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To whom thus Jesus. “ What conclud'st thou | Array'd in glory on my cup to attend :
hence?

Why should'st thou then obtrude this diligence,
They all had need ; I, as thou seest, have none." In vain, where no acceptance it can find ?

“ How hast thou hunger then ?" Satan replied. And with my hunger what hast thou to do? “ Tell me, if food were now before thee set, Thy pompous delicacies I contemn, Would'st thou not eat?" -“ Thereafter as I like And count thy specious gifts no gifts, but guiles" The giver," answer'd Jesus. “ Why should that To whom thus answer'd Satan malecontent Cause thy refusal ?” said the subtle fiend.

“ That I have also power to give, thou seest;
“ Hast thou not right to all created things? If of that power I bring thee voluntary
Owe not all creatures by just right to thee What I might have bestow'd on whom I pleas'd,
Duty and service, nor to stay till bid,

And rather opportunely in this place
But tender all their power? Nor mention I Chose to impart to thy apparent need,
Meats by the law unclean, or offer'd first

Why should'st thou not accept it? but I see
To idols, those young Daniel could refuse; What I can do or offer is suspect :
Nor proffer'd by an enemy, though who

Of these things others quickly will dispose,
Would scruple that, with want oppress'd? Behold, Whose pains have earn’d the far-fet spoil.
Nature asham'd, or, better to express,

Both table and provision vanish d quite
Troubled, that thou should'st hunger, hath purvey'd With sound of harpies' wings and talons heard:
From all the elements her choicest store,

Only the importune tempter still remain’d,
To treat thee, as beseems, and as her Lord, And with these words his temptation pursued.
With honour : only deign to sit and eat."

“ By hunger, that each other creature tames, He spake no dream; for, as his words had end, Thou art not to be harm'd, therefore not mord; Our Saviour lifting up his eyes beheld,

Thy temperance invincible besides,
In ample space under the broadest shade,

For no allurement yields to appetite;
A table richly spread, in regal mode,

And all thy heart is set on high designs,
With dishes pil'd, and meats of noblest sort High actions : but wherewith to be achier'd ?
And savour ; beasts of chase, or fowl of game, Great acts require great means of enterprise;
In pastry built, or from the spit, or boil'd,

Thou art unknown, unfriended, low of birth,
Gris-amber-steam'd; all fish, from sea or shore, A carpenter thy father known, thyself
Freshet or purling brook, of shell or fin,

Bred up in poverty and straits at home,
And exquisitest name, for which was drain'd Lost in a desert here and hunger-bit :
Pontus, and Lucrine bay, and Afric coast. Which way, or from what hope, dost thou aspire
(Alas, how simply, to these cates compar'd, To greatness? whence authority deriv'st ?
Was that crude apple that diverted Eve!)

What followers, what retinue canst thou gain,
And at a stately side-board, by the wine

Or at thy heels the dizzy multitude,
That fragrant smell diffus'd, in order stood Longer than thou canst feed them on thy cost?
Tall stripling youths rich clad, of fairer hue Money brings honour, friends, conquest, and rains
Than Ganymed or Hylas ; distant more

What rais'd Antipater the Edomite,
Under the trees now tripp'd, now solemn stood, And his son Herod plac'd on Judah's throne,
Nymphs of Diana's train, and Naiades

Thy throne, but gold that got him puissant friends
With fruits and flowers from Amalthea's horn, Therefore, if at great things thou would'st arrive,
And ladies of the Hesperides, that seem'd

Get riches first, get wealth, and treasure heap,
Fairer than feign'd of old, or fabled since

Not difficult, if thou hearken to me:
Of faery damsels, met in forest wide

Riches are mine, fortune is in my hand;
By knights of Logres, or of Lyones,

They whom I favour thrive in wealth amain,
Lancelot, or Pelleas, or Pellenore.

