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business for the Count, though not to file, a King Lear with Cordelia, now the amount of any considerable fum, in the possession of Mr. Walker, the the debt was cancelled, and the inden- Philosopher; and again, King Lear in tures given up,

the Storm, with three or four figures; Mr. Romney had married during his ali painted at Kendal. The object of apprenticeship, and left his wife at Ken- his most anxious wishes was, to get up dal. Being now at liberty, he returned to London, and for this purpose he to her, and continued at Kendal till the laboured incellantly, not sparing himyear 1761, pursuing his ftudies with the self time for any amusement, except mot unremitted alliduity, but with: that of practiling now and then on his out any further aid or initruction from yiolin, together with his intimate friend matters, and without any opportunity Mr. Walker, now of Conduit-ftreet, of resorting to pictures, models, or He continued to paint at Kendal, and ftatues, for none such were within his occasionaly at Lancalter, not only reach, but purely ex proprio suo marte; fancy pieces from Sterne, as above and yet here he laid the foundation described, but portraits, charging twa of his future eminence, and conceived guineas for a three quarters, and fix and executed a compolition on an ex- for whole lengths of a reduced size. tended scale, taking for his subje* the By these means having got a little Death of David Rizzio. This picture money together, he put his muchhas not been seen by the wiiter of wished for project to the trial, and these Memoirs, but it is reported to in the year 1762 arrived in London, him as a moit extraordinary perform without introduction to, or acquaintance; and he remembers to have heard ance with, any person, except his Mr. Romney reter to it in warmer friend Mr. Greene, and Mr. Braith. terms of self-approbation than he was waite, of the Poit. Office, who, with apt to employ when speaking of his that benignity, which is peculiar to own productions. The attitude of the hin, received him into his protection, Queen in the act of protecting Rizzio and procured him lodgings in Bear. from his afilins, and the expression binder-lane; where he firit began to of her countenance in that distressful paint after his arrival in the capital. and alarming moment, are said to have The Society for the Encouragement been molt happily conceived. Whe- of Arts and Sciences at that time offerther this picture itill exists, and whiere, ing premiums to the first and second no account has been obtained.

artist whose historical compositions Here, also, Mr. Romney, not for- should be adjudged the best, Mr. Romgetting his friend and protector at 'ney, then totally unknown to the York, painted several icenes from the painters in London, exhibited his Tristram Shandy of Sterne, and fold picture of the Death of General Wolfe. them by raffle sometimes, and some. To this picture the Committee decreed times by auction, as he found occasion. the second premium, but not without These paintings also are said to have some dillention, as it was apprehended been very characteristic, and confider- to be the production of an old artist, ably added to his fame. There is one for some years retired into the country, of 'thele still in the polletion of Sir and who was accordingly censured for Alan Chain': , where Doctor Slop what was considered as an attempt to is introduced, bespattered with dirt, impose on the Society. A short time, to the father of Triram and Uncle however, cleared up this mistake; and Toby. This is e the writer of the Committee being summoned to a these Memoirs has leen. The several second fitting, the judges, who had characters are so admirably conceived, decreed the fecond prize to the painter and executed with such comic force of the Death of Wolfe, found their and spirit, that it is well worthy an adjudication in danger of being reengraving; and without contidering verled by the objections which were it as the work of a man who had started by the friends of the rival canseen so lito's, it is in itself a compo- didate, not to the merit of the picture, fition that would do honour to the but to the propriety of its being congenius vi an eltablithed artist. There lidered as an historical compofition, is also a comic composition of a Coun, when, in fact, no historian had then t. y Apothecary, with Affiltants, in the recorded the event on which it was act of drawing a Tooth; a toping Party founded. Other criticisins, even more over a Jug of Ale; and, in the serious ridiculously minute and frivolous than


the above, were offered against it; as, worthy and venerable Alderman Boythat the officers and Soldiers were not deil. all in their proper regimentals, that In September 1764 he went to Paris, Wolfe himself had on a handsome pair in company with his friend Mr.Greene a of filk itockings, against the costume of he took his passage to Dunkirk, and a General on the field of battle, and from thence proceeded to Lille, and in some objected to the deadly paleness a day or two afterwards to Paris, Ver. of bis countenance. Upon these failles, and other palaces; he obtained grounds the decree was reversed, and an introduction to Vernet, at his aparta poor Romney, friendless and unknown, ments in the Louvre, and was very was set aside in favour of a rival better kindly received; through his means supported ; a hardship so obvious, and he had free access to the Orleans gala partiality so glaring, that the Com. Jery, where he passed much of his time, mittee could not face the transaction, being greatly plealed with the pictures but voted him a premium extraordi. of Le Sueur. He attended fonie exhi. pary, nearly, if not quite, to the bitions, visited the Luxemburgh, Veramount of the prize he had been de- sailles, Marly, St. Cloud, and the prived of. This picture was pur. churches, wherever the works of the chased, and exported to the East' In- great masters were to be seen; and dies, where it now is preserved in the having passed six weeks in this man Council Chamber at Calcutta.

