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PERUVIAN GUANO AT REDUCED PRICES. The Subscriber offers for sale the above patent buckle in any The prices at New York and Baltimore will be usiform, and quantity, in all parts of the United States, except Wisconsin, as follows; Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and so much of Fixed price two-and-a-half cents per pound, from which the New York as lies west of the Hudson river. The right to make following discounts will be made. the buckles for all Pennsylvania and New York belongs solely For lots of over 2 tons...... 10 per cent. or 24 ets. per lb. to the subscriber, and he will furnish buckles to all who own

5 tons......15

do. rights to sell and use in those two States; and they must procure

10 tons......20

do. them of the subscriber. Persons in those two States, who wish and a still further discount on larger parcels. The discounts at buckles, must furnish to the subscriber a certificate of the pa other places than New York and Baltimore, will be 5 per cent. tentee, that they own the right to sell or use. For an account in less than the above, to cover extra charges of transportation, full of this buckle, which is superior to all others, see the Ameri Caution.- This is the only parcel of GENUINE PERUVIAN can Agriculturist for Sept., 1815. The buckle being without a Guano now in this country, and may be had of the following tongue, the trace is not weakened by cutting holes in it; it is a persons : compound lever, and holds the trace by pressure, and as the pres

SAML. K. GEOŘGE, Baltimore. sure condenses the trace it makes the trace stronger, just where W. WOODBRIDGE, Savannah. the buckle having a tongue makes it weakest; and the greater

G. CLEEMANN, Philadelphia.

Agents of the
the draught the greater the pressure of the bnckle on the trace. SECCOMB, BARTLETT & Co., Boston. Undersigned.
For buckles apply to Cornell, Brothers, 269 Pearl Street, New A. B. ALLEN, Now York.


Agent of the Peruvian Guano Company.

No. 42 South Street, New York, Jan., 1846. The subscriber is sole Agent in this city for these celebrated plows, and any one else pretending to keep them has only a SMITH'S PATENT SEPARATING CORN miserable imitation; the public, therefore, are cantioned to be on their guard against deception. The following brief abstract from

SHELLER. the circular of the manufacturers, Messrs. Ruggles, Nourse &

For rohich was awarded by the American Institute, New York, Mason, will give some idea of the public estimation of their merits.

a Silver Meda'. In each year, 1842 and 1843, the Agricultural Society of Essex From recent and extended operations in the trials of these maCounty, Mass., offered premiums for the best plows, and instituted chines at the Sonth, as well as the decisions of scientific and full investigation and trials, which resulted each year, in award- reputable individuals from various and remote parts, the proprieing to Ruggles, Nourse & Mason, the highest premium. The tors are now in possession of the most conclusive evidence that judging Committeo for 1843, in their printed Report, say, “our at this machine not only stands unrivalled, but that its arrangement tention was called to the quality of the castings on the plows of will ever remain the climax or improvement in Corn Shellers. In Ruggles & Co., their finish and durability. Their appearance is the further support of which, the following additional facts are certainly more perfect than anything we have elsewhere seen, respectfully submitted, viz.:-Its structure is simple and compact; The process of chilling the point, the entire edge of the share and of strong and durable materials; is easy of transportation ; safe in flange or base of the landside, gives a permanence and durability its operation against accident; is adapted to all ihe various kinds to the work that renders it of a decidedly superior character, of corn, whether damp or dry; receives the ears promiscuously “and we think there is no hazard in saying, that the value of from the shovel, basket, or crib; breaks neither the corn nor the the parts thus made, is more than doubled by the process." cobs ; is readily attached to any horse or other power (being

The following Table shows the number of premiums awarded simply driven by belt or rope); operates in the double capacity of to competitors contending for the prizes before the several differ: sheller and separater, doing its work perfectly clean, and at the ent societies named, and the number awarded to those who used rate of from one hundred to one hundred and fitty bushels per plows made by Ruggles, Nourse, & Mason.


In the manufacture of these machines, the parties concerned Name of Society. Year.

