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TRIBUS

DE

GRAAF,

FOEDERATI INF. GERMAN POPULICUM the veins of the marble artificially dilo

PHILIPPIS POTENTISSIMUS poled, is too preposterous, to merit ang HISPANIARUM REGIBUS TERRA MA

ferious refutation. It is very proRIQUE PER OMNES FERE ORBIS ORAS bable that the original intention was, ULTRA OCTOGINTA ANNOS FORTITER to project the two hemispheres in those CESSERUNT ASSERTA PATRIÆ LIBER- circles, but the design has never been TATE ET RELIGIONE

carried into execution; thus much ic AUSPICIIS COSS

is necessary to say even on so trivial a PACIFICATORUM OPTIMORUM GERB subject; truths, however small in the PANCRAS, Jac de GRAAF, SIB VAL- scale of importance, are always worthy KENIER, PET. SCHAAP, CONSULUM FI- of being known. LII ET AGNATI JACTO PRIMO FUNDA- Directly facing the entrance into the MENTI LAPIDE HANC CURIAM FUN- hall, over the door of Schepens chamDARUNT."

ber, are some appropriate and well “ On the 28th October, 1648, when executed reliefs. Justice is seated on a the United People of the Dutch Ne. throne, with the sword and balance in therlands had carried on a war cou. her hands, and trampling under her rageously with the three Philips of feet the ass-eared Midas, who wears a Spain, by land and fea, in several parts garland of poppies upon his head, and of the world, and had established the holds in his hand pale Discord; on the religion and liberties of their country, right of Jultice, Death is leated in the first itone of the Stadthouse was mourning, his right hand under bis laid by the sons and cousins of the head, his scythe and empty hour-glass Burgomatters for the time being, are belide him; on the left, PunishGERBRANDT PANCRAS, JACOB ment is represented by a form “of as

pect horrible", with a wooden leg; hec SIBRANDT VALKENIER, AND PETER face is turbed from Justice; the holds SCHAAP."

in her hands the various instruments of The statuary is of excellent work- torture, which“ tear the body from the manship, from the chisel of ARTUS foul ;" above the head of Death, two QUELLINUS, of Antwerp.

little winged boys are hovering, one Behind the tribunal' is a double holds flaches of lightning, and the other staircase, leading to the magnificent and rods; over Punithnient a groupe of celebrated hall, called by the Dutch, harpies are waiting for the execrated The BURGHERS' Hall.

corpse. The base of it measures 120 feet by The Corinthian pillars which sup57, on three large circles 22 feet in port the ceiling, &c. are all marble ; diameter. Travellers say, the celestial the lower row are furmounted with a and terrestrial globes are projected; cornice of fine marble; the upper ones it is true, that there are three circles of extend to the ceiling, which is upwards that magnitude, projected on the floor of 100 feet froin the floor. As a proof of this hall, but with respect to what is that the Dutch are not entirely indifdepicted on them, we cannot agree ferent to the fine arts, the ceiling of with our predecessors. The central this hall may be mentioned; having. one contains a projection of the nor- been lately painted at a very great thern hemisphere (celestial), the places expence from original designs by John of the stars are diltinguished by pieces Goeree, by G. Rodemaker, and J. of brals inlaid in the marble, and on Hooglaat; the mouldings and archie a brass circle is marked the signs of tectural part by the former, and the the Zodiac.

figures by the latter: to enumerate On the other two circles, which are each particular touch would be ablurd; Said to contain a geographical chart of what we thall select are confpicuous the world, we will venture to say, that for their superiority over the others, that there never was depicted on them if not for their own intrinsic worth). any thing of the kind *,' the idea of the different countries being delineated by

(To be continued.) * From the superficial observations of my own countrymen, I could easily account for their mistakes; but what surprizes me molt of all is, to find, that the error has found its.way into Les Delices des Pays Bas; a wosk replete with information, and superior to all the Tours of the Low Countries that have been publified.

PIND.

