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again disavowed any influence but what the claims of his creditors, noble and arose from motives originating in his magnanimous. Healerted that the Comown borom, and was confident that all millioners had deducted the surplus charge parties would be ready to receive the of 10 per cent. above the prime coft from motion without oppofition. In his con- the different bills; and as this was only fruction of the King's Message, it went the fair profit of every tradesman, it was much farther than the measure grounded much to the honour of the Prince that he upon it: it must go farther than the mere could not be happy till they were dilo application of a fum of money, as that charged, could not

bring the Prince any nearer the Mr. Cartwright, Mr. Curwen, and Sir attainment of the object of his Majesty's R. Buxton, were for the continuance of Mellage. He was not guided in his pro. the prefent syitem of economy, instead of position by any regard to the personal laying additional burthens on the peocoinfort of his Royal Highness, for the ple. Bill itself would be adequate to that;

Mr. Hilliard was of a contrary opibut he looked to that state of dignitý nion. to which the community was interested Mr. Johnstone saw no difference be. in restoring him: with thele sentiments tween the present period and that of he moved, “ That this House, defirous 1795, that could make so great an alterato give full effect to the recommendation tion. On the contrary, in 1795 there in his Majesty's Message of the 16th were a multitude of Jacobins in the counFebruary, do appoint a Select Committee try, to counteract whose machinations it to demand information concerning those was necessary for every branch of the incumbrances that impede luis Royal Royal Family to attract popularity Highness from complying with the ob. and attachinent. With respect to the ject of the Message, by refuming imme. Cornwall arrears, the whole fum received diately that fate and dignity to which he from the Dachy did not exceed 2 34,000!. is entitled."

against which were to be set off goooi per Mr. Erskine made some remarks in an- aunum for the inaintenance of the Prince, wer to an allution of the latt Ipeaker, as fiom 1771 till he came of age; or 250,0001. to his former observacions: he took a againit 234,000l. He therefore thought view of the late debates respecting the it an iniult to the country to be told Message, and paid fome compliments to of facrifices made on the part of the the Chancellor of the Exchequer, who,

Prince. he conceived, in his specific propofition, Mr. H. Lascelles, Sir W. Geary, and had been guided by that moderation Mr. Dent, expresied their opinions on the which always characterited him. He necessity of supporting the Prince in his thought the motion of Mr. C. went to dignity. afceriain the feelings of the House, and Mr. Tierney made many remarks on was neither a censure on the Mellage, nor the illiberality of objecting to the increase a criticism on the Minister. With respect of the income of the Prince, when Place. to the revenues of Cornwall, the Attor- men, since 1795, had moftly received an rey-General had argued that they had increase of one fourth to their salaries, been a tund for the sustentation of the on account of the pressure of the times, Heir Apparent: taking this for granted, The Chancellor of the Exchequer de. it it thould appear, onbalancing the fended the precipitancy with which the accounts, that the public was not in debt butioers of the Address had been hurried to the Prince, nor the Prince to the through the House : lie was certain that public, then he would be in a bluation the Prince had no knowledge of the predifferent from that of any of his prede. fent ino!ion, and even doubted whether it ceffors, by having arrived at the age was chaitent with order : in hori, he of forty without baving been a burthen thought that as much had been done as to the people, Mr. E then concluded could be, with propriety; and he would with oblerving, that he thought it would rehlt every thing beyond it. he advantageous to the pubiic, and just Mr. Fox defended the motion against in the Houle, to extend the grant to as to the remarks of the Chancellor of the make it effectual.

Exchequer. Mr. Fuiler made some remarks on the Mr.Sheridan commentedon the speeches wisdom of our ancestors, in keeping the of thole who oppoled the mosion, but Prince independent of the King ; and particularly that of Mr. Juhuttone: he thought the conduct of the prelent Prince, thought it a weak thing, atter we bad with relpect to bis intention of fatisfy a chrown away 250,000,000). for the support of the Thrones of Europe, in which and the People : after which the House we failed, to oppose giving 100,000l. divided :- for the previous queition 184 to maintain the dignity of our own, an gainst it 139-majority 45.. object which we could not fail to accom- In a Committee of Supply, the sum of plilli.

post lence

356,002l. was voted to pay off Irith Lord Hawkesbury opposed the motion, Treasury Bills. as a friend to the Prince, the Parliament, - Adjourned,

FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE. Tue Moniteur of the 23d February After some remarks on the ceffion of

contained an official VIEW OF THE Elba to France, by which the acquired PRESENT SITUATION OF THE REPUB- a mild and industrious people, two LIC, prepared for the Legillative Body. beautiful ports, and a valuable mine, it This important and curious paper is mentions the reafons why that Illand signed by Bonaparte; and its subitance Mould not be subject to the fame laws is as follows:

which apply to the Continent. With It begins by complimenting the Se- respect to Piedmont, it contains the fol. nate on the increasing industry of the lowing palage : “ The abdication of Republic, and the union amongit its the Sovereign, the wish of the people, Citizens. “ The execution of the and existing circumstances, had placed Concordas, on the result of which the Piedmoor in the power of France. enemies of public order have rested Amidit the nations with which that their guilty hopes, lias been productive kingdom was furrounded, and the difof the moit happy effects. The prin- ferent sentiments that prevailed amongft ciples of an enlightened Religion, the her inhabitants, she could neither fupvoice of the Sovereign Pontiff, and the port her own independence, nor the formness of Government have triumphed expences of a Monarchy; but united to over every obstacle; mutual facrifices France, she will enjoy both security and have united the Ministers of Religion ; grandeur, while her laborious and enand the Gallican Church revives by lightened Citizens will extend their their unanimity.”

talents and industry in the midlt of the It is itated, that in all the Depart. arts and of peace.' Inents which were visited by the First A view is now taken of the internal Conful, he every where received com- fituation of France, the object of which plete teftimonies of a return to those is to praise the vigilance of the Magis. principles which form the Itrength and trates, for their attention to jultice; happiness of society.

the Military, for their rigid discipline; Several Departments in which parti and the Gendarmerie, for their activity cular observations on the lubject of in the suppression of popular disorders. religion, &c. were made, are specified. With relpeet to the Agriculture of the The Report then takes a view of the Republic, it is stated to have attained a different Institucions for Public In- degree of perfection beyond that of the Itruction, such as the Military School, moit boalted systems in Europe. The the National Inititution, &c.; and fub- Veterinary Ari' has also been encou. joins remarks on their several and rela- raged by premiums; and attempts rive degrees of importance. The next every where made to improve the quapoint is, the incomplete organization lity of wool, by the introduction of of the Senate, and the effects produced foreign flocks. Manufactures of every by the Senatus Confultum, which gave the kind are in a progresive state of inPeople the exercise of those rights that crease; and nothing is wanting to their had been admitted by the Constituent 'success, but a more extensive employAssembly: it concludes with remarking ment of capital, which is, however, -" That if Institutions are to be rapidly withdrawing from hazardous judged of by their effects, none ever speculations in the itocks to this more had a more favourable result than profitable and patriotic occupation. the Organic Senatus Consultum in ques. Lastly, it is stated, that upwards of tion; as from that period there only 29,000 French minufacturers, who remained to the Enemies of the Coun. were difperied throughout Europe, try an impotent hatred."

bave, by the protection and benevo. tence of the Government, returned to Commerce that are established in the pursue their respective vocations in the different parts of the Republic. Republic. The manufactures of Lyons The Army and the Marines are stated and Compiegne are particularly noticed to be making the most rapid progress for their rapid approximation to their in their respective tactics; while, in former opulence.

consequence of the exposure of the In the repair of the public roads, it is frauds of contractors, together with an obierved, that 24,000,000 livres have improved system of economy, the sol. been expended, and fourteen of which dier is better fed and cloathed, and the were produced by the toll-duty. savings which he is enabled to make Amongst the new roads just completed, from his pay, attach him as strongly to are, the Simplon, Mont Cenis, and his colours as to his family. Mont Genevre: those in a ftate of for- With respect to the finances, their wardness are a large road from Genoa sources are everywhere increasing, to Marseilles, and another, which is to In the 6th year it was supposed that run from Saint Esprit to Gap. Many the contributions, &c. amounted to new eltablishments are building at Pon- 50,000,000, part of which were three tivy; and, amongit other improve. or four years in arrear ; at present ments, there will be a Grand Canal. there is not a deficiency of 3,000,000. The operations carrying on for the Every branch of Administration beimprovement of the Canal for uniting comes more productive; and that of the navigation of the Seine, the Saone, the Registry, from its abundance, is a the Doubs, and the Rhine, are also proof of the rapid circulation of capi. mentioned; and the funds for carry- tal, and the increase of commerce. ing on these works are stated to be Several alterations in the different equal to their completion. In different Offices of Government are stated, in canals and dykes to which improve- the Report, to have been proposed, ments have been extended, the owners but delayed from the maxim that every of boats and barges, instead of opposing change is injurious. The Executive, the mealures, have contributed to their however, exprefies its intention to pay fucceis.

