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"E sometimes meet in the world the native country of the arts, on a
with very diverting originals, foil fo fertile and so highly favoured ! who seem to act their part merely for He might, at most, look for other men, the amusement and instruction of their in order to compare them with hiscounfellow creatures. I have lately become trymen, to make his course of experiments, acquainted with a being of this kind. and become acquainted with mankind; His history would fill several volumes ; but to seek a country where the lumibut as I have neitber time nor inclina- nary of day sheds a more genial inflution to write it, I thall content myself ence, where Nature is more lavish of with giving a brief outline of it. her bounties, would be the height of
folly! However, M. Della Rocca is Giacomo Della Rocca was born in Italy, determined to travel ; it is, in faci, the on the banks of the Tiber, not far from only method of diverting his mind. the most celebrated city in the universe. His parents give their content to their He was very itrongly disposed to be dif- fon's departure. contented with every thing. At twenty But for what country ? That is a years of age, he instituted a kind of exa- question not very easily decided. To mination of every government, without England ? The weather is cold and being able to find one to which he could foggy; they burn coal there; the peoaccommodate himself. This throne was ple are so free that they may insult founded on the ruins of liberty, the you with impunity; they eat delia other tottered to its fall; on a third
bad fare for M. Della Rocca. was seated a vicious Prince ; in this We will not go to England. monarchy there were too few wife To the North? There it freezes. inttitutions; in another all seemed to No Scandinavia-Prussia is too military be going at random. In such a re- - The Germans are too ceremonious public riches only were esteemed ; in The ice of the Neva is difinal and dananother nothing was to be seen but gerous- The Helvetian is not polished inalks ; this was composed only of enough.---Batavia is marthy-The air speculators, and that of arrogant of Brabant is damp, thick, unwholenobles. Although he was left to his some-The Turk thuts up or veils his own choice, and the forms of govern- . women-Poland is a flat country, and ment were to diversified, M. Della' M. Della Rocca loves variety. What Rocca was not the more happy on that might influence him to determine upon account. Sole heir to an immense fore vitting that country is, that his motune, he experienced the tenderest in- ther possessed large estates there. But dulgence from his parents, who, ob- it was not for interest that he travelled ; serving with pain their son's gloony and in that respect every country was and discontented difpofition, proposed equally indifferent to him. The sport to him to travel.
of a thousand desires, he saw only a But this proposal occasioned fresh dull uniformity in the advantages he embarrassment : what climate could enjoyed. Giacomo wanted a tempeplease a man who drew his first breath rate climate, with a perfect distinction under an Italian sky, in the bosom of of seasons, a country inhabited by
amiable, cheerful, lively, sensible wo. gliftened, that the birds fung, that the men ; by men of affable behaviour, Aowers exhaled their perfumes, that the whose occupations were varied, and limpid it reains neandered through who were ftrangers to the horrors of plains of the most delightful verdure. ennui.-M. Della Rocca took the road It is not my intention to follow our to Paris.