No. of prem's of No. of premiums have spared neither pains nor expense in the establishment of

fered. awarded as above. that system which would produce an article of the greatest Essex County, Mass., 1843 10 premiums, 9 premiums,

utility, accompanied with least expense. The machine in its predo do 1844 8

6 do

sent and improved style is respectfully submitted as evidence of do do do 1845 11 do

11 do

success; and the proprietors only ask of the public a careful inMiddlesex do do 1843 8 do

5 do

vestigation, and they will cheerfully abide the result. do do do 1844 8 do

5 do

In regard to a fixed and aniform price, on which there has been do do do 1845 8 do

6 do

no settled arrangement, the proprietors now have the satisfaction Wor'ster do do 1840 9 do

9 do

to state that the mode of manufacture has become firmly estabdo do do 1841 9 do

do lished, and the price per machine will uniformly he Fifty Dollars. do do do 1842 9 do 9 do

N N. SMITH, Patentee. de do do 1843 12 do

12 do

Samuel Hanna, proprietor for the States of New York and New do do do 1844 11 do

7 do

Jersey, and general agent for the Atlantic States. do do do 1845 10 do

8 do

The subscriber having become sole manufacturer of the above Plymouth do do 1844


6 do machins, is now prepared to supply orders, and will forward at Bristol do do 1845 11 do


the established price. Apply to Hampden do do 1844 3 do

2 da

SAMUEL Hanna, Valatia, Kinderhook, N. Y. .
do 1845

3 do

A. B. ALLEN, Agent, 187 Water Street, N. Y.
Berkshire do do 1845 8 do


T. B. WHEELER, Travelling Agent for the Southern States. Barnstable do 1845


do Hartford do Conn., 1845 3 do


FASTOLFF RASPBERRY. Windham do · Vt., 1845 the highest,

the highest,

The Subscriber has just received a fresh supply of the above Dutchess do N.Y., 1845 4 do

2 do valuable Raspberry, esteemed in England superior to all other It is but just to remark that the competition was as great be- varieties. The fruit is very large, of rich flavor, and hears abuntween the different plow-makers as between the plowmen ; and, dantly. They are ready for delivery as follows: in most instances, noted, the plows above-named were


Package containing 25 canes, 85. Containing 12 canes, $3. contested by Prouty & Mears' (so called) “ Centre Draught,

Single canes, 30 cents. These are warranted true to name. Martin's imitation of our “ Eagle" plows, and that in every case,

Also for sale, a choice collection of green-house and stove plants. the first premiams were awarded

to plowmen, who performed from unknown applicants a remittance or satisfactory reference their work with plows made by Ruggles, Nourse & Mason. A. B. ALLEN, 187 Water Street, N. Y. is required.


Horticultural Gardens, Flushing, L. I., N.Y., January 1, 1846. DAVISON'S PATENT PROCESS FOR CURING


A thorough-bred stallion for sale, of a fashionable pedigree ; The undersigned is authorized by the patentees to sell patents five years old; of a blood bay; black legs, mane, and tail, and for the using and sale of Davison's Apparatus for Curing Meats; without white. He stands 157 hands high, and will weigh 1,100 and preserving timber; and also for the sale of rights for States. lbs. He has won several races, and is a superb trotter, going level The nature

of the apparatus may be learned from the article in his pace. He is perfectly sound ; kind in temper; possesses page 28 in this volume of the Agriculturist. By this process, all great style, and would have made a capital roadstor. He has kinds of meat can be perfectly cured in twelve hours, and in iwo crosses in him, of the famous imported Messenger, and may warm weather as well as cold. It leaves all the juices in the be depended on to get first-rate roadsters. His price is $400, meat, and of course it makes a better article; bacon cured in it which is extremely low for him. He would have brought $1,200 may be put to smoke in two days. It is just such an article as easily three years ago, but his owner having no further use for every planter in the south should have. Application for rights him is desirous of selling. and for single machines may be made to the subscriber. The Algo for sale a road stallion 10 hands high, and four years old, price of the machines is from $75 to $300, according

to size. of a bay color and fine style. Price $400. Apply to A. B. ALLEN, 187 Water Street, N.Y.