ner, returned to London. The exhibition of this picture, and In 1767 he revisited Kendal for a few the discussion it gave rise to, brought months, and there and at Lancaster pur Painter's name before the Public; painted several portraits. Upon his and, as his īriends Greene and Braith: return to London, he concerted with waite were unwearied in their exertions his friend Mr. Ozias Humphrey (a name to serve him, they procured him cham- - well known), a journey to Rome; for bers in Gray's Inn, and a Judge to fit which capital of the arts those ingeto him. Here he drew the portraits nious companions accordingly set out, of Sir Joseph Yates in his robes, as and there our Painter profecuted his one of the Judges of the King's studies with an ardour and diligence Bench, of Mr. Secondary Barnes, and that knew no intermission. Romney various other eminent Lawyers, whose through life was in the habits of fru. likenesses were so happily taken, that gality, and he had now every call upon he became particularly successful him so to manage his limited finances amongst the Gentlemen of that learned as not to curtail his enjoyinent of the profeflion.

great opportunity before him. He pro. After continuing about two years in tracted his stay for a confiderable time, Gray's Inn, he removed to lodgings in and upon his return was, after much Newport.street. Here he painted on a persuasion, prevailed upon by his more extended scale, and encreased his friends to take the houle and paintingo business very considerably.

He was

rooins of Mr. Coates, then lately de. not, however, so much occupied upon ceafed, in Cavendish square, where lie portraits, as not to indulge his paflion finally eitablihed himlelt; and from: for the higher order of historical com- that time his gallery began to amais position. He exhibited, in the spring and exhibit a collection of portraits of 1765, a painting on the Deatb of King and compofitions, to an amoánt that Edmund, and gained the second prize. never was exceeded, probably nevec He painted a Madona and Child for the equalled, by any Painter whom this Jate Major Pearson, then in the service country ever knew. of the East India Company; and also Of his portraits it wonld be an end. that Officer in Conversation with a Bramin, less talk to speak. They are every a very brilliant composition, and finely where to be found. They speak lufti.' coloured: L'Allegra and La Penseroja, ciently to his fame, and would have! full lengths, the dize of life, both in the fubicribed much more effectually to posseflion of Lord Bolton, and both his fortune, had he not luffered his exhibited very highly, to his credit. unfinished pictures to accuinulate and Here also he' drew the great actress lie upon his hands to a moit unparalMrs. Yates, in the character of the Traleled extent. Many thousand pounds ', gic Muse: this picture is well known,' were thus lost in the course of his being in the collection of that dif. business from want of method, which tinguished patron of the arts; the all the remonttrances of his friends




could never induce him to adopt. by his friend Mr. Long, of Lincoln's. There is, probably, no instance in the

inn-fields; who has also a Cupid and art of so much canvass covered, and to Psyche of the fame master. Mr. Neve much labour wasted, as his magazine bery, of Heathfield Park, has a compoof unfinithed paintings constantly and fition, in which the infant Sbak feareis painfully exhibited; whilit all the while represented nursed by Tragedy and Consno artist living had fewer avocations, dy. He painted for the Slanpere or more unwearied induitry ; und Gallery, The Tempeji Scene, The Evib of though he worked with wonderful the pott, attended by the Pathons per facility, yet he would luffer many of funiñed, and Cafjandra in the ret oí his belt pictures to remain waniing striking the Trojan Horse, pictures only a few touches to their draperics that are fairly in the or it or back.grounds, too indolent to put Public. Sir Jonn Leiceiter has a Bar his own hand to what he felt as the chante, the head only; and Mr. Beckdrudgery of his art, and too ford, of Funthill, lias The In.linis las scientious to suffer other hands to finith contemplating a Ship at Sea, and ini. for him.

