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To whom thus Jesus. “ What conclud'st thou | Array'd in glory on my cup to attend :
Why should'st thou then obtrude this diligence,
“ How hast thou hunger then ?" Satan replied. And with my hunger what hast thou to do? “ Tell me, if food were now before thee set, Thy pompous delicacies I contemn, Would'st thou not eat?" -“ Thereafter as I like And count thy specious gifts no gifts, but guiles" The giver," answer'd Jesus. “ Why should that To whom thus answer'd Satan malecontent Cause thy refusal ?” said the subtle fiend.
“ That I have also power to give, thou seest;
And rather opportunely in this place
Why should'st thou not accept it? but I see
Of these things others quickly will dispose,
Both table and provision vanish d quite
Only the importune tempter still remain’d,
“ By hunger, that each other creature tames, He spake no dream; for, as his words had end, Thou art not to be harm'd, therefore not mord; Our Saviour lifting up his eyes beheld,
Thy temperance invincible besides,
For no allurement yields to appetite;
And all thy heart is set on high designs,
Thou art unknown, unfriended, low of birth,
Bred up in poverty and straits at home,
What followers, what retinue canst thou gain,
Or at thy heels the dizzy multitude,
What rais'd Antipater the Edomite,
Thy throne, but gold that got him puissant friends
Get riches first, get wealth, and treasure heap,
Not difficult, if thou hearken to me:
Riches are mine, fortune is in my hand;
They whom I favour thrive in wealth amain,
While virtue, valour, wisdom, sit in want."
To whom thus Jesus patiently replied.
To gain dominion, or to keep it gain’d.
But men endued with these have oft attain'd
That seat, and reign in Israel without end.
Among the Heathen, (for throughout the world
Worthy of memorial,) canst thou not remember
To whom thus Jesus temperately replied. Who could do mighty things, and could contemn
May also in this poverty as soon
Extol not riches then, the toil of fools,
The wise man's cumbrance, if not share ; nore's
To slacken Virtue, and abate hier edge,
'Than prompt her to do aught may merit praise.
Satan still pursues his former incitements; and, What if with like aversion I reject
supposing that the seeming reluctance of Jesus to Riches and realms 3 yet not for that a crown, be thus advanced might arise from his being unGolden in show, is but a wreath of thorns,
acquainted with the world and its glories, conveys Brings dangers, troubles, cares, and sleepless nights, him to the summit of a high mountain, and from To him who wears the regal diadem,
thence shows himn most of the kingdoms of Asia, # When on his shoulders each man's burden lies; particulnrly pointing out to his notice some extraE For therein stands the office of a king,
ordinary military preparations of the Parthians to His honour, virtue, merit, and chief praise,
resist the incursions of the Scythians. He then That for the public all this weight he bears.
informs our Lord, that he showed him this purYet he, who reigns within himself, and rules posely that he might see how necessary military Passions, desires, and fears, is more a king ;
exertions are to retain the possession of kingdoms, Which every wise and virtuous man attains;
as well as to subdue them at first, and advises him And who attains not, ill aspires to rule
to consider how impossible it was to maintain Cities of men, or headstrong multitudes,
Judea against two such powerful neighbours as Subject himself to anarchy within,
the Romans and Parthians, and how necessary it Or lawless passions in him, which he serves.
would be to form an alliance with one or other of But to guide nations in the way of truth
them. At the same time he recommends, and By saving doctrine, and from errour lead
engages to secure to him, that of the Parthians; To know, and knowing worship God aright,
and tells him that by this means his power will be Is yet more kingly ; this attracts the soul,
defended from any thing that Rome or Cæsar =; Governs the inner man, the nobler part;
might attempt against it, and that he will be able That other o'er the body only reigns,
to extend his glory wide, and especially to accomAnd oft by force, which, to a generous mind, plish, what was particularly necessary to make the So reigning, can be no sincere delight.
throne of Judea really the throne of David, the Besides, to give a kingdom bath been thought deliverance and restoration of the ten tribes, still Greater and nobler done, and to lay down
in a state of captivity. Jesus, having briefly Far more magnanimous, than to assume.
noticed the vanity of military efforts and the Riches are needless then, both for themselves, weakness of the arm of Aesh, says, that when the And for thy reason why they should be sought, time comes for his ascending his allotted throne To gain a sceptre, oftest better miss'd."