A. B. ALLEN, 187' Water Street,





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Published Monthly, by Saxton & Miles, 205 Broadway, New FLUSHING, LONG ISLAND, NEAR NEW YORK. York, containing 32 pages, royal octavo. The New Proprietors of this ancient and celebrated Nursery. Dollars ; eight copies for Five Dollars.

TERMS-One Dollar per year in advance; three copies for Two known as Prince's, and exclusively designated by the above title for nearly filliy years, offer for sale & more extensive variety among the members, the price will be only FIFTY CENTS :

When Agricultural Societies order the work for distribution, of Fruit and Ornamental Trees, Shrubs, Vines, Plants, &c., than can be found in any other nursery in the United States, and the year, for the Monthly Numbers, and SEVENTY-FIVE CENTS genuineness of which may be depended upon ; and they will un.

per copy for bound volumes. It will be expected that these remittingly endeavor to merit the confidence and patronage of the of the Society.

orders come ufficially, and be signed by the President or Secretary public, by integrity and liberality in dealing, and moderation in low rate is, to benefit the farming community more extensivelý

The object in putting our periodical at this very charges. Descriptive Catalogues, with directions for Planting and Culthc Agriculturist in the hands of every Farmer and Planter in the

than it could otherwise be done. We hope, henceforth, to see ture, furnished gratis, on application Post-PAID, and orders promptly executed. WINTER & CO., Proprietors.


Each number of the Agriculturist contains but One sheet, and Flushing, L. 1., Feb., 1846.

is transported by mail under the same regulations as newspapers,

viz. : free any distance not over 30 miles from its place of publicaCHEAP PLOWS FOR THE SOUTH.

tion; over this and within 100 miles, or to any town in the State These plows are inade in a far superior manner to any of the of New York, one cent postage on cach number, and one and a half same kind ever sent from this market. The woods are of well cents if over 100 miles, without the State. selected white oak, and got out by Patent Machinery, and are all Editors of newspapers noticing the numbers of this work month. exactly alike, so that is one part wears out, or gets broken, it can ly, or advertising it, will be furnished a copy gratis, upon sending be instantly replaced by a duplicate. It is the same also with such notice to this office. the iron parts. The whole material of these plows is warranted of a superior kind.

Price of No. 104 Plow...


........J. M. Campbell. 11 do.......


Washington, Pa........ .........Dr. R. R. Keed.
Corn Plow..

Albany, N. Y.....

.E. H. Pease.
No. 191


Syracuse, N. Y.... Stoddard & Babcock and L. W. Hall.
No. 20..

. 4.50
Auburn, N. Y....

.......J. C. Derby & Co. J. M. & Co. No. 2, with coulter.....3.50

Rochester, N.Y......

...C.F. Crossman do..........4.50 Buffalo, N. Y.....

.....J. H. Butler & Co. 4,

Boston, Mass.... A liberal discount from the above prices to dealers.

.............. Saxton & Kelt

Milroa ukic, Wis. Ter.................. Hale & Hopkins. A. B. ALLEN, 187 Water Street, N. Y.

Chicago, Ill.....


Columbus, Ga., and Montgomery, Ala..... Hall & Moses.
St. Louis, Mo.....

.. Halsall & Collet. I offer for sale my farm of 300 acres and upwards, near the vil

Morton & Griswold. lage of Salein. It produces well either grain or grass. The

Louisville, Ky.....

George Lapping & Co. buildings are all that are necessary, and together with the land Nero Orleans..... ..D. Baker & Co. and N. Steele. itself and fences, are all in good order. The garden is well

Cincinnati, Ohio....

.......W. H. Moore & Co. stocked with small fruits and flowers. The situation is pleasant, Charleston, s. C. .......................

..J. Thompson. the country healthy and beautiful. Price $10,000.

Athens, Geo................. .........J.J. Richards. This property would be exchanged for real estate in any of the

Narfolk, Va......

................J. Vickery, Jr. Southern States, change of climate being desirable.

Natchez, Miss.......... ............GS. Tainter. Salem, Washington County, New York. JOHN SAVAGE.

Woodland, La., East Feliciana........ Rev. A. W. Pool. SHEPHERD DOGS FOR SALE.