While virtue, valour, wisdom, sit in want."
And all the while harmonious airs were heard

To whom thus Jesus patiently replied.
Of chiming strings, or charming pipes; and winds “ Yet wealth, without these three, is impotent
Of gentlest gale Arabian odours fann'd

To gain dominion, or to keep it gain’d.
From their soft wings, and Flora's earliest smells. Witness those ancient empires of the Earth,
Such was the splendour ; and the teinpter now In height of all their flowing wealth dissolv'd:
His invitation earnestly renew'd.

But men endued with these have oft attain'd
• What doubts the Son of God to sit and eat? In lowest poverty to highest deeds ;
These are not fruits forbidd'n; no interdict Gideon, and Jephtha, and the shepherd lad,
Defends the touching of these viands pure; Whose offspring on the throne of Judah sat
Their taste no knowledge works, at least of evil, So many ages, and shall yet regain
But life preserves, destroys life's enemy,

That seat, and reign in Israel without end.
Hunger, with sweet restorative delight.

Among the Heathen, (for throughout the world
All these are spirits of air, and woods, and springs, To me is not unknown what hath been done
Thy gentle ministers, who come to pay

Worthy of memorial,) canst thou not remember
Thee homage, and acknowledge thee their Lord : Quintius, Fabricius, Curius, Regulus ?
What doubt'st thou, Son of God? Sit down and eat." For I esteem those names of men so poor,

To whom thus Jesus temperately replied. Who could do mighty things, and could contemn
“ Said'st thou not that to all things I had right? Riches, though offer'd from the hand of kings
And who withholds my power that right to use? And what in me seems wanting, but that I
Shall I receive by gift what of my own,

May also in this poverty as soon
When and where likes me best, I can command ? Accomplish what they did, perhaps and more?
I can at will, doubt not, as soon as thou,

Extol not riches then, the toil of fools,
Command a table in this wilderness,

The wise man's cumbrance, if not share ; nore's
And call swift flights of angels ministrant

To slacken Virtue, and abate hier edge,

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'Than prompt her to do aught may merit praise.

Satan still pursues his former incitements; and, What if with like aversion I reject

supposing that the seeming reluctance of Jesus to Riches and realms 3 yet not for that a crown, be thus advanced might arise from his being unGolden in show, is but a wreath of thorns,

acquainted with the world and its glories, conveys Brings dangers, troubles, cares, and sleepless nights, him to the summit of a high mountain, and from To him who wears the regal diadem,

thence shows himn most of the kingdoms of Asia, # When on his shoulders each man's burden lies; particulnrly pointing out to his notice some extraE For therein stands the office of a king,

ordinary military preparations of the Parthians to His honour, virtue, merit, and chief praise,

resist the incursions of the Scythians. He then That for the public all this weight he bears.

informs our Lord, that he showed him this purYet he, who reigns within himself, and rules posely that he might see how necessary military Passions, desires, and fears, is more a king ;

exertions are to retain the possession of kingdoms, Which every wise and virtuous man attains;

as well as to subdue them at first, and advises him And who attains not, ill aspires to rule

to consider how impossible it was to maintain Cities of men, or headstrong multitudes,

Judea against two such powerful neighbours as Subject himself to anarchy within,

the Romans and Parthians, and how necessary it Or lawless passions in him, which he serves.

would be to form an alliance with one or other of But to guide nations in the way of truth

them. At the same time he recommends, and By saving doctrine, and from errour lead

engages to secure to him, that of the Parthians; To know, and knowing worship God aright,

and tells him that by this means his power will be Is yet more kingly ; this attracts the soul,

defended from any thing that Rome or Cæsar =; Governs the inner man, the nobler part;

might attempt against it, and that he will be able That other o'er the body only reigns,

to extend his glory wide, and especially to accomAnd oft by force, which, to a generous mind, plish, what was particularly necessary to make the So reigning, can be no sincere delight.

throne of Judea really the throne of David, the Besides, to give a kingdom bath been thought deliverance and restoration of the ten tribes, still Greater and nobler done, and to lay down

in a state of captivity. Jesus, having briefly Far more magnanimous, than to assume.