the most profound consideration to the After taking a survey of various hints it has received. measures of defence completed along Although the excess of Revenue has the coast, the report adverts to the been very congderable, yet there have situation of the Culonies in the West been unforeseen and extraordinary ex. Indies. The islands of Martinique, pences: these arose out of the neceflity Tobago, and St. Lucia, are stated to of re-conquering two Colonies, and of have been surrendered in the height of re-establithing the power and organizaprosperity; Guadaloupe is in a good tion of the Metropolis: but, notwithitate of cultivation ;' and Guiana is standing these extensive operations, the rapidly rising from its obscurity. “St. resources that remain are sufficient to Domingo," lays the Report, “had sub- secure the Capital from a return of mitted, and the author of its troubles penury, and to defeat monopolizing was in the power of France: every combinations. The Report then refers thing, in mort, announced the return to the contents of the different acof its prosperity, when, by a horrid counts belonging to the Departments disease, it was devoted to renewed cala- of Finance and Public Treasure, and mity: but the plague that desolated urges the necessity of giving to France our army has now ceased its ravages; the Civil Code which has been so long and the forces that remain in the Co- promised, and to anxiously expected. lony, together with thole which will The projects of Laws have been formed speedily arrive, cannot fail to restore it under the inspection of the Govern. to peace and prosperity."

ment, and the same principles, as forAmongst other branches of Com- merly, continue to prevail amongst the merce, it appears that the utility of the Legillators, by which the wisdom of Fisheries has not been overlooked the regulations they may adopt will be while more important commercial ex- insured. peditions are either projected or com- In giving a sketch of the repose and pleted for the Western Colonies, the tranquillity of the Continent, the ItaItle of France, and the Indies. Some lian Republic, the Report asserts, is l'emarks a'e made on the judicious strengthened by the unaniniity of its choice of Oificers for the Chambers of inhabitants, while the judicious pro


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ceedings of its Administration, together patible with national honour, and with its military force, have already essentially connected with the strict given it the character and appearance execution of treaties. But in England of a long etablished State; and if the two parties dispute for power: One bas fame wildom continues to prevail, its conciuded the Peace, and is decidedly inclined destiny will be still more prosperous. to maintain it'; while the oiber has sworn

“ Liguria, placed under a mixed an implacable hatred to France : bence Constitution, beholds at its head, and arises that fluctuation in opinions, and in the in its authority, those Citizens who Senare that attitude which is at unce pacific are most distinguined by their virtues, en threatening.-- As long as this contest of their fortune, and their intellects. parties continues, ihere are certain fru

“ Batavia is gradually regaining pos denriai miafires necessary on the part of the session of the Colonies restored to her Republic. FIVE HUNDRED THOUSAND by the peace; but she ought never to for- MEN must and will be ready to defend and get, that France can be to ber only the mojt avenge it. What a strange neceflity is useful friend, or the most dangerous ene- impoled, by miserable paflions, upon my.

two nation's whose attachment uites “ In Germany the last ftipulations from an equal interest and a general of the Treaty of Luneville are near inclination. their completion.

“ But whatever may be the success “ Pruília, Bavaria, and all the Secu- of intrigue in London, the parties will lar Princes, who had polleifions on the not fucceed in forming new alliances Jeft bank of the Rhine, have obtained, with other Powers; and our Governon the cpposite bank, adequate indem- ment tells them, with well-founded pride, nification.

that ENGLAND ALONE CANNOT NOW “ The House of Austria, in the ENCOUNTER FRANCE! But let us enBishoprics of Saitzbourg, Aichitett, teriain better hopes, and rather believe Trent, and Brixen, as well as in most that in the British Cabinet there will, parts of Pallau, finds an equivalent for in future, be heard only the counsels of what it has lost in Tuscany.

wisdom, and the voice of humanity. “ Thus, by the happy concurrence “ Yes, without doubt, the peace will of France and Rullia, every permanent he consolidated, and the connection intere{t is consulted; and, from the between the two Governments will inidst of that itorm which appeared to assume that character of benevolence be pregnant with deitruction, the Ger- 10 congenial to their mutual interelts. manic Empire, that Empire fo necessary. A happy repose will cause the long to the equilibrium and the repose of calamities of a disastrous war to be Europe, arises with greater strength, buried in oblivion ; and France and by being composed of elements more England, by contributing to their homogenous, and better combined and reciprocal happiness, will merit the adapted to the circumstances and ideas app obation of the universe. of the present age.

