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DR ISAAC SCHOMBERG,

From

Original Power Pinhee by Hudson in the popupuen of S. Edward Song:

Published by J. Sewell, Cornhill. August 191799.

THE

EUROPEAN MAGAZINE,

AND

LONDON REVIEW,

FOR MARCH 1803.

DR. ISAAC SCHOMBERG,

[WITH A PORTRAIT.]

" A PHYSICIAN," says Dr. Johnson, This his son, was born abroad, and at

the age of two or three years was be the niere plaything of Fortune: brought to England, where he received his degree of reputation is, for the a liberal education, and afterwards was most part, totally casual: they that sent to ftudy, we believe, at Leyden, employ him, know not his excellence; from whence he returned to London, they that reject him know not his de- and soon after, as liis father had before ficience. By any acute observer, who him, became embroiled with the Cola had looked on the transactions of the lege of Physicians, in a case, the parmedical world for half a century, a ticulars of which are as follow: very curious book might be written on Dr. Schomberg having practised the Fortune of Phylicians'."

some years as a Physician in London, This observation might be verified received a notice from the College of in the fate of the perion whose Por- their intention to exainine him in the trait we now present to our readers. usual form, and to admit him a LicenThough a man of acknowledged ikill ciate. This notice the !)ctor treated in his profeffion, of itrict integrity, with contempt: in'tead of submiiting and of unremitting attention to his to the examination, he objected to the patients, yet he never acquired practice names of some perions who were to be sufficient to ward off poverty, and died examined at the same time, and be. at lait, we are told, without a single haved, it is said, with some haughguinea in his poffeflion.

tine's to those of the College who, he

complained, had uscd him ii, in orderDr. Isaac SCHOMBERG was son of ing him to be examined in such comDr. Meyer Schomberg, a native of pany. The College confidering themCologne, a Jew, and, as it was said, leives the fole judges of what persons Librarian to some person of distinction they thould call upon, refused to attend abroad, which occupation he left, and to the Doctor's obje Erion; but exacame and settled in London, where he mined the perfuns against whom he prorefled bimself to be a phyfician; seemed molt to except, in coniequence and, by art and address, obtained a of which they received the gentleman lucrative fituation amidit the faculty. with extraordinary honour; and fresh In the year 1742 he had outitripped affronts being given on both sides, they all the city physicians, and was in the proceeded to interdict the doctor fiom annual receiptof four thousand pounds. practiting until he had given such

fatisfaction

to

satisfaction as his conduct required. he was called in, and hailed, by his In the mean time the doctor submitted dying friend, in the affectionate terms to be examined, and in 1750 procured of-though last not least in our dcar the degree of Doctor of Physic to be love." conferred on him by the University of He survived his friend but a short Cambridge; and, thus supported, de. time, dying at his house in Conduit manded his admittance a second time, Street, the 4th of March 1780; and the not as a Licenciate, but one of the following character was given of hinn body. This demand was refused to be by one who seems to have known him complied with, and it was objected, well. that the Doctor, though naturalized, “ His great talents and knowledge could not hold the office of Cenfor of in his profeflion, were universally ac. the College, which was an office of knowledged by the gentlemen of the trust; and this refusal brought the faculty; and his tenderness and hudetermination of the business to the manity recommended him the decision of the lawyers. A petition friendship and esteem, as well as vewas presented to the King, praying neration, of his patients. He was enliim, in the perfon of the Lord Chan- dued with uncommon quickness and cellor to exercise his visitatorial power sagacity in discovering the fources, and over the College, and rettore the Li. tracing the progress, of a disorder; and cenciates to their rights, which, by though in general a friend to prudent their arbitrary proceedings, the Pré- regimen rather than medicine, yet, in fident and Fellows had for a succession emergent cases, he prescribed with a corof ages deprived them of. This peti- rect and happy boldness equal to the oction came on to be heard at Lincoln's cafion. He was so averse from that forInn Hall, before the Lord Chief Justice did avarice generally charged, perhaps Willis, Baron Smythe, and Judge often with great injustice on the faculty, Wilmot, Lords Commissioners of the that many of his friends in affluent Great Seat; but the allegations therein circumstances found it imposible to contained not being established, the force on bim that reward for his ser. same was dismissed. This attack on vices which he had so fairly earned, the College was the most formidable it and which his attendance foʻwell me: ever suitained.

