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rate Company for a trade to China and of London trading to the East In-
Japan. This was certainly a very un• dies."
juit meafure, as the old Company's The town, port, and ifand of Bom.
charter was, beyond any doubt, ex. bay, being part of the portion which
clusive of all other parties. Under this Charles received with bis wife Cathe-
opposition, and the interruption of rine, infanta of Portugal, in 1661, was
commerce and manufactures, by the by him granted in full property for
war between Charles and his Parha- ever to the East India Company, to
ment, the English East India Company hold it in free common foccage of his
feems to have almost sunk: it certainly crown, under an annual rent of ten*
was fast decaying; when the Dutch pounds in gold to be paid, on the 30th
India Company abandoned the settle- of September, yearly, at the Custom-
ment which they had on the Illand of House in London.
St. Helena; and our Company, in 1651, In 1698 a new East India Company
took posfellion of that place, at which was established by Act of Parliament';
their thips have ever fince touched on by virtue whereof the old Company
their homeward-bound voyages. was to be dissolved, after the expiracion

In 1655 Cromwell dissolved the East of a certain time allowed them for disIndia Company, and laid that trade posing of their effects. By some friendly open for three years; but the difad, and powerful mediation, however, and a vantage of this measure to the com- due consideration of their several intemerce of the country was such, as to rests, the companieswere at lengthunited. induce the Protector, at the expiration On the 22d of October 1716 a Proof the time, to re-inftate the Company: clamation was iffued, prohibiting all

After the restoration of Charles II. trade to the East Indies, but by the the East India company being supposed Company. (notwithstanding the disorders in it of Jate years) ftill to exist as establithed The foundation of the prefent East by Queen Elizabeth and James the India House was laid in the year First, obrained of his majesty a new ex- 1725; previous to which the business clusive charter, dated the 3d of April of the Company was transacted in the 1661, by the old name of “ The Go. building of which we have prefixed to vernor and Company of Merchants this Article an exact Representation.

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who, in search of health or plea- they were able to bear the fatigue of fure, visit Brighthelmitone, are the being dipped in the sea, and (which is Hot and Cold Sea Baths, near the more material) to be exposed to the Steyne. These were erected on an cold air. If, therefore, the weather excellent plan by Mr. Golden, and are happen to be stormy, and the fea fo fuitable to both sexes.

rough as not to admit of bathing in The first ftone was laid in the year it, recourse is conveniently had to the 1739. On one side of a spacious vefti- Baths. bule are hot-baths, sweating-baths, and thower-baths, which are supplied from low;

The terms of subscription are as fol. the sea by nieans of an engine; and here every possible convenience may be had at a few minutes' notice.

Three Months : A strong foutherly wind creates such 'Two Months

7 a swell, that it is frequently hazardous One Month

4 to venture into the open sea; to re. Single Bath snedy which, on the other side of the veftibule are fix cold-baths, also supplied by pumps from large pipes which Three Months

3 3 run to the thore, and are filled every One Month tide.

Single B

6 There are many persons to whom Shower Bath



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&c. of the first of these dangers, T has been somewhere itated, that it which, indeed, except that which was

is the sure sign of a right mind, and falsely suppoled to arise from fiscal rethe well-governed dispolition of a ma- gulations, includes every other, it was riner, when his conduct merits the the fortune of Mr. Sommers to be early approbation of his shipmates. Pre. apprised, and, with respect to the opefiguring the commonwealth by its old ration of the report, fully sensible. antitype, the thip, and extending the He, therefore, placed himielf in the observation to higher life, the propofin breach which prerogative had made in tion naturally relolves itself into this its privileges; and was, though from question : How must that Statelman that innate modelty which accompanied have governed the vessel, who, in pe- him through life he does not appear in riods when storms gathered on every a prominent point of view, by this side, steered through the mid-stream of mean, the preserver of 'the Constitutwo violent contending parties, and, tion. weathering every rock and thoud of The talents of a man that works, politics, reached, at last, his destined though unseen, that seems to have port in safety? How Lord Sommers did adopted this new kind of self-denying this, may, perhaps, be more easily ascer- ordinance, can only be properly appretained than imitated. We know it was ciated by the same medium of opinion not by too seduloully inclining to the to which I have alluded in the firit lines one or to the other, but by reflecting of this speculation ; namely, that which that he had a motive superior to per. his shipmates, or countrymen, have of sonal attachments or personal preju. him. How Lord Sommers was esteemed dices; that his genius, talents, and ex- by the latter, the sentiments of two ertions, were the property of the pub- writers (whose elevated genius has lic; and, therefore, under this impref. diffused a luftre over the proceedings fion, whilst he, with indefatigable la. of the two great contending parties of bour, bore the burthen, he, with a that period, and excited an intereft in modesty and disinterestedness in mo- our minds respecting events which dern times unequallert, Trunk from would otherwise have silently funk the praise, and cautiously endeavoured into oblivion), exhibited in the chato avoid the fame, that followed his racter they have drawn of him, will fuccessful efforts.