discontented Gentleman in his travels, However fertile in pleasures that and the reader will allow me to suffer theatre of wonders may be, it yet falls him to proceel alone to the IWands, fhort of the wishes of a madman, who the Indies, Africa, disapproving of all has the misfortune to be eternally tor. he saw there; finding fault with all their mented with delires.- The women were cuttoms, all their institutions ; disconot what he had imagined thein : their vering that man in a state of nature looks had too much aflurance ; modelty was too favage, and polished nations had not taught them to hold down their too far removed from nature. heads; they possessed the quality of After an absence of ten years, he smiling without having an inclination ; returned to Europe : he arrived inime: of being absent intentionally; of look- diately after the partition of Poland, ing at an obje&t which they did not per. which had been divided into three ceive, in order to see another on which portions without his confent. The they never cast their eyes ; of hearing eftates belonging to our traveller's mo. without understanding; of receiving ther, situated in a central palatinate, in the most gracious manner a person were parted into three lots, and were whom they violently diniked : one all three confiscated ; one by the Emcarelessly used an eye-glass for which press of all the Russias, who was not the the had no necessity ; another met the richer for it ; another by the King of general gaze with an air of apparent the Romans, wlio had no fufpicion of ignorance that she was the object of it, it ; and the third by the King of and knew how to remove hair that did Prússia, who did justice only to his pot incommode ber, for the purpose of ancient Tubjects. This was certainly thewing her hand ; lastly, the eyes of a sufficievt to render discontented even á third would have appeared perfectly more tractable person than M. Della inanimate without the fire of voluptu- Rocca. By an incomprehensible conousness or the lightning of envy, and tradiction, he was but iliglıtly affected ; rouge and white had fupplanted the and as he only considered the abuses of roles and lilies in her complexion.- inftitutions in general, and had a fin. He did not tell me in what light he gularly per verle way of thinking, he viewed the men, and what he thought consoled himself by reasoning calcu. of them ; all I know is, that he em. lated to discourage any other than barked for America.
himfelf: “If I had to do with only The war was just concluded, and one crowned head,” said he to himself, the new world was exhibiting to the “ I might venture to make some re. old a new form of government, perhaps monstrances ; but to complain to three capable of fatisfying M. Della Rocca. Princes, one of whom can send me to He carried with him his discontented Siberia, another confine me for life, difpofition. Life appeared to him only and a third propose to me to enter a prolongation of a tedious moment; into his army, I conceive that none of the air was too thick or too fharp; the there indemnifications is worth the tints of the foliage were not sufficiently trouble I should take to obtain it."riiverfified; the morning scarcely dif- He was therefore filent. fered it all from the evening ; and one This diminution of fortune appeared day relembled the other. For the rest, to make him more reasonable. What they might have had better laws at contributed to reconcile him with manPhiladelphia ; they had not profited kind, would have been with others a fufficiently by the lessons of experience; motive for quarrelling with it.- But and thehnanners and circumstances lie learns that a powerful nation has of the new ftate thould have been more fuddenly changed its government, and particularly confulted. As to the
was about to give itself fresh laws. A country, in vain did the striking fine opportunity for a projector of con. beauty of an immense view, diverfo ftitutions, in whose eyes all are vicious fied by the plastic hand of Nature, or imperfect! M. Della Rocca did not prelent itielf to his eyes. It was not fuffer it to escape, and he again re. for him that the enamelled meadows paired to the capital of the French
people. He mingled with the framers tives were recalled, and the honest man of projects; he discussed, he approved, reposed at night without being torhe commented, he adopted. But the mented with the recollection of the work to which he had contributed was preceding day, or the dread of the foon fupplanted by another. He pre- morrow. Very fortunately for M. pares fresa plans; his project experi. Della Rocca, and, without doubt, of ences the fate of the former ; it is the people in the midst of whom he adopted, and overturned to make room lived, this new order of things acfor a third.
corded with his ideas. But what was Whilft he occupied himself with his astonishment at the sight of people what did not concern him, affairs to who had ardently delired the re-estabwhich he ought to have paid attention lishment of order and of those to whom were tranfačted without his know- it restored tranquillity! Some thook ledge. In thort, his large fortune was their heads; others thrugged their annihilated. The Phock was felt even shoulders ; a third approved of it, as far as his native country; and his but a fonrth fpoke myfteri. estates were no longer his, by virtue of ously, without explaining his meaning, a measure relative to which he had Vexed with these ifs and buts, M. been forgot to be consulted.
Della Rocca, who has become a man of This event was productive of happy gallantry by living in a tountry where consequences, as it obliged him to the fair fex reigns, frequented the com. employ bis own talents and resources pany of the ladies. Here matters wore for a livelihood. He doon acquired a a very different aspect. The elder habit of industry, and this habit foon complained that the French of the removed that ennui which had his present day were not gallant enough ; therto oppressed him. Every moment the younger lamented the reforms was occupied, and he had no time left attempted to be introduced in very to find fault with, or, like many other convenient customs that had been in idle persons, for regulating the State. fashion feven or eight years.