* The First Consul, “ A French Ambassador is at Con


« BONAPARTE. ftantinople, who is authorized to By order of the First Consul, strengthen the ties that attach us to a "'The Secretary of State, Power which seems to waver, but whom

(Signed) " H. B. MARET." it is our intereit to support and conso. The Mioniteur of the 3d notices the lidate.

late trial of M. Peltier, and donies that " Some British troops still remain in the prosecution was inticuted at the Alexandria and Malta: of this our Go- requeit, or with the knowledge, of the vernment bad a right to complain, but it Firit Consul:-The whole proceeding has learned that the ships destined to conce is treated with contempt by the writer vey them to Europe are in the Mediterra. in question; who afferts, that any fo

reigner in this country must lay down " The Government fecures to the his pen on an inti mation from Lord People the Peace of the Continent, and Pelham's Under-Secretaries, or be lent it may be permitted to hope for the con- out of the kingdom. In fact, Ministers tinuation of a Maritime Peace : this are condemned for making a parade Peace is required and withed for by and oftentation about a circumstance all parties ; and to preserve it, the which the First Consul, it is said, would Government will do whatever is com. never have thought worthyof his notice. '

Much VOL. XLIII. March 1803.




a les


Much has been said respecting conver- engagements and the duties of good faith? sations herween Bonaparte and Lord (Lord Whitworth was about to reply, Whitworth, that carnot poth bly be be- Bonaparte made a sign with his hand, and lieved. Lotteis, however, from good continued in a less elevated tone)--My authority allert, that the Conful put fo Lard, your Lady is indispored. She lisele restraint on his conduct on Sunday may probably breathe her native air the 13th, at Madame's Drawing-room, ra:her sooner than you or I expected. ubich was crowded with itrangers, 'that I with most ardently for peace; but if fomething very like the following conver- mv just demand be not instantly complied fation was audible to numbers who at- wich, then war must follow, and God terded in the promiscuous asemblage : will decide. If treaties are not cufficient

Bona, arte entered, with an unusual to bind to peace, then the vanquished alertne's of manner; and, after faluting must not be left in a condition to offer the ci mpany, he addresled himself to injury." L<rd Whitworth, in a tine sufficiently Hére this unexpected conversation terloud to be beard by all who were present minated, if that term be allowed, where " You know, my Lord, that a terrible the discourle was almost wholly on one side. form bas ariien between England and The following is a copy France."

ter from the Society of Agriculture Lord WHITWORTH.- “Yes,General of the Departinent of the Seine (Paris), Consul; but it is to be hoped that this to William Marshall, Esq. in London ; Hoim will be dillipated without any the well-known Author of several inte. terinis confequences."

refling volumes on the Rural Economy BONAPARTE "" It will be diffipated of England: when England (hali haveevacuated Malta.

(TRANSLATION.) If not, the cloud will burnt, and the bolt must tall. The King of England has “ The Agricultural Society of Paris, promited by Treaty, to evacuate that ever fince their initallation, have been place; ard who is to violate the faith of desirous to give you a proof of the very treaties?"

high esteem with which they regard your Lord WHITWORTH (surfrised on find- uletul labours. But the war, which lo ing himseif questioned in this manner, and long separated two Nations, formed to before so many persons)-“But you know, appreciate and allilt each other, hand General Coniul, the circumitances which broken the chain which unites the affec. have hitherto delaved the evacuation of tions of men, of whatever clime, whole Malta. The intention of my Sovereign is exclusive employments are the improveto fulfil the Treaty of Amiens; and you ments of the useful arts, and who devore also know"

their study and experience to increzie the BONAPARTE.-" You know (with happiness and prosperity of their native impetuojity) that the French have carried country. And the Society of Paris, now on the war for ten years, and you cannot availing themselves of the general Peace douht but that they are in a condition to which permits that pleasing bond to be wage it again. Inform your Court, that renewed, halten to enrich the list of their it, on the receipt of your dilpatches, fellow-labourers with the name of a man orders are rot illued for the immediate of science who is dear to Agriculture, surrender of Malta, then War is declared. and whole important labours will torman I declare my firm refolution is, to fee the epoch in the Hittory of Rural Economy, Treaty carried into effe&t; and I leave it " The Society have desired me to an. to the Amballadors et the leveral Powers nounce to you, that they have appointed that are present, to say who is in the you to the first rank among their toreign wrong.

Vou futtered yourlelves that allociates; and to beg your acceptance of France would not dare to thew her re- this mark of their esteem. ientment whilst her squadrons were at " I am also directed to transmit to you Si. Demirgo. I am happy thus publicly the volumes which they have published, to undiceive you on that livad.”

firce Peace has permitted them to unite Lord WHITWORTH.--" But, Gene. their labours for the coinmon good. ral, the Negociation is not yet broken; “ The Society further hope that you and there is even reason to believe

will have the goodnels to keep up a corBONAPARTE.-"Of what negociation respondence with them, and to communidoes your Lordlip speak? Is it nece!. cate the result of your researches and sary io negociate what is corceded by experience. --Health and respect, treaty--to negociate the fulfilment of

5 SILVESTRE, Secretary."

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