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FOR FEBRUARY 1803.
THE RIGHT HONOURABLE PHILIP YORKE, FARL OF HARDWICKE.
(WITH A PORTRAIT.! HIS accomplished Nobleman was he succeeded his father in his title and to many who have signalized themselves the office of Lord High Steward of the in the walks of Literature and Politics 'University, he obtained that honour much to their own honour, and greatly against Lord Sandwich. The infirm to the credit and advantage of their state of his Lordship's health, combined country. He was the eldest son of with his attachment to literary purPhilip Earl of Hardwicke, Lord High suits, prevented him from attending Chancellor, and Margaret his wife, and to, or joining in, the politics of the was born 20th December 1720. At the day. He had the honour, however, of school of Dr. Newcome, at Hackney, a leat in the Cabinet during the existhe received the firit rudiments of his ence of that short-lived Administraeducation, and from that feminary, on tion, in 1765, of which Lord Rocking26th May 1737, was removed to Beniret ham was the head, but without any College, Cambridge, under the tuition falary or official situation ; which, of the Rev. Dr. Salier. In the year though repeatedly offered to him, he following he was appointed one of the never would accept. Tellers of the Exchequer, in the room He died the 16th May 1790. of Sir Chafles Turner, Bart. deceased. His Lordship through life was attenIn 1749 he left College, and soon after tive to literature, and produced fevemarried Lady Jemima Campbel, only ral useful works, besides the aslistance daughter of John Lord Viscount Gie- which he rendered on various occasions norciy, by the Lady Anabel Grey, to authors who have acknowledged eldest daughter of Henry Duke of Kent, their obligations to him. at whole decease the succeeded to the On the death of Queen Caroline, in title of Marchioness Grey and Baroness 1738, he inserted a Poem amongst the Lucas of Crudwell. By this marriage Cambridge Verses printed on that oche became possessed of a large part of cation. the Duke's estate, together with his Wbilst a member of the University seat of Wrest House, near Silfoe, in of Cambridge, he engaged with several Bedfordshire. He early engaged as a friends in a work finilar to the celoLegiflator. In 1741 he was chosen brated Travels of Anacharlis into Meinber for Ryegate, in Surrey, and Greece, by Monsieur Barthelemi. It in 1747 one of the Representatives for was entitled " Athenian Letters ; or the County of Cambridge, as he was the Epistolary Correspondence of an also in 1754 and 1761. At the installa- Agent of the King of Persia residing at lion of the Duke of Newcastle, as Achens during the Peloponesian War," Chancellor of the University of Cam. and consisted of letters supposed to have bridge, in 1749, he had the degree of been written by contemporaries of so. LL.D. conferred upon him. In 1764 crates, Pericles, and Plato, A few copies were printed in 1741 by Betten- Though a good classical scholar, yet ham, and in 1782 an hundred copies the object to which Lord Hardwicke, were reprinted ; but till the work was from his early youth, particularly diunknown to the public at large. At rected his attention, was modern hislength, an elegant, correct, and authen- tory. Accordingly he printed, in 4to. ticated edition, under the aulpices of a small impression (not for sale) of the the present Earl of Hardwicke, was Correspondence of Sir Dudley Carlton, published in 1798, in two volumes, Embassador to the States General during 4to. and an advertisement prefixed to the reign of James the First, and prethe firit volume, attributes its having fixed to it an historical Preface, conbeen 10 long kept from the Public to taining an account of the many im. an ingenuous diffidence which forbad portant negociations that were carried the authors of it, most of them ex- on during that interesting period. A tremely young, to obtrude on the no. second impression of fifty copies only tice of the world what they had con- was printed in 1775: fidered merely as a preparatory trial The last publication of Lord Hardof their strength, and as the best wicke was entitled “ Miscellaneous method of imprinting on their own State Papers from 1501 to 1726," in minds some of the immediate subjects two volumes, 4to. containing a numof their academical tudies. The friends ber of select papers, such “as mark who afli in this publication were, oft strongly the characters of celethe Hon. Charles Yorke, afterwards brated Princes and their Ministers, and Lord High Chancellor, Dr. Rooke, illustrate some memorable æra or reMaster of Christ's College, Cambridge, markable series of events." CollecDr. Green, afterwards Bishop of Lin.. tions of this kind have been frequently coln, Daniel Wray, Esq. the Rev. Mr. given to the Public, but generally overHeaton, of Bennet College, Dr. Heber- laden with papers both redious and den, Henry Coventry, Esq. the Rev. trifling. The present avoids the errors, Mr. Laury, Mrs. Catherine Talbot, of its predecessors, all the papers it conDr. Birch, and Dr. Salter.
tains being curious and important.
