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the grand ruins of St. David's, Cardi. fuperior interest, and become a fubi gan, and the scenery of the Tivy, the ject of settled attraction. Piercefield Tourist approaches Aberystwith, and Grounds, so juftly celebrated in the the northern confine of South Wales ; same vicinity, are agreeably sketched; where the sublime grandeur of the and within a few miles further, the Mynach Falls, and the remarkable mouldering remains of Tintern Abbey subject of the Devil's Bridge, exhibit present a most solemn and impressive the whole force of the Author's de- picture. scriptive talents. Hafod, the admired Our Author pursues his journey along seat of Mr. Johnes, is also an object of the banks of the Wye to Monmouth; great interest in this neighbourhood. which town, with the several objects
From this vicinage of North Wales in its neighbourhood, is very pleasingly the tour takes a midland direction delineared. Abergavenny and its high back to Swansea ; but without en. encircling hills, and an interesting bis. gaging any very particular notice until torical and picturesque account of Lan. the approach to Llandilo, where a scene thony Abbey, conclude the survey of is described the most lovely that pic- Monmouthshire, which, though con. turesque enthusiasm could defire, or cife, is clear and comprehenfive. poetic fervour imagine. Dinevawr. Now re-entering South Wales, the Castle, Grongar Hill, Golden Grove, route impendent on the banks of the and the charming vale of Towey, lively river Ulk leads to Brecon, and advance their collective_graces, and continues through Bualt and Rbaydercompose the landscape. The frowning Gowy,descriptive of the eastern frontier ruin of Caregcannon Calle, a party of the principality : whence returning of the natives fording a river, and some to Monmouth, the grand and varied philosophical reflections on the appa- scenery of the Wye to Ross engages a rently indecent customs of the Welch, farewell interest, and the Tour con. are the principal subjects that we meet cludes at Gloucester. with in the continuance of the journey The extracts that we have already to Swansea.
made may serve as a specimen of our Proceeding eastward, so many objects Author's stile in narrative and descrippress on the reader, that Mr. Barber tion: and the following view of the has evidently adopted a closer ftile of Welch individual character and state of writing than in the former part of his society (particularly referring to the work. Neath, Briton Ferry; Margam, Southern diftrict) will not discredit his St. Donatt's Castle, Pont-y-pridd, the judgment in the science of morals and scenery of the Tafle, with the interme. politics : diate subjects, successively engage the “ Wales may be considered as exhi. attention; which is at length fixed on biting almoft the sole remnant of the the ftupendous ruins of Caerphilly good old times” existing in Britain, Castle, Cardiff, and its vicinity, and the Separated from those causes of extrintic ecclesiastical decay of Llandaff.
fplendor which domineer over other On entering Monmouthshire, the parts of our ifland, 'the opulent land. Author pays a just and liberal compli- holders freely dispense the wealth of ment to a contemporary Writer; and, their inheritance with unoftentatious traversing Tredegar Park and Newport, liberality. Indifferent to outward thew, arrives at Christ Church, where a prof. their firit cares evince a parental regard pect of uncommon extent and diversity to the poor on their domain., and the is very brilliantly described. The anti- maintenance of their forefathers' good quities of Caerleon ; a biographical cheer. An interchange of good offices sketch of Lord Herbert of Cherbury; is alike conspicuous between them and and the neighbourhood of Vik, are the commonałty; and it is no les Severally treated; and the fine ruin of pleasing to see the friendly folicitude Raglan Castle is described with a per- of the one, than the unaffected relpect spicuity, warmth, and elegance, that and attachment of the other. cannot be overlooked by any reader “ The Welch are justly described to of taste. Caerwent, with its terelated be the most robust and hardy inhabitpavement, and a rapid succession of ants of this kingdon; for, unenervated castle ruins, and remarkable views, by those sedentary employments foilted occupy the narrative, until Chepstow's on less happy regions by luxury and ancient fortress, its majestic river, and avaricious policy, they hoait the vi. romantic accoinpanynents, stampa gorous frames of aboriginal Britons,
Although not generally tall, they possess inclines him to be quarrelsome ; yet, a moreunequivocal criterion of strength, as there is generosity at the bottom, in a fine breadth of cheft: and hence it his passion seldom becomes vindiétive. has been remarked, that a Cambrian A disposition for social enjoyment has regiment, drawn up in line, covers led him from conviviality to habits of more ground than any other. By intemperance; and an improvident hofhealthful toil and simplicity of diet pitality, to the ruin of his family's forinvigorated, they are at once potent, tune. “An error more harmless in its courageous, animated, and generous. operation arises from his admiration of