noticed the vanity of military efforts and the Riches are needless then, both for themselves, weakness of the arm of Aesh, says, that when the And for thy reason why they should be sought, time comes for his ascending his allotted throne To gain a sceptre, oftest better miss'd."

he shall not be slack: he remarks on Satan's extraordinary zeal for the deliverance of the Israelites, to whom he had always showed himself an enemy,

and declares their servitude to be the consequence Book III,

of their idolatry; but adds, that at a future time The Argument.

it may perhaps please God to recall them, and

restore them to their liberty and native land. Satan, in a speech of much flattering commenda

tion, endeavours to awaken in Jesus a passion for So spake the Son of God; and Satan stood glory, by particularising various instances of con- A while, as mute, confounded what to say quests achieved, and great actions performed, by What to reply, confuted, and convinc'd persons at an early period of life. Our Lord of his weak arguing and fallacious drift; replies, by showing the vanity of worldly fame, At length, collecting all his serpent wiles, and the improper means by which it is generally with soothing words renew'd, him thus accosts. attained ; and contrasts with it the true glory of “ I see thou know'st what is of use to know, religious patience and virtuous wisdoin, as exem- What best to say canst say, to do canst do ; plified in the character of Job.. Satan justifies Thy actions to thy words accord, thy words the love of glary from the example of God him- To thy large heart give utterance due, thy heart self, who requires it from all his creatures. Jesus Contains of good, wise, just, the perfect shape. detects the fallacy of this argument, by showing Should kings and nations from thy mouth consult, that, as goodness is the true ground on which Thy counsel would be as the oracle glory is due to the great Creator of all things, Urim and Thummim, those oraculous gems sinful man can have no right whatever to it. On Aaron's breast; or tongue of seers old, Satan then urges our Lord respecting his claim Infallible : or wert thou sought to deeds to the throne of David; he tells him that the That might require the array of war, thy skill kingdom of Judea, being at that time a province Of conduct would be such, that all the world of Rome, cannot be got possession of without Could not sustain thy prowess, or subsist much personal exertion on his part, and presses In battle, though against thy few in arms. him to lose no time in beginning to reign. Jesus These God-like virtues, wherefore dost thou hide, refers him to the time allotted for this, as for all Affecting private life, or more obscure other things; and, after intimating somewhat re- In savage wilderness? wherefore deprive specting his own previous sufferings, asks Satan, All Earth her wonder at thy acts, thyself why he should be so solicitous for the exaltation The fame and glory, glory the reward of one, whose rising was destined to be his fall. That sole excites to high attempts, the flame Satan replies, that his own desperate state, by ex- of most erected spirits, most temper'd pure cluding all hope, leaves little room for fear; and Ethereal, who all pleasures else despise, that, as his own punishment was equally doomed, All treasures and all gain esteem as dross, he is not interested in preventing the reign of And dignities and powers all but the highest ? one, from whose apparent benevolence he might | Thy years are ripe, and over-ripe; the son rather hope for some interference in his favour. of Macedonian Philip had ere these

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Won Asia, and the throne of Cyrus held

The deed becomes unprais'd, the man at least,
At his dispose ; young Scipio had brought down And loses, though but verbal, his reward.
The Carthaginian pride ; young Pompey quella Shall I seek glory then, as vain men seek,
The Pontic king, and in triumph had rode. Oft not deserv'd? I seek not mine, but his
Yet years, and to ripe years judgment mature, Who sent me; and thereby witness whence I am."
Quench not the thirst of glory, but augment. To whom the tempter murmuring thus replied.
Great Julius, whom now all the world admires, “ Think not so slight of glory; therein least
The more he grew in years, the more inflam'd Resembling thy great Father : he seeks glory,
With glory, wept that he had liv'd so long And for his glory all things made, all things
Inglorious : but thou yet art not too late." Orders and governs ; nor content in Heaven

To whom our Saviour calmly thus replied. By all his angels glorified, requires
“ Thou neither dost persuade me to seek wealth Glory from men, from all men, good or bad,
For empire's sake, nor empire to affect

Wise or unwise, no difference, no exemption;
For glory's sake, by all thy argument.

