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Stewarty of Kiirudbright, Scotland. Engrared by Rawle from an Original Drawing by Augustin Toussaint Esq? Published by J.A.porne Succount to M Savell Cornhil March 1-1803.
TREEF CASTLE, STEWARTY OF KIRCUDBRIGHT, SCOTLAND.
BY JOSEPH MOSER, ESQ.
[WITH AN ENGRAVING.] Ixbeen the
the print which forms one of the concomitant of the system of Clanship embellishments of this month's maga. which, like the feudal system in this zine, my mind neceffarily recurs to the and other kingdoms, had, for a long memory of an amiable, ingenious, and series of ages, formed the strongest barmuch-lamented friend, the late Augur. rier againit civilization, improvement, tin Toutfaint , who, in the course of a commerce, domestic comfort, and, intour which he made in Scotland in the deed, public security, that it is possible summer of the year 1798, so ably and for the human mind to conceive. accurately delineated the subject of it, This caftle, it has been said, was once which, as a veftige of feudality, is cer. the residence of that celebrated Chief. tainly valuable ; because, whilst its tain Agnew, or Agnus of the Ines †, contemplation leads to a mental com- and it does leem, from its insulated parison betwixt the ancient and modern situation, as well as from its strength, state of Caledonian society, reflection to be peculiarly adapted for a place of may also serve to introduce some ob. retreat from pursuers, and a depolitory servations upon the morals and man. for the plunder collected in depreda. ners of former periods, which may be tory excursions. sometimes curious, and are, at all times, In this age it appears strange, that in useful.
any part of this Island such a loose kind Treef Castle, standing upon a small of morality, as well as so relaxed a form island surrounded by the river Dee, of government, should ever have existin that division of the thire of Galloway ed; yet it is well authenticated, that in denominated the stewarty of Kircud. the district wherein this Cattle stands, bright, at the distance of about ten cattle-1tealing was once a practice not miles from the Irith Sea, seems admira- only tolerated, but promoted and cal. bly calculated to impress us with an culated upon as a source of revenue by idea of that gloomy magnificence with the Chief, and that Treef, under some which, in this part of the country, the of its Lairds, has opened its gates to ancient Chieftains forming the centre receive herds and flocks the product of point of their kindred and vassals sup- the plunder of adjacent districts, while ported their dignity, and also, as may its walls have frequently protected the be gathered from the walls, battle- narauders till they could convey their ments, and moat, of that jealousy with booty in safety to the Hebrides 1. which they regarded each other; a jea- Having stated what tradition says
with This Gentleman was, by profeffion, a painter ; had been pupil to the late G. M. Moser, but had for fome years retired from the pecuniary pursuit of his art, upon a competent paternal fortune, to Lymington, Hants, where he died in the spring of 1802, much regretted by a respectabie circle of acquaintance to whom his virtues and talents had endeared him.
+ I take it, that Donald M.Conall, who, in the reign of James the Uld, took the title of the King of the Itles, and committed the greatelt depredations upon this part of Scotland, was the descendant of this Agnus, which was the name of leveral of the representatives of the Clan, particularly one whole exploits in the reign of Queen Elizabeth are much connected with the history of the county of Antrim, Ireland.
1 John Lesslie, Bithop of Ross, thus describes the Catele-stealers in those vallies, « They fally out at night from their borders in troops through unfrequented bye ways and intricate windings. All day they refresh themselves and horses in lurkingholes they had pitched upon before, till they arrive in the dark at those places which they had a design upon. As soon as they get the booty, they return home in the night, through blind ways, and fetching many a compass. The more skilful any Captain is to pass through those wild defarts in the thickest milts and darkness, his reputation is the greater, and he is looked upon as a man of an excellent bead. And they are to very cunning, that, unleis pursued by blood hounds, they feldon have their booty taken from them. When being takea they have fo much persuafive
with respect to the history of this Castle dreadful firy cross t over their cottages, in ages when it is difficult to withdraw and threatening them with all its terris ibe thick veil of oblivion in which fic concomitants : when, as I have oba events are enveloped, it is necefl'ary to served, we reflect that the place where. add, that we have it more authentically in all thole enor nities were practised, certified, that when the Earldom of which, from the neglect of its own off. Galloway fell to the noble family of spring, was rendered barren, is now Douglas, it came, with other demesnes, smiling with cultivation, and, in conto Archibald", who was, by Charles the sequence of a more liberal and enSeventh of France, honoured with the ghtened policy, the partaker of those title of Duke of Touraine : but in its agricultural and commercial advantages present decaying and dilapidated state, which have, during the latt century, who claims the right to it I have not been disleminated through the Inand ; had the means to ascertain.
