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ät their doors, the men smoking their Altona, though large, is much infepipes, and the women knitting, with rior in size to Hamburg, as well as in an apparent content, and cheerfulness population. Provisions are cheaper, in their faces, that people more po. rent is less, and it is certainly more lished and refined, and far more ele. airy and wholesome; fo that every one vated and opulent, might envy. that can spare leisure time stay there in

Between Hamburg and Altona lies the day, during the summer months, a high land, called Hambourg-Berg, on and return to Hamburg at the thutting the bank of the Elbe ; along-lide of of the gates in the evening: which, the whole way to Altona, is a It is a very lingular circumstance, range of houses, with different places that few, if any, cripples are seen here, for building, thips. Here are large though there are so many in Hamburg, warehouses for the manufactory of tar exhibiting the most dreadful spectacles : and whale-oil, and a hemp magazine, men and women not to high as a child a church, and an hospital for idiots and of five years old, and twisted like a lunatics.

corkscrew. This is accounted for va. Above this street are a number of rious ways. The Doctors attribute it houses very recently built, of which to the moisture of the atmosphere and Tome are commodious and handsome, the water ; but the Editor, who always Here are two good English taverns takes the liberty of thinking for bimkept; one by a man of the name of self, imputes it to the beds, before Whijller, and another by one Heuger. alluded to-there certainly is no room At the back of these buildings are a enrugb in tbem-laying cramped up neck number of small houses, principally and heels together, and frealing between frequented by low women of the town, two feather-beds, are causes lutficient to and failors. Almost every other door produce very extraordinary effects. is a public-house, or a, Here is not the hurry and bustle of open every Sunday and on holidays, Hamburg, and the trade is inconfi. like the piel-houses in Holland. An derable ; which makes it the more Englishman may here easily imagine pleasant as a place of retirement. Mahimself in Wapping.

ny professors live here, where young Directly fronting Hamburg Gate is a men reside for the sake of instruction fine plantation of trees, consisting of in the German language, as do many many rows, forming several shady and ex-noble emigrants. pleasant walks, called the Rope Walk: The principal houses of entertainthis divides Hamburg from Altona. ment are kept by the French; and there

Altona is a large town on the banks is an excellent English house, called of the Elbe, belonging to the Danes. The Shakej pear," kept by an EnglithThe meaning of the word is said to be, man named Davis. All too near," taking its name from The Mall, at the western extremity irs close approximation to Hamburg, of the town, is planted with trees, the people being always jealous of the making a mult delightful walk. Paralencroachment of the Danes upon their lel with them are two rows of very fine territories.

houles; those that command the view The greatest part of the town is of of the Elbe are elegant, and many of modern date. If a man withes to have them magnificent. At one extremity an accurate idea of Hamburg houses, of the Mall is a French theatre, at the he has nothing more to do than to other a French coffee-house. fix four glass lanterns one upon an. The lottery, when speaking of Altoother, observing to put the largest at na, cannot pass unnoticed: the plan of the top, and over that something in it is. singular, at least very different the form of a Greek delta (thus a), from ours. The adventurer selects any and he may judge of nine tenths of number from one to ninety-five; if them--here, they are wide, airy, and this number proves one of the first five, not inconvenient.

drawn from the whole ninety-five, be Every thing here is turned topsey receives fifteen times the amount of the turvey. In all oiher countries, firing sum risqued on that number: all numis kept at the bottom of houses, here it is bers remaining in the wheel after the at the top; and all day long, turf, the first are blanks. common firing, is seen hoisting up in About a inile and half beyond Alto. baskets to this curious receptacle for it. na, close upon the banks of the Elbe, This practice also prevails at Altona. at a little village called Ottensen, is VOL. XLIII. APRIL 1803.



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Slavenhoff's tavern and garden, moft nithing; and, if report may be depleasantly situated, extensive, and well pended upon, this part of the world laid out. A good band of music at. is not at all behind-hand with other tends, and every refreshment is pro- places for female intrigue. The female vided. This, garden is particularly fervants are the most frequent objects frequented by the Jews. Many of the of gallantry. Jewefles are extremely beautiful; and Two miles further on, close by a lit. this is the place to see then. The tle village called Flothbeck, is another tavern is a very good one, and pro- tavern and garden, called the TEMPLE, vides four cooks at the expence of little, if at all, inferior to the two pretwenty-four louis a montli, of which ceding: and, perhaps, three such lituathe Head-Cook has half. He had for- tions, fo near one city, are not surmerly lived in that capacity with the passed in any quarter of the world. Duke of Orleans, or Monj. Egalité. This last is also kept by a Frenchman.