Above all sacrifice, or hallow'd gift,
For what is glory but the blaze of fame,

Glory he requires, and glory he receives,
The people's praise, if always praise unmix'd ? Promiscuous from all nations, Jew or Greek,
And what the people but a herd confus'd,

Or barbarous, nor exception hath declar'd;
A miscellaneous rabble, who extol

From us, his foes pronounc'd, glory be exacts." Things vulgar, and well weigh’d, scarce worth the To whom our Saviour fervently replied. praise?

And reason ; since his word all things produc'd
They praise, and they admire, they know not what, Though chiefly not for glory as prime end,
And know not whom, but as one leads the other ; But to show forth his goodness, and impart
And what delight to be by such extoll'd,

His good communicable to every soul
To live upon their tongues, and be their talk, Freely; of whom what

he less expect Of whom to be disprais'd were no small praise ? Than glory and benediction, that is, thanks, His lot who dares be singularly good.

The slightest, easiest, readiest recompense
The intelligent among them and the wise

From them who could return him nothing else,
Are few, and glory scarce of few is rais’d.

And, not returning that, would likeliest render
This is true glory and renown, when God,

Contempt instead, dishonour, obloquy ?
Looking on the Earth, with approbation inarks Hard recompense, unsuitable return
The just man, and divulges him through Heaven For so much good, so much beneficence!
To all his angels, who with true applause

But why should man seek glory, who of his own
Recount his praises : thus he did to Job,

Hath nothing, and to whom nothing belongs,
When to extend his fame through Heaven and Earth, But condemnation, ignominy, and shame?
As thou to thy reproach may'st well remember, Who for so many benefits receiv’d,
He ask'd thee, · Hast thou seen my servant Job ?' Turn'd recreant to God, ingrate and false,
Famous he was in Heaven, on Earth less known; And so of all true good himself despoil'd;
Where glory is false glory, attributed

Yet, sacrilegious, to himself would take
To things not glorious, men not worthy of fame. That which to God alone of right belongs:
They err, who count it glorious to subdue

Yet so much bounty is in God, such grace,
By conquest far and wide, to over-run

That who advance his glory, not their own,
Large countries, and in field great battles win, Them he himself to glory will advance.”
Great cities by assault: what do these worthies, So spake the Son of God; and here again
But rob and spoil, burn, slaughter, and enslave Satan had not to answer, but stood struck
Peaceable nations, neighbouring, or remote, With guilt of his own sin ; for he himself,
Made captive, yet deserving freedom more

Insatiable of glory, had lost all ;
Than those their conquerors, who leave behind Yet of another plea bethought him soon.
Nothing but ruin wheresoe'er they rove,

“ Of glory, as thou wilt," said he, “ so deem;
And all the flourishing works of peace destroy ; Worth or not worth the seeking, let it pass.
Then swell with pride, and must be titled Gods, But to a kingdom thou art born, ordain'd
Great Benefactors of mankind, Deliverers,

To sit upon thy father David's throne,
Worshipt with temple, priest, and sacrifice ? By mother's side thy father; though thy right
One is the son of Jove, of Mars the other;

Be now in powerful hands, that will not part
Till conqueror Death discover them scarce men, Easily from possession won with arms :
Rolling in brutish vices, and deform’d,

Judæa now and all the Promis'd Land,
Violent or shameful death their due reward. Reduc'd a province under Roman yoke,
But if there be in glory aught of good,

Obeys Tiberius ; nor is always rul'd
It may by means far different be attain'd,

With temperate sway ; oft have they violated
Without ambition, war, or violence;

The temple, oft the law, with foul affronts,
By deeds of peace, by wisdom eminent,