he shall not be slack: he remarks on Satan's extraordinary zeal for the deliverance of the Israelites, to whom he had always showed himself an enemy,
and declares their servitude to be the consequence Book III,
of their idolatry; but adds, that at a future time The Argument.
it may perhaps please God to recall them, and
restore them to their liberty and native land. Satan, in a speech of much flattering commenda
tion, endeavours to awaken in Jesus a passion for So spake the Son of God; and Satan stood glory, by particularising various instances of con- A while, as mute, confounded what to say quests achieved, and great actions performed, by What to reply, confuted, and convinc'd persons at an early period of life. Our Lord of his weak arguing and fallacious drift; replies, by showing the vanity of worldly fame, At length, collecting all his serpent wiles, and the improper means by which it is generally with soothing words renew'd, him thus accosts. attained ; and contrasts with it the true glory of “ I see thou know'st what is of use to know, religious patience and virtuous wisdoin, as exem- What best to say canst say, to do canst do ; plified in the character of Job.. Satan justifies Thy actions to thy words accord, thy words the love of glary from the example of God him- To thy large heart give utterance due, thy heart self, who requires it from all his creatures. Jesus Contains of good, wise, just, the perfect shape. detects the fallacy of this argument, by showing Should kings and nations from thy mouth consult, that, as goodness is the true ground on which Thy counsel would be as the oracle glory is due to the great Creator of all things, Urim and Thummim, those oraculous gems sinful man can have no right whatever to it. On Aaron's breast; or tongue of seers old, Satan then urges our Lord respecting his claim Infallible : or wert thou sought to deeds to the throne of David; he tells him that the That might require the array of war, thy skill kingdom of Judea, being at that time a province Of conduct would be such, that all the world of Rome, cannot be got possession of without Could not sustain thy prowess, or subsist much personal exertion on his part, and presses In battle, though against thy few in arms. him to lose no time in beginning to reign. Jesus These God-like virtues, wherefore dost thou hide, refers him to the time allotted for this, as for all Affecting private life, or more obscure other things; and, after intimating somewhat re- In savage wilderness? wherefore deprive specting his own previous sufferings, asks Satan, All Earth her wonder at thy acts, thyself why he should be so solicitous for the exaltation The fame and glory, glory the reward of one, whose rising was destined to be his fall. That sole excites to high attempts, the flame Satan replies, that his own desperate state, by ex- of most erected spirits, most temper'd pure cluding all hope, leaves little room for fear; and Ethereal, who all pleasures else despise, that, as his own punishment was equally doomed, All treasures and all gain esteem as dross, he is not interested in preventing the reign of And dignities and powers all but the highest ? one, from whose apparent benevolence he might | Thy years are ripe, and over-ripe; the son rather hope for some interference in his favour. of Macedonian Philip had ere these
Won Asia, and the throne of Cyrus held
The deed becomes unprais'd, the man at least,
To whom our Saviour calmly thus replied. By all his angels glorified, requires
Wise or unwise, no difference, no exemption;
Above all sacrifice, or hallow'd gift,
Glory he requires, and glory he receives,
Or barbarous, nor exception hath declar'd;
From us, his foes pronounc'd, glory be exacts." Things vulgar, and well weigh’d, scarce worth the To whom our Saviour fervently replied. praise?
“ And reason ; since his word all things produc'd
His good communicable to every soul
he less expect Of whom to be disprais'd were no small praise ? Than glory and benediction, that is, thanks, His lot who dares be singularly good.
The slightest, easiest, readiest recompense
From them who could return him nothing else,
And, not returning that, would likeliest render
Contempt instead, dishonour, obloquy ?
But why should man seek glory, who of his own
Hath nothing, and to whom nothing belongs,
Yet, sacrilegious, to himself would take
Yet so much bounty is in God, such grace,
That who advance his glory, not their own,
Insatiable of glory, had lost all ;
“ Of glory, as thou wilt," said he, “ so deem;
To sit upon thy father David's throne,
Be now in powerful hands, that will not part
Judæa now and all the Promis'd Land,
Obeys Tiberius ; nor is always rul'd
With temperate sway ; oft have they violated
The temple, oft the law, with foul affronts,
Abominations rather, as did once
Antiochus : and think'st thou to regain
So did not Maccabeus: he indeed
With Modin and her suburbs once content.