J. B. PIND. NEM. ..

επωδ. β'.
χαμαι πετούσαν. 'Εμοι
δ' οποίαν αρεταν
ένδωκε πότμος άναξ, ,
ευ οίδ', ότι χρόνος έρπων
πεπρωμέναν τελέσει,
'Εξυραινε γλυκεία, και
τόδ' αυτίκα, φόρμιγξ,
Λυδια συν αρμονία μέ-
λος, πεφιλημένον
Οίνω ατε, και Κύπρω·
ένθα Τεύκρος απαρχει
ο Τελαμωνιάδας. 'Αταρ

*Αιας Σαλαμίν' έχει πατρώας.
Fallen to the ground. Allig'il by sovereign fate,
Whatever powers my mind elate,
Time, well I know, that creeps along,
Wil with these powers afsign'd complete my song,
Come then, tweet lyre, my call obey,
And weave with Lydian aiis the lay,
Dear to Ægina; dear to Cyprus' plains,
O'er which the Telamonian Teucer reigns.
But Aj.x is by Salamis rever'd;

Here his paternal seat is rear'd.
FROM
ROM the short account which our πόντοιο πάλλοντ’ αιετού. I know with

poet has given of his province, what powers the sovereign director has we may estimate its importance. He invested me. I know with what in. was selected, he tells us, from the mul. tent these energies were given. They titude, and solicited by the public were given me, to silence the tongue voice, to extol the wisdom of their of lander, to excite a laudable emula. ancestors, and record their heroic vir. tion, and to aggrandize the glory of tues. 'Eryw de isoos v xou schads-In Greece. Come then, my lyre ; for compliance with the duties of his thou art the löyt by which I am drawn. office and the general expectation, he Renew the theme, reanimate the strain; had reserved for Hercules and his to which the lover of his country, and compeers an ample portion of his ode. the Muse's friend will liften with de. But it was impoflible for him to com. light. Come; and let every chord prise within the limits of an ode all refound in grateful remembrance of their great achievements. This was tutelary deities, their cities, and their an ocean into which he had launched; heroes. Thus the conqueror of the but which he feared to traverse. His day for a while disappears, that the enemies, like the waves, were perfidi- poet, in fubfervience to his grand deous. Resist the perfidy, says the poet sign, may seasonably digress. The to his own great mind; and oppose combined influence of music and poealike the surge and the flanderer. For try was confeffedly great. Pindar's my conduc, not less than my poetry, lyre, attuned to the various rythms of i funnitted to general observation. I his verse, produced the sweetest mewalk by day. My calumniator, Bac. lody. His lyre, thus accompanied, chy ides and his crew, meditate their was the charm, by which he was mischievous machinations in darkness. drawn to touch the heart. But the disconcerted project proves

πολλα δ' εν abrirtive. The air-built itructure of καρδίαις ανδρών έβαλαν detraction falls to the ground. Ilias ραι σοφίσματα.

Y.

.

FOR THE EUROPEAN MAGAZINE.

MEMOIRS

OF

MR. GEORGE ROMNEY.

ALTHOUGH the works of Mr. George once become a painter without a proto

Romney will continue to bear ter. type, seems, in the inttance of Mr. timony to his excellence in Art as long Ronney, a creation of his own. as their can valles and colours shall en- GEORGE, the second son of John dure, yet it does not feemn right that Romney, was born at Dalton in Furhe should descend to the grave with no ness, in the county of Lancaster, on the other memorials of his fame, whilst 15th day of December 1734, 0. S. His there are friends still surviving, who father was a nian of great worth and have something to relate of bin in a exemplary piety. He followed the language which those existing samples occupation of a cabinet-maker; but of his genius cannot speak.

having a genius far above traders of He was a man too great to be con- that description, and being full of signed to oblivion; but the task of do. projects in mechanics, engineering, ing justice to his abilities is not a light architecture, and, amongst the rest, in one. Some, who were numbered amongst agriculture, he worked not only in his intimates, are fully able to perform wood but in iron, erected steam-engines, it; and no one, who was happy in his designed plans for houses, built and friendship, more truly laments their furnished them, and was the first that indolence than the writer of these me. introduced the method of manuring moirs, who, without their powers, and land with sea-fhells, &c. He resided possibly without their leisure, lubmits on a small patrimonial freehold, called to the call of those who have prefied Cockan, near Furness Abbey, in the the undertaking upon him, and will aforesaid parish of Dalton, and farmed too probably, in the result, discover, his lands. He had ten fons and one that they have been the projectors of daughter by his wife; and as school their own disappointment. It is not education in those parts, and at that the annals of the man, but the dir- time, was cheap, he sent Geo.ge, of cussion of his art, that constitutes the whom we are 1peaking, to Dendron, a difficulty: the events of his life are village distant about four miles from soon told; but the emanations of his his house, to a school kept by the Rev. genius should be traced with precision, Mr. Feil, who educated scholars at the and that demands both knowledge of moderate rate of five philling3 a quarter, his works, and acquaintance with his and boarded him with Mr. Gardner,

