened on the first day of his return; and died at Wormes in Germany, on St. Bartholomew's day, anno Domini 1613. The lord John his son (of whom in Warwickshire) did not survive him a year; both of them signally eminent, the one a pattern for all good fathers, the other for all gracious sons; and pity it is the last had not issue to be a precedent to all grand-children: but God thought it fit, that here the male issue of that honourable family should expire.


JEFFREY was born in the parish of Okeham in this county, where his father was a very proper man, broad shouldered and chested, though his son never arrived at a full ell in stature. And here we may observe Pliny's observationt not true, kara návros, “ In plenum autem cuncto mortalium generi minorem staturam indies fieri, propemodum observatur, rarosque patribus proceriores," &c.

It seems that families sometimes are checquered, as in brains so in bulk, that no certainty can be concluded from such alternations.

* Mr. Richard Butcher, in his Survey of Stamford, p. 39.

† Lib. vii. c. 16.

His father, who kept and ordered the baiting bulls for George duke of Buckingham (a place, you will say, requiring a robustious body to manage it), presented him, at Burleigh on the Hill, to the duchess of Buckingham, being then nine years of age, and scarce a foot and a half in height, as I am informed by credible persons * then and there present, and still alive. 'Instantly Jeffrey was heightened (not in stature but) in condition, from one degree above rags into silk and satin, and two tall men to attend him.

He was, without any deformity, wholly proportionable; whereas often dwarfs, pigmies in part, are giants in another. And yet, though the least that England ever saw, he was a proper person compared to him of whom Sabinust doth write, in his comment upon the Metamorphosis :

“Vidit Italia nuper virum justâ ætate, non majorem cubito, circumferri in caveâ psittaci, cujus viri meminit in suis scriptis Hieronymus Cardanus ;” (there was lately to be seen in Italy a man of a ripe age, not above a cubit high, carried about in a parrot's cage, of whom Hierome Cardan, in his writings, makes mention.)

It was not long before he was presented in a cold baked pie to king Charles and queen Mary at an entertainment; and ever after lived (whilst the court lived) in great plenty therein, wanting nothing but humility (high mind in a low body), which made him that he did not know himself, and would not know his father, and which by the king's command caused justly his sound correction. He was, though a dwarf, no dastard ; a captain of horse in the king's army in these late civil wars, and afterwards went over to wait on the queen in France.

Here being provoked by Mr. Crofts, who accounted him the object not of his anger but contempt, he shewed to all, that habet musca suum splenum; and they must be little indeed that cannot do mischief, especially seeing a pistol is a pure leveller, and puts both dwarf and giant into equal capacity to kill and be killed. For the shooting the same Mr. Crofts he was imprisoned. And so I take my leave of Jeffrey, the least man of the least county in England.



William bishop of Lincoln, and William de Souche de Harring

worth, chevalier ;-Thomas Grenham, and William Beaufo,

(knights of the shire) ;-Commissioners to take the oaths. Johannes Basings de Empyng- Johannes Colepepar de Exham, mil.

* John Armstrong of Cheshunt. † Lib. vi. fab. 19.

ton, mil.



Henricus Plesington de Bur Joh. Basset de North Luffenley, mil.

ham, gent. Robertus Browne de Wode Jacobus Palmer de eadem, head, arm.

gent. Robertus Davis de Tykencoat, Johannes Palmer de eadem,

gent. Johannes Browne de Tygh, Willielmi Sheffeild de Seyton,

gent. Johannes Plesington de Wis- Johannes Sadington de eadem, senden, arm.

gent. Thomas Flore de Oakham, arm. Rob. Sousex de Market OverFranciscus Clerke de Stoke ton, gent. dry, arm.

Johannes Vowe de Whitwell, Johannes Chycelden de Bram gent. eston, arm.

Willielmus Pochon de WisJohannes Sapcoat de Keton, senden, gent. merchant.

Willielmus Swafeld de BraunRobertus Whitwell de eadem, ston, gent. gentleman.

Henricus Breton de Keton, Johannes Clerk de Wissenden,

gent. merchant.

Willielmus Uffington de PilWillielmus Lewis de Oakham,

ton, gent. merchant.