tating the Action of the Sails, as die His hiltorical and fancied pictures tended by the Wind: the image is are extremely numerous: those that caught from Shakipeare, and the cha were finished, and sent into the world, racter, scenery, and execution, 20 bear a small proportion to his sketches beautifui. Mr. Woibread poisites and unfinished designs, of which a great his adinirable and sublime compolitian and valuable collection now remain in of M:?:01 diciating to his Daughters, A the pollession of his lon the Reverend Calypso modelled after Lady Haniltuit John Romney, of St. John's College, beture her marriage, and a Magiales in Cambridge. Though he alluciated from the fame, are in the collection of very little with Gentlemen of his own his Royal Highness the Prince cf Wales, profession, and declined exhibiting at Amongit his larger portraits,liittorically the Royal Academy, he had a select fet grouped, is that of Fiaxrian modeling the of acquaintance with inen of talents, But of Hasly, and anoiber, in vbico be who respected his genius and delighted bas introduced bimself, thrown into the in his company. Amongit thele was back-ground, anú in shade, an interet. Mr. Hayley; and from his ingenious ing groupe; the Dukeof Marlborough's poem entitled Triumphs of Timjer, Mr. Family Piece; the Daughters of the Romney made four several compoli. Marquis of Stafford; Colonel Jchnes's tions, in which Serena the heroine is Family; Adrs. Bolanquet and Children; most engagingly pourtrayed: one of the Countess of Warwick and Children; these he diipoled of to the Marchioners a whole length of Lord Thurlow, of Stafford; another to Lord Thurlow, painted for the late Lord Kenyon; a who honoured him with his particular Head, in his Way from Rome, of the notice; and two to John Christian celebrated Wortley Montague in his Curwen, Esq. who had tatte to appre

Turkish Habit; the Beaumont Family; ciate his merit, and liberality to encou- and many others, which it would be tou rage and reward it.

tedious to enumerate. The Wood Nymph, which he painted at Amongst the unpurchased works Rome, is, probably, in the polietion of that have devolved to his ron, tl.c Mr. Keate, the Surgeon. Sensibility, Rev. Mr. komney above mentione, from Mr. Hayley's poem, is where it there is his famous compolition of should be, with the author of that Sir isaac Newton making Experimnais te elegant work.

A Saint Cecilia was the Prison, with two attendant female purchased by Mr. Montagu Burgoyne. figures, of the size of life; the features Sir William Hamilton carried to Naples of the Philosopher copied from the with him a beautiful Bacchante, de- original m.alk taken from his face, from ligned and coloured to a charm. The which Roubillac modelled his inimitaSempiress, and the Cercyone, were painted ble Itatue now in the anti-chapel of for Admiral Vernon. The Spinning Trinity College, in Canıbridge. There Woman, and a Bacchant Dancing, are in are also the Miss Wallace in the Charac. the collection of Mr. Curwen. Hender- ters of Mirtb and Melencbely; Mis Casfon in Macbeth, addressing the Witches, berlands as Celia and Rojalind; Ojas a capital composition in his very best in the act of dropping from the Willow stile, and a striking likeness of that into the Stream beneath; King Lear ia excellent actor, are worthily possessed the Storm, with Fdgar, Gloucester, and


others, a large Bolognese half-length; fallies of natural genius, clothed in several exqurite compofitions for the natural eloquence, were perfectly ori. display often te beauty in melancholy ginal, very highly edifying, and enterant foting attitudes and situations, taining in the extreme. They were wisi a g, eat mass of unfinished deligns uttered in a hurried accent, an elevated ar diketches for compofitions, which, tone, and very commonly accompanied to a professor and a lover of the art, with tears, to which he was by conftiwould be invaluable.

tution prone. A noble sentiment, In the year 17991bis eminent Painter, either recited from book by the reader, then in a declining itate of health, or fpringing froin the heart of the returned to Kendal, and refigned him- speaker, never failed to make his eyes self to folitude, under the tender care overfow, and his voice tremble, while of an indulgent ud attentive wife, he applauded it. He was on thefe where he languished til the 15th of occasions like a man possessed, and his November 1802, on which day he friends became Itudious not to agitate departed this life, and on the 19th him too often, or too much, with topics was interred at Dalton, the place of of this fort. He was a rapturous adhis nativity, leaving one son, the Rev. vocare for nature, and a close copyist, John Romney, and one brother, James, abborring from his heart every diitornow a Lieutenant Colonel in the ser- tion, or unseemly violation, of her vice of the Honourable the East India pure and legitimate forms and proCompany.