of the same place, at 4l. 1os. a year. Many eminent painters have started It appears that the worthy father of into celebrity by the energy of their our Painter had more irons in the fire natural geniits: none have been less than always turned to profit ; his exindebted to instruction than the object curlive genius drew him into various of these Memoirs. It is easy to under- undertakings; and, though he contifand how the faculties of a youth, who nued to live in credit and esteem with has been trained to the study, or exer. his neighbours, he was an easy crea cised in the practice, of any particular ditor, a careless accomptant, and did art or science, may expand themselves, not take his measures to accumulate. and digress into new and captivating In the year 1745, when George was pursuits, when presented to his view; in his eleventh year, his father, upon that the light of beautiful paintings, or the discouraging, afpect, we may pre. the hearing of fine music, should inspire sume, of bulinels in that melancholy him with a passion for those charming period, when the Rebellion was ra. arts, is not at all extraordinary ; but ging, took him from school and bound that the obscure, untutored child of him to his own trade. There is reason nature, who had never seen or heard to believe he had made very little proany thing that could elicit his genius, gress in school-learning when he laid or urge him to emulation, should at alide bis copy-book, and took up the

cabinese VOL. XLIII, JUNE 1873.

Hhh

art.

cabinet-maker's tools in the humble by the recital of it. This it is - In the prosecution of his father's craft. Yet latter end of the year 1745, on the apeven then the hand that was destined proach of the rebels, the father of to illuminate the Painter's canvass wis Thomas Greere, Esq. (110w living in not idle, for his fancy was at work, Bedford-square) removed his family and his genius struggled for emancipa- into Furness, out of the line of march, tion. In this occupation he perfitted and on his return home left his son for the space of ten years; for in 1755 (the Gentleman above-mentioned), we find him ftill in the work-shop. then a boy, at the school in Hendron, He now began to employ bis invention from which George Romney had been apon designs for carvings and embel- just withdrawn. His younger brother, lishments from models that exifted however, still boarded in the house of only in his own imagination, the con- Mír. Fell, the schoolmaster, with the struction of all which did not add one fon of Mr. Greene, and was frequently corner-cuphoard to his father's stock, accompanied by him to Cockan on a and brought in only visionary custom Saturday evening, where George, then and employ for palaces and castles in working at his father's trade, endeared the air. Smitten also with an embryo himself to his young vilitor by a variety passion for the concord of sweet lounds, of kind offices and attentions, calcuwhich he had probably never heard but lated to win the open lieart of a boy in in his dreams, he conceived the idea of whom all the principles of gratitude transplanting the arts of Cremona to and affection were innate. Thus by his native town of Dalton, and began the recommendation of a few childish a manufactory of violins, which he toys, wrought by his own hand, the disposed of to the rural amateurs, who ' young mechanic laid the first foundawerc, perhaps, as little instructed in the tion of a friendship in the heart of one use of those instruments as he had been of the best men living, who never failed in the formation of them. The worst to feel for him, and to serve him, amongit them, however, made a noile through all the changes and chances that we may fuppose amused the chil- of his various life; and now, after his dren, and founded forth the fame of decease, continues faithful and affocthe operator through the neighbour. tionate to bis memory; Itudious, by ing cottages; they served, likewise, every means, to deliver down his name the further and better purpose of with credit to posterity, and successful putting a little money into the pocket in all his exertions for the fame and of the needy and ingenious projector. honour of his departed friend, that He did not, bowever, whilst thus pro- alone excepted by which he has previding instruments of melody for vailed upon the writer of these pages others, forget himself; for whilft he to undertake what others might have was practising the art of making fid- executed with infinitely more ability. oles, he was itu.lying that of perform. Thus let the names of Romney and ing on them; and having finished one Greene descend together to succeeding of fuperior workmanship, he kept it by ages; and so long as these memoirs hiin as a chef d'euvre to the day of his hall survive, whilst they record the cleath. Upon this violin the writer of genius of the one, let them bear this these memoirs has heard the maker of testimony to the benevolence of the it perform in a room bung round with other. pictures of his own painting; which is When Mr. Romney has been asked rather a singular coincidence of arts how he first conceived the ambition of in the person of one man. The tones becoming a painter, when he had never of this inftrument seemed to be ex- had the opportunity of contemplating tremely good, and there was some light the picture of any thing in creation carved work that 'pread from the let- beyond that of the Red Lion at Dalton ting in of the neck over part of the (a specimen not very much to the back, very curiously executed.