General Travelling Agents,

Solon Robinson,

ALONZO SHERMAN.. Four very fine pups raised from an imported English dog and Bound volumes can be obtained of any of our Agents at $1.95 Scotch slut. Apply by letter, post paid, to Bn. Gates, 200 Broad- per volume. Or may be seen at the above place after 6 P. M.


The elegant bound volumes of the American Agriculturist are The subscriber keeps this superior fertilizer constantly on the best lloliday Presents the Farmer and Planter can give their hand for sale, in bags, barrels, halt barrels, and kegs. It comes families and friends. direct from Mr. Bartlett, the Agent of the Peruvian Company, and is warranted genuine and of a first rate quality.

CONTENTS OF FEBRUARY NUMBER. Price for ten tons or more...

2 cents per lb.
five and under ten tons... 21 do.

To Subscribers ; Stall Feeding Cows......

Prospects of the Farmers of the United States.............. two........2 do.

The Stable, No. 7.....
one.........21 do.

Bachelder's Corn Planter; Patent Spring Tongue Buckle.... 44
less than half a ton........3 do.
Growth of Hay; Benefit of Agricultural Publications..


46 This Guano is packed in bags weighing from 120 to 150 lbs.; Mr. Norton's Letters, No. 16 ; Merino Sheep, L... barrels, from 220 to 250 lbs.; half barrels from 115 to 130 lbs.

Under Draining, R. L. Allen kegs about 60 lbs. each. When a larger quantity than one Fencing, No. 1, Coke

49 ton is taken, it is expected it will be in bags. No allowance Curing Meat ; Salting Shad...... for tare, and no charge for packages. Cartage extra.

The Herefords, No. 2, A. 8.....
A. B. ALLEN, 187 Water Street, N. Y.
Potatoes Versus Wheat, R. L. Colt............

53 Culture of Indigo, Thoinas Spalding.........

Value of Anthracite Coal Ashes, Geo. H. Randle

Stall Feeding and Soiling, J. D. Williams
Gayler's Double Salamander Book Safes, warranted Fire Proof. Scraps from my Note Book, No. 1, Solon Robinson.

56 Single Salamander Safes, eqnal, if not superior, to any made. c. J. Cayler's Double Salamander, is the only Safe yet invented A Cheap Farm House, Solon Robinson

To Get Sandy Woodlands in Crop. G. A


57 which is, beyond doubt, proof against the action of fire, strong Gardening. No. 1, L. T. Talbot..... enough to endure a fall from the third story of a building, with A Bee Feeder, Philetus Phillips.. locks to each door of the best quality, which will defeat the at. Culture of Potatoes, Wm. Bellows tempts of burglars. This really fire proof article is constructed so Culture of Sumach, Wm. Partridge being made of wrought bar and plate iron, and lined between with Prepared Manures and their Effects upon Crops, by R. L. Pell í 8? the most perfect non-conducting and indestructible substances. Those who are in want of an article that will afford sure pro: Peruvian Guano, Edwin Bartlett

Panwald Gading, Edwin Barleork State Ag. Society lection, are invited to examine an assortment of the double and LADIES' DEPARTMENT: Insects, No. 1, An Old Lady.. 65 single Salamander Safes. Sates made, Book cases, and any lock required, fitted to order, any size.

Country Schools, S. H. R ; To protect Tender Plants
LEONARD BROWN, 80 Wall Street.

and Ever Blooming Roses in Winter; to Wash

One of these Safes can be seen at my warehouse, where Boys' DEPARTMENT : Poultry Feeding Fountains ;
orders will be received. A. B. ALLEN, 187 Water St., N. Y.

The Memory
Foreign Agricultural News.........


Editor's Table....... A few barrels of these superior oats can be had of the sub. Review of the Market scriber. Price $4 per barrel, or 1.50 per bushel.

Transactions of the N. Y. State Ag. Society

70 A. B. ALLEN. 187 Water Street, N. Y. To Agricultural Societies


way, N. Y.



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Agriculture is the most healthful, the most useful, and the most noble employment of man.-- WASHINGTON.

