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years give many advantages to your again sent to Paris by one of my distinguished genius ; but as I am now friends, while I was rambling in the only twenty-five years of age, do not country ; because, at that time, I was expect my performance to be either ready to make a journey to Paris : fo, full of fagacity or elegance. I have, by two mistakes, I had but yesterday indeed, obtained fome little reputation your book and your letter ; and I re. here ; but I cannot flatter myself with turn you many thanks for 'em both. the hopes of your approbation : how. But I had already read your curious ever, your candour and humanity will history with much pleasure. The good accompany my youth and inexperience. patriot and the faithful hiftorian mine I fall be proud of embracing every through all the work. I hope you opportunity of testifying my regard for have met with the applause of your you ; and, with the greatelt sincerity, country, and you stand in no need of I am, SIR,
foreign praises. I expose you my own Your very obedient servant, satisfaction, rather than I attempt to Augusztb, 1750.
R. ROLT. compliment you. I cannot say, good
Sir, with what true fentiments of esteem
I amn, fincerely from my heart,
Your most humble obedient servant,
VOLTAIRE SIR, I RECEIVED your kind letter but A Monsieur Monsieur Richard yetter day, though it was dated Decem
Rolt, at Mr. Harborne's, bur. Your letter expected me at Paris
Portugal-ftreet, Lincaln's. with your book : and that book, con
inn, London, veyed from Rotterdam to Berlin, was France Amsterdam.
LABOUR AND INDOLENCE.
Man is born to labour as the sparks fly upward.
the tax, now univerfally imposed flies even to the grave for theiter
day be on man, as tlie price of his wealth, But there what worle may pursue, his pleasures, and his happiness ; and, what worse may overtake him, who indeed, in our present state, how inti Thall tell : It is in vain that the errors nitely lels milerable is a man even of a few noble and feeling minds would when overpowered with labour, than endeavour to dignify the retreat of with its contrary evil, the want of those who now in fuch numbers Shrink employment. By indolence we from the miseries they have brought not only subjected to the greatest mi. upon themselves. sery, but even led to the horridett 'Indolence, this child of In fenfibility, crimes ; we are rendered incapable of makes a man improper for the world, enjoying the blessings of life, and this, and for society i unapt to the best only a tailing in its beginning, becomes affections and the noblest propensities a crime in its end.
-It brings him to a state which leaves Indoience is the tainted spring, the him nothing to regret : his fortune is stagnant pool, from whence flows almost involved he may have relations who every vice. This, making a man inca- look up to him for support-In vain ! pable of friendthip (of active friend- -of exertion he is incapable whom Thip, and what else deserves the name ?) habitual idleness has involved. He is leaves him deprived of friends. This like a man enervated by disease, turned involves him infenfibly in difficulties, loose to stem a Itorm in a vesel beyond from which, as his mind is too weak- his force; -he fees rocks and whirl. ened to confront, and too relaxed to pouls on every side, the haven is fupport them, with the daftareliness of distant; and despairing that his strength the most cowardly spirit, be learns to is sufficient to attain it, he exerts Hy-And in what manner to dy? not even the little which is left him
the waves overpower him, and he is Where now is that enthusiasm, in all lott!
its pursuits, which was once the hoWe are born to a portion of labour, nourable niark of youth ? Indolence from which, as Nature has exempted seems to have pervaded every part ; no man, none can shrink without de- its corrosive reaches even to the heart, gradation. But let us reflect, that and there destroys every passion and though to labour is the lot of man, every affection for the good, the great, • Health, peace, and competence' are and the amiable. It is a vice the more its reward-Idlenels, as has been justly dangerous, as it is in the beginning lels oblerved by some author, is the rult of alarning: The avoiding the early the wind ; this eats into the Itrongest, habits of it lies indeed chiefly with deprives it of its native powers, and parents : but, alas ! the sacred name moulders away those energies which of Parent does not always infuse the are given it for the noblest purposes. virtues necessary for a proper discharge It is like the corroding quality of cer- of the duties which it includes. tain air, which deprives even iron itself To know the utility and pleasure of of the strength which is originally its industry, we must be early habituated characteristick, and renders it the sport to it. The weariness, the disorder of of every blait.