Abominations rather, as did once
By patience, temperance : I mention still

Antiochus : and think'st thou to regain
Him, whom thy wrongs, with saintly patience borne, Thy right, by sitting still, or thus retiring ?
Made famous in a land and times obscure;

So did not Maccabeus: he indeed
Who names not now with honour patient Job ? Retir'd unto the desert, but with arms;
Poor Socrates, (who next more memorable ?) And o'er a mighty king so oft prevail'd,
By what he taught, and suffer'd for so doing, That by strong hand his family obtain’d, (usurp'd,
For truth's sake suffering death, unjust, lives now Though priests, the crown, and David's thirune
Equal in fame to proudest conquerors.

With Modin and her suburbs once content.
Yet if for fame and glory aught be done,

If kingdom move thee not, let move thee zeal Aught suffer'd ; if young African for fame And duty; and zeal and duty are not slow,

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They themselves rather are occasion best;

But I will bring thee where thou soon shalt quit Zeal of thy father's house, duty to free

Those rudiments, and see before thine eyes Thy country from her heathen servitude.

The monarchies of the Earth, their pomp and state ; So shalt thou best fulfil, best verify

Sufficient introduction to inform
The prophets old, who sung thy endless reign; Thee, of thyself so apt, in regal arts,
The happier reign, the sooner it begins :

And regal mysteries; that thou may'st know Reign then ; what canst thou better do the while ?" | How their best opposition to withstand.” (took

To whom our Saviour answer thus return'd. With that, (such power was given him then,) he “ All things are best fulfill'd in their due time; The Son of God up to a mountain high. And time there is for all things, Truth hath said. It was a mountain at whose verdant feet If of my reign prophetic writ hath told,

A spacious plain, outstretch'd in circuit wide, That it shall never end, so, when begin,

Lay pleasant; from his side two rivers flow'd, The Father in his purpose hath decreed ;

The one winding, the other straight, and left between He in whose hand all times and seasons roll. Fair champaign

with less rivers interven'd, What if he hath decreed that I shall first

Then meeting join'd their tribute to the sea : Be tried in humble state, and things adverse, Fertile of corn the glebe, of oil, and wine ; (hills; By tribulations, injuries, insúlts,

With herds the pastures throng'd, with flocks the Contempts, and scorns, and snares, and violence, Huge cities and high-tower'd, that well might seem Suffering, abstaining, quietly expecting,

The seats of mightiest monarchs; and so large Without distrust or doubt, that he may know The prospect was, that here and there was room What I can suffer, how obey ? Who best

For barren desert, fountainless and dry. Can suffer, best can do; best reign, who first To this high mountain-top the tempter brought Well hath obey'd; just trial, ere I merit

Our Saviour, and new train of words began. My exaltation without change or end.

“ Well have we speeded, and o'er hill and dale, But what concerns it thee, when I begin

Forest and field and flood, temples and towers, My everlasting kingdom? Why art thou

Cut shorter many a league ; here thou behold'st Solicitous ? What moves thy inquisition ?

Assyria, and her empire's ancient bounds, Know'st thou not that my rising is thy fall,

Araxes and the Caspian lake; thence on And my promotion will be thy destruction ?” As far as Indus east, Euphrates west,

To whom the tempter, inly rack'd, replied. And oft beyond : to south the Persian bay, “ Let that come when it comes; all hope is lost And, inaccessible, the Arabian drought : Of my reception into grace : what worse?

Here Nineveh, of length within her wall For where no hope is left, is left no fear :

Several days' journey, built by Ninus old, If there be worse, the expectation more

Of that first golden monarchy the seat, Of worse torments me than the feeling can.

And seat of Salmanassar, whose success I would be at the worst : worst is my port,

Israel in long captivity still mourns; My harbour, and my ultimate repose;

There Babylon, the wonder of all tongues, The end I would attain, my final good.