Adjoining this is Reinville's tavern The shores of the Alfter. afford many and garden, on a most extensive scale, beautiful public gardens in romantic and standing more on an eminence, situations, viz. Harvesiebude, Poppen. with a ftill more extended and beautiful buttel, Welling suultel, Belvada, and many prospect : the gardens are well laid out; others, all within a few miles of the the rooms for public dinners, balls, town. &c. very capacious and handsome. About four English miles distant are Most public dinners are given there. several charming illands, in the middle In the gardens, the pavilions, and little' of the Elbe, also much frequented; one rural seats, are numerous and diverfi. in particular, called Vierlanden, famous fied, and the music very good : they are for Itrawberries, which are brought constantly frequented, but especially from hence to Hamburg in prodigious on Sundays and holidays are immensely quantities. The fruits are not extra. crowded; the proprietor sometimes ordinarily good, though they are abund. taking 'lix and seven thousand marks ant, particularly cherries, strawberries, in a day.

apples, and plumbs. The crowd of women here are afto







An accurate Historical Account of all the Orders of Knighthood at present existing in Europe. To which are prefixed, A Critical Differtation

upon the ancient and present State of those Equestrian Institutions; and a Prefaratory Discourse on the Origin of Knighthood in general. The Whole interspersed with Illustrations and Explanatory Notes. By an Officer of the Chancery of the Equestrian-Secular and Chapteral Order of St. Joachim. Two Volumes, 8vo.

excites curiosity ; but every cu. mendation of the work muft neceffa. riosity does not merit general attention. rily be limited to certain ranks or


classes of our fellow. Subjects; for to always suggest the idea of princely others, and those conitituting a con- favour, and uncommon merit.” Alas! fiderable majority, it would be wasting how many even of our own illustrious time to read it, and an inclımbrance to Orders have been beltowed by minif keep it.

terial favoar, before the wearers had, The subject itself, indeed, sufficiently had time to exhibit to their astonished points out the narrow circie to which fellow-subjects any conspicuous degrees its utility is confined. The inveltiga. of extraordinary merit. It would be tion of the numerous, and some of thein invidious, and appear “in the shape of trilling, insignificant, Orders of Knight. calumnious anecdote," if there itrice hood itill existing in Europe ; a know- tures bore any reference to living ledge of the external decorations by Knights; but, with the most sacred which they are distinguished from each regard to truth, we affert, that there other; of the respect due to the have been Knights of English Orders, wearers; and of the ceremonials ob. companions of great men at festive ferved at the elections and installations boards, who, upon those great men in the different Courts of the Sove. becoming Ministers of State, were made reigns and petty Princes of Europe ; Ministers of the second class, in the is essentially necessary to travellers of diplomatic rank, to Courts of the a certain description: such are Ambalo second rank, and decorated with the fadors, Secretaries of Legation, Noble. first vacant ribbon of the Most Honourmen, Superior Officers Naval and Mili. able Order of the Bath, before any tary, and private Gentlemen entitled to diplomatic service could have been per presentation to the respective Sovereigns formed. and Princes. It may, likewise, afford in. The Author is Mr. Rubl, a German, formation and amusement to the visitors and the work was printed at Hamof public places of resort on the Conti- burgh; we are not, therefore, surprised nent, particularly at Spa, where, in at some of the errors contained in it times of general peace, during the respecting British subjects. But the season for drinking the waters, the Editor, who remains incognito, is problazing ítars, the great and little cordons bably an Englishman; and yet he has suspended from the button hole, or made some mistakes in his notes and traverting the shoulder, are displayed illustrations. For instance; in a note rather as emblems of vanity than as annexed to the Author's dedication, memorials of distinguished valour, or he observes—" It is worthy of notice, as the rewards of exeinplary virtue. that England is the only country,