affairs and of mind, incident to the Did we but look into the volume of indolent, though they prey upon them, human nature, a book which, though do not to them point their origin, nor, opened to all, is yet perused by feiv, from the lethargy which it creates, the crimes which arise froin indolence would the voice of a Stentor awake would out-number even those of ambi- them. It is for those yet uninfected tion. In ambition there is something with the pernicious poison to guard approaching to greatness, which daz. against it in the hour of eale, enjoyzles us. It is the error of noble minds, ment, and prosperity. It is for men the weed of a generous soul. The am- who have happily acquired fortunes bitious in a lingle age are but few ; themselves, and who therefore feel the the quality in a very destructive degree importance and the pleasure of labour, is rare-it is upen, and may be guarded to preserve that tone of mind in their against : but indolence is the universal descendants, without which the wealth error of every age; the most luxurious they have attained cannot be enjoyed. are the most infected by it ; and it Let them guard their offspring against seems almoit hereditary to the great an error, of which they may be always and opulent, and amongst these our accounted competent judges, from the youth are now in the highelt degree advantages they have reaped by an op, tainted with it. What young man is posite conduct. It is for them to re. there of this description, who devotes, inember, that the same vigour of mind I will not say a few hours in a day, and health of body is necessary to the but in a week, to study? Who of our enjoyment as to the acquisition of Nobility now study the laws as for- riches ;-) truth, important as it is, merly? Who now excel in the fine too rarely attended to ; the neglect of arts ? or who are indefatigable in en- which, however, produces that crowd couraging and supporting them? Yet of wretches in opulence who drag on he who would once essay this, would an uncomfortable, if not a vicious, and find it give attractions to pleasure at best an unvirtuous exiltence-rill which the indolent and vicious are in perhaps the wealth which has made reality incapable of tatting. This them unfit for adversity is diffipated, would leave something in his mind even without pleasure. And then we for the years when he could lounge see every day bow the horrid account is no longer this would scatter the closed ! they rulh into eternity, deeds of a variety of virtues ; and if the foil be not wholly ungrateful, “ With all their imperfections on their they would crown with their blossoms the morning of his age, and reward u And how their audit stands-who him with their fruit in his decline.
knows lave Heaven".
TO THE EDITOR OF THE EUROPEAN MAGAZINE.
from a MS. in the Pepyss Collection, No. 8383, in Magdalen College Library,
the History of the Devils of Loudon, being an Account of the pretended 3. Poffeffion of the Ursuline Nuns, and of the Condemnation and Punilhment of Urban Grandier, a Parson of the fame Town." 8vo. 1703.
I am, &c.
Orleans, the 7th of December in France ; nor heard any noise worfe
(New Stile) 1635. than singing, nor any signs of witchBEING fo far from Loudun, and be craft, but itrings with crosses about
hind his back, I dare make good their necks, which the priests held my promises, and speak my mind freely them by, as they knceled before them, of the Devil, and to you freelier than with one hand, whilst the other was to another. For I believe it will cost employed in crosling their foreheads. you the trouble of a journey, which, This, for the space of half an hour, if our wishes could have saved you, was all we faw; but on a fudden two you had bad the profit without the of them grew unruly, and would by trouble. Nor was it my with then force have left their seats; but the only but still, that you would take friars made them keep them, which a journey thither; and I do not doubt they did ; but one left not with ridicu. but you will meet a satisfaction worth lous motions to abuse the friar, thruit. your pains. I confess I have seen that ing out her tongue, and then catchwhich is so much beyond my expecta- ing him about the neck, to have kiffed tion, or what I would have belieyed, if him. The other's rage was anger ; another had told me, as I do not expect for the took the priest by the throat, this letter should meet your credit ; and struck him, and then got from him, wbich reason fhould have kept me froin and ran roaring and talking to the priest writing, if I fo could have excused the that was faying mass ; where the combreach of a promise to you. But this is mitted fome extravagancies before the from the business of my letter, which, friar could take her away. No other upon my word, thall be a relation of strange things happened in the chapel nothing but what I faw and heard. at this time that I saw or heard,