DISSERTATION ON A GOLDEN VASE FOUND AT RENNES, THE
• 25TH OF MARCH, 17745 READ AT THE NATIONAL INSTITUTION OF FRANCE, ON THE 13TH, 18TH, AND
23D OF FRUCTIDOR, IN THE YEAR IX, BY A. L. COINTREAU, AUTHOR OF
THE ABRIDGED HISTORY OF THE CABINET OF MEDALS. This is not one of those vain Diser- Mared for twenty-seven years ; but
tations, which make a display of has given to his demonftration the erudition, without any real utility, form of close reasoning, in which all and often even at the expence of the the parts are connected together as in a judgment.
logical proposition: and finally atIt has been acknowledged by all aching these different data to a result sensible men of this age, and even which they uphold, he has deduced a demonstrated, that the progress of new confirmation from them of the erudition, too long milled hy ihe ima- mytliological system fo well devegination, must be first subjected to the loped by the profound.Duruis. rigorous laws of analytis, and after- This giflertation is divided into three wards rise to philofophical results, and parts, historical, mythological, and to imposing generalities, and thus col. allegorical. lect observations too often sterile and In the first, after having sewn the minute round an interesting centre, epoch of the discovery of the Vase, its
This was, no doubt; what Citizen configuration, dimentions, and orna. Cointreau proposed, and what he ap- ments, Citizen Cointreau examines at pears to us to have executed. He has what prior period it appears have not only thrown light upon an object, been made ; who might have been the which had eluded the fagacity of several first poffeffor of it; what object was antiquaries, and thus added a new proposed by ordering it ; and whether conquest to the art in the secrets of the choice of the lixteen medals by which he had been initiated by the which it is embellished, sufficiently illustrious Barthelemy, whole toils he indicate its intention.
In the second, the antiquary is oc- parison established between the base eupied with the principal personages of relief of this Vase and the private the two bas reliefs, following the data medals of the family of Septimius of the Greek and Roman mythology, Severus. We find on the bas-relief, reckoning for the first from the time as on the medals, Hercules and Bacof the Trojan war, almost 1200 years chus ftanding, with their attributes before the vulgar æra.
and their legends. According to In the third, the Author goes back Eckhel, this type has been adopted by to the Egyptian allegories, which relate no other Emperor but Severus. It to the origin oi åttronomy, to the appears, then, evident that this Vase division of the heavens into conitel- is of the time of Septimius Severis, lations, to the progress of the planets, and that it may have been offered to to the precision of the equinoxes, &c. him either on his passage among the the pretended existence of the fabulous Helvetians, among the Gauls, or even Gods and Heroes, as well as the great into England; and in whatever place actions attributed to them.
it may have been made, it could only In order to establish in a plausible have come from the hand of a Roman manner, the degree of antiquity of workman. this Vase, as it had no date, recourse The author afterwards victoriously was had to the fixteen medals attached refutes all the objections in detail, to it, of which a description follows in which cannot destroy his general the work. Some of the reverses are of proofs. a certain rarity; such is that of Faustina Such are the foundations of the hirthe younger, having for legend, Läti. torical part. The mythological part tiæ Publicæ, which is neither to be contains the explication of the figures. found in Vaillant, nor in the doctrine It is here the author has literally disof Eckhel, but is mentioned by tributed the stores of an uncommon Rasche. Such is that of Geta, in which erudition. Many things are here to be Septimius Severus is fitting on an found, which are wanting in mytholo. ettrade facing you, between his two gical dictionaries. But it is in the children, Caracalla and Geta, then differtation itself they must be studied. Consuls, the elder for the third time, It is the same with respect to the and the younger for the second, in the allegorical part: there you find a very year of Rome 960, with this legend, beautiful explication of the Solar triad. Pontif. Cos. II.
The author demonitrates that the Afterwards come remarks on writing three names of the star 'successively with points, and on placing the double called Hercules, Apollo and Bacchus, i initead of the e.
correspond with the three faculties of Paffing afterwards to the discussion, Power, Intelligence, and Benevolence ; the author examines if this Vase be of that the God Pan is the emblem of the the time of Septimius Severus; and if foul of the world ; that the three wo. it could have been destined for him, or men, standing beside that god, are, have belonged to him. The affirma- Earth, Nature, and Matter, according tive is deduced from three probabilities: to the opinion of Macrobius.
