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Place. 14 Rich. Lee.
G. a fess componée, O. and Az. betwixt eight billets
Arg. 15 Rog. Kinnaston, arm. ut prius. 16 Th. Nicholas, arm. Shrewsbury. 17 Joh. Welde, arm. Willye. 18 19
Bellum nobis hoc fecit inane.
RICHARD II. 9. Nicholas de SANDFORD.-This ancient name is still extant, at the same place in this county, in a worshipful equipage. Well fare a dear token thereof: for, in the list of such as compounded for their reputed delinquency in our late civil wars, I find Francis Sandford, Esq. paying four hundred and fifty-nine pounds for his composition. Yet I believe the gentleman begrudged not his money in preservation of his own integrity, acting according to the information of his conscience, and the practice of all his ancestors. I understand that the said Francis Sandford was very well skilled in making warlike fortifications.
HENRY IV. 1. John CORNWALL, Miles.-A person remarkable on several accounts. 1. For his high extraction, descended from Richard earl of Cornwall, and king of the Almains, his arms do evidence. 2. Prosperous valour under king Henry the Fifth in France; there gaining so great treasure, as that therewith he built his fair house at Amp-hill in Bedfordshire.* 3. Great honour, being created, by king Henry the Sixth, baron of Fanhop, and knight of the Garter. 4. Constant loyalty, sticking faster to king Henry the Sixth than his own crown did, faithfully following after the other forsook him. 5. Vigorous vivacity, continuing till the reign of king Edward the Fourth, who dispossessed him of his lands in Bedfordshire. 6. Cheerful disposition, pleasantly saying, “That not he, but his fine house at Amp-hill, was † guilty of high treason:” happy! that he could make mirth at his misery, and smile at the losing of that which all his frowns could keep no longer. Know, reader, that if this J. Corwal shall (which I suspect not) prove a distinct person from this his kinsman and namesake, none will blame me for taking here a just occasion of speaking of so
* Camden's Britannia, in Bedfordshire.
| Camden, ut prius.
eminent a man, who elsewhere came not so conveniently under my pen.
EDWARD IV. 2. Roger KINASTON, Arm.- I cannot satisfy myself in the certain arms of this ancient family (much augmented by match with HORD), finding them giving sundry [all good and rich] coats in several ages; but conceive they now fix on, Argent, a lion rampant Sable.
RICHARD III. 1. Thomas Mitton.-He, in obedience to king Richard's commands, apprehended the duke of Buckingham (the grand engineer to promote that usurper) in the house of Humphrey Banaster, who, for the avaricious desire of a thousand pounds, betrayed the duke unto the sheriff.
3. GILBERT TALBOT, Mil.—He was son to John Talbot, second earl of Shrewsbury of that name. In the time of his she. riffalty, Henry earl of Richmond (afterwards king Henry the Seventh) marching with his men to give battle to king Richard the Third, was met at Shrewsbury by the same Sir Gilbert, with two thousand men well appointed (most of them tenants and retainers to his nephew George fourth earl of Shrewsbury, then in minority); whenceforward, and not before, his forces deserved the name of an army, For this and his other good service in Bosworth field, king Henry rewarded him with fair lands at Grafton in Worcestershire; made him governor of Calais in France, and knight of the Garter; and from him the present earl of Shrewsbury is descended.
I conceive it was rather his son than himself, to whom king Henry the Eighth (fearing a sudden surprise from the French) wrote briefly and peremptorily, “ That he should instantly fortify the castle of Calais." To whom governor Talbot, unprovided of necessaries, as briefly as bluntly replied, “That he could neither fortify nor fiftify without money,"
QUEEN ELIZABETH. 45. ROGER Owen, Miles.—He was son to Sir Thomas Owen, the learned and religious justice of the Common Pleas, who lieth buried on the south side of the choir of Westminster Abbey. This Sir Roger, most eminent in his generation, deserved the character given him by Mr. Camden: “ Multiplici doctrinâ tanto patre dignissimus. He was a member of Parliament, “undecimo Jacobi” (as I take it), when a great man therein (who shall be nameless) cast a griev
ous and general aspersion on the English clergy.”* This Sir Roger appeared a zelot in their defence, and not only removed the bastard [calumny] from their doors, at which it was laid, but also carried the falsehood home to the true father thereof, and urged it shrewdly against the person who in that place first revived the aspersion.
KING JAMES. 14. ROWLAND COTTON, Miles. Incredible are the most true relations, which many eye-witnesses, still alive, do make of the valour and activity of this most accomplished knight; so strong, as if he had been nothing but bones; so nimble, as if he had being nothing but sinews.
2. RICHARD Newport, Miles.—Signal his fidelity to the king, even in his lowest condition, by whom he was deservedly rewarded with the title of Baron of High-Arcol in this county, being created at Oxford, the 14th of October, 1642. His son Francis, lord Newport at this day, 1660, honoureth his honour with his learning and other natural accomplishments.
THE FAREWELL, May this Shire, by Divine Providence, be secured from the sweating sickness, which first began and twice raged in the town of Shrewsbury! The cure was discovered too late to save many, yet soon enough to preserve more thousands of men; viz. by keeping the patient in the same posture wherein he was seized, without food or physic; and such who weathered out the disease for twenty-four hours did certainly escape.