It is not meant, by this criticism, to wherein there is no eitablished Military deny the relative importance of some of Order,"—And this he mentions in thelé Institutions, where the rules of support of one reason alligned by the the Orders are itriatly adhered to, and Author, “why so many British' subthe honours conferred are as strictly jects, and thole too of high rank, confined to persons who have rendered fhould be invested with Orders of signal services to their Sovereigns and foreign Knighthood." Upon reading their country. A numerous band of this note, we referred to the very short Knights so deserving, and so decorated, account of the Order of the Bath, in add fplendour to the Courts of Mo. Vol. II. of the fame work, p. 17, where narchs, and are the belt jewels in the Author says-". King Henry IV. Imperial Crowns. But it is to be instituted this Order in 1399, soon after lamented, that if, from the cataloglie bis accellion to the throne;" – and the of petty Knights, of no merit, regis. Editor, in his note, aflerts, “that the tered in the compilation before us, Order of the Birth was initituted by the account of the meritorious persons Richard II. who established it as a decorated with the insignia of the Military Order. That it continued to several orders was to be separated, be so considered by his fucceffors; it would reduce the work from two and that, notwithitanding the modern to one flender volume. The good grain deviations in favour of deserving iemwould be small in comparison with the ' bers of the Diplomatic Corps, tince its çast. To confirm this observation, renewal by King George the First, it we need only quote a passage in the is itill a Military Order, cannot be Author's dedication to Lord Nelson. doubted by any intelligent perfon “ Upon beholding them (the personal versed in historical and heraldic knowdecorations of Knighthood), they ledge. How few, even in the pretent

O O 2

liit, list, are the Knights who have not pieces in manuscript; from the hifto. obtained this honour for distinguished rical collections of Eichler and M. valour as Generals and Admirals. Mr. Archenboltz (late Librarian to His Ruhl himself, in another passage, ad- Serene Highness Frederick II. Landmits, that, “ since the accession of liis grave of Hesse-Caffel); and particupresent Majesty to the throne, it has Jarly from original documents depa become much more illustrious than at fited in the archives of feveral modern any other epoch. The names of an Orders, which, by command of the Elliot * and a Nelson affociated Sovereigns, have, hy the Secretaries of together in the annals of this Most those Orders, been especially commuHonourable Body, will ever reflect the nicated to the Fditor. To which are highest luftre on the Monarch who added, copious explanatory Notes and conferred it; on the Nation which Illustrations, drawn from Collins's Peerproduced two such heroes; and on the age, Clark's Concise History of KnightOrder into wbich they were incorpo- hood, and many eminent Authors who rated."-That it has been, and is con- have wrote upon the subject. In the Itantly, conferred upon General Officers body of this compendium will be found who have served with reputation, and the names of those Britiih Nobleinen on Naval Commanders, by our Moft and Gentlemen who are, or have been, Gracious Sovereign, “independent of invested with foreign Orders, during Court intrigue, Ministerial favour, or the reign of his present Majesty; and, Parliamentary preponderance," we also in moit initances, the causes for which acknowledge--but maintain it to be a they have received those distinctions further proof that, The Most Honour- are impartially demonstrated." able Order of the Bath is an English This volume is divided into four Military Order of the firit rank, and 10 sections, giving an account of the fol. efteemed by every well-informned Fo- lowing existing Orders of Knighthood. reigrer :-and we cannot avoid ex- First, of the Order of St. John of presliug our astonishment, that, whilit Jerusalem, formerly Knights of Rhodes, whole pages are taken up, in both now Knights of Malia; instituted volumes, with details of the Rules and A.D. 1043. This is a very curious and Orders of inferior Military Orders on interesting bittorical memoir, and may the Continent, the Rules and Orders be read with pleasure, as connected with of the Bath, and the Ceremonials of the civil history of, and late transactions Installation, should be omitied, which in, the land of Malta. " It is inwould have demonstrated that, in every difputably," says our Author, " the point of view, it is a Military Order; oldert and inoit famous Equeftrian Confor every Member, though neither a fraternity that ever existed since the General nor an Admiral, is bound to establishment of Chriftianity. It has perform military service, if required, served as the model from which every upon certain great occations. Such, other Order has been copied : and its for instance, as rallying round the Royal reputation has been diffused throughStandard of their Sovereign, the Grand out the whole world. Ladies can be Master of their order, when he takes the admitted into the Order of Malta. field against his enemies; in the case of The ensigns thereof were conferred an invasion of his dominions, &c. &c. upon the Honourable Lady Emma &c. See the Statutes of the Order. Hamilton" (now the widow of the late

We will now advert to the principal Sir William Hamilton) by Paul I. Em. contents of the two volumes; and then peror of Ruflia, who, in 1798, allumed take leave of the article.

the dignity of Grand Matter of this Next to the Dedication, Vol. I. we Order. have an ingenious prefacatory discour le The second, is the Order of the relative to the Orders of Knighthood Knights of the Holy Cross, or of the in general, which we ascribe to the Teutonic Order ; instituted in 1192. Editor; as, also, the annexed adver- " Anongst the many Military Orders, rilement :-". The following accurate the institution of which was occafione! account of all the Orders of Knight, by the Crusades in Syria, this Order is hood, at present existing in Europe, one of the most considerable, and most is compiled from various authentic reputable.” A note of illuitration, by