“ It has been asserted, that the illustrious anceitry; which often re. Welch are averse from strangers ; solves itself into an association of perbut by whom? By those who have fonal importance, that unbiaffed indiprovoked that averfion; who, carrying viduals are not inclined to allow. These with them a vulgar eftimation of supe afperities are wearing away, under the rior show at the tables of England, liave attrition of a more extended and ennot known how to approve a regular lightened intercourse. But it is the board of hospitality, when contrasted heartfelt with of an earnest admirer of by the splendid profufion of fashionable their present state of society, equal to entertainments; who, representing the every effential duty of a manly people, more gay appointments of other relorts, that the chilling apathy of morbid have pitied the Welchman's old-fa: refinement may never paralize their thioned furniture, and wondered how spirit of independence, that spring of any gentlemanly being could exist in energetic action which forms the no. his gloomy Gothic habitation. Such blett attribute of man." as can conceive no other travelling en- The Views are in aqua tinta, very joyments than superior inns, sumptuous tastefully executed, and comprise the dinners, and bowling-green roads, may following subjects: quarrel with our principality. But it Tintern Abbey, Kidwelly Castle, is for those who travel with more en. Llanıtephan Castle, Manorbeer Castle, larged views, and proper introductions, Carew Castle, Pembroke Cattle, St. to declare the ingenuous welcome that Dogmael's. Priory, Kilgarran Castle, they have experienced; the eager soli- the Devil's Bridge, Falls of the Mycitude that was every where manifested nach, Dinevawr Castle, Careg.cannon to afford them information ; and the Castle, Marsam Abbey, Caerphilly liberal fare set before them, which not Castle, Raglan Castle, Chepstow Caitle, even the greatly increased expence of Views from Piercefield, View on the family.establishments could effectually Wye, Lanthony Abbey, and Goodrich Suppress.
Caitle. “As every virtue has its concomitant Prefixed is a Map of South Wales, hade, we have to Jament that the with Monmouthshire. Welchman's ardent spirit sometimes
An Original Essay on the Immateriality and Immortality of the Human Soul,
founded solely on Physical and Rational Principles. By S. Drew. Second
Edition, revised, corrected, enlarged, and greatly improved. 8vo. Pp. 300. This is a very extraordinary work residents in Cornwall; from St. Auftel
indeed, as the production of an in which county the Author dates, untutored man, deriving no advantage and where, report says, he diligently from education, but possessing a mind follows an humble occupation to maincapacious almost beyond conception. tain an infant-family. This volume of The first edition of the book did not acute reasoning and profound intellect meet our eye; and by the Preface it has been the gradual produce of occaappears to have been very soon disposed fional leisure hours. of; a circumstance, indeed, which can-' Mr. Drew's main object is, to estab. pot excite much wonder, when we turn lifh a conviction, founded on found to the List of Subscribers, which is logical argument, of the Immortality numerous and respectable in the high- of the Soul; a truth which scepticisin çit degree, and chiefly, we observe, and infidelity would teach us to dis
ITY OF THE HUMAN SOUL.
believe: and, whether we consider the Sect. IV. That the Soul is immate. correct and forcible itile in which his rial, proved by the Affections—They work is written, the perspicuous ar- in here in the Soul-Obje&tion founded rangement of his propositions, or the on external Excitement, answered. rationality of his deductions in general, Sect. V. Intellectual Endowments our aitonishment is equally excited by are different The Cause of this is not the powers with which Nature, un- physical-It is occasioned by the Organ. aflisted by human learning, has en. ization of the Body, and the Operation dowed this Cornish metaphysician. of Moral Evil.
Within the limits to which our Sect. VI. Animal Vitality-Instinct Review. department is necessarily re- and Reason. Itricted, it would be absurd to attempt Sect. VII. The Subject of Instinct a minute, critical examen of Mr. Drew's and Reason continued. Treatise; but a tolerable idea may be Sect. VIII. Memory and Reflection formed of the nature of the work from - The former visible in animal Powers, the following collection of heads into the latter depends on an immaterial which it is divided and subdivided : Principle-Sensation-It may be anni.
hilated, but the human Soul cannot. PART I. ILLUSTRATION OF THE IMMATERIAL
OF THE HUMAN SOUL.
Of Matter. Se&t. I. Every Thing in Nature in- The Nature, Modes, and Possibility of the cluded within the Confines of Matter Destruction of the Soul, confidered. and Spirit-Man confifts both of Mat.
