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ou, as in our; th, as in thin; Th, as in this; n, nearly like ng. t. of the Prussian states, cap. of a circle of the same name, and of the whole prov. of the Lower Rhine; situated at the confluence of the Mo selle and Rhine, whence the city obtained its ancient name, Confluens or Confluentes, of which Coblenz is probably a corruption. This place is strongly fortified, and is an important military post. (See EmrenBREITSTEIN.) Lat. 50° 21' N., Lon. 7° 30' E. Pop., exclusive of the military, above 12,000. (B.)

Col-BURG (Ger. pron. kol-bõõrg) or SAXE-COBURG, the most southern of the independent principalities of Saxony, forming a part of the duchy of Saxe-Coburg Gotha, and situated between 50° G'and 50° 24' N. Lat. and 10° 40' and 11° 15' E Lon. Its area is about 200 sq. m. Pop. 38,000. (P. C.)

COBURG, the cap. of the above, is a walled t., and has about 8,000 inhabitants. (B.) Lat. 50° 15' N., Lon. 10° 58' E.

CocHABAMBA, ko-chỉ-bẩm-bi, a te of Bolivia, the cap. of a dep. of the same name. Lat. 17° 25' S., Lon. 65° 50' W. Pop. estimated at 30,000 (B.); by others, at 20,000.

Cochin, ko-cheen', a prov. on the S. W. coast of Hindestan, between 10° 10' and 10° 50' N. Lat.

Col-chin CHINA, or the empire of An-nam, is situated in Chin-India, of which it forms the eastern portion. It extends from 8° 40' to about 23° N. Lat., and from 102° to 109° 20' E. Lon. Its length, from N. to S., is about 930 m.; its breadth varies from 100 m. to 300 m. Area estimated at 147,000 sq. m. The name Cochin China is unknown to the inhabitants, having been bestowed by the Portuguese. The natives call it Drang-Trong, i.e. " the central country." This appellation, however, is restricted to Cochin China Proper; Tonkin is called the “external country.” These two countries are named by the inhabitants An-nam or Anam. Tonkin occupies the northern, and Cechin China Proper the southern region; the boundary line between them is in about 19° N. Lat. The most southern portion of Cochin China Proper once formed a separate country, under the name of Tsiampa, tse-im-pi or Chiampa. The empire of An-nam comprehends a part of Cambodja and several other territories. Little, however, is known respecting them. The popis estimated, by Balbi, at 12,000,000. The inhabite ants of Cochin China belong to the same race as the Chinese and Mongols. They have made some progress in most of the arts of civilized life, and, in their mode of living and general character, appear to reseinble the Chinese. They are said to excel in naval architecture, and the lacker-ware made at Tonkin is considered by some as preferable to that of Japan. Hué is the cap. of Cochin China and of the whole empire. Adj. and inhab. Cochin CHINESE, which, however, should be restricted to Cochin China Proper. AN-NAM-EŞE' or ANAMESE is the more general appellative.

Cocke, a co. in the E. part of Tenn., bordering on N. C. Pop. 8,300. Co. t. Newport. CODOGNO, ko-done-yo, a t. of Austrian Italy, in the prov. of Lodi,

Fåte, får, fåll, fåt; mė, mėt; pine or pine, pin; nò, not; öð as in good ; 35 m. S. E. of Milan, noted as a market for the Parmesan cheese. Pop. above 8,000. (B.)

Copl-FEE, a co. in the S. central part of Tenn., on the head waterg of Duck r. Pop. 8,351.

COGNAC, kone'-yåkl, a t of France, in the dep. of Charente, on the r. Charente, famous for its manufacture of brandy. Lat. 45° 42' N., Lon 0° 19' W.

Coim'-BA-TOOR/ or COIMBATORE, a prov. in the S. of India, about the 11th degree of N. Lat., S. of, and bordering on Mysore. Also the cap, of the above, containing about 2,000 houses. Lat. 10° 52 N., Lon. 77° 5' E.