A. B. ALLEN, Editor.

Saxton & Miles, Publishers, 205 Broadway. TO AGRICULTURAI. SOCIETIES. close of the


But we will not anticipate too It will be recollected that one of our correspond much, knowing how hard it is to get the farmer and ents in volume 4, page 376, proposed that we should planter to support what is for their best interests. offer the paper to Agricultural Societies, when dis- How important that their minds be open to convictributed among its members, at the low rate of tion; yet we cannot expect to see this done till a FIFTY CENTŠ a year per copy. With a view of general course of agricultural education is introduced aiding all such in the good work in which they are into the district schools. This would make an engaged, and to encourage the farmers to become effectual revolution. members, the publishers immediately acceded to the Subscribers will please remit direct to the pub. proposition, and, in addition, have since offered the lishers, Saxton & Miles, 205 Broadway; ard not to volumes handsomely and uniformly bound for the editor, A. B. Allen, 187 Water Street. Enclose SEVENTY-FIVE cents per copy. We hope that the money in preference to Post-office orders, as these very liberal deductions from regular prices, these are very troublesome to collect. The former will be met with a corresponding spirit, and that may be done at the risk of the publishers. they may not only be the means of increasing the number of members to these Societies, but ensure a

EARLY PLOWING. preference among them for the American Agricul PERHAPS some of our readers may think that an turist. The great benefit that would arise from the article on plowing in the month of March is dissemination of such a work as this among the rather out of place. This depends entirely upon people must be apparent to all. Some Societies the climate and season. Sometimes we have a have not only taken a large number of copies warm spell of weather in which plowing may be already, but, in addition to this, have employed performed, even in the northern States; but plow. agents to go around among the farmers to forming is always going on more or less during this clubs and deliver lectures. This course has again month in the southern States. To those who been marked with success, and finds much favor cultivate clay lands, which they neglected to when properly carried into effect. Would that we plow last autumn, we would say, take the first opcould see a hundred thousand copies of our periodi-portunity when the frost is out to plow such land, cal distributed among the rural population, and faith and be sure to plow it deep, and be careful to lead fully read, although we should not make a single cent off all the surface water by running furrows in by it. There would be a great reform then in different directions before you begin to plow. An. many places, and an amount of good done for the other caution, don't work either your men or your farming community that could scarcely be calcu- team in rainy weather, neither after a rain until the lated. We earnestly entreat attention to this subject ground is sufficiently dried not to make mortar in among all interested in agriculture.

the furrows by the tread of the team. The object Since the commencement of the present volume, of this timely plowing is, that the land may if posour paper has materially increased in its circulation, sible have a chance at the frost before sowing or and we have no doubt that several thousand new planting. The mechanical effect of the frost upon subscribers will be added to the old list before the I the land thus turned up and exposed, is to make a stiff

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clay soil much more friable, and to put it in a better with the roots pulled; when sufficiently thin, state to receive the seed, and with no other prepara. keep them well hoed until the tops cover the tion than a slight harrowing, to prevent its falling ground well; after which a light plow run between too deep in some places between the furrows. We the rows occasionally will only be necessary. write from our own experience in fall and winter Such is the process of culture; they require no plowing, of a very tenacious and stiff clay soil. more attention than turnips or carrots ; no insect

troubles them; if planted early they grow equally PARSNIPS.

well in a hot or a cold summer, as they keep the This month, in ordinary seasons, will permit in earth moist; they will grow for nine months in the almost all regions of our country, the planting of year, and need no housing or burying in winter. the vegetables which endure the frost of spring: Can our readers tell us of a root so valuable ; Among such are carrots and parsnips. These, of cattle and horses are fond of it, and we know that course, are to be found in every garden; and the it is in every respect equal to carrots, and superior carrot on nearly every farm as a field crop, where to turnips. It grows in all temperatures of sumroots are grown for horses and cattle. As yet the

mer, resists all temperatures of winter, and all deparsnip has not been made a field crop to any ex-cay, and thus obviates all the objection made to tent, even in Europe, and not at all in this country. carrots and turnips, viz., the expense and trouble of And still it is perhaps on all accounts the most gathering, storing, and loss from decay.