As ancient, but rebuilt by him who twice My errour was my errour, and my crime

Judah and all thy father David's house
My crime; whatever, for itself condemn'd; Led captive, and Jerusalem laid waste,
And will alike be punish’d, whether thou

Till Cyrus set them free; Persepolis,
Reign, or reign not ; though to that gentle brow His city, there thou seest, and Bactra there;
Willingly could I fly, and hope thy reign,

Ecbatana ber structure vast there shows,
From that placid aspéct and meek regard,

And Hecatompylos her hundred gates ;
Rather than aggravate my evil state,

There Susa by Choaspes, amber stream,
Would stand between me and thy Father's ire, The drink of none but kings: of later fame,
(Whose ire I dread more than the fire of Hell,) Built by Emathian or by Parthian hands,
A shelter, and a kind of shading cool

The great Seleucia, Nisibis, and there
Interposition, as a summer's cloud.

Artaxata, Teredon, Ctesiphon, If I then to the worst that can be haste,

Turning with easy eye, thou may'st behold. Why move thy feet so slow to what is best,

All these the Parthian (now some ages past Happiest, both to thyself and all the world, By great Arsaces led, who founded first That thou, who worthiest art, should'st be their king? That empire) under his dominion holds, Perhaps thou linger'st, in deep thoughts detain'd From the luxurious kings of Antioch won. Of the enterprise so hazardous and high;

And just in time thou com'st to have a view No wonder ; for, though in thee be united Of his great power ; for now the Parthian king What of perfection can in man be found,

In Ctesiphon hath gather'd all his host
Or human nature can receive, consider,

Against the Scythian, whose incursions wild
Thy life hath yet been private, most part spent Have wasted Sogdiana ; to her aid
At home, scarce view'd the Galilean towns,

He marches now in haste; see, though from far,
And once a year Jerusalem, few days' (serve ? His thousands, in what martial equipage
Short sojourn ; and what thence could'st thou ob- They issue forth, steel bows and shafts their arms,
The world thou hadst not seen, much less her glory, of equal dread in flight, or in pursuit ;
Empires, and monarchs, and their radiant courts, All horsemen, in which fight they most excel;
Best school of best experience, quickest insight

See how in warlike muster they appear, In all things that to greatest actions lead

In rhombs, and wedges, and half-moons, and wings." The wisest, unexperienc'd, will be ever

He look'd, and saw what numbers numberless Timorous and loth ; with novice modesty,

The city gates out-pour’d, light-armed troops, (As he who, seeking asses, found a kingdom,) In coats of mail and military pride ; Irresolute, unhardy, unadventurous :

In mail their horses clad, yet fleet and strong,

Prancing their riders bore, the flower and choice From Egypt to Euphrates, and beyond,
Of many provinces from bound to bound; Shalt reign, and Rome or Cæsar not need fear."
From Arachosia, from Candaor east,

To whom our Saviour answer'd thus, unmoy'd And Margiana to the Hyrcanian cliffs

“ Much ostentation vain of fleshy arm Of Caucasus, and dark Iberian dales ;

And fragile arms, much instrument of war, From Atropatia and the neighbouring plains Long in preparing, soon to nothing brought, Of Adiabene, Media, and the south

Before mine eyes thou hast set; and in my ear, Of Susiana, to Balsara's haven.

Vented much policy, and projects deep
He saw them in their forms of battle rang'd, (shot of enemies, of aids, battles and leagues,
How quick they wheel'd, and flying behind them Plausible to the world, to me worth nought.
Sharp sleet of arrowy showers against the face Means I must use, thou say'st, prediction
Of their pursuers, and overcame by flight;

Will unpredict, and fail me of the throne :
The field all iron cast a gleaming brown :

My time, I told thee, (and that time for thee Nor wanted clouds of foot, nor on each horn Were better farthest off,) is not yet come: Cuirassiers all in steel for standing fight,

When that comes, think not thou to find me slack Chariots, or elephants indors'd with towers On my part aught endeavouring, or to need Of archers ; nor of labouring pioneers