and that all those false and ill-founded Referring again to the print of this ’ prejudices which, for a long series of Calle, and reflecting upon the various years, impeded the happiness of the circumstances of the lives and viciffi- people of both nations, have vanished, tudes of the fortunes of the Chieftains, so that instead of the haughty Chief or once its inhabitants, it certainly is a Baron insulating himselt, as the print fource of pleasure to the mind to confi. thews he did on the one side of the der, that this spot, which was proba- Tweed, and as many vestiges ftill exbly, in former periods, very frequently tant exhibit him equally immured on the seat of tumult and disorder, which the other, they now ftretch out their was either the retreat of armed bands, arms to embrace, while the only conhoftile to their neighbours and coun- tention is, which shall attain the greattrymen, or the scene whereon kindred eit military, naval, or literary eminence, have contended upon feme point of as it is among other ranks in both ceremony, or for the divition of spoil countries which thall Itand most forcollected in predatory fallies ; or when ward as the promoters of science, the we mentally view the officers of the extenders of commerce and manufacdistrict, at ihe command of the feudal tures, and the practisers of piety, tyrant, attempting to drag the vafal loyalty, and benevolence: in this case, bands “ far from their native land," the most trifling memorial which tends to devote them to the service of a to exhibit the picture of the present foreign Prince,and, if they fhewed any placid and happy itate of the district reluctance to following the banners must surely afford the most folid fatifa of their Clan to France, impending the faction. eloquence, and so many insinuating words at command, that if they do not move the Judges, and even their adversaries (notwithstanding the feverity of their natures), to bave mercv, yet they excite thein to admiration and compassion."
• Archibald Douglas accompanied the Earl of Buchan, who led seven thousand auxiliary Scottish troops to Frarce, and who obtained a complete victory over the English at Baugy, in the course of which encounter the Duke of Clarence fell, was, by Charles the Seventh, made Constable of France. Douglas afterwards returned to Scotlard, and cowards the close of the year 1423 took the command of five thoufand more troops, which were lent by the Regency to the asli Atance of the French Monarch, who, upon this occafion, invested Douglas with the Duchy of Touraint, and the dignity of Lieuter ane-Gereral of the kingdom. It will be remembered, that the Kirg of Scotlard was at this time a priloner in the hards of the Englith. The Earl of Buchan, Archibald Douglas, and other Commanders, were a short time after routed at Vernail by the English, and there Nain.
Æternuni memorabit Gallia Cives
Grata lvos, ticulos quæ dedit et tumulos. # The Firy Cross was a long pole, with two large ficks at the end intersecting each other, in the form of the Cross of St. Andrew. There iticks were fired at the comunand of the Chief, who, attended by his officers, &c. bad them carried in solemn proceflion through the Clan. This culton was always resorted to when the tyrant of the district decmed a confiription receflary, and the delign of it was to threaten his varials with all the outrages of a licentious foldiery, ard all the horrors of fire and lword, if they did not immediately rise and follow this terrific Aandard.
IN THE MANNER OF STERNE.