rited. As a man he was fincere, and In this dispute Dr. Schomberg was just in his principles, frank and amiafupposed to have employed his pen ble in his temper, instructive and lively against his adversaries with consider. in conversation; his many fingularities able effect. It is certain he was well endearing him ftill further to his acfupported by his friends; one of whom, quaintance, as they proceeded from an Moses Mendez, Esq. exposed his oppo- honest plainness of manner, and visibly rents to ridicule, in a performance flowed from a benevolent simplicity of entitled “The Baliad," since re heart. He was, for many days, senprinted in Dilly's Repository.

sible of his approaching end, which he From this period Dr. Schomberg encountered with a calmness and retook his station in the medical pro- fignation, not easily to be imitated by feffion, with credit and approbation, those who now regret the loss of lo though without the success that in: good a man, so valuable a friend, and so ferior talents sometimes experienced. ikilful a phylcian." On the last illness of David Garrick,

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" Manners with fortunes, humours change with times,

“ Tenets with books, and principles with climes.” Pope. IT. T is now universally allowed by phi- and exist not in the objects themselves,

Josophers, that all sensible qualifies but are perceptions in the mind, with: of objets, such as loft, hard, hot, cold, out any original model which they rewhite, black, &c. are nerely fecondary, present. Mr. Hutchinson has made a

like

like discovery in morals, and proved, hort, we are so much under the induhy inconteftible arguments, that mo ence of this principle, that by it we in rality is nothing in the abstract nature general forin the peculiar traits of our of things, but is entirely relative to the constitution. How healthy and robust sentiment, or mental taste, of each par. is the huntsman, compared with the ticular being

folitary student! But that which is by I am often tempted to apply the same far of the greate:t importance, is the reasoning to truth and fallehood, and wonderful effects it has on our minds, to conclude, that the whole world, which we often iinpute to other caules. ancient as well as modern, are incon This is a subject of such extent, that teitably right with regard to their own to explain it at full length, might well minds, and that consequently they are require a volume, which is a talk very all wrong, with regard to the minds of unequal to my time and capacity : I those who differ from them. Whatever fail, therefore, content myself with may be in this uncommon doctrine, pointing out a few of its effects, which the difficulty of discovering the truth, inay serve as hints to those who incline so well expressed by the old adage, to observe it farther. that « truth lies in a well," no one, I What is it but Habit which gives think, will dispute.

men of every profeflion such a distin. There is, certainly, some principle guishing characteristic, that they are in nature, that makes mankind differ easily known from all others? If we so widely from one another, and from bring in contrait a priest and a soldier; themselves, at different periods. That a mathematician, moral philosopher, or which seems to me to make the greatest logician, with a player, mutician, or alteration on the human mind, is dancing.matter, how visibly will its Habit. This powerful changer of man- effects appear! Nothing but Habit kind governs both the mind and the makes thefe men differ fo widely froin body; and it begins so early, and exer- one another. A contrary Habit could ciles its power so absolutely, that it has make Handel retire to a closet with often been a matter of doubt with me, Euclid in his bolom, or a N.wton go whether there was any other difference to the allembly with a fiddle under among men than what it made. Its his arm. It is this which gives the influence must be well known to all apparent sanction of truth to the docwho have given the smallest attention trine of tranfubitantiation and other to it, and will appear by mentioning a superstitions. few of its effects. To begin with the But this principle will beit appear, body; any one who accustoms himself when we turn our attention inwardly, to let blood, take laudanum, or any and examine our own minds. Let us other drug, finds it very difficult to but habituate ourselves to any partileave them off. I might mention, to cular fort of Ituiy, as the reading of the fame purpose, the use of tobacco, plays and romances, we shall foon find drinking, &c. all of which, none can the difficulty of applying to any severe lay aside, who have been accustomed to or intricate science.' It, on the conthem, without considerable resolution, trary, we apply ourselves to mathema. and experiencing fome unealinels. tics, we will soon have more pleasure in