Sect. I. Death-Definition of it. ter and Spirit-Subítance defined.
Sect. II. The Soul cannot perish by Sect Il. Nature and essential Proper- Diffolution, Privation, or Annihila. ties of Matter.
tion. Sect. III. There may be Spiritual Sect. III. We can have no simple Substances, although we be ignorant of Idea of what has no Existence- We their Efences.
have an Idea of the Existence of God, Sect. IV. Volition, Judgment, and and of his Immortality--The ImmorPerception, having no politive Exist- tality of the Soul is inferred from its ence, demonstrate the positive Exift. Desire of Happiness. ence of Substance-Substance further
Sect. IV. The Annihilation of the defined.
Soul cannot be occasioned by a finite Sect. V. Thinking not essential to Being-The Poưibility of Annihilation Matter.
is doubtful-This may be illustrated by Sect. VI. Consciousness cannot be reflecting on the Creation. the Result of Matter,
Sect. V. Can the Soul be abforbed Sect. VII. Thinking cannot result into the Divine Efficiency ? - None from any Modification of Matter.
entity, and Noncreation, are not the Sect. VIII. Consciousness is not a fame - Abstract Pollibilities are to us Quality fuperadded to Matter,
unknown-The Laws of Nature can
not destroy the Soul-It has no natural CHAP. II,
Tendency to Death, which is the oppo. Of Spirit,
fite of its positive Existence-Nor can Sect. I. No created being can fully the Soul approach to the Absence of comprehend itself-Ą conscious Prins itself. ciple is eflentially immaterial-No divi. Sect. VI. The Soul cannot suffer sible Being is capable of Consciousness Annihilation by the Action of the - Coníciousness is not an adventitious Absence of ellential Life-Life and Acquisition-Matter cannot abstract, Death are extremes which cannot meet
Sect. II. The Soul is intelligent in Contact-Annibilation is a Non. Can anticipate-s not an Asemblage entity which cannot be produced by of independent Properties Objections any Power-There must be an infinite answered,
Distance between Nonentity and the Sect. III. Further Obje&tions against Medium through which the supposed the Soul's Inmateriality answered. annihilating Power operates.
Sect. Sect. VII. That the Absence of the Sect. IV. The Soul is a simple Essence, Divine Power is impossible.
and cannot perish ; neither can its Sect. VIII. That the Absence of essential Properties – An Objection anPower is insufficient to annihilate the swered–The Properties of Perception Soul.
and Consciousnels are phytically united Sect. IX. Spiritual Mediums are as with the Substance of tlie Soul-Even remote as material ones from Non- the physical Nature of Matter remains entity-The Distance maintained has incorruptible and entire. no Relation to Space.
Sect. V. The Soul is naturally inde
pendent, and cannot be approached by CHAP. II.
created Power-It cannot be separated, That Nothing but Annihilation can destroy
because of its Unity-The Inherence the Soul; and that Annihilation cannot
of its Properties is not a Medium of apply to any fimple Subtance.
Annihilation-It cannot lose its ellen.
tial Properties, nor expire with them Sect. I. Thinking is not connate in one Act of Annihilation. with Matter— The Soul is indivisible, Sect. VI. No Act of Annihilation can and incapable of Corruption, there deitroy the Soul---Objection, that the being no Stamen of Corruption in its utter Privation of Being is the annihiNature.
lating Act, considered. Sect. II. Admitting a Principle of Sect. VII. The Loss of Existence is Corruption, it cannot ultimately de- necessary to the Idea of the Privation Itroy the Soul-The Soul cannot perith of Being-The extinguishing Act can. from any Cause, either in itself, or not be Privation. It is absurd to lupo exterior to it-The Soul is invariably pose the Pre-existence of the Actor that independent, and inaccessible to all destroys the Being of the Soul-There Violence; it is necessarily immortal. can be no Evidence of the Fact of An.
Sect. Ill. Whether God can create nihilation-From the Mass of Evidence, an immaterial Substance, and cause that the Author is fully satisfied that the Substance to exist, abitracted from all human Soul mult necessarily be ImLife and Consciousness, or not?