“My friend," said I, “I have no- ugly, and bare of hair. I was asto
thing to give you."—This was nished that the old man, reduced to addreiled to an oid man covered with the utmost want, would thare with him rags, who had approached within a a scanty and uncertain subsistence.-step or two of the coach door, his red However, the mutual kindnets of their night-cap in his hand.-His mouth was looks loon put an end to my wonder. silent, but his attitude and eyes asked _“O thou, the most amiable, and charity. He had a dog, who, as well most loving of all animals," faid I to as his master, kept his eyes fixed upon myself ; " thou art a companion, a me, and seemed to solicit relief. friend, and a brother, to man. Thou
“ I have nothing," faid I, a second alone art faithful to him in misfortune, time. It was a lie, and betrayed a
and thou alone disdaineit not the poor.' want of feeling-I blushed at having At this moment, a window of the said it-But, thought I to myself, there berlin was let down, and some remains people are fu troublelome ! - This one, of cold meat, on which the travellers however, was not 10--" God preserve had breakfalted, fell from the carriage. you !" taid he, humbly, and retired. --The two dogs sprang forward:
“ Ho! Hey! Ho! Hey! hories in a The berlin drove away, and one of moment !" A berlin had just drove them was cruthed beneath the wheel up. The poftilions were ali in mo. 'Twas the beggar's. tion. The beggar and his dog ad- The animal give a cry.-It was his vanced, obtained nothing, and with. lat. His mattei Hew to his assistance, drew without a complaint.
overwhelmed with the deepeit despair, A man who had just behaved im- He did not weep. Alas! he could not. properly would be sorry to meet any My good man !" cried I.--He looked one who, in his place, would not have forrowfully round. I threw him a done the same. If the travellers in the crown piece.--He let the crown roll berlin had bestowed any thing on thie by him, as if unworthy his attention. beggar, I believe it would have given -He only thanked ine by an affection. me lome concern.-6. After all," taid ate inclination of the head, and took I, “ there people are much richer than his dog in his arms. I am ; and once-Good God!" cried “ My friend," said the soldier, hold. 1,:“ is their cruelty an excuse for ing out his hand with the five shillings mine ?"-This reflection set me at which he had picked up, “ the worthy variance with mytelt I looked after English Gentleman gives you this mothe poor man, as if I wilhed to call ney-He is very happy; he is rich ! him back. He was sitting on a stone but all the world is not so. I have noleat, his dog before him, reiting his thing but a dog : you have lost yours. head'on his master's knees, who conti. --Mine is at your service.” At the nued to stroke bim, without paying same time, he tied round his dog's neck any attention to me.
a small cord, which he put into the Upon the fame feat I perceived a fol. bands of the old man, and walked away. dier, whose dulty shoes proclaimed him “ O Montieur le Soldat !" cried the a traveller. He had laid his knaplack good old man, on his knees, and exon the leat, between him and the beg. tended his hands towards him.-The gar, and upon his knaplack his hat and foldier itill went on, leaving the beg. Iword. He was wiping his forehead gar in a transport of gratitude. with his hand, and leemed to be taking But his bletlings--and mine, will breath to continue liis journey. His follow him wherever he goes." Good dog (for he too had a dog) was fitting and gallant feilow," fai 1, " what am belide him, and caít a haughty look I compared with thee? I have only upon the pallers-by.
given this unfortunate man money, but *This second animal made me more thou hait restored to him a friend." attentive to the firit, who was black,
Saturnian Jove awakes my lyre,
Pindar, as we have seen, has prepared and its tutelary deities. The chain,
his readers for a ready reception of thus dexteroully linked, prelerves its his ode, by suggesting to them the im- continuiry. His enemies thought portance and excellence of this kind of otherwise. They censured his dipoetry. It is the mind's best medicine, gressions, as unlightly tumours ; his he has told us. It is the poet's pana- moral. maxims, as threds and patches cea ;
that harmonizes and heals the of ordinary materials. These stricwhole frame. To these medicinal qua- tures, whether juit or not, eventually lities, afcribed to his poem, he might produced caution. The poet freqüently have annexed its political advantages. corrects himself, and reitrains his Musé. But this was not the place or time. The I am entered, he says, upon the depths poet is every where governed by what of ocean : but I must return, and make he calls the telpaiso
for security to the shore. Fas eit vel ab Τα μακρα δ' εξελέπει»
holte doceri, His enemies, who thus ερύκει με τιθμός. Ti
teas'd, could not terrify him. The
poet stood collected in his eagle-might. Through all the parts of his ode, how. He knew, that envy and obloquy ever various, he profesies to adhere to a are the conftant attendants on excelrule. Anierhod is observed, but with. lence. He knew, that if he stretched out its forms. The hero of the day his pinions, and prepared to pounce, never wholly disappears : we recognise the atfrighted flock' would retire with a him in his family, friends, country, Scream.