I will begin as I met the accidents. but fad cries that came from the grates Upon Thuriday morning last pait, be- of the nunnery. The prieits then de. fore the date of this letter, we went, as fired us to come after dinner, for it was we were appointed by a priest, to whom holiday, and there was no exorcisms we had the recommendation of the psed there in the forenoon, by reason Archbifhop of Tours, to the monastery they were to go to the churches; whiof the Nuns that were pofsefied; ther we went, and were no sooner en. where, when we entered, we saw two tered, but were drawn by a great priests at mais at several altars in the noise and cry to a little chapel in tire taid convent's chapeli and in five church. where we saw a friar and. places of the chapel were five of the one of the poffelled at exorcisins. muns that were pofleffed, and with each When we came, we found her in her of them a father praying:
fit, laid upon the ground, raging mad. Upon our firit entry we heard nothing When we saw her herself, the was a bot praying, to which the potsesid luity young woman, brown haired, and were as atientive as any ; and, for black eyed, and tull of itature; but now aught I perceived, prayed as heartily ; fo violently poilelled, that her strength so that, for my part, I thought we had was above five women's ; for, being by, lott our journey ; for they told us we in her rage, the priest desired me to fhould see the horrideit faces, and hold one of her hands, which was all I postures far beyond a tuinbler's imita- could, without rudene!s, do. Whilst tian, and hear strange cries ; and those the lay thus, her eyes left their beauty ; I looked for. But I law nothing but and all her youth, without the rememkneeling, and as good faces as any are brance of what I saw before, could not
have persuaded me that the ever could and then to put on a body of iron again be handsome ; her eyes so ftrangely but he refused to do it, till the priest turned a-squint, as nothing but white had charmed him by pfalms and appeared, and that so bloody, and so prayers; then he roared and lay down; often changed, that you would have all the body shot out straight, and the thought she had not only hid the lively arms thrust out; and so lay the whole black, but lost it, it was so long before body of one piece, as the priest said, it appeared ; but in the mean time ber and bade us feel, which I did ; but I tongue broke out, for I cannot believe must tell you the truth, I only felt firm such a proportioned lump came without flesh, strong arms, and legs held out violence through so handlome a place ftiff. But others affirm, that felt it, as her mouth was. The colour was as that she was all tiff and heavy as iron; strange as the proportion : it looked as but they had more faith than I ; and it if her eyes had been broke upon it; seemed the miracle appeared more vili. and I should have concluded, when I ble to them than to me. He then come missed them so long, if they had re- mandeth the Devil to pay a reverence to tained the beauty as well as the colour, the facrament; which he did, and exthey had been removed thither. Whilst pressed it in itrange gestures, and turn. this poor wretch lay tortured thus on ings with his arms and legs. The the ground, breathing nothing but priest speaks only in Latin to hin, groans and oaths, things not to im- the Devil only French; and all that he properly mixed as placed ; and had doth he is charmed to do by the power you seen her when she was herself of the Pope and his supremacy, holy you would have said so. The priest water, and the piety of the Virgin all this while stood treading on her Mary, and the truth of the Roman breast, and holding the holt over her, Catholic church. One miracle I had commanding the Devil to worship it, missed, if Mr. Montague had not fent calling him · Dog,' Serpent, and for me, which was to obey what the other nainés : but I saw in her no priest commanded him, mentally, withobedience; for I was driven away, out speaking it to him, to confirm me with the variety of a Itrange noise, it was the devil by the knowledge of to another chapel, where there was one his thoughts; which I confefs liad poslefied, and in her fit. When I came, been strange, if I could have been fatifa I found the priest holding ihe fancti. fied by his telling me mine ; but I was fied ttrings in his hand, by which they refused. But to my story. When I led the possessed. She lay upon her came into the chapel, Mr. Montague back, her heels under her breech, and told me I should see the Devil obey the her head, as the lay thus, turned back- prielt's thoughts; and that I might be ward, that her mouth kissed the board : sure it was the Devil, the priest had and in this poiture howling and talk. told him in his ear what he thought. ing; and, ever as the priest Atruck her Whilst we were in this discourse, the with a brush and holy water, the roared Devil lay in a great deal of torture, as if she had felt new tortures. Upon by the strange signs that he gave of the my return into the chapel, the priest turning of his body and head; but in Tet his foot upon her throat, and com- all his actions I saw little above nature, manded the Devil to tell him why he or a tumbler's expression. The priett lay in that strange polture ; but the then commanded him to tell him his ftúbborn villain would not obey till he thoughts ; but the Itubborn Devil had charmed him by the truth of the would not, but fell into imprecations Roman Catholic church, by the pre- and curses against the church of Rome, Tent body and blood of our Saviour, curfing the head of it, and the power that was resident in the box which he they had over him, praying for Calvin held of him ; and then the devil, or and his sect, they would not nor could the woman, stood up at the fight of the not hurt. And still as he spoke these box, when the facrament was tumbled miracles, they told me what he said ; and shook, and then made an answer, but all the while he would not obey his “ Because he would not see such base thought, till another Jesuit came and things as those Hugonots were, which laid a purse of reliques on his head he feared would be turned at the light with which, as if he had been thunderof these miracles.” The priest then ftruck, lhe sunk to the ground, and sominanded her, or the Devil, to there lay grovelling, and his eyes were proftrate herself at the feet of the altar, on the purse, and said, “Let me kiss