The late Lord Heathcote, who fo gallantly defended Gibraltar againt the Spa. niards.

the Editor, is worthy of special notice, complete one ever obtained fince the as it respects the changes of this Order creation.” from the original plan of its institution ; Hawke and Howe, by their victories, yet it is stiil denominated a Military faved their own country from the invalion Order; and with no less propriety, our of formidable enemies. Lord St. Vinilluitrious Order of the Bath must be cent, it was declared by his Royal Highdeemed a Military Order.

ness the Duke of Clarence, had gained The third, in this section, is the a victory unparalleled in the annals of Equestrian, Secular, and Chapteral, the British Navy. And full well assured Order of St. Joachim, a German insti. we are, that the illustrious Nelson tution of modern date, founded in would spurn the unworthy adulators, 1755, by several Princes and Nobles of who thould dare to set him up as una the highest rank in Germany. “ After rivalled in those annals. several changes by successive Grand Sect. IV. comprises ten Royal Orders, Masters, a decree of the General Chap- five of which belonged to France, and ter, in 1785, constituted this Knightly were instituted at various epochs of the Militia under the name of the Eques. French Monarchy. The Order of the trian, Secular, and Chapteral, Order of Holy Ghost, le Saint Esprit, simply called St. Joachim, the blessed Father of the Holy in France Le Cordon Blue, and the Order Virgin Mary, the Mother of our Lord and of St. Louis, were the principal. In Redeemer Chrift," instead of the first speaking of the latter, the Editor, in a title, which was that of Knights of the note to page 199, observes of the first Order of Jonatban, Defenders of the Order of St. Louis, that it was comHonour of Divine Providence. This pletely abolished by Louis XIV. “This Order was formally acknowledged and great Monarch (of whom the present fanctioned by his Apostolic Majetty, race of men entertains every day an Leopold II. Emperor of Germany, and higher opinion, by establishing the by Frederick William II. King of Royal Holpital of Invalids, and inftiPruffia, in the years 1790 and 1791.. tuting the Military Order of St. Louis,

“ But the event which has stamped bestowed upon his veterans a more an indelible mark of celebrity on the suitable maintenance, and a more reOrder, is the nomination and reception spectable mark of distinction, than they of NELSON, that illustrious hero of the could derive from the perpetuation of age, in quality of Grand-Commander the first Order.” Where is the race of of this Equettrian Order."—Here fol. men, except the Naves of Romilh super. lows such a Itring of hyperbolical adu- ftition and despotism, who can, at this lation as must make our Noble Admi. day, entertain any “high opinion" of ral Gick of fulsome fattery: We could a bigotted tyrant, who attempted to anwilh the Editor had diftinguished his nihilate the Protestant religion throughown compositions from those of Mr. out the Continent of Europe, and to Rulb, Officer of the Chancery of St. exterminate its Princes! Assuredly, not Joachim; as we could with to clear the French Emigrants in England, mahim from all participation in, we had ny of whom, of noble rank, have been almost said, the blasphemy of pages 48 heard to say-Since a fatal Revolution, and 49 of this section.

was to happen in our devoted country, Sect. II. treats of the Papal Order of what a pity it was that it had not taken the Golden Spur, instituted by Pope place in the time of the tyrant Louis Pius IV. in 1559. Sect. III. contains Quatorze, instead of falling upon the an account of eight Imperial Orders; head of the mild and equitable Louis the last of which we hall only notice, as Seize ! Every friend to religious and here again we meet with our country. civil liberty, every loyal subject of a man Lord Nelson, for whom it was in- limited, well-regulated Monarchy, must Itituted in 1799– The Order of the detest, inttead of entertaining an higher Turkith Crescent, founded by Selim opinion every day of the fallely-Ityled III. reigning Sultan, or Emperor of Grand Monarque. The remaining O:the Turks, “to reward the rare and ders described in this volume belong unexampled exploits of Horatio Lord to the Crown of Spain. Viscount Nelson, Duke of Bronté, tor a The second volume. opens with a victory gained on their own coasts, continuation of the Royal Orders clailed upon which depended their existence under the fame section. These are the as a nation. A vidtory such as will English Orders of the Garter and the henceforward be regarded as the moft Bath; the Thiltle of Scotland; and Sc.


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