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said, that the silence preserved was not ported duty-free; and all articles from a wilful one; but he hoped in a few the West Indies, except sugar, were to days to be able to make a communica- be subject to a trifling impolition. He tion on the subject which involved the concluded with saying, that he wished feelings of the country. The motion the Bill to be palled before the end of was agreed to.

the Session, as the schedule of the whole WEDNESDAY, APRIL 20.

plan was nearly ready. On the order for considering the On the second reading of the Bill for report of the Nottingham Committee, managing the Property of Lunatics, Mr. Fox said, it did not appear that Mr. Fitzgerald, Prime Serjeant of Ireany blame could be attached to the land, wilhed for a general allimilation Magiftrates.

of the laws for the protection of pro. Mr. H. Browne, after some remarks perty in England and Ireland; and on the different resolutions, gave no. observed, that such a clause could not tice, that he should move to bring in a be considered at a more favourable Bill for the better Regulation of Elec- opportunity than while Lord Redes. tions at Nottingham. He said, the dale was in this country. It was

scenes of wickedness during the late agreed to consider this clause in a - election exceeded all description. Committee. Some farther conversation took place

FRIDAY, APRIL 22. on the conduct of the Magistrates, in A Committee was appointed for con, which Mr. Fox Itrongly insisted that sidering the powers granted to County the Magistrates had made every endea. Justices for erecting Bridges, &c. vour to suppress the riots. Leave was Some con verlation took place on the then given to bring in the Bill. Ilchester election, in which Mr. Smith

Mr. Browne then moved, that no stated, that a system of bribery and new writ should issue for Nottingham corruption had existed in the borough, till this day three weeks, in order that and urged the necessity of prosecuting the Bill might pass.-Agreed to. Mr, Davilon, the Mayor, and other THURSDAY, APRIL 21,

persons. On the motion of the Chancellor of Several Members spoke in defence of the Exchequer, for considering that these persons; and amongit them Mr. part of his Majesty's Speech relating to Fox and Mr. Sheridan. commercial accommodation,

The Master of the Rolls had doubts General Gascoyne faid, that from a as to the propriety of the House order. printed paper issued by the Treatury, ing prosecutions for offences that were it appeared, that the present duties cognisable by common law. upon commerce were to be augmented : At length the resolutions were he perceived that an increale of the agreed to, and farther proceedings revenue was in contemplation, as an ordered for Monday fortnight. addition of 31 per cent. was to be made A Select Committee was appointed to some articles, and in other instances to examine into the report on the it would amount to 15 per cent. He Highlands. was apprehensive that the object of this

MONDAY, APRIL 25. measure was to provide ways and means Mr. Fox prelented a Petition from to defray the expences of the present the Mayor and Aldermen of Nottingarmament; and be concluded with ham, praying to be heard againit the hoping the Bill would not be presed Nottingham Franchise BillOrdered till the state of affairs was made known. for contideration on Friday,

The Chancellor of the Exchequer A new writ was issued for Nottingfaid, the object of the measure was ham, in the room of Lord Bentinck. only to fimplify and consolidate the Mr. Simpson, the Mayor of Great mode of collecting the revenues, and it Grimsby, was ordered into custody was similar to that adopted in 1787; for improper conduct during the elec: The present measure was intended tion, only as a first part of a general system The Edinburgh Road Bill, being for every branch of the revenue, and contidered oppreflive to the farmers, was intended to consolidate all the was thrown out by a majority of one. duties on customs : among other re.

TUESDAY, APRIL 26. gulations, it was proposed that a small Sir R. Buxton moved that the Order duty should be laid on the importation for the Litts of disputed Voters in the of articles that were at present im. Middlesex Election to be exchanged

before before the ift of May be discharged, British Forces by Land and Sea there, the confideration of that Petition being and the times when they were received put off till next Session.

from Minitters.-Allo, An Account Mr. Grey spoke in favour of the of all Discussions, if any, which had Order.

taken place between Ministers and the Sir: F. Burdett said, it would be hard French Government, respecting that not to defer the Order, if the Peti- Colony, since the Signature of the tioners had not sufficient time to pre- Treaty, previous to the last Order sent pare; but their object in requiring out for the surrender of the fame.” further time was, to prevent the op

The Chancellor of the Exchequer posite party from making an adequate adverted to the inconsistency of the defence.

mover, in declaring that he did not After some further conversation, the with for information as to the NegociaOrder was discharged.

tion, and then moving for the dis. WEDNESDAY, APRIL 27.

cufsions relative to the Cape ; and conIn a Committee on the Coroners' cluded with advising him to bring his Bill, it was agreed, that the sum ihould motion in the shape of an Address to remain at yd. a mile, with a power the Throne. vested in the Magistrates to grant the

Mr. Windham defended the manner additional sum of 18d. on extraordi- in which Lord Folkstone had pronary occasions.

ceeded. THURSDAY, APRIL 28.

Lord Hawkesbury had serious obLord Folkstone moved for papers to je&tions to the motion, inasmuch as it obtain information as to the Cape of interfered with the Negociation. Good Hope : he observed, that he had Mr. Fox made a long speech, the nu wish to interfere with the Negocia- purport of which was, to thew, that tion, nor to call for improper informa- if the House thought proper to enter tion; so that if Ministers would say his upon an inquiry into the State of the motion interfered with the Negocia. Nation, then this motion would be tion, he would drop it. In discussing premature. this subject, he premised, that as the After some observations from Mr. public had been kept in such total Martin, the Houle pailed to the Order ignorance, he should be obliged to

of the Day. refer for information to the French Lord Caitlereagh moved to bring in Papers. He had heard that at dif- a Bill to enable the Falt India Com. ferent times different orders had been pany to defray the expence of raising sent out :

at one time it was deter. and paying two Companies of Volun. mined to give it up, and at another teer Corps.-Ordered. it was to be kept, without any reason

FRIDAY, APRIL 29. being afligned. After the signature of The Ilchester Election Recognizance the Treaty of Peace, orders were fent was enlarged for thirty days, out to deliver up the Cape; but in the The Dublin University Committee month of O&tober, when there was a reported, that George Knox, Esq. is considerable ferment in consequence duly elected. of the invation of Switzerland by Mr. H. Browne presented a Petition France, orders were fent, that the with 1500 signatures, in favour of the Cape should not be given up. He Bill for securing the Rights of Freedid not know these circumstances from holders at Nottingham; and any official account published by Mi- Mr. Fox presented one against the niiters, but from the accounts pub. Bill, ligned by 4000 inhabitants. lished in the French papers. He then Ordered to lie on the table. took a view of the other accounts that On the motion by Mr. Browne for had appeared in the foreign journals, the second reading of the Bill, as to Malta, Egypt, &c.; and.con- Mr. Fox made an animated 1peech to cluded with moving for « Copies of oppose it; he deprecated the insulting all Orders sent to the Cape of Good language of lenity which the framers of Hope, respecting the surrender of that the Bill had held towards the Magis. Colony, since the fignature of the trates of Nottingham; and contended, Treaty of Peace, together with Copies that if they were guilty, they had a of all Dispatches relative io the Surn right to be heard in their defence. He render or Detention of that Colony, glanced at the conduct of the Magil. as received by the Commander of the rates of London at the ține of ihe riots in 1780, when Parliament did not but finding that no other person would think proper to make an inquiry; provide them fo cheap, they solicited a and strongly insisted that Nottingham renewal of his proposals; which he rewas well governed. After a long de- fusing, the public had sustained a matefence of the Magistrates, Mr. Fox con. rial injury. He wihed to know where cluded with opposing the general prin. was the boasted Navy of fifty fail of the ciples of the Bill.

line, that, according to the Chancellor Mr. Bond spoke in favour of the of the Exchequer, could be prepared Bill, and described the treatment which for service in a month; but above all, the unpopular candidate experienced at where were the men ? After dwelling the election, as well as that shewn to for some time on these points, he the church wardens, &c. who are disc moved that the Commissioners do reliked by the people. It appeared, that port progress, &c. the voters were attacked by the popu. Sir C. Pole vindicated the conduct of Jace, who Spencered" them, i.e. cut the Board; and said, they were conoff their skirts, &c.

Aantly occupied in their functions from After some further remarks from five to seven hours per day. different Members, the motion was Captain Markbam considered the agreed to.

attack on the Board extremely unjust; MONDAY, MAY 2.

as to the reports propagated concernA debate took place respecting the ing our Navy, they were not only Nottingham Bill, between Mr. Fox and malevolent, but unfounded; he deMr. Bond; in which the former ac- clared that we had now a force for any cused the latter of having taken his emergency, and far beyond any that the statements respecting the profanation French posless : “ indeed," said he, of religion, &c. from a pamphlet. “ what force do we require to meet TUESDAY, MAY 3.

fishing-beats?" On the motion for the third reading The Chancellor of the Exchequer of the Nottingham Election Bill, an- deprecated the motion, and denied ibat other debate occurred, relpesting the the Board bad given any ground for conduct of the Magistrates, &c. blame. He inalted, that fifty fail of