CO-IM/-BRẠ or ko-eem/-bră, a t. of Portugal, in Beira, of which it is considered the cap., situated on the right side of the r. Mondego, about 120 m. N. N. E. of Lisbon. It has a richly endowed university, with the faculties of theology, law, and medicine, besides the academical department. The lectures are generally gratuitous. The average number of academical students is said to be about 1,200. The palace of the university, once the residence of the kings, is one of the finest buildings in the place.-Conim'brica, the ancient Coimbra, was situated at some distance from the site of the present town. Lat. 40° 12 30%" N., Lon. 8° 24' W. Permanent pop. about 15,000. (B.)

Coire, kwår, (Ger. Chur, koor,) a t. of Switzerland, cap. of the canton of Grisons, near the right bank of the Rhine. Lat. 46° 51' N., Lon. 9° 31' E. Pop. 4,750. (P. C.)

COLBERG, koll-bểRG, a seaport and fortress of Prussia, in Pomerania, situated on the Persante (pêr-sánl-teh), about a mile from its entrance into the Baltic. Lat. 54° 9' N., Lon. 15° 31' E. Pop. nearly 6,000. (B.)

Cou-CHES-TER, a t. of England, in the N. E. part of the co. of Essex, 51 m. N. E. by E. from London. Pop. of the borough and liberties, 17,790 ; that of the town may be estimated at about 14,000.

Cole, a co. in the central part of Mo., bordering on the Missouri r. Pop. 6,696. Co. t. Jefferson city.

Coles, a co. in the E. part of III., intersected by the Kaskaskia r. Pop. 9,335. Co. t. Charleston.

COLLETON, a dist. in the S. E. part of S. C., intersected by the Edisto r. Pop. 39,505. Seat of justice, Walterborough.

COL-LUMPI-TON, a small t. of England, in Devonshire, 11 m. N. N. E. of Exeter.

Colne, a r. of England, in Hertfordshire, which flows into the Thames.

COLOGNE, ko-lonel, (Fr. pron. ko'-loñ, Ger. Köln,) an archbishopric of Rhenish Prussia, the cap. of a government of the same name, and of the prov. of the Rhine, situated on the left bank of the Rhine. It is enclosed by a lofty wall, about 6 m. in circuit, defended by 83 towers, and surrounded with ramparts and deep ditches, and has 24 gates. Cologne was a Roman station, and afterwards a colony named Colonia Claudia Agrippinensis. From Colonia the modern name is derived. Con logne was formerly one of the most wealthy and powerful cities vi' the

ot, as in our; th, as in thin; tr, as in this; n, nearly like ng. Hanseatic league, when its pop. amounted to 150,000. It ceased to be & free town in 1792. A bridge of boats, 1,250 paces in length, connects Cologne with Deutz (doits), which is regarded as one of its suburbs. The town has been declared a free port, and carries on an active commerce.

Besides other articles, it manufactures, on a very extensive scale, the aromatic water which bears its name. Lat. 50° 55' N., Len. 6° 55' E. Pop., including that of Deutz and the military, 78,500. Adjective and inhab. COLOGNESE, kol-o-nezel,

COLOMBIA, ko-loml-be-å is the name which was adopted by the northern countries of S. America in 1819, when New Granada and Venezuela united, and established one central government, for the purpose of resisting the power of Spain. In 1829, Venezuela renounced the union, and constituted itself a separate republic. After the resignation of Bolivar, in 1830, it again joined New Granada, but this anion lasted only a short time. In November, 1831, a new separation took place : at the same time it was decided that the former prov. of Quito should constitute a separate government, under the name of Ecuador. Thus Colombia was divided into the three republics, Venezuela, New Granada, and Ecuador.

CO-LON-BO or COLUMBO, the cap. of the i. of Ceylon, situated on the W. coast. It is, for the most part, well built, and resembles a European rather than an Indian town. Though its harbour is very insecure during some seasons of the year, it is the centre of the foreign commerce of the whole island. Lat. 6° 59' N., Lon. 79° 55' E. Pop., according to the census of 1832, 31,519. (P. C.)

COL-ON-SA or Coll-ON-SAY', a small i. on the W. coast of Scotland, N. of Isla.