It is a maxim, diicoverable by expe- reading the propositions of Euclid, than rience, that all the faculties, either of the sublime works of Homer or Milton. mind or body, are improved by exer. If we but incline to any particular opicife. To illustrate this, we need but nion or tenet, we will often begin to compare the supple poiture-matter, or lay it down as an incontrovertible rope-dancer, with the gouty alderman, maxim, though it has no other appearor justice of the peace. If any of these ance of truth than what Habit has had changed parts at the beginning of given it. life, they wouli, doubtless, have un Although what I have said, perhaps, dergone a similar change in their bodies. will not eitablish the truth of

my tileIt is remarked of the inilitary, that the ory, it will illustrate a maxim incul. infantry have generally good legs, and cated by the imınortal Bicon, in his the cavalry as generally bad ones. Etrays, with which I Thall conclude. Puhen a person is deprived of any one. “ Since custom is the principal magif

his senses, by having inore occasion ,trate of man's life, let men by all means to use the others, he enjoys them in a endeavour to obtain good cultoins.". more extensive and perfect degree, In

A. H.

PIND. NEM. 8.

επωδός α.
Κλεωναίουταπαγω
sos oplecu se préowy
πέμψαντα, και λιπαρών
ευωνύμων απ''Αθηνών, ,
Θήβαιςτ' εν επταπύλοις»
όυνεκ' 'Αμφιτρύωνος α-
γλαόν παρα τύμβου
Καδμίιοί νιν ουκ αεκσντες
ανθεσι μίγνυον,
Αιγίνας έκατι. Φίλοι -
σι γαρ φίλος ελθών, ,
ξένιον άσυ κατέδραμεν

Ηρακλέος όλοιαν προς αυλάν.
Such was that hymn, which sent a flowery chain
Of chaplets from Cleonz's lifted plain ;
From fplendid Athens, far renown'd;
O’er Thebes, whose town leven gates surround.
For to Amphitryon's gorgeous tomb
Cadmus' sons rejoic'd to come,
And, for Ægina's fake, bestow
Braids of flowers to bind his brow':
For he, a friend by friends caress’d,
Towards the hospitable city press’d,

Where Hercules his blissful seat possess'd.
Per
PERSONIFICATION is a figure which at Thebes by Timocritus the poet

Pindar frequently employs. It descants. He was a lover of his elevates his language, and animates country. He knew, that the powers his descriptions. The hymn is here of genius expand in every climate, reprelented as an agent; and, on an and refift the influence of malignant other occafion, v uvos užta.. It is foils. He knew, that heroes, pa. the hymn that fent chaplets from dif. triots, and poets had unexpected. ferent places: the poet disappears. ly sprung from the bogs of Bæo. The sense of this pallage is obvious, tia.' At Thebes, we are told, Timoand the transition easy. Yet it seems critus was revered as a conqueror, and to have been doubted, whether the entertained as

a friend.

He was victories, here mentioned, were ob- esteeme: and honoured, not only for tained by the father or the son. The his own, but for Ægina's fake. The poet will explain himself. had your Thebans had been taught the rights father been living, says Pindar to of hospitality by Hercules, their Timafarchus, he would gladly have countryman, At Thebes his palace joined in singing this hymn For ftood, an asylum for the diftrefled, he not only excelled in music and and the relidence of such friends, as poetry, but had been himself the fub- had, like himself, beneficced mankind. jeet of an ode. He had fun; his own His memory, and that of his father, triumphs. The construction is: krov were perpetuated at Theb:s by a tomb, Xiaconos, Tór étafaita ospasy se preveny erected near the stadium. But by Κλεωναίουτ’ απαγωτος, και ---

Ti

He Dorfów.us, say the commentators, mocritus, the father, was a native of

'Αμφιτρύωνίδου 18

To write Ægina ; an island, and intima-ely one thing, and mean ano her, is not connected with Thebes. There places the poet's practice. For, he tell us, were named from the filters Thebe and

εξαίρε το Χαρτων έμομαι Ægina; whose story is told in the last καπου κείναι γαρ ώπασαν Ifthm. Ode. On the victory obtained τα τέρπια, .

Y.

meant.

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