Mr. H. Browne, Mr. Boud, and Mr. the line could be prepared within a Fox, were the principal speakers: but month after any emergency; and our on the question being put, there ap- present force was much greater than peared a majority of 135 for the mo. ever was known at any similar period. tion: the Bill was consequently passed. Mr. Canning justified the mover, and WEDNESDAY, MAY 4.

observed on the inconsittency of CapLord Clements took the oaths and tain M. who said we had only to meet his leat for Leitrim.

fithing-boots, while the King's Meflage Sir H. Mildmay, on making his mo. told us there were many armaments tion relative to the proceedings of the in the ports of France and Holland. new Naval Commissioners, said, that it Captain Markliam explained, that by lay with ihem to thew cause why they the words “ fishing boats," he only had omitted to furnish the House with spoke as in professional contempt of the information as to the result of their Naval Power of France. He had im. investigations; particularly as the Ac bibed the term from his earliest day, enjoins them to report the progress of and Gentlemen knew that sailors were their inquiries; but besides the powers not expected to be orators. After some that it gave them, and which were un- farther explanations, the notion was limited, they had assumed that of vio. withdrawn. lating it. When they were clothed,

THURSDAY, MAY 5. four months since, with the Itupendous The Taunton Committee reported, powers of this Act, repeated allertions that the fitting Members were duly were made by Ministers and their con elected. fidants, of the enormous abuses of the A Committee for the Relief of Scotch Navy department; but the public Schoolmasters agreed, that their salaries gained no information. He then al. Bould be raised from a minimum of luded to a curious circumstance, as a 300 to 200 Scotch marks, and from a proof of their progress, viz. that the maximum of 300 to 400. Board had refused to continue the Mr. Calcraft's motion for the release contracts that had for years existed of J. Simpson, Mayor of Grimsby, was with Mr. Taylor, for providing blocks; negatived, it being proved, that instead


of this man being poor and deftitute,

TUESDAY, MAY 1o. he is now building an elegant house, The Kirkcudbright Committee rea &c.

ported, that P. Heron, Flq. the fitting On the proceeding of the Clergy Re- Member, was not duly elected; but fidence Bill, Sir W. Scott proposed a' that M. Stewart, Esq. was duly elected. clause which gives the Rector a leave After some debate on the Coroners* of absence for three months: this was Bill, respecting the emoluments, of Atrenuoully opposed by the Attorney. which many Members were of very, General; after which

opposite opinions, a division took place Sir W. Scott entered into an histori. on an amendment for reading it this cal vindication of the whole of the Bill. day lix months; the result of which A division ensued, by which an amend was, that the Bill was thrown out. ment of fix weeks, proposed by the

The Chancellor of the Exchequer Attorney-General, was lost, and the moved to adjourn all Election Cominit. original clause adopted.

tees after Thuriday: he observed, that

15 Committees had already been apa FRIDAY, MAY 6.

pointed, and given their decisions ; RUPTURE WITH FRANCE.

350 Members had served on these The Chancellor of the Exchequer Committees, 50 had not yet taken their frid, that on Monday (to which day he feats, and 40 were petitioned againft: thould move an adjournment) he confi- adiling to these thie vacant feats, there dently expected to be authorized to

would remain only about 135 Members lay before the House a Meslage from who could be expected to fit on future the Throne. He then itated the fact Committees. After the Committees to of the intended departure of the Am- be appointed on Thursday, there would baffadors; adding, that, according to

remain no more than 105 or 106 Memprobability, Lord Whitworth had quit. bers for the others. ted Paris fome days since, and con

Mr. Cooper opposed this motion, on cluded with his motion.

the ground that the delay might occa. Mr. Fox opposed the adjournment on fiun improper perfons to retain theis the same principle as Lord Spencer in seats for two Sessions. the Upper House.

After fome observations from Mr. Lord Hawkelbury faid, that no offi. Fox against the motion, the Chancellor cial communication could be made pre- withdrew it. vious to Lord Whitworth's arrival,

On the progress of the Clergy Nonwhich could not happen before to. Relidence Bill, Sir W. Scott proposed morrow evening.

as an amendment, that the exemption Mr. Grey thought Ministers labourel should extend to beneficed Clergymen under too great a responsibility to suffer being Chancellors of Dioceses, Vicarse an adjournment of three days, and General, and Surrogates. Atter fome moved the amendment of “ To.mor. converlation, the House divided on row."

this claufe-Ayes 47, Noes 14. Mr. Canning spoke to the same pur.. Another debate arote on an amend. pose as Mr. Grey.

ment, that the Minor. Canons of Ca. The Secretary at War saw no reason thedrals should be exempted, which for the House to sit on an unusual day,

was agreed to. because the French Ambailador had

WEDNESDAY, MAY 11. demanded pallports.