Thy politic maxims, or that cumbersome A multitude, with spades and axes arm'd

Luggage of war there shown me, argument To lay hills plain, fell woods, or valleys fill, Of human weakness rather than of strength. Or where plain was raise hill, or overlay

My brethren, as thou call'st them, those ten tribes With bridges rivers proud, as with a yoke ;

I must deliver, if I mean to reign
Mules after these, camels and dromedaries,

David's true heir, and his full sceptre sway
And waggons, fraught with útensils of war. To just extent over all Israel's son
Such forces met not, nor so wide a camp,

But whence to thee this zeal ? Where was it then
When Agrican with all his northern powers For Israel, or for David, or his throne,
Besieg'd Albracca, as romances tell, :

When thou stood'st up his tempter to the pride The city of Gallaphrone, from whence to win Of numbering Israël, which cost the lives The fairest of her sex Angelica,

Of threescore and ten thousand Israelites His daughter, sought by many prowest knights. By three days' pestilence? Such was thy zeal Both Paynim, and the peers of Charlemain. To Israel then; the same that now to me! Such and so numerous was their chivalry :

As for those captive tribes, themselves were they At sight whereof the fiend yet more presum'd, Who wrought their own captivity, fell off And to our Saviour thus his words renew'd.

From God to worship calves, the deities “ That thou may'st know I seek not to engage Of Egypt, Baal next and Ashtaroth, Thy virtue, and not every way secure

And all the idolatries of heathen round, On no slight grounds thy safety; hear and mark, Besides their other worse than heathenish crimes; To what end I have brought thee hither, and shown Nor in the land of their captivity All this fair sight : thy kingdom, though foretold Humbled themselves, or penitent besought By prophet or by angel, unless thou

The God of their forefathers; but so died Endeavour, as thy father David did,

Impenitent, and left a race behind Thou never shalt obtain ; prediction still

Like to themselves, distinguishable scarce In all things, and all men, supposes means;

From Gentiles, but by circumcision vain; Without means us'd, what it predicts revokes.

And God with idols in their worship join'

n'd. But, say thou wert possess'd of David's throne, Should I of these the liberty regard, By free consent of all, none opposite,

Who, freed, as to their ancient patrimony, Samaritan or Jew: how could'st thou hope

Unhumbled, unrepentant, unreform'd, Long to enjoy it, quiet and secure,

Headlong would follow; and to their gods perhaps Between two such enclosing enemies,

Of Bethel and of Dan? No; let them serve Roman and Parthian? Therefore one of these Their enemies, who serve idols with God. Thou must make sure thy own; the Parthian first Yet he at length, (time to himself best known,) By my advice, as nearer, and of late

Remembering Abraham, by some wonderous call Found able by invasion to annoy

May bring them back, repentant and sincere, Thy country, and captive lead away her kings, And at their passing cleave the Assyrian flood, Antigonus and old Hyrcanus, bound,

While to their native land with joy they haste; Maugre the Roman : it shall be my task

As the Red Sea and Jordan once he cleft, To render thee the Parthian at dispose,

When to the Promis'd Land their fathers pass'd; Choose which thou wilt, by conquest or by league : To his due time and providence I leave them." By him thou shalt regain, without him not,

So spake Israel's true king, and to the fiend That which alone can truly re-install thee

Made answer meet, that made void his wiles. In David's royal seat, his true successor,

So fares it, when with truth falsehood contends.
Deliverance of thy brethren, those ten tribes,
Whose offspring in his territory yet serve,
In Habor, and among the Medes dispers'd :

Book IV.
Ten sons of Jacob, two of Joseph, lost
Thus long from Israel, serving, as of old
Their fathers in the land of Egypt serv'd,

The Argument.
This offer sets before thee to deliver.

Satan, persisting in the temptation of our Lord, These if from servitude thou shalt restore

shows him imperial Rome in its greatest pomp To their inheritance, then, nor till then,

and splendour, as a power which he probably Thou on the throne of David in full glory,

would prefer before that of the Parthians; and

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