evince; and, as a comparison betwixt Reflecting, in our turn, that daring them will, at the same time, mark the and designing men have, in every age, character of their different ftiles, it may founded their air-built castles upon be useful to beltow a few minutes on that quick-fand basis, the passions of the the confideration of it. people, and determined that the surest The first of these writers (Swift) has, mean to render them as inimical to the in his dedication to the “ Tale of a good order and governnient of the Tub,” produ« ed the completest speci. State as the real castles were to the men of art and ingenuity that is to be Monarch under the feudal system, was, found in the works of any author, to supply them with that kind of artil. Indeed, one may consider this compolery which, without any substantial fition as of a species till then unknown, charge, would, from the loudnels of its and which, though it has since been report, keep the neighbourhood in con- often imitated, has never yet been tinual alarm. This, in one age, bas equalled. been the danger of the Church; in We have lately heard of negative another, the danger of the press'; in fuccefles, negative advantages, and a another, the danger of excise laws, of hundred other negatives; but no one, Itanding armies, of invasion, &c. &c. however ductile his genius, however

extensive VOL. XLIII, APRIL 1803.



extensive his learning, or however bril. ever been considered as containing geliant his wit, has, in this age, attempted nuine traits of resemblance; while the to erect the most exalted character that latter, weighed, with respect to its mehuma ideas can conceive upon their rit, in the scales of common dedications, bafis : yet in this Swift has been com- has been estimated by ti.eir value rat ber pletely successful; and his success has than that of the object of it, and, conbeen attended with this singularity, fequently, being looked upon as a that while he praises his patron for thing of courie, has been, perbans, those virtues and taients which he, carelessly read, and almost initantly forunquestionably, pofleffed in an emi nent degree, the oblique and negative Having contrased these two culomanner in which the eulogy is con- giums on Lord Sommers, publithed Itrucieduis calculated to convey to the during his life, it may be both useful mind an idea of the manner for which and curious to connder more minutely the subject of it was remarkable ; name- the third, to which I have alluded, ly, for endeavouring to thrink from which was ushered into the world the public approbation, for disqualifying 4th of May 1716, a day rendered 1€. himself, and, if the expression may be markable by his funeral; becaule we allowed, tacitly denying every article may suppose that every motive which that seemed to point at his faine, his ftimulated his cotcmporaries to flatter, talents, or bis virtues.

if they had flattered him, muit then Whether it has been froin want of have subsided; and that both dois friends genius that we have fo few specimens and enemies, at a seriod when a tender of this mode of writing, where the remembrance only existed in the minds author appears to hold hefore the reader of the former, and every caule, either a convex mirior, which not only dimi- of envy or relentinens, had vanished nishes the form, but reverfis the figure from those of ihe latter, were prepared of the person whom he means to am- properly to appreciate learning, talents, plify and exalt, it is impoflible to say; and virtues, which liad rendered him but I do conceive, that, with respect to conspicuous as a member of society; a subject upon whiclı every other mode to review with candour his profeflional has been exhausted, it is like an im- and public life ; and, balancing his proved renovation of the system of moral excellence againit his failings, ancient mythology, wherein our ideas leave an accurate representation of his of moral excellence become elevated mind as an example for potterity. in proportion to the debasement of the This, from those sources of informavehicle through which the instruction tion, and means of oblervation, which is conveyed, or like a dream, which, it official intercourse and perional intiis said, should be interpreted by con- macy afford'ext, I have no question has traries, the most artful medium for been done by Audison, ulio, although imparting praise, I will not say for flat. 3 courtly, was certainly a correct, tering, because that is not much the writer ; and who, thoughi eminent for vice even of modern poets, that it is bis wit and huncur, was still more pullible to conceive ; and I have no eminent for his moi ality: he who had doubt but that the piece io which I observed every variation of the human have alluded was, by Lord Sommers, character, explored everyíhval,fathomed much more highly etteemed than the every depth, and foured to every altidedication of Addison to the ti:it vo. tue of human greatness; who had, lume of the Speciator, which, ihonch befides his general knowledge of manwritten, as the Freecolor published kind, a particular krowledge of the after the decease of this eminent Statel. springs which stimulated, the counterman evinces, in the utmost sincerity of checks that retarded, or the balance heart, seems only valuable for the that regulated, the complex machinery elegance of its tiile; and, compared to of the Court, the nation, and, indeed, Swift's, Inews, in a strong light, the of Europe, during the life of Lord difference betwixt polished periods and Sommiers, was certainly the best judge. pointed wit. The former, I will ven- of the minner in which he had conture to assert, though, from the ob. ducted himself, and the multifarious lique icfiction of a miniature re. attrr's in wbich he was engaged, through semblance, the character is by tbe a variety of trying periods, and trying mental magniñer infinitely enlarged, circumstances, from the dawn of manindeed we might say exaggerated, has hood to the close of existence; and


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