First. (And this remark belongs to After rapidly running over several the learned Barthelemy) Thele medals other allegorical points of view, the unite the series of the Antoninuses, learned Cointreau draws this conwhom Severus affected to rank among clusion : his ancestors. It is conjectured that It was a custom among the Emin this monument, fattery represented perors to give and to receive presents them to please Severus.
on certain days of the year, and on sumption is supported by many histo- certain occasions: whether upon- the rical testimonies and inscriptions, new promotion of the son of Septimius
Secondly. The make and style of the Severus to the Consulship, or upon his monument gives us additional light : departure for England, this Vase this vale began to feel the decay of the night have been offered him. arts. It is considered as posterior to Such is the dry analysis which the the year of Rome 960, epoch of the narrow limits of a journal oblige us to second consulate of Geta; indicated give of a subitantial dissertation, in by the reverse of the medal 'No. 6. which the author's urbanity and justice
Thirdly. We are determined in toward his literary cotemporaries, are fine by the approximation and com- no less remarkable than his erudition.
ACCOUNT OF AN ELEGANT SILVER VASE LATELY PRESENTED
TO ALEXANDER AUBERT, ESQ. T48 Gentlemen of the late Corps On the opposite front is suspended a
of Loyal Illington Volunteers, field bearing the Colonel's arms, anxious to testify the high sense they fupported by a band of laurel, over entertain of the loyalty, ability, and which is placed a head in the Egyptian fpirited conduct of their Commandant, costume, with a star on the forehead, ALEXANDER AUBERT, Esq. have pre- alluding to the Colonel's favourite sented that Gentleman with a SUPERB pursuit, the study of Altroxomy, in which SILVER VASE, which may be ranked icience he has attained great eminence. among the first productions of the The body of the Vaie is gilt, and Arts in this countiy. We have been partly enveloped in a Lion's skin, favoured with the following descrip- exhibiting the unity and itrength tion of this truly elegant and unique of the Corps. This, and all the orna. piece of plate :
mients are richly chaled in silver matt, The cover of this magnificent vesel The Handles are each formed of two contains a grand display of military • serpents. The tails ps'oceed from the infignia, among which are introduced upper part in front, and following the the particular accoutrements of the courle of the feitoons a little way, corps, the standard of the cavalry, &c. emerge from them, and proceed in a In the centre of thefe is a figure of bold and ample curve towards each Fame, leated on a mortar, in the act of other : the.continuation of this curve founding a trumpet, and supporting brings each head to the lowest part of the colours of the Loyal Islington Volun- the opposite side, where it is received in teers, on the ttaff of which is the a hollow, formed by Acanthus leaves, British Cap of Liberty; alluding to the and composing the bafe of the Vase. known attachment of the Volunteer The effect of the whole is much Corps of onis kingdom to that ra- heightened by feftoons of double chains tional freedom innured to them by our hanging loose from the body, which glorious Conititution.
pass through the mouths of the ses Vine leaves, grapes, roses, &c. ar- pents, and are di tpoled with great talte ranged in festoons of singular richnels, and judgmert. and beautifully diversified, nearly tur. 'The Pedestal was copied from the mund the upper part of the buty of celebrated Bacchanalian Vale in the phie Vare, and are collected together in Villa Borghele at Rome ; and on its a knot on the principal front, by plinth are grouped aitronomical in. * Bicchanalian head, from which is
itruments. siipended a shield, with this infcrip. The whole was executed with great 110:) :
care and precision by Mr. Preedy, " This Cup
from the chaile and elegant designs of Was presented by the late Corps of Mr. Thurston, and modelled in the
Loyal Illington Volunteurs, pureit style of the antique, by Mr.
To Alexander Aubert, El. Fimond Coffin. Their Lieut. Col. Com.uandant, At the same time the Gentlemen of In teftioxony of their respect and esteein the Corps prelented the Colonel with for him, in approbation of his time and copy of the following address, spirited behaviour in fupport of the (richly emblazoned on vellum) which
Honour and Independence uas UNANIMOUSLY agreed to by the of the Corps previous to its general Corps on the day of their relignation,
TO ALTXANDER AUBERT, Esq. Lieute. of his judicions and liberal conduct cnt Cornel Commandant of ibe Loyal upon all occafions,
lilingtora l'olurtcers. as their Commander.
We beg leave to address you for the Embodied the til, of March, 1-07. Lilt time we shall have it in our power Unanimoully religned zcil of January, as a Volunteer Corps. We thould not 1801,
depart hence with satisfaction to ouratellite period conditing of 374 Mcm- feives, were we to neglect this opbers,
portunity of exprefsing to you our Cavalry and Intantry," kentiments. The very great activity