Will our valuable crop of roots that can be grown in any readers not try it? climate that will not permit the winter exposure of Cows eat parsnips with avidity, and the milk is the turnip; and where the turnip will endure ex finely flavored, and the butter delicious. Beef made posure, the parsnip does equally well, and is quite from them brings the highest price in the London as productive, and in point of quality far superior. market. All animals, horses, cows, hogs, and In the islands of Jersey and Guernsey they are cul- sheep, eat them more readily than carrots, and will tivated extensively, and those who have most ex- not touch potatoes when parsnips are to be had. perience in their culture prefer them to turnips. In Jersey and Guernsey they are used to fat pork as

In all climates of the United States, north of Vir- well as beef, and the pork is of the best kind. ginia, turnips, carrots, and potatoes, must be gath

There is a peculiarity in the parsnip to which we ered and housed, or buried in winter; and when ask attention. It may be turned into a winter crop: housed or buried, though with the utmost care, will It may be planted in August and September, and in part decay; and if frosted, or over-heated, they will get a good growth by winter. In the spring are ruined. Hence it is that the farmer needs a following it will start with the first thaws, and concrop that in any climate will endure the frost and tinue to grow well all the following season, and exposure of winter. In the parsnip he has it will not seed. By this means very large roots may This root may be planted as soon as the frost is out be grown, and the crop increased in quantity. of the ground in the spring; it will grow all the Seed may be obtained at any seed store at about season, and until the ground freezes in the winter ; seventy-five cents per pound. We trust to hear of nay, will grow during the thaws of winter ; it will its extensive cultivation in the coming season. stand out through the winter and receive no harm, indeed be improved in its quality by the frost. It

THE STABLE.-No. 8. may be pulled at any time in the winter, and fed, Our subject and illustration last month were and thus costs nothing to gather and store ; and biting and its management, and prevention ; for this nothing is lost by decay, or frost, or heat. This month they are the kindred ones of kicking and its cannot be said of the carrot, turnip, or potato. prevention. Kicking is less common but more Here it is superior to them all; is it inferior in any dangerous than biting ; biting being rarely ever very thing for a feeding crop? In nutritive properties it serious ; kicking, however, not unfrequently ending is equal in quantity, and as good in quality as the fatally.' Horses that are habitual kickers, are more carrot, and superior in both to the turnip. In given troublesome on account of the injuries inflicted on weights, potatoes are superior to parsnips, carrots, other horses than for those on their attendants. or turnips; but of these there may be raised with Some horses seem to have a mania for kicking; in the same trouble, expense, and manure, three times the harness they kick their mates, in the stables all the quantity that can of potatoes. We have seen within reach, and when they cannot harm other at the rate of 1,200 bushels of parsnips taken from horses, will kick at the stall partitions, or if those an acre of ground. The same ground, under like cannot be reached, will kick into the air. In such culture, yielded only 300 bushels of potatoes. horses there will be found an excess of nervous

We recommend a general introduction of pars- energy, and they are expending it by this mode of nips as a field crop, as late winter and spring feed- exercise. Such' horses are less vicious in pasture, ing for swine, horses, and cattle, and especially for for there they have full opportunity to exhaust milch cows.

Let the ground be a mellow loam; themselves. In full work they moderate their proplow well and deeply; manure well and abundantly pensity, and in excessive work lose it altogether. with both fine rotted, and coarse unrotted manure; This species of kicker is beyond the reach of cure ; sUW two pounds of seed to the acre; make the the necessity of physical action to exhaust nervous drills twenty inches apart; sow early, the earlier energy is so great, that the fear of punishment is of the better, say in March ; cultivate well; stir the no avail. He will break loose in his stable, at any ground often, and keep all weeds down; have hour, day or night, and kick his stall companions. the roots a bout eight inches apart, and for this pur- Antipathies, he has none, for he will kick one and pose commence to thin at the end of a month after all alike. If such a horse is to be kept, he should they show above ground, and feed the milch cows be shut in a close box stall, and even then should be

