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el for the attempt, though many may be necessary, for the incomplete execution of a design, that had rectitude for its batis, and a beneficent regard for the civil and religious riglıts of mankind, for its motive.

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The liberal-minded will peruse with candor, rather than criticise with severity; nor will they think it neceffary, that any apology should be offered, for sometimes introducing characters nearly connected with the author of the following annals; as they were early and zealously attached to the public caufe, uniform in their principles, and constantly active in the great scenes that produced the revolution, and obtained independence for their country, truth precludes that reserve which miglit have been proper on less important occafions, and forbids to pass over in silence the names of such as expired before the conflict was finished, or have tince retired from public scenes. The historian has never laid afide the tenderness of the fex or the friend; at the fame tine, the has endeavoured, on all occasions, that the ftriéteit veracity thould govern her heart, and the most exact impartiality be the guide of her pen.

If the work should be so far useful or entertaining, as to obtain the fanction of the generous and virtuous part of the community, I cannot but be highly gratified and amply rewarded for the effort, foothed at the same time with the idea, that the motives were justifiable in the eye of Omniscience. Then, if it thould not escape the remarks of the critic, or the cenfure of party, I thall feel no wound to my fenlibility, but repose on my pillow as quietly as ever,

" While all the diftant din the world can keep',
"Rols o'er my grotto, and but soothes my sleep."

l'efore this address to my countrymen is closed, I beg leave to obierre, that as a new century iras dawned

upon us, the mind is naturally led to contemplate the great events that have run parallel with, and have just closed the last. From the revolutionary spirit of the times, the vaft improvements in science, arts, and agriculture, the boldness of genius that marks the aye, the investigation of new theories, and the changes in the political, civil, and religious characters of men, succeeding generations have reason to expect ftill more astonishing exhibitions in the next. In the mean time, Providence has clearly pointed out the duties of the present generation, particularly the paths which Americans ought to tread. The United States form a young republic, a confederacy which ought ever to be cemented by a union of interests and affection, under the influence of those principles which obtained their independence. These have indeed, at certain periods, , appeared to be in the wane ; but let them never be eradicated, by the jarring interests of parties, jealousies of the fifter states, or the ambition of individuals! It has been observed, by a writer of celebrity,* that “that “people, government, and constitution is the freest, which “makes the best provision for the enacting of expedient “ and falutary laws.” May this truth be evinced to all ages, by the wise and falutary laws that shall be enacted in the federal legislature of America !

any

May the hands of the executive of their own choice, be strengthened more by the unanimity and affection of the people, than by the dread of penal inflictions, or

restraints that might repress free inquiry, relative to the principles of their own government, and the conduct of its administrators! The world is now viewing America, as experimenting a new fystem of government, a FEDERAL REPUBLIC, including a territory to which the Kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland bear little proportion. The practicability of supporting such a fyftem, has been doubted by some ; if she fucceeds, it will refute the assertion, that none but small ftates are adapted to republican government; if she does not, and the union should be diffolved, some ambitious fon of Columbia, or some foreign adventurer, allured by the prize, may wade to empire through seas of blood, or the friends of monarchy may fee a number of petty despots, stretching their sceptres over the difjointed parts of the continent. Thus by the mandate of a single sovereign, the degraded subjects of one state, under the bannerets of royalty, may be dragged to sheathe their swords in the bofoms of the inhabitants of another.

* Paley's Moral Philosophy.

The state of the public mind, appears at present to be prepared to weigh these reflections with folemnity, and to receive with pleasure an effort to trace the origin of the American revolution, to review the characters that effected it, and to justify the principles of the defection and final separation from the parent state. With an expanded heart, beating with high hopes of the continued freedom and profperity of America, the writer indulges a modest expectation, that the following pages will be perused with kindness and candor : this the claims, both in consideration of her fex, the uprightness of her intentions, and the fervency of her wishes for the happiness of all the human race.

MERCY WARREN.

PLYMOUTII, (Mass.)

MARCI, 1895.

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The Stamp-Ad.-A Congress convened at New York,

One thousand seven hundred and fixty-five.The
Stamp-Act repealed.-New Grievances.-Sufpen-
Lon of the Legislature of New York.

27

CHAPTER III.

Cursory Observations.-Massachusetts Circular Letter.

-A new House of Representatives called. Gover-
nor Bernard impeached.--A Riot on the Seizure of
a Vessel.-Troops applied for to protect the King's
Officers.-A Convention at Boston.—Troops arrive.
- Combination against all Commerce with Great
Britain.—A General Affembly convened at Boston
removed to Cambridge. Governor Bernard, after
bis Impeachment, repairs to England.

52

a

CHAPTER IV.

Character of Mr. Hutchinson-appointed Governor of

Massachusetts.—The attempted Assassination of Mr.
Otis.--Transactions on the fifth of March, one thou-
sand seven hundred and seventy.--Arrival of the
East India Company's Tea-Ships.—Establishment of
Committees of Correspondence.—The Right of Par-
liamentary Taxation without Representation, urged
by Mr. Hutchinson. Articles of Impeachment,
resolved on in the House of Representatives, against
Governor Hutchinson and Lieutenant Governor
Oliver.-Chief Justice of the Province impeached.-
Boston Port-Bill.-Governor Hutchinson leaves the
Province.

78

CHAPTER V.

General Gage appointed Governor of Massachusetts.

General Assembly meet at Salem.-A Proposal for 2
Congress from all the Colonies, to be convened at
Philadelphia.-Mandamus Counsellors obliged to
resign.--Resolutions of the General Congress.-
Occasional Observations—the Massachusetts atten.
tive to the military Discipline of their Youth..
Suffolk Resolves.-A Provincial Congress chosen in
the Massachusetts.-Governor Gage summons a new
House of Representatives.

127

CHAPTER VI.

Parliamentary Divisions on American Affairs.-Cur.

fory Observations and Events.—Measures for raising
an Army of Observation by the four New England
Governments of New Hampshire, Massachusetts,
Rhode Isand, and Connecticut.--Battle of Lexing-
ton.-Sketches of the Conduct and Characters of the
Governors of the fouthern Provinces.—T'iconderoga

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