Thomas Luffenham de Winge. Johannes Brigge de eadem,


SHERIFFS. It remaineth now that we give in a list of the sheriffs of this shire; and here Rutland conceiveth it to sound to her credit, that whereas other shires ten times bigger than this (viz. Norfolk and Suffolk) had but one sheriff betwixt them; this little county never took hands to hold with a partner, but had always an entire sheriff to itself; though anciently the same person (generally honourable) discharged the office for many years together, as by the ensuing catalogue will appear. Richard de Humet, from 10 to 26 Henry II. William Molduit, 26 Henry II. to 1 Rich. I. Anna Brigg dispensat. 1 to 2 Rich. I. William Albeney et William Fresney, 2 to 9 Rich I. William Albevine solus, 9 Rich. I. to 1 king John. Benedic. de Haversham, 1 to 2 king John. Robert Malduit, 2 to 5 king John. Ralph Normanvill, 5 to 12 king John. Robert de Braibro et Henry filius ejus, 12 king John to 2

Henry III.
Alan Basset, 2 to 12 Henry III.
Jeffrey de Rokingham, 12 to 38 Henry III.
Ralph de Grenehaml, 38 to 43 Henry III.

Anketyn de Markinal, 43 Henry III. to one Edw. I.
Peter Wakervill et William Bovile, 1 to 9 Edw. I.
Alberic de Whitleber, 9 to 17 Edw. I.
Edmund earl of Cornwall, 17 to 29 Edw. I.
John Burley, 29 to 30 Edw. I.
Marg. widow to Edmund earl of Cornwall, 30 Edw. I. to 6

Edw. II.
Marg. widow of Pierce Gavester earl of Cornwall, 6 to 9

Edw. II.
Hugo de Audley, 9 to 17 Edw. II.
Edmund earl of Kent, brother to the king, 17 Edw. II. to

1 Edw. III.
Hugo de Audley earl of Gloucester, 1 to 22 Edw. III.
William de Bohun earl of Northampton, 22 to 33 Edw. III.
William Wade, 33 to 38 Edw III.
Humphrey de Bohun, 38 to 47 Edw. III.
John de Witlesbrough, 47 to 49 Edw. III.
Simon Ward, 49 Edw. III. to 1 Rich. II.


Name. and Arms. Place.
1 Joh. Wittlebury.
2 Tho. de Burton.

Az. a fess betwixt three talbots' heads erased O. 3 Joh. Basings. 4 Will. Moorwood. 5 Joh. de Wittlesbury. 6 Will. Flore

Okeham. Ermine, a cinquefoil Erm. 7 Walt. Skarle. 8 Joh. de Calveley. 9 Rob. de Veer.

Quarterly G. and O. in the first a mullet Arg. 10 Idem

ut prius. 11 Joh. Wittlebury. 12 Walt. Skarles. 13 Edw. Comes Rutland,

for eight years. Quarterly France and England; a label Arg. charged

with nine torteauxs. 21 Tho. Ondeley. 22 Idem.


(Recorda manca-all this king's reign.)


1 Tho. Ondeley.


Place. 2 Jac. Bellers.

Party per pale, G. and S. a lion ramp. Arg. crowned O. 3 Joh. Boyvill.

G. a fess O. betwixt three saltires humet Arg. 4 Tho. Burton, mil. ut prius. 5 Rob. Browne. 6 Rob. Chisdden. 7 Joh. Pensax. 8 Tho. Burton, mil. ut prius. 9 Idem

ut prius.


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HENRY VI. 1 Tho. Burton

ut prius. 2 Joh. Ondeby. 3 Joh. Davies, mil.

Tickencote. 4 Joh. Colepeper

Exton. Arg. on a bend engrailed G. 5 Hen. Plessington, mil. Burley.

Az. on a cross patée betwixt four martlets Arg. 6 Tho. Burton, mil. . . ut prius. 7 Joh. Denys. 8 Joh. Colepeper

ut prius. 9 Tho. Flore

ut prius. 10 Hen. Plesington, mil. ut prius. 11 Joh. Boyvile

ut prius. 12 Will. Beaufo.

Erm. on a bend Az, three cinquefoils 0. 13 Rob. Davies, et

Joh. Pilton. 14 Joh. Branspath. 15 Hugo. Boyvile

ut prius. 16 Laur. Sherard.

Arg. a chevron G. betwixt three torteaux. 17 Will. Beaufo

ut prius. 18 Tho. Burton

ut prius. 19 Hen. Plesington, mil. ut prius. 20 Tho. Flore

ut prius. 21 Will. Beaufo

ut prius. 22 Tho. Barkeley.

G. a chevron betwixt ten cinquefoils Arg. 23 Joh. Basings, mil. 24 Will. Walker. 25 Joh. Boyvile

ut prius. 26 Wil. Haselden. 27 Hugo Boyvile

ut prius. 28 Rob. Fenne.

Arg. on a fess Az. three escalop-shells of the first, a bor

der engrailed as the second.



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