An order was made for a return of After a long discussion, during which all Freeholders of the respective Counthe galleries were cleared, the origi- ties of Ireland. nal motion was carried by a large ma- Mr. Fitzgerald wilhed that the pro. jority.

vifions of the Bill for preventing vexaMONDAY, MAY 9.

tious arrelts could be extended to Ire. After some private business, Jand; which might be done by the in

The Chancellor of the Exchequer fertion of a few words. craved the indulgence of the House, The East India Volunteers and Lu. and made the same apology for defere natic Eltate Bills were read a third ring his communication as that ad- time, and passed. duced by Lord Pelham in the House In thie progreis of the Irish Courts of of Peers.

Law Bill, may objections were made No reply or opposition whatever was to the clause which grants a compensamade to his address.

tion not exceeding zool. to persons


holding offices during pleasure in the quite unparliamentary. He peremptoCourt of Exchequer in Ireland: it was, rily denied the assertion respecting the however, agreed to, with some night intelligence of Saturday contradicting amendments.

the conjectures of Ministers; but ad. On the motion of the Chancellor of mitted that his opinion of Lord White the Exchequier, the Bill for affording worth having left Paris originated from Facilities to Mercantile Transactions the application made by General An. was ordered to be taken into considera- dreosli for passports. During the week,

Much argumentation arose on the cause delay; but be begged to abitain
Clergy Bill, relative to the repairing from any explanation on the subject.
of Parsonage-houses.

As to the motion, “ he was convinced

that there was no probability of any The Attorney-General moved to arrival in the course of Saturday which bring in a Bill to indemnify those who would enable Ministers to make a formal have been instrumental in executing communication." He thould therefore the orders of Council relative to the oppose it. prohibition of the exportation of Naval Mr. Canning observed, that the MiStores: he stated the circumstances nister had not stated, with sufficient which led to the prohibition; which precision, what was the nature of the were, that application having been intelligence on which he would found made by the Danish Amballador to his long-promised communication. permit the exportation of corn to Nor- The Chancellor, in reply, observed, way, permission was granted : but ad- that a communication from the Throne vantage being taken of the liberty, the to Parliament can be fountled on only. exportation was restrained. The lame one of two circumstances the fatis. advantage had been taken with respect factory settlement of the pending dif. to the exportation of falt-petre, which ferences between the two countries on led to the same consequences; though the one hand, or, on the other, the he admitted the prohibition was ille. actual arrival of Lord Whitworth in gal.

London. Mr.Coke opposed the Bill, confider. Mr. Grey opposed the delay, on the ing it as one of patronage : he com- ground that the intelligence might are plained that the landed interest had rive to-night or tomorrow. He ob. been neglected by Ministers.

served, that several Members knew of Mr. Fox thought, that unless a gene. the stoppage of Lord Whitworth while ral law was provided for the exporta- Ministers were in total ignorance of the tion of corn, the House could not circumstance; and thought it too much judge on the subject. He censured the to keep the Nation so long in a state of proceeding as injurious to our agricul- fufpence. ture.

After some further conversation, Leave was given to bring in the Bill. Lord Gower withdrew his motion. FRIDAY, MAY 13.

MONDAY, MAY 16. The Militia Relief and Irish Courts The Chancellor of the Exchequer of Law Bill, were read a third tine, presented a Mellage from his Majelty, and passed.

informing them of the unsuccessful Lord Gower moved, that the House termination of the discussions, &c. *; should not adjourn till Monday. Al. was ordered to be taken into considera. luding to the proceedings of last Fri. tion on Monday next. day, he noticed, that the conjectures

TUESDAY, MAY 17. of the following day had been in con- In a Committee on the subject of the tradiction to all the “ conjectures Message relative to Mercantile Transand probabilities" of Minister's; and actions, the Chancellor of the Exche. thought his present motion warranted quer faid, it was proposed to make by the hourly expectation of important confiderable alterations in the rates of intelligence.

duties. Those on wine would be aug. The Chancellor of the Exchequer mented 30s. per pipe on its importaopposed the object of the motion, and tion in London and all the ports in the thought Lord G. had been ill-advised kingdom; the duty on skins and furs with respect to it; as to its form, it was would be increased, as well as those on

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See the Declaration, p. 390.


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