Having observed all the periods of M. Della Rocca at length concludes; the revolution of the country in which both from his own experience and he lived, he had remarked, that in none from observation, that man is an animal of them had he met with a single crea- whom it is very difficult to satisfy, ture contented with himself and others. who, in the enjoyment of an actual At first all was uproar; then, petrified good, is continually occupied with with fear, the people were filent, and Tomething better in imagination. Gia. concealed themselves; a change en- como, judging, by the spectacle before sued, they declaimed, it was followed his eyes, how ridiculous he himself by another, they complained. At must have appeared at the time when length order appeared on a firm founda- he never ceased finding fault with tion ; property was secured, respected; every thing, has corrected himfelf: the villain was deprived of the power and thus the discontent of others has to injure, he was rendered incapable operated as a cure of his own. of every thing but envy : the fugi
BEAUTIES OF RANDOLPH.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE EUROPEAN MAGAZINE. SIR, IN your last * I was pleased to see some entitled " AMYNTAS, or The Impoffible
mention of an old and undeservedly. Dowry," poffesses many striking beau. neglected writer, RANDOLPH. That he ties. On every perusal of it, and to was a man of firlt-rate genius mult be me, decies repetita placebit, I have withed allowed by all who are capable of to see it reduced to two acts, and reforming a judgment of real excellence vived at one of our Theatres. Mr. in composition. His pastoral draina, Kemble in the Mad Shepherd, and Mr.
See page 17.
VOL. XLIII. FEB, 1803.
Bannister, in the character of Mopsus, Or pulse to beat, left I disturb her:
The following soliloquy will hardly
(Claius alone.) to the Author's adopted father Ben I see the smoke fteam from the cottage Jonson.
fup: The fearful house-wife rakes the embers Specimens of the Patbos.
All hush to bed. Sure, no man will Amyn. You Proferpine.
disturb me. There is in Sicily the fairelt virgin
O blessed valley! 1, the wretched Claius, That ever bleit the land, that ever
Salute thy happy soil. I that have liv'd, breath'd,
Pelted with angry curses, in a place Sweeter than Zephyrus. Didê thou never As horrid as my griefs, the Lylibean hear
mountains, Of one Urania ?
These sixteen frozen winters--there have I Uran. Yes.
Been with rude out-laws, living by such
fins Amyn. This poor Urania
(pray’rs and wishes ; Loves an unfortunate shepherd, one that's As run o'thoscore with justice 'gainst my mad, Ty/ipbone.
And when I would have tumbled down a Canft thou believe it? Elegant Urania
rock, (I cannot speak it without tears) till Some secret pow'r reftrain'd me. loves
I have only room to insert another
[the boai; Uran. Good Amyntas,
Who hath not heard how he hath chac'd Reft here awhile !
And how his spear hath torn the paunch Amyn. Why weep you, Proferpine?
of wolves ?
[gravenUran. Because Urania weeps to see On the bark of every tree his name's enAmyntas
Now planet-Atruck, and all that virtue So refleis and unquiet.
vanilh'd ! Amyn. Does the so,
Randolph, I think, is said to have
I remain, Sir,
Yours, &c. I will not move a hair, nor let a nerve Lambeth, Feb. 2.
CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN VOLTAIRE AND RICHARD ROLT,
MONSIEUR VOLTAIRE TO MR. ROLT; pher ought to do. You are certainly
love, and to praise, the form of the I HAVE received, at Potsdam, the British Government; but do not be
obliging letter you directed to lieve we blame it in France. The Paris; but I have not yet received situation of our country, the genius the tavour of your book. The wif. of our nation, and many other readom that shines in your letter, raises fons, have fubnitted us to monarchic in ine, more and more, the desire to
power, initigated by the amiable mild. read that performance.
ness of our manners rather than by our I am confident you have been faith- laws. All wise men amongst us live ful to your title, in writing impar- happy under such a government, and tially, is an honest man and a philoso. admiret har of Great Britain.
