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RULES FOR THE APPLICATION OF GUANO, ITS HISTORY AND VALUE.
RULES FOR THE APPLICATION OF GUANO, cellent to start crops on cold, moist land. It hastens ITS HISTORY AND VALUE.
the ripening of crops on all kinds of soil. Preparation.-Before using guano, pass it through Take Particular Notice.-In speakin, below a fine sieve, and all lumps remaining break up, and about applying a tablespoonful, or any oʻher quanthese pass through the sieve. Now take at least tity of guano, we mean that amount, w thout adfour times its bulk of sand, or dry dy, or light mixture; if mixed with four times its quantity of loamy soil, and pass this through a coarser sieve, if soil, then it would require five tablespoonfuls of you have one, and mix it in layers with the guano. this compost to be applied to get the single one of Let this compost lie a few days-several weeks guano, &c. would be better-then toss it over and beat it up Grass and Grass Lands.--Spread broad-cast, from well together, and it will be fit for use. Some pre- 250 to 400 lbs. per acre, mixed in a compost of earth fer mixing the guano with ten or twenty times its of about four to one. As soon as the snow is off bulk of soil for a compost, and do not take the the ground and the frost begins to come out, is the trouble of sifting it, but mix them together in alter- best time to apply it. Another application of from nate layers as well as it can be done with a shovel. 150 to 200 lbs. may be given in midsummer, diSifting, however, is best, as it is done so much more rectly after the first mowing. Care should be evenly. Sawdust is an excellent material with taken to do this just before a rain. Grass lands which to mix guano ; but powdered charcoal is may be top-dressed in the fall; but in that case, perhaps the best of all, as it fixes the ammonia, much of the guano is likely to be washed off by the absorbs its unpleasant smell, and is in itself an ex- heavy rains and lost. We recommend applying it cellent manure. When convenient to be obtained, at the rate of 200 to 300 lbs. per acre, on land replaster of Paris ought to be used in the compost, at cently seeded with grass. This should be done just the rate of 30 to 50 lbