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Although not generally tall, they possess inclines him to be quarrelsome ; yet, a moreunequivocal criterion of strength, as there is generosity at the bottom, in a fine breadth of chest: and hence it his passion feldom becomes vindi&tive. has been remarked, that a Cambrian A disposition for social enjoyment has regiment, drawn up in line, covers led him from conviviality to habits of niore ground than any other. By intemperance; and an improvident hofhealthful toil and simplicity of diet pitality, to the ruin of his family's for. invigorated, they are at once potent, tune. An error more harmless in its courageous, animated, and generous. operation arises from his admiration of

“ It has been asserted, that the illuftrious ancestry; which often reWelch: are averse from strangers; solves itself into an association of perbut by whom? By those who have fonal importance, that unbiased indiprovoked that averfion; who, carrying viduals are not inclined to allow. These with them a vulgar estimation of supe. asperities are wearing away, under the rior show at the tables of England, liave attrition of a more extended and ennot known how to approve a regular lightened intercourse. But it is the board of hospitality, when contrasted heartfelt with of an earnest admirer of by the splendid profufion of fashionable their present state of society, equal to entertainments; who, representing the every effential duty of a manly people; more gay appointments of other relorts, that the chilling apathy of morbid have pitied the Welchman's old-fa refinement may never paralize their thioned furniture, and wondered how spirit of independence, that spring of any gentlemanly being could exist in energetic action which forms the no. his gloomy Gothic habitation. Such bleit attribute of man." as can conceive no other travelling en- The Views are in aqua tinta, very joyments than superior inns, sumptuous tastefully executed, and comprise the dinners, and bowling-green roads, may following subjects: quarrel with our principality. But it Tintern Abbey, Kidwelly Castle, is for those who travel withi' more en. Llanıtephan Caitle, Manorbeer Castle, larged views, and proper introductions, Carew Castle, Pembroke Castle, St. to declare the ingenuous welcome that Dogmael's. Priory, Kilgarran Castle, they have experienced; the eager soli, the Devil's Bridge, Falls of the Mycitude that was every where manifested nach, Dinevawr Castle, Careg.cannon to afford them information; and the Caftle, Marsam Abbey, Caerphilly liberal fare set before them, which not Castle, Raglan Castle, Chepstow Caitle, even the greatly-increased expence of Views from Piercefield, View on the family-establishments could effectually Wye, Lanthony Abbey, and Goodrich Suppress.

Caitle. Asevery virtue bas its concomitant Prefixed is a Map of South Wales, fhade, we have to lament that the with Monmouthshire. Welchman's ardent spirit sometimes

J.

An Original Essay on the Immateriality and Immortality of the Human Soul,

founded solely on Physical and Rational Principles. By S. Drew. Second Edition, revised, corrected, enlarged, and greatly improved. 8vo. pp. 300. This is a very extraordinary work residents in Cornwall; from St. Auftel indeed, the

in which county the Author dates, untutored man, deriving no advantage and where, report says, he diligently from education, but poffeffing a mind follows an humble occupation to maincapacious almost beyond conception. tain an infant-family. This volume of The first edition of the book did not acute reasoning and profound intelle meet our eye; and by the Preface it has been the gradual produce of occaappears to have been very soon disposed fional leisure hours. of; a circumstance, indeed, which can-' Mr. Drew's main object is, to estab. not excite much wonder, when we turn lilh a conviction, founded on sound to the List of Subscribers, which is logical argument, of the Immortality numerous and respectable in the high- of the Soul; a truth which scepticisin eft degree, and chiefly, we observe, and infidelity would teach us to dis

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believe,

ITY OF THE HUMAN SOUL.

CHAP. I.

CHAP. I.

believe: and, whether we consider the Sect. IV. That the Soul is immate. correct and forcible itile in which his rial, proved by the Affections—They work is written, the perspicuous ar- in here in the Soul-Objection founded rangement of his propositions, or the on external Excitement, answered. rationality of his deductions in general, Sect. V. Intellectual Endowments our aitonishment is equally excited by are different The Cause of this is not the powers with which Nature, un- physical-It is occafioned by the Organ. aflisted by human learning, has en. ization of the Body, and the Operation dowed this Cornish metaphysician. of Moral Evil.