COLORADO, kol-o-råh-do, a r. of Mexico, which flows into the N. extremity of the Gulf of California. Its length, according to Humboldt, is 230 leagues, or about 640 English miles, but the quantity of water carried down its channel, during the dry season, is extremely small. It is called Rio Colorado, or Red River, because, owing to the fall of rains upon a soil of red clay, its waters often assume that colour.

COLORADO or Cobu ko-bool, a r. of S. America, in the republic of La Plata, which flows into the Atlantic, near 40° S. Lat., and 62° W. Lon. Its length is above 600 m.

COLORADO (Texas). See Rio COLORADO. Co-LUM-BJ-4, DISTRICT OF, a tract, situated on the north side of the Potomac, 120 m. from its mouth. It is the seat of the federal government, and under the particular jurisdiction of Congress. This district was till recently divided into two counties, Washington and Alexandria. It was ceded to the general government by the states of Maryland and Virginia, in 1790. Pop. 51,670. Alexandria city and county, including the whole of that portion of the District lying on the right side of the Potomac, were retroceded to Virginia, during the Congress of 1845-6.

COLUMBIA, a co. in the E. S. E. part of N. Y., E. of, and bordering on the Hudson r. Pop. 43,073. Co. t. Hudson.

COLUMBIA, a co. in the N. E. central part of Pa., intersected by the E. branch of the Susquehanna. Pop. 17,710. Co. t. Bloomsburg.

Fate, får, fall, fát; mė, mét; pine or pine, pin; no, not; oo as in good;

COLUMBIA, a co. in the E. part of Ga., bordering on the Savannah F. Pop. 11,961. Co. t. Applingville.

COLUMBIA, a co. in the N. part of Florida, bordering on the Suwanee r. Pop. 4,808.

COLUMBIA, the cap. of S. C., and seat of justice of the dist. of Richland, situated at the confluence of the Broad and Saluda rivers. It is the seat of the South Carolina College, founded in 1804. Lat. 33° 57 N., Lon. 81° 7' W. Pop. 4,340.

COLUMBIA RIVER. See OREGON. Co-LUM-BI-AN-A, a co. in the N. E. part of Ohio, bordering on the Ohio r. Pop. 33,621. Co. t. New Lisbon.

Co-LUM-BUS, a co. in the S. part of N. C., bordering on S. C. Pop. 5,909. Co. t. Whitesville.

COLUMBUS, the co. t. of Franklin co, Ohio, and the cap. of the state. It is situated on the Sciotó r., about 100 m., in a straight line, N. E. of Cincinnati, and 350 m. from Washington. Lat. 39o 57 N., Lon. 83° 3 W. Pop. 18,183.

COLUMBUS, the cap. of Muscogee co., Ga., situated on the Cattahoochee, close at the head of steamboat navigation. It is a flourishing and rapidly increasing town. The Muscogee R. R., 70 m. long, connects it with the South-Western R. R. Pop. 5,942.

COMAYAGUA, ko-mi-ål-ġwả, called also New Valladolid, the cap. of the state of Honduras, in Central America. It has a college, and about 18,000 inhabitants. (B.) Lat. 14° 32' N., Lon. 87° 35' W.

Co-Mo (Lat. Comun), a manufacturing and commercial t. of Austrian Italy, the cap. of a prov. of the same name, situated at the S. W. extremity of the Lake of Como, 22 m. N. by W. of Milan. Its cathedral, built in the middle ages, is regarded as one of the finest churches in the N. of Italy. Comum was the birth-place of the two Plinys. Lat. 45° 48' N., Lon. 9° 6' E. Pop., including that of the suburbs, 16,000. (B.)

COMO, LAGO DI, lål-go de kol-mo, or LAKE OF Como, (Anc. La'rius,) a lake in the N. of Italy, intersected by the 46th parallel of N. Lat. It is long, narrow, and of very irregular and tortuous shape.

COM-O-RIN' CAPE, the S. extremity of Hindostan. Lat. 8° 4' N., Lon. 77° 37' E.