honour either of the artist or tlie aniThere is a circunfiance so happily mal), he explained himself by ascribing interwoven with the life and fortunes bis impulses to the opportunities that of George Romney, which meets us in were thrown in his way by the favour this early period, that it inust not be of one Sam Knight, a working-man, pasied over in filence, though the deli- who boarded with his father. This cacy of a modest and most amiable umconscious patron of the arts, and friend may, in some degree, be alarmed founder, as he inay be called, of the

fortunes

Dearer

Fortunes of our Painter, being luckily name of Steele, vulgarly called Count a man of niore than common curiosity,

Steele. This distinguished personage put hiinself to the expence of taking in palled his time in travelling from town a monthly magazine; which, betides all io town with the tools of his art, conthe treasures of information and amuse- fining his excurlions within the northment which its wiscellanies contained, ern borders, and never approaching, was enriched with prints, explanatory

to the fun than the city of of the topics that were handled in the York. If the portraits with which the work; and when Sım Knight had Count enriched the cabinets of the cu. satisfied his hunger and thirft after rious did not always hit the likeneis, knowledge, he was in the custom of or excite the admiration, of those who lending his magazine to his eager employed him, it was not owing to his inmate George, who, neglecting all diffidence in recommending them, for baser matters of births, marriages, and when he failed of extorting praise froin burials, fell to the more attractive others, he was extremely liberal in be. work of copying the engravings. Itowing it on hinself. With this reUpon these humble models he wrought source ever at hand, he had not far to with such success, as foon encouraged seek for the confülations of applause; him to alter and improve upon them, but he was a little aapt, at certain times, and, in process of time, to strike out to experience a scarcity of cash, which subjects of his own, executed so as not was inconvenient to the Count, who only to extort applause from his com- followed painting as bis calling, but municative friend, the owner of the pleasure as his choice. As the town of magazine, but in the end to recom. Kenda) was

as one of his farions, he took mend him to the notice of a neigh- Dalton in his routt; and, being just bouring Gentleman, Mr. Lewthwaite, then in need of a supply, was terapted of Broad-gate, Millum, in Cumber- to accept a linall compensation from the Jand, who advised the father of the father of our Painter, and bound him young emerging artist to accom:nodate his apprentice. him in his pallion, and put him out to Under the auspices of Count Steele, fome professor, or practitioner, at least, our now initiated disciple entered on wbo might instruct and train bin in his career of fame and fortune, and his favourite art. This Gentleman is sate down, after a time, in the city of entitled to be considered its one of the York, a noviciate in the art and myr. patrons of our Painter's genius at a tery of a painter. A genius like Romperiod when it was most in need of ney's could not be long in discover. affisance and encouragement.

ing the wint of it in his maiter. The advice of Mr. Lewthwaite pre- Liwrence Sterne was then living in vailed with the father, who probably York; and having seen some paintwas not the less diipoied to listen to it, ings of the apprentice very different forasmuch as he was, by this time, froin those of the matter, immediately very thoroughly convinced, that his

pronounced upon their merit, and took traile of cabinet-making would not be the rifing artist decidedly into his much advanced by his son George's favour and protection. The praise violins and carvings, and less by his beiłowed by Sterne was a passport that paintings and drawings, which now laid open all the barriers that might began to display themselves on the elfe have retarded our adventurer in walis of the wo, klop, and the doors his efforts, and litted hiin into notice of the barn, not in the shapes of chairs and celebrity at once,

There were and cheits of drawers, but in ihe like. now found numbers that echoed the nelles of men and women, sketched in opinion of Sterne, and prognosticated, chaik, and so ingeniously done, as diew ai fecond-hand, from example, what he a crowd, not of cultomers, but of idlers, had.ginally discovered from intuito admire them.

A preference to marked foon This happened in the year 1755, an rouled the jealousy of Count Steele, era not favourable to the painter's art, and, in the place of leilons, altercations when the capital of the kingdom fur- now ensued between the matter and nished nothing but the school, if such. bis apprentice, and ultimately created it may be called, of Hudson, and the such a disagreeinent, that they provicinage of Dalton, in the peninsula of ceeded to a separation; and Mr. Rom. Lancashire, no malter for our hero ney having, from time to time, made George but an itinerant dawber of the Imall disbursements in the course of

tion.

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