Within the limits to which our Sect. VI. Animal Vitality-Instinct Review department is necessarily re- and Reason. Itricted, it would be absurd to attempt Sect. VII. The Subject of Instinct a minute, critical examen of Mr. Drew's and Reason continued. Treatise; but a tolerable idea may be Sect. VIII. Memory and Reflection formed of the nature of the work from - The former visible in animal Powers, the following collection of heads into the latter depends on an immaterial which it is divided and subdivided : Principle-Sensation-It may be anni.

hilated, but the human Soul cannot. PART I. ILLUSTRATION OF THE IMMATERIAL.

PART II.
ILLUSTRATION OF THE IMMORTALITY

OF THE HUMAN SOUL. Of Matter. Sect. I. Every Thing in Nature in- The Nature, Modes, and Posibility of the cluded within the Confines of Matter Destruction of the Soul, confidered. and SpiritMan confitts both of Mat. Sect. I. Death-Definition of it. ter and Spirit-Sub!tance defined. Sect. II. The Soul cannot perish by

Sect Il. Nature and essential Proper. Dillolution, Privation, or Annihila. ties of Matter.

tion. Sect. III. There may be Spiritual Sect. III. We can have no fimple Substances, although we be ignorant of Idea of what has no Existence-We their Efrences.

have an Idea of the Existence of God, Sect. IV. Volition, Judgment, and and of his Immortality-The ImmorPerception, having no politive Exist- tality of the Soul is inferred from its ence, demonstrate the positive Exift- Desire of Happiness. ence of Substance-Substance further

Sect. IV. The Annihilation of the defined.

Soul cannot be occalioned by a finite Sect. V. Thinking not essential to Being-The Podibility of Annihilation Matter.

is doubtful—This may be illustrated by Sect. VI. Consciousness cannot be reflecting on the Creation. the Result of Matter,

Sect. V. Can the Soul be absorbed Sect. VII. Thinking cannot result into the Divine Efficiency ? - None from any Modification of Matter.

entity, and Noncreation, are not the Sect. VIII. Consciousness is not a

fame - Abstract Poflibilities are to us Quality luperadded to Matter,

unknown-The Laws of Nature cannot destroy the Soul-It has no natural

Tendency to Death, which is the oppo. Of Spirit.

site .of its positive Existence-Nor can Sect. I. No created being can fully the Soul approach to the Absence of comprehend itself-A conscious Prin itself. ciple is eflentially immaterial---No divi. Sect. VI. The Soul cannot suffer fible Being is capable of Consciousness Annihilation by the Action of the

- Coníciouiness is not an adventitious Absence of ellential Life-Life and Acquisition-Matter cannot abstract, Death are extremes which cannot meet

Sect. II. The Soul is intelligent- in Contact-Anniliilation is a Non. Can anticipate is not an Assemblage entity which cannot be produced by of independent Properties–Objections any Power--There must be an infinite answered.

Diítance between Nonentity and the Sect. III. Further Objections against Medium through which the supposed the Soul's Immateriality answered. annihilating Power operates.

Sect.

CHAP. II,

CHAP. II.

Sect. VII. That the Absence of the Sect. IV. The Soul is a simple Essence, Divine Power is impossible.

and cannot perihh ; neither can its Sect. VIII. That the Absence of essential Properties - An Objection anPower is insufficient to annihilate the swered–The Properties of Perception Soul.

and Consciousness are phytically united Sect. IX. Spiritual Mediums are as with the Substance of the Soul-Even remote as material ones from Non- the physical Nature of Matter remains entity- The Distance maintained has incorruptible and entire. no Relation to Space.

Sect. V, The Soul is naturally independent, and cannot be approached by

created Power-It cannot be separated, That Nothing but Annihilation can destroy

because of its Unity-The Inherence the Soul; and that Annihilation cannot

of its Properties is not a Medium of

AnnibilationIt cannot lose its ellen. apply to any fimple Substance.

tial Properties, nor expire with them Sect. I. Thinking is not connate in one Act of Annihilation. with Matter-The Soul is indivisible, Sect. VI. No Act of Annihilation can and incapable of Corruption, there destroy the Soul-Obje&tion, that the being no Stamen of Corruption in its utter Privation of Being is the annihiNature.

lating Act, considered. Sect. II. Admitting a Principle of Sect. VII. The Loss of Existence is Corruption, it cannot ultimately de- necessary to the Idea of the Privation Itroy the Soul-The Soul cannot perish of Being-The extinguishing Act can. from any Cause, either in itself, or not be Privation. It is absurd to lupo exterior to it-The Soul is invariably pose the Pre-existence of the Actor that independent, and inaccessible to all destroys the Being of the Soul-There Violence; it is necessarily immortal. can be no Evidence of the Fact of An.