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jastened with a halter having a throat latch. This will end life and vice together, that as short a will make a double security. If the door be left period may be given as possible to endanger the open, the halter will detain him; if the halter be lives of grooms and safe horses. slipt or broken the close stall prevents escape. But Our cut this month illustrates a method of man. with all this security he will do mischief, when aging a kicker. A rope is attached to the headnot in hard work. It is poor economy to keep such stall of the halter, and passes directly back to the a horse. He may be most valuable as a worker, post of the stall partition. When the groom is to but he may very easily ruin a horse just as good as enter the stall he pulls the horse's head by the rope himself, and he may ruin himself. His only place back to the post, and then seizes him by the head. is in a large coaching establishment, where eternal When he leaves the stall he carries the head back work keeps him subducd in energy, till death ends with him till he can safely escape. Another method both life and kicking:

is to have a small door in the partition at the head A different kicker is he who does it from badness of the horse ; through this the groom enters and of temper; in him it is malice; he kicks to do in- comes out safely. When this can be done it is the jury and gratify his violence of disposition. This best mode ; and where it cannot be the rope should kind of kicker is the most dangerous of all. He be used. cannot be guarded against; work does not subdue him, but seems to make him more violent. If groom and horse keep away from him, he will not often seek them; but he will suffer no opportunity to escape him to inflict a blow if they come within reach. He will have favorites, and them, whether groom or horse, he will not touch; he will have antipathies, and against those he hates he is ever vigilant and never spares them. In the stable he will kick as he goes to and from the stall, or as others pass him; in the pasture he will be kind to his favorites and savage to those he dislikes. Unless he fancies his groom, there is constant war between them; all the operations of the stable are of a nature to make him worse. Such a horse can only be managed by a groom that is a favorite with him, and he should have none but favorite companions both for the stall and the harness, about him. With these precautions he may be rendered measurably barmless, but is never safe. At times he will lose all his likings and kick grooms and companions. This will happen whenever he is hungry, and is not fed as soon as pleases him, or is sick or tired. This kind of kicker is sometimes without a single redeeming or manageable quality. He will have no favorite. He is then worse than useless. His destiny should be a coaching establishment, where, as a wheeler at hard work, he may soon wear out

STALL FOR A KICKER.—FIG. 17. a dangerous existence.

In the management of kickers nothing but cou. Many horses are taught to kick; for this the rage will answer. The horse discovers timidity horses should not be punished, but the groom. If very quickly, and is not slow to avail himself of the they be not old, and be treated kindly and punished advantage it gives him to carry his point. The for the fault, and all arts to make them kick be dis- groom should be bold, and when he approaches the continued, they will soon lose the habit. Most horse should give him warning; the whip or the horses in training will kick; the constant use of loud voice will intimidate, and the horse should be the brush and curry-comb, with the teasing of idle placed on the one side of the stall when it is enboys, brings on the habit; yet after they are re- tered. Directly the horse sees there is no fear of moved from the exciting causes, the vice ceases. him, and that he will be punished, he submits if he This kind of kicking is never dangerous; the horse be not a ferocious one. Still he is to be watched; will rarely attempt to injure, he merely threatens; for if he be not, he will soon know it, and a blow yet sometimes when much irritated will do mischief. will be the result. Many give warning ; they flirt The vice in him may be removed by the omission of the tail and raise the leg; such are easily avoided ; all teasing, by kind treatment, and punishment others give none, and strike very rapidly; others when deserved. In all such cases hold the groom only when the groom leaves the stall, or when his 12sponsible, and the horse will be what he should. back is turned. In all these cases the management Some horses only kick at others, and never at per- is the same; constant watching, decision, threaten. Bons; keep such separate and they are harmless. ing and punishment, if these will deter; and if not,

Kicking horses are frequently so valuable that, then the reliance must be on the door by the head, or like savage biters, they are to be kept at all hazards. the rope. In all cases the groom should keep near Such are good stallions and brood mares. These, his horse, so that the kick will be a push instead of as they must be kept, must be guarded against. a blow; and all kickers should be shod with flat All others had better be placed where rapid' work' shoes without caulks.

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