A New Dictionary of the Spanish and English Languages; wherein the Words
are explained agreeable to their different Meanings, and a great Variety of
parts of these volumes, we are of speech, is at present fo generally ailowed opinion, that the matter bas been judi- in this country, that an attempt to faciciously compiled and accurately printed. litate the acquisition, and promote the The collection of words is very copious, ftudy, of the Spanith language, can and the illustrations are numerous and need no apology; but the plan, and fatisfactory. In coniparing the words manner of execution, may want some with those in our own Johnson's Dic- explanation; and therefore it will not tionary, we find very few omitted, ex- be superfluous to introduce this New cept such as are peculiar to our idiom; Dictionary of the Spanish and English but in addition to these (and a very Languages with a few observations on useful addition it must be allowed), we that head. have the technical terms of various arts, " To compile a Dictionary, not only Sciences, and profeffions.
for the instruction of those who aspire Having faid'thus inuch as the result tocorrectnets of criticism, and propriety of our own examination, we shall admit of diction, but also for the daily use of Mr. Newman to speak for himself as to the merchant and trader, of the navi. the plan and Itructure of his elaborate gator and seaman, was the aim I had in work ;
view when I engaged in the composition “ The superior excellence of the of this work. How far I may have classical productions of Spanith genius, succeeded in the attainment of that in every, department of literature, end, I leave it respectiully with the where eminence may be attained with: Public to decide; but think it right to
observe, that, to obtain my purpose, as, pursuant to the rules laid down by I have not only availed myself of all the Spanish Academy, whether written the assistance which more ancient or printed, require the accent. sources of the Spanish Lexicography si These observations will be fufi. could afford, but also had particular cient to thew the plan and structure recourse to the Dictionary published of this work: I deem it unnecessary at Madrid in 1797 and 1798, in four to say more. Should it be found, that volumes, quarto, by the Reverend this New Dictionary of the Spanish and Fathers Connelly and Higgins, Confeffors Englith Languages contains a more of the Royal Family of Spain; which, copious collection, and more exact although interspersed with many in- explanation, of terms belonging to the accuracies and misconceptions, is yet arts, sciences, navigation, and trade, the heit Dictionary of the Spanish and than other vocabularies of the same Englith Languages that has hitherto kind; in short, should it be found, appeared.
that, in the composition of this work, * It will be proper to add, that, in I have more carefully consulted the order to facilitate the pronunciation to peculiar literary wants of one of the those who are not acquainted with the most enlightened nations, and of the profody of the Spanish tongue, I have first commercial and maritime Power accentuated, in the first part, the lead- of Europe, than has been done by ing Spanish word of every article in preceding Lexicographers of foreign serted; while, on the contrary, in the idioms in this country; its merits and explanatory matter of that Part, as well advantages will not be lost in the can. as throughout the whole Second Part, did estimation of a generous and enJuch Spanish terms only are accepted lightened Public.
An Account of the Mand of Ceylon; containing its History, Geography,
Natural History, with the Manners and Customs of its various Inhabitants. To which is added, The Journal of an Embassy to the Court of Candy. Illustrated by a Map and Charts. By Robert Percival, Esq. of his Majelty's Nineteenth Regiment of Foot. 4to.
(Concluded from Page 197.) Two diftin&t branches of the original for their several invaders, have intro
natives of Ceylon are described duced considerable shades of difference by our Author', besides that mixture into the manners of these two branches of various Europeans, and their de- of the same people. In most points, scendants, who, for the purposes of however, they still continue to resem. conquest, or commerce, håve settled ble each other; Mr. Percival, there. near the sea.coaits. The native Cey; fore, gives is an account first of those Jonese, who, at different eras, submitted circumstances which apply to both to live under the dominion of their under the general denomination of European invaders, and whose posterity Ceylonese; and then delineates those till remain in a dependent state on the characteristics which distinguish the British Government now established in one from the other, the Illand, retain their original appella- After stating the absurdity of their tion of Cinglese, the name by which the ancient traditions, that Ceylon was the only race inhabiting it, when the Por- terrestrial Paradise from which Adam tuguese first arrived on the Island, made and Eve were expelled; and that it themselves known to those invaders. was afterwards peopled by a band of But those who at present reside in the Chinese, the progenitors of the Cingnorthern and mountainous parts, and lese; and the no less ridiculous suppo. acknowledge no other authority but sition that Ceylon once formed part of that of their native Princes, are distin- the continent of India, which is the guished by the name of Candians, from received opinion among most people, the country they inhabit. The conítant Mr. Percival assigns the following well. intercourse of the Cinglese with Ey- founded reasons for deriving their oriropeans, and the avertion which the gin from the Maldivians. " The Candians have uniforinly entertained Maldive Inands are only two or three