Sect. III. Whether God can create nihilation-From the Mass of Evidence, an immaterial Substance, and cause that the Author is fully satisfied that the Substance to exist, abitracted from all human soul mult necessarily be IMLife and Consciousness, or not?

MORTAL,

J.

A New Dictionary of the Spanish and English Languages; wherein the Words

are explained agreeable to their different Meanings, and a great Variety of Terms relating to Arts, Sciences, Trade, and Navigation, carefully elucidated. Compiled from the best Authorities, by Henry Newman. In Two Parts. 8vo.

Two Volumes. Spanila-Englith; and English-Spanish. On an attentive inspection of various out the full enjoyment of freedom of

parts of these volumes, we are of speech, is at present fo generally allowed opinion, that the matter bas been judi- in this country, that an attempt to faciciously compiled and accurately printed. litate the acquisition, and promote the The collection of words is very copious, Itudy, of the Spanish language, can and the illustrations are numerous and need no apology; but the plan, and satisfactory. In coniparing the words manner of execution, may want some with those in our own Johnson's Dic- explanation; and therefore it will not tionary, we find very few omitted, ex- be superfluous to introduce this New cept such as are peculiar to our idiom; Dictionary of the Spanish and English but in addition to these (and a very Languages with a few observations on useful addition it must be allowed), we that head. have the technical terms of various arts, To compile a Dictionary, not only Sciences, and professions.

for the instruction of those who aspire Having said thus much as the result to correctness of criticism, and propriety of our own examination, we shall admit of diction, but also for the daily use of Mr. Newman to speak for himself as to the merchant and trader, of the navi. the plan and structure of his elaborate gator and seaman, was the aim I had in work ;

view when I engaged in the composition “ The superior excellence of the of this work. How far I may have classical productions of Spanish genius, succeeded in the attainment of that in every department of literature, end, I leave it respectiully with the where eminence may be attained with: Public to decide; but think it ight to

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obierve,

obferve, that, to obtain my purpose, as, pursuant to the rules laid down by I have not only availed myself of all the Spanish Academy, whether written the assistance which more ancient or printed, require the accent. fources of the Spanish Lexicography si These observations will be fuffi. could afford, but also had particular cient to thew the plan and structure recourse to the Dictionary published of this work: I deem it unnecessary at Madrid in 1797 and 1798, in four to say more. Should it be found, that volumes, quarto, by the Reverend this New Dictionary of the Spanish and Fathers Connelly and Higgins, Confeflors English Languages contains a more of the Royal Family of Spain ; which, copious collection, and more exact although interspersed with many in- explanation, of terms belonging to the accuracies and misconceptions, is yet arts, sciences, navigation, and trade, the best Dictionary of the Spanish and than other vocabularies of the fame Englith Languages that has hitherto kind; in short, should it be found, appeared.

that, in the composition of this work, “ It will be proper to add, that, in I have more carefully consulted the order to facilitate the pronunciation to peculiar literary wants of one of the those who are not acquainted with the most enlightened nations, and of the profody of the Spanish tongue, I have first commercial and maritime Power accentuated, in the first part, the lead. of Europe, than has been done by ing Spanith word of every article in- pieceding Lexicographers of foreign ferted'; while, on the contrary, in the idioms in this country; its merits and explanatory matter of that Part, as well advantages will not be lost in the canas throughout the whole Second Part, did estimation of a generous and ensuch Spanish terms only are accepted lightened Public.

J.

An Account of the Mand of Ceylon; containing its History, Geography,

Natural History, with the Manners and Customs of its various Inhabitants. To which is added, The Journal of an Embassy to the Court of Candy.

Qustrated by a Map and Charts. By Robert Percival, Esq. of his Majeity's Nineteenth Regiment of Foot. 4to.

(Concluded from Page 197.) Two diftin&t branches of the original for their several invaders, have intro