If kingdom move thee not, let move thee zeal Aught suffer'd ; if young African for fame And duty; and zeal and duty are not slow,
They themselves rather are occasion best;
But I will bring thee where thou soon shalt quit Zeal of thy father's house, duty to free
Those rudiments, and see before thine eyes Thy country from her heathen servitude.
The monarchies of the Earth, their pomp and state ; So shalt thou best fulfil, best verify
Sufficient introduction to inform
And regal mysteries; that thou may'st know Reign then ; what canst thou better do the while ?" | How their best opposition to withstand.” (took
To whom our Saviour answer thus return'd. With that, (such power was given him then,) he “ All things are best fulfill'd in their due time; The Son of God up to a mountain high. And time there is for all things, Truth hath said. It was a mountain at whose verdant feet If of my reign prophetic writ hath told,
A spacious plain, outstretch'd in circuit wide, That it shall never end, so, when begin,
Lay pleasant; from his side two rivers flow'd, The Father in his purpose hath decreed ;
The one winding, the other straight, and left between He in whose hand all times and seasons roll. Fair champaign
with less rivers interven'd, What if he hath decreed that I shall first
Then meeting join'd their tribute to the sea : Be tried in humble state, and things adverse, Fertile of corn the glebe, of oil, and wine ; (hills; By tribulations, injuries, insúlts,
With herds the pastures throng'd, with flocks the Contempts, and scorns, and snares, and violence, Huge cities and high-tower'd, that well might seem Suffering, abstaining, quietly expecting,
The seats of mightiest monarchs; and so large Without distrust or doubt, that he may know The prospect was, that here and there was room What I can suffer, how obey ? Who best
For barren desert, fountainless and dry. Can suffer, best can do; best reign, who first To this high mountain-top the tempter brought Well hath obey'd; just trial, ere I merit
Our Saviour, and new train of words began. My exaltation without change or end.
“ Well have we speeded, and o'er hill and dale, But what concerns it thee, when I begin
Forest and field and flood, temples and towers, My everlasting kingdom? Why art thou
Cut shorter many a league ; here thou behold'st Solicitous ? What moves thy inquisition ?
Assyria, and her empire's ancient bounds, Know'st thou not that my rising is thy fall,
Araxes and the Caspian lake; thence on And my promotion will be thy destruction ?” As far as Indus east, Euphrates west,
To whom the tempter, inly rack'd, replied. And oft beyond : to south the Persian bay, “ Let that come when it comes; all hope is lost And, inaccessible, the Arabian drought : Of my reception into grace : what worse?
Here Nineveh, of length within her wall For where no hope is left, is left no fear :
Several days' journey, built by Ninus old, If there be worse, the expectation more
Of that first golden monarchy the seat, Of worse torments me than the feeling can.
And seat of Salmanassar, whose success I would be at the worst : worst is my port,
Israel in long captivity still mourns; My harbour, and my ultimate repose;
There Babylon, the wonder of all tongues, The end I would attain, my final good.
As ancient, but rebuilt by him who twice My errour was my errour, and my crime
Judah and all thy father David's house
Till Cyrus set them free; Persepolis,
Ecbatana ber structure vast there shows,
And Hecatompylos her hundred gates ;
There Susa by Choaspes, amber stream,
The great Seleucia, Nisibis, and there
Artaxata, Teredon, Ctesiphon, If I then to the worst that can be haste,
Turning with easy eye, thou may'st behold. Why move thy feet so slow to what is best,
All these the Parthian (now some ages past Happiest, both to thyself and all the world, By great Arsaces led, who founded first That thou, who worthiest art, should'st be their king? That empire) under his dominion holds, Perhaps thou linger'st, in deep thoughts detain'd From the luxurious kings of Antioch won. Of the enterprise so hazardous and high;
And just in time thou com'st to have a view No wonder ; for, though in thee be united Of his great power ; for now the Parthian king What of perfection can in man be found,
In Ctesiphon hath gather'd all his host
Against the Scythian, whose incursions wild
He marches now in haste; see, though from far,
See how in warlike muster they appear, In all things that to greatest actions lead
In rhombs, and wedges, and half-moons, and wings." The wisest, unexperienc'd, will be ever
He look'd, and saw what numbers numberless Timorous and loth ; with novice modesty,
The city gates out-pour’d, light-armed troops, (As he who, seeking asses, found a kingdom,) In coats of mail and military pride ; Irresolute, unhardy, unadventurous :
In mail their horses clad, yet fleet and strong,
Prancing their riders bore, the flower and choice From Egypt to Euphrates, and beyond,
To whom our Saviour answer'd thus, unmoy'd And Margiana to the Hyrcanian cliffs
“ Much ostentation vain of fleshy arm Of Caucasus, and dark Iberian dales ;
And fragile arms, much instrument of war, From Atropatia and the neighbouring plains Long in preparing, soon to nothing brought, Of Adiabene, Media, and the south
Before mine eyes thou hast set; and in my ear, Of Susiana, to Balsara's haven.
