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Lansing, Dec. 31, 1874.

To the Legislature of the State of Michigan:

In compliance with legal requisitions, the accompanying Report for the year 1874, with supplementary papers, is respectfully submitted.

WILLIAM H. MARSTON, Secretary of the State Board of Agriculture.


The general management of the State Agricultural College has been the same as in previous years. The officers have been as follows:

Theophilus C. Abbot, LL. D., President, Professor of Mental Philosophy and Logic.

Manly Miles, M. D., Professor of Practical Agriculture, and Superintendent of the Farm.

Robert C. Kedzie, A. M., M. D., Professor of Chemistry.

George T. Fairchild, A. M., Professor of English Literature.

Albert J. Cook, M. S., Professor of Zoology and Entomology.

William T. Beal, A. M., B. S., Professor of Botany and Horticulture, and Superintendent of the Horticultural Department.

William H. Marston, Secretary.

Robert F. Kedzie, B. S., Assistant in Chemistry.

James M. Short, Steward.

Edwin H. Hume, Foreman of the Farm.

George W. White, Assistant Foreman of the Farm.
Charles W. Garfield, M. S., Foreman of the Gardens.
James Cassidy, Gardener.

An error was made upon page 9 of the report for 1873 in giving as occuring in 1873 some changes that were made in 1874. In 1873 Mr. Norris resigned his place as foreman of the farm. Mr. Edwin H. Hume was promoted from assistant foreman to the place, and the services of Mr. White were secured as assistant foreman. In 1873, also, Mr. Whittett, the gardener, gave place to Mr. Sharkey.

In 1874 Mr. Short was made steward (Feb. 15). Mr. Garfield took the place of Mr. Felker as foreman of the gardens, and Mr. Cassidy was made gardener April 1, 1874.

Two officers' houses have been constructed. These are of wood. Two professors, who have heretofore lived away from the college, have taken up their residence upon the grounds. A president's house, of brick, is now in process of construction. The plans of these houses were made by E. E. Myers, the architect of the new State Capitol.

The new greenhouse has been completed, and a description of it is given in the report of the professor of botany. A small apiary has also been built.


The college fund September 30, 1874, was as follows: Trust funds in State treasury, $107,879 14; due from purchases of part-paid lands, $105,107 02, all

drawing interest at 7 per cent, giving the college an income of $15,390 31 per


Gov. Baldwin, in his retiring message, estimated the interest on the fund and part-paid lands for 1873 and 1874 as $32,652 62. The actual income from this source was $26,314 48, falling short $6,238 14. As the estimates of Gov. Baldwin were taken as basis for the estimates of the Board of Agriculture, it has been found necessary to leave undone many of the improvements that were contemplated at the college.

Each officer has made a report of his department, the most important portions of which appear in this volume as part of the report.

An address delivered before the House of Representatives of the Michigan Legislature by President Abbot, at the request of that body, is to be found in the present volume. It was delivered March 4, 1975, but before the present report was in press.

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