WORTHIES OF SHROPSHIRE WHO HAVE FLOURISHED SINCE
THE TIME OF FULLER. William Adams, divine and author; born at Shrewsbury 1707;
died 1739. Richard ALLESTREE, loyal divine, provost of Eton; born at
Uppington 1619; died 1680. Richard Baxter, nonconformist divine, author, and sufferer ;
born at Rowton 1615; died 1691. William BAXTER, nephew of Richard, antiquary and etymolo
gist; born at Llanlurgan 1650; died 1723. Thomas Bendoes, physician, and experimental philosopher ;
born at Shifnall 1760; died 1808.
*“ Quo genere hominum nihil est putidius.”
WORTHIES SINCE THE TIME OF FULLER.
John Benbow, Admiral, born at Cotton Hill, Shrewsbury, 1650 ;
died 1702. John Brickdale BLAKEWAY, divine, historian, antiquary, and
genealogist; born at Shrewsbury 1765; died 1826. James
Bowen, antiquary and genealogist ; died 1774. John Bowen, son of the above, genealogist; died 1832. Dr. Charles BURNEY, musician, historian of music; born at
Shrewsbury 1726; died 1814. William Caslon, letter-founder ; born at Hales Owen 1692;
died 1766. Matthew CLARKE, divine and orientalist ; born at Ludlow;
died 1702. William CLARKE, divine, poet, and antiquary; born at Haugh
mond Abbey 1696; died 1771. Lord Robert Clive, East Indian conqueror; born at Styche
1725; died 1774. George CoSTARD, divine, biblical critic, and mathematician;
born at Shrewsbury 1710. Sneyd Davies, divine and poet; born at Shrewsbury 1709. John DovASTON, antiquary and naturalist; born at Nursery in
West Felton 1740. John Evans, topographer, author of “ Nine Sheet Map of
North Wales;" born at Llwynygroes; died 1795. Hugh FARMER, presbyterian divine, author on Demoniacs, &c.;
born near Shrewsbury 1714; died 1787. Robert GENTLEMAN, dissenter, editor of “Orton's Exposition;"
born at Whitchurch; died 1795. Thomas Good, divine, author of “Firmianus et Dubitantius ;"
died 1678. Dr. Ralph Griffiths, founder of the Monthly Review, 1720. Sir Thomas Higgons, diplomatist and miscellaneous writer;
born at Westbury 1624; died 1691. Right Hon. Richard Hill, statesman; born at Hodnet; died
1727. Sir Richard Hill, bart. M.P., and controversial polemic; born at
Hawkstone 1733 ; died 1808. Rev. Rowland Hill, dissenting divine and theological writer;
born at Hawkestone 1744; died 1833. Sir Thomas Jones, Lord Chief Justice, born at Shrewsbury;
died 1683. Francis LEIGHTON, divine and antiquary; died 1813. Adam LITTLETON, divine, Latin lexicographer; born at Hales
Owen 1627; died 1694. Edward Lloyd, naturalist and antiquary; born at Llanvarder;
died 1709. Sir Edward LUTWYCHE, judge, author of “Reports ;” born at
Lutwyche; died 1709. Thomas LYSTER, author of “ Blessings of the year 1688;" born at Duncott; died 1723.
Arthur MAINWARING, poetical and political writer; born at
Ightfield 1668. Timothy Neve, divine and antiquary; born at Wotton in Stan
ton Lacy 1694 ; died 1757. Job ORTON, nonconformist divine and author, and biographer
of Doddridge; born at Shrewsbury 1717; died 1783. Hugh Owen, archdeacon of Salop, historian and antiquary;
born at Shrewsbury; died 1827. William Owen, R.A., portrait painter ; born 1769; died 1824. David PARKES, topographical antiquary; born at Cackmore in
Hales Owen 1763; died 1833. Robert ParR; born at Kinver 1633; died 1757, aged 124.
He was great grandson of Thomas Parr, who lived to the
age of 152. Thomas Percy, bishop of Dromore, poetical antiquary; born at
Brignorth 1729; died 1811. John SADLER, M.P., law-writer, author of “ Rights of the King
dom;" born 1615; died 1674. Dr. Jonathan Scott, oriental professor and author; born at
Shrewsbury; died 1829. William SHENSTONE, poet; born at the Leasowes, Hales Owen,
1714; died 1763. Thomas STEDMAN, divine and author, friend of Job Orton,
born at Bridgnorth 1745; died 1825. John Taylor, divine, “Demosthenes Taylor," classical critic;
born at Shrewsbury 1704 ; died 1766. Silas Taylor, alias Domville, author of “ Antiquities of Harwich,"
&c.; born at Harly 1624; died 1678. Jonathan Wild, the notorious thief-taker, and the hero of
Ainsworth's “ Jack Sheppard;" born at Boninghale 1682. Edward WILLIAMS, divine, classical scholar, and antiquary;
died 1833. William WYCHERLEY, dramatist, comic poet, and wit; born at
Clive, near Wem, 1640; died 1715.
Of Shropshire there is as yet no regular historian; but of the county town of Shrewsbury various histories and descriptions, by different authors, have made their appearance; viz. by T. Phillips (1779); by the Rev. H. Owen (1808); by the Rev. J. Nightingale, in the 13th volume of the Beauties of England and Wales (1813); and by J. B. Blakeway (1826). There have also been published an Historical Account of Ludlow Castle, by J. W. Hodges (1803); a Description of Hawkstone, by T. Rodenhurst (1807); the History of Oswestry, by Wm. Price (1815); and The Sheriff's of Shropshire, by the Rev. J. B. Blakeway (1831).-Ed.