Vented much policy, and projects deep
Will unpredict, and fail me of the throne :
My time, I told thee, (and that time for thee Nor wanted clouds of foot, nor on each horn Were better farthest off,) is not yet come: Cuirassiers all in steel for standing fight,
When that comes, think not thou to find me slack Chariots, or elephants indors'd with towers On my part aught endeavouring, or to need Of archers ; nor of labouring pioneers
Thy politic maxims, or that cumbersome A multitude, with spades and axes arm'd
Luggage of war there shown me, argument To lay hills plain, fell woods, or valleys fill, Of human weakness rather than of strength. Or where plain was raise hill, or overlay
My brethren, as thou call'st them, those ten tribes With bridges rivers proud, as with a yoke ;
I must deliver, if I mean to reign
David's true heir, and his full sceptre sway
But whence to thee this zeal ? Where was it then
When thou stood'st up his tempter to the pride The city of Gallaphrone, from whence to win Of numbering Israël, which cost the lives The fairest of her sex Angelica,
Of threescore and ten thousand Israelites His daughter, sought by many prowest knights. By three days' pestilence? Such was thy zeal Both Paynim, and the peers of Charlemain. To Israel then; the same that now to me! Such and so numerous was their chivalry :
As for those captive tribes, themselves were they At sight whereof the fiend yet more presum'd, Who wrought their own captivity, fell off And to our Saviour thus his words renew'd.
From God to worship calves, the deities “ That thou may'st know I seek not to engage Of Egypt, Baal next and Ashtaroth, Thy virtue, and not every way secure
And all the idolatries of heathen round, On no slight grounds thy safety; hear and mark, Besides their other worse than heathenish crimes; To what end I have brought thee hither, and shown Nor in the land of their captivity All this fair sight : thy kingdom, though foretold Humbled themselves, or penitent besought By prophet or by angel, unless thou
The God of their forefathers; but so died Endeavour, as thy father David did,
Impenitent, and left a race behind Thou never shalt obtain ; prediction still
Like to themselves, distinguishable scarce In all things, and all men, supposes means;
From Gentiles, but by circumcision vain; Without means us'd, what it predicts revokes.
And God with idols in their worship join'
n'd. But, say thou wert possess'd of David's throne, Should I of these the liberty regard, By free consent of all, none opposite,
Who, freed, as to their ancient patrimony, Samaritan or Jew: how could'st thou hope
Unhumbled, unrepentant, unreform'd, Long to enjoy it, quiet and secure,
Headlong would follow; and to their gods perhaps Between two such enclosing enemies,
Of Bethel and of Dan? No; let them serve Roman and Parthian? Therefore one of these Their enemies, who serve idols with God. Thou must make sure thy own; the Parthian first Yet he at length, (time to himself best known,) By my advice, as nearer, and of late
Remembering Abraham, by some wonderous call Found able by invasion to annoy
May bring them back, repentant and sincere, Thy country, and captive lead away her kings, And at their passing cleave the Assyrian flood, Antigonus and old Hyrcanus, bound,
While to their native land with joy they haste; Maugre the Roman : it shall be my task
As the Red Sea and Jordan once he cleft, To render thee the Parthian at dispose,
When to the Promis'd Land their fathers pass'd; Choose which thou wilt, by conquest or by league : To his due time and providence I leave them." By him thou shalt regain, without him not,
So spake Israel's true king, and to the fiend That which alone can truly re-install thee
Made answer meet, that made void his wiles. In David's royal seat, his true successor,
So fares it, when with truth falsehood contends.
Satan, persisting in the temptation of our Lord, These if from servitude thou shalt restore
shows him imperial Rome in its greatest pomp To their inheritance, then, nor till then,
and splendour, as a power which he probably Thou on the throne of David in full glory,
would prefer before that of the Parthians; and