portions. An enflamed and meretriMr. Romney wis the maker of his cious itile of colouring he could never own fortune; and inasmuch as he endure; and the contemplation of bad allowed himself not sufficient leisure painting sensibly affected his fpirits to execute many great designs, which and shook his nerves. Though he dethe fertility of his genius conceivedl, clined the society of his brother artists, may be laid fo far to have been more he was not faititious, nor was he flow attentive to that than to his fame. to admire where admiration was due; Whilft his mind was pregnant with and where it was not, he was unis magnificent ideas, and his rooms and formly silent. To the distinguished passages loaded with unfinished por- merits of his great contemporary Sir traits, he had not resolution to turn Joihua Reynolds he gave most unaway a new concr, though he might equivocal testimony; but he declined come with a countenance that would tu vilit hin, from the liness of his have chilled the genius of a Michael nature, and because it was a house of Angelo. If, therefore, it was the love great refort. He could not be at his of gain that operate i on bim upon these east, and he wis never in the habit occasions, it was a principle that coun- of visiting, or being vilited bat by his teracted its own olijeét; but there was intimates; and they certainly did not also a weakness in his nature that could retort tu him for the delicacies of his never make a stand againit importunity table, as nothing could be worse admi. of any fort; he was a man of a moit bittered; for or those things he had no gentle temper, with molt irritable care, and for bimlelt a little broth or

He was constantly projecting te would suffice, though he worked great undertakings for the honour of se his eazil froin early morning till the bis art, and at the same tiine involving 111 went down. Abitemious by habit, himself in new engigements to render and conscious of his deficiency in poine them ipipracticible. When in com- of education, le was never seen at any pany wish his intimates (and inderd of the tables of the Great, Lord Thur., few others were admitted to his pri low's excepled, who, being truly great, vacy), he would fit íor a length of knew his merits well, and appreciated time absorbed in thouglit, and ablent them worthily. Of bis generosity very from the matter iu discouu se, till on a many indiances might be adduced; but fudden starting from his feat, he would we are not concerned to fearch into the give vent to the citutions of his fancy, records of his family, and full cominic and harangue in the most animated our felves to nothing but the bare allermanner upon the fulject of his art, cion. In fine, he irad bis failings; buc with a fublimity of idea, and a pecil- the good qualities of his character were Brity of expresive language, that was decidedly predominant. entirely his own, and in which educiition or reading had no share. There * RICIIARD CUMBER LAND.



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TO THE EDITOR OF THE EUROPEAN MAGAZINE. SIR, In the anecdotes of that truly inge. buildings; but the seemed in a state

nious poet William Falconer, pub. far removed from indigence. She was sa lished in your last Magazine *, your woman of a cultivated mind, elegant Correspondent, from the circumstance in her perfon, sensible and agreeable in of the advertisemitte to the last edition conversation. I can well remember, of his poem (the Shipwreck) being that as I was once walking with her in dated from Somerset Honte, inggerts, the adjacent garden, I mentioned the that he probably had a place in the name of Falconer, and, without knowNavy Pay-Office there. But this is ing her near relation to the Author, by no mians the case, as will appear faid a few words expressive of my obvious to that Gentleman ithe retlects admiration of the Shipwreck. She one moment, for it will neceilaily re- was instantly in tears. She presented cur to him, that the Navy Pay-Office me with a copy of the poem, and was not removed to Someriet Houle leemed much affected by my commife. until the new buildings were erefteri, ration of the misfortunes of a man more than twelve years after the death whole work appears in its catastrophe of the Bard.

prophetic. The fact is, that Mr. Falconer had These things, Sir, are trivial; but, as apartments in the lower court of the they rectify an erroneous supposition Old Buildings, under those of the Rev. respecting a highly-esteemed literary Mr. Darrell, which he rented either of character, are not, perhaps, entirely the housekeeper, or, as was the cultoni useless. in many other instances, of some perfon

I am, SIR, to whole place they were annexed. Your obedient humble servant, Here his widow refided many years ;

JOSEPH MOSER, indeert I think, unul lhe was driven Princes-street, Spital-fields, out by the dilapidation of the ancient 38 June, 1803




THE CURTAIN THEATRE. of the road, for its whole extent, and There can be no doubt but that the tồrough the grounds, ran a rivulet

, long avenue leading from Wor- over which, at its termination, was fhip street t to the London 'Prentice a bridge, whence a path led through Gate, as it is termed, in Old-Street the fields to St. Agnes le Cleer. On Road, acquired its appellation from the the side towards Shoreditch extended, same source as this Theatre, which, for a considerable length, the Curtain tradition days, once Itood about the Tenter-ground, of which some remains centre of it, and terminated the care are still to be seen, and opposite was a riage-way. Behind it there was a very very considerable tumulus, called Holylarge space, which, till within these well-mount, which, probably, had the last forty years, was occupied entirely fame original as the mount at White. by gardeners' grounds. On one side chapel 1, and was, like that, the recep


• Page 343.

+ Formerly Hog-lane, Skoreditch.

| It was the opinion of Dr. Markham, Rector of St. Mary, Whitechapel, who took confiderable pains to investigate this subject, that Whitechapel Mount, as it is fermed, was formed from the rubbish of the fire of London: probably, both in the


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