poir thumbs;" which was (it seem. would have thought her servant could eth) the thought, and then being de- only have led her by that hand, and manded, why the was so long obeying, not have hurt her. The loveliness of the faid there were heretics there, but her face was cloathed in a sad sable Mhe hoped they would not believe what look, which upon my coming into the they faw. The priest then gave one chapel the hid, but presently unveiled bout more for ny fake, being loth that again, and, though the stood now I hould continue a heretic; and it was bound like a Nave in the friar's hand, to thew how the Hugonots hould be you might see through all her mila used. Being a great while charmed, fortunes, in her black eyes, the un. at last he told them, Like Calvin their ruined arches of many triumphs. Yet head ; and being asked how that was, I saw her, being once charmed by the exprefled his tortare in ugly faces. friar, fall into her fit; and then I law This last I confess I was glad to see, two peasants seize on her ; for they for it confirmed me in believing no. held her not like herself, but like a thing this devil did or faid. The friar thing, they had been acquainted with, thien laid the Devil, and the woman applying their roughest iudett trength was within a minute well: and being to hold her arms. Whilst they were a ked where the Devil was ? the friar thus employed about her arms, the and the confeffed *** (something is omit priest stood with his feet upon her ted here as indecent, and unfit for publica. breast, and a cross in his hand, and tion] I gave to little faith to what he in the name of the church called the faid, as I offered (contrary to my relo- Devil to pay a reverence to it, which, lution) to do more than I have done when he had done, the friar laid him yet, or intend to do ; and it was to try, again ; and the changed from all her if the Devil polltfles all or none; but violence to herself again ; herself foit I was refused. The Devil being and sad ; and those in her return ex. charmed, then we all fell to prayers ; prelied ber belt, and the them. Had and the woman prayed as devoutly you then seen her creep under the as any to God to chale him quite out, altar, and thence hold out the trem. for he food yet in the door. There bling bands, which were so white they prayers being ended, the priest pre- looked like the emblem of Innocence, pared to give her the facrament, which calling to heaven upon Jesus and Mary -the took with a great deal of devotion; for help, weeping Atill luch wealth of but straight another Devil thrust that tears, as if the meant to buy, not beg, żnd her tongue out both together, and their mercy. But what her prayers endeavoured to blow it oft. I must gained I know not, for I faw little confess it was strange to feel what a Thewed her from above or below; nor blait came from her, and how it thook Hid the friar cease to tread upon her, as the' wafer as it stuck on her tongue, if he had forgot the Devil had usurped but could not get it off ; so niuch the his habitation of the maid. I confeis it power of the priest prevailed against was fad a fight, I had no power to the endeavour of the Devil. At last fee the miracle wrought of her recothe took it in and swallowed it, and was very, but went from thence to the inn, immediately well. You would love where we dined ; and were immedia wondered to see how lively the friar ately called by two friars to go to the was, and with what dexterity he com- exorcism in the nunnery, which was in inanded the Devil; how with a word this manner that followetli. te raised him, and laid him with an. The priest having laid fome prayers other, with fuch ease, that I concluded at the altar, repaired to the grate of the that the Devil is but an ais :o a Jeluit. nunnery; where, when he had ring
Whilst they were in admiration of the bell, tie nuns appeared : He called there miracles, I left them, and went to forth one that was posteffed, who enthe cry of a third, the place from whence tered the chapel with her companion I was called to see there miracles, where ouly, a nun that was nor posetled. I found a run fiting in a nielancholy They cane, of either hand of the friar pofture. She wys very young and one, and to kneeled by him, and prayed hand fome, of a more tender look and at the altar for the space of balf an gender shape than any of the reft; hour, without any kind of action that her arms and hunts formall and white, exprefied lae was pofiefed : But there as frie Bewed a breeding not answers pragers being ended, the turned herable to tie estate flie was in. You Yelf to the friar, who cast a Itring-full