Col-MORN or KOMORN (Hung. Komárom, ko-måå-rom,) a royal free t. and fortress of Hungary, the cap. of a co. of the same name, situated on the i. of Schütt, at the entrance of the Waag into the Danube. Lat. 47° 45' N., Lon. 18° 8' E. Pop. 11,000. (B.)

COM'-o-Ro ISLANDS are situated in the channel of Mozambique, between 11° 20' and 13° 10' S. Lat., and 43° 10' and 45° 30' È. Lon. They are four in number, of which Comoro is the largest. The most important, and the only one visited by European vessels, is ANZOOAN, which see.

COMPIÈGNE, KÒM-pe-aiñ, a t. of France, in the dep. of Oise; on the r. Oise, 43 m. N.N. E. of Paris, with a magnificent royal château. Lat. 49° 25' N., Lon. 2° 47' E. Pop. in 1832, 8,879. (P. C.)

COMPOSTELA, SANTIAGO DE, sản-te-il-go då kom-po-stàl-lå, án archi

same name.

ou, as in our ; th, as in thin; TH, as in this; n, nearly like ng. episcopal t. of Spain, cap. of Galicia. Its university ranks among the first in Spain. Lat. 42° 49' N., Lon. 8° 27' W. Pop. 28,000. (B.)

CONCAN, konkl-kạn, a dist. of Hindostan, extending along the Malabar coast, between 15° 50' and 20° 15' N. Lat., and divided into Northern and Southern Concan.

CONCEPTION, con-sep-shun, (Sp. Concepcion, kon-thep-the-onel) a t. of Chili, situated about 7m. from the shores of an extensive bay of the

In 1835 the whole town was laid in ruins by an earthquake. Previously to this catastrophe, the pop. was estimated at above 10,000. (B.) Lat. 36° 49' S., Lon. 73° 5' W.

Concord, kong/-kord, the seat of justice of Merrimack co., N. H., and the cap. of the state, is situated on the W. bank of the Merrimack r., 62 m. N. N. W. of Boston. Lat. 43° 12' 29" N., Lon. 71° 29' W. Pop. 8,576.

Con-Cor!-!!-4, a parish in the N. E. part of La., bordering on the Mississippi r. Pop. 7,758. Seat of justice, Concordia.

CONDÉ, kon'de or kon-dal, an important fortress on the northern frontier of France, in the dep. of Nord, situated on the Escaut (Scheldt), 124 m. N. N. E. of Paris. Lat. 50° 28' N., Lon. 3° 35' E. Pop. in 1832, 3,498. (P. C.)

CONECUH, ko-neel-kəh, a co. in the S. part of Ala., intersected by a river of the same name, and bordering on Florida. Pop. 9,322. Co. t. Sparta.

CONGAREE, kong'-ga-reel, a r. of S. C., formed by the union of the Saluda and Broad rivers, which unites with the Wateree to form the Santee.

CONGLETON, kong/-g'l-ton, a t. of England, in Cheshire, 30 m. E. of Chester. Pop., including an area of about 4 sq. m., 9,222.

Congo, kong-go, a name which, in its most extensive application, comprehends the whole region lying along the W. coast of Africa, including Loango, Congo Proper, Angola, and Benguela. Congo Proper extends from the r. Congo, in about Lat. 6° S., to the r. Dando, in Lat. 8° 20'S. Its interior limits are not known. The climate of this country, though sometimes very fatal to the European constitution, appears not to be subject to great extremes of temperature. The soil, in some parts, is represented as very fertile, and produces yams, maize, sugar-cane, and other tropical plants.

Congo, otherwise called the ZAÏRE, zắ-eel-rå, a large r. in the S.W. part of Africa, flowing into the Atlantic, in about 6° S. Lat. It was partially explored by Captain Tuckey in 1816. Its breadth, for some distance from the sea, is not less than 5 or 6 m.; at the mouth, no bot. tom was found in the middle of the stream with a line of 160 fathoms. He ascended it to the distance of about 280 m., and was surprised to find that it did not receive the water of any other stream in the whole distance along which the survey extended; he was inclined to believe that there must be some under-ground communication, by which it was supplied with water. Connaught, kon/-naut, a prov. in the W. of Ireland, comprising the

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