natives of Ceylon are described duced considerable shades of difference by our Author, besides that mixture into the manners of these two branches of various Europeans, and their de. of the same people. In most points, scendants, who, for the purposes of however, they still continue to resemo conqueit, or commerce, håve settled ble each other; Mr. Percival, therenear the sea.coaits. The native Cey; fore, gives us an account first of those lonese, who, at different eras, submitted circumstances which apply to both to live under the dominion of their under the general denomination of European invaders, and whose posterity Ceylonese; and then delineates those till remain in a dependent state on the characteristics which distinguish the British Government now established in one from the other. the Idland, retain their original appella- After stating the absurdity of their tion of Cinglese, the name by which the ancient traditions, that Ceylon was the only race inhabiting it, when the Por- terrestrial Paradise from which Adam tuguese first arrived on the Illand, made and Eve were expelled; and that it themselves known to those invaders. was afterwards peopled by a band of But those who at present reside in the Chinese, the progenitors of the Cingnorthern and mountainous parts, and lese; and the no less ridiculous fuppo. acknowledge no other authority but sition that Ceylon once formed part of that of their native Princes, are distin- the continent of India, which is the guished by the name of Candians, from received opinion among most people, the country they inhabit. The constant Mr. Percival assigns the following wellintercourse of the Cinglese with Eu- founded realous for deriving their oriropeans, and the avertion which the gin from the Maldivians. • The Candians have uniformly entertained Maldive Ilands are only two or three

days' days' fail from Ceylon; and the com- tial ceremonies. “ In bringing home plexion, features, language, and man- the bride, the is always obliged to ners, of the Ceylonese, are so similar to march before her husband, and never those of the Maldivians, that I mould, to be out of his fight by the way. The, for my part, be apt to conclude that traditionary reason for this practice is, both were of the same stock. The that a man, on such an occasion, once Ceylonese are of a middling itature, happening to walk foremost, his wife about five feet eight inches, and fairer was carried off from him before he was in complexion than the Moors and aware; a circumstance not at all unMalabars of the continent; and the likely to happen, more than once, Candians are both fairer, better made, among a people who think lightly of and less effeminate, than the Cinglele the marriage ties. If a young couple in the British service.”

find, after marriage, that their difpofiFrom the full description of the tions cannot agree, they separate withmanners and customs of the Ceylonese, out ceremony; only the woman carries given by our Author, we select one with her the portion the brouglit, in remarkable trait, which is truly eccen- order to make her as good a match for tric, as iî distinguishes them from all her next husband. Both men and woother Indian tribes, whose peculiar men often marry and divorce several customs have been observed and re- times in this manner, before they have corded by the navigators and disco- found a partner with whom they can verers of different regions peopled by reconcile thenrselves to spend the revarious classes of uncivilized natives. mainder of their days."

“ They are not guilty of stealing nor When treating of the variety of lying, which seem to be almost inherent diseases to which the natives of Ceylon in the nature of an Indian. They are are subject, particularly in the wet mild, and by no means captious or season, our Author makes some judia passionate in their intercourse with each cious remarks, which ought to be taken other, though when once their anger into consideration by all persons conis roured, it is proportionally furious nected, either by commercial interests, and lasting. Their hatred is, indeed, or other relations, with the welfare of mortal; and they will frequently de. the island, now likely to remain a part stroy themselves to obtain the destruc. of the British dominions beyond the tion of the detelted object. One in seas. Itance will serve to thew the extent “ The disease which particularly to which this passion is carried. If a excites their apprehension is the smallCeylonese cannot obtain money due pox. It is looked upon as the immeto him by another, he goes to his diate instrument of God's vengeance; debtor, 'and threatens to kill himself, and therefore they do not venture to if he is not instantly paid. This threat, use any charms or incantations for their which is sometimes put in execution, recovery, as they are accustomed to do reduces the debtor, if it be in his in all other diseases.' If any one dies power, to immediate compliance with of it, he is looked upon as accursed, the demand; as, by their law, if any and even his body is denied the rites of man causes the loss of another man's burial. It is carried out to come un. life, his own is the forfeit. “ An eye frequented place, and there left with a for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth," is few bushes, or branches of trees, thrown a proverbial expression continually in over it. It is to be hoped that in their mouths. This is, on other occa- intercourse with our countrymen will, lions, a very common mode of revenge in time, do away these gloomy notions among them; and a Ceylonese has often of fatality, and that the effect of remebeen known to kill himself in the com- dies on the Europeans will induce the pany of his enemy, that the latter natives also to adopt them. It would might suffer for it.

be an object worthy the attention of Their customs with respect to the Government to caule to be introduced intercourse between the two sexes, amongst them the inoculation with the and their marriages, are, likewise, very cow-pox, which las lately been disco. fingular; but delicacy prohibits our vered for the deliverance of mankind infertion of what could not fail to give from a most fatal peltilence. The Go. offence to our chatte female readers. vernor might inlist, that all the CingWe can, therefore, only notice one or lese children within our jurisdiction two curious circumstances in the nup- thoild undergo this operation."

* Let

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