As to the task of writing a true and considerable time ago to the Master coinplete history of the late war, 'tis an of a Dutch vellel bound for Rotterheavy burthen. I hope you are well dam : however, I hall take care to informed of all the transactions palled send another set as soon as possible ; in your country: all the secrets of the though I think it will be more con back stairs at your Court are no secret venient to defer it till I can get the in a few years, Each party spies, fourth volume from the press, which discovers, and exaggerates the in- is almost printed off, and will give me trigues and the faults of the opposite a speedy opportunity of sending you party; and, from the shock of so many the work complete. Hints, Tome Aames of truth may shoot, Truth and' impartiality are more to onlighten the mind of a wise hifto. difficult to be found in the literary rian. But in other countries, itate. world, than honour and honesty are in mysteries lie' hid under a curtain that the moral ; though national partiality few men are able to remove. My office, may not be discommendable ; and, of the Crown's Hiftorian, intitled me to exclusive of that, I Aatter myself í the communication of all the letters have consistently acted my duty. The writ to the Ministers. Yet I am not generality of our nation are too credu. satisfied with so good materials : and I Tously of opinion, that liberty confines mult hunt again after my favourite her sacred influence peculiarly to Bria gume, truth, in foreign countries. I tain ; but when I look through the travel, like Polybius, to see the differ- political syitem of Europe, reason ent theatres of the war. I consult almoft obliges me to dissent from this both friends and enemies. I doubt adopted tenet of my countrymen. I not your book, Sir, will help me very have been told by a Nobleman, who is much. Your title, which promises justly, esteemed the ornament of this IMPARTIALITY, shall put me always in Illand, that of all absolute monarchies, mind of my duty. History muit be Denmark is the moft legal : but I am neither a facire, nor an encomium ; sensible, from the annals of France, and, I hope, a Frenchman, and even a that the constitution of your country Gentleman of the King's Chamber, is not inferior to the Danish governmay tell open truth WITH SECURITY. ment; and it stands, as an indubitable A moderate man cannot offend when fact, that a sovereign of France may, lie will not offend ; and he may say if he pleases, convey a portion of feliharsh things if he never uses harsh city to his subjects, equal to what is words. I am at leifure : I'll publish enjoyed by the subjects of any one my history as late as I can ; but I'll monarch in the universe. The con. read yours as soon as possible. I thank itirution of Britain, we are fond to you from my heart ; and am,
believe, is more consonant to the law SIR,
of reason and the liberty of nature Your most humble obedient servant, than the form of other legislatures ;
VOLTAIRE, but I lee no such material difference Gentilhomme de la Cham. between an absolute regal government
bre du Roy de France. in France, and a ministerial aristocracy To Mr. R. Rolt, at Mr. Har.
in other countries : I am glad to find borne's, Portugal-street, par
the sentiments of liberty pronounced la Hollande, Londres.
fo freely by a subject of France ; an Franco Roterdam.
Englishman can do no more. You,
but would you think that I cannot ? MR. ROLT TO MONSIEUR VOLTAIRE.
or can you believe that several imSIR,
portant facts have been communicated As I am unacquainted with the time to me, which I durit not adventure to of your intended continuance at Potro promulgate ? though I have honestly dam, perhaps this direction may be reported those things, which you as more expedient than by a packet honestly approved. through Germany.
Believe me, Sir, I have experienced, I have been juit honoured with your and am equally conscious with yourvery obliging letter, and am extremely feil, that the búrthen of so extensive a sorry you have been disappointed in history is very heavy : you are infi- : ; the rest of my volumes, which iny nitely more conversant with nature, Publisher informs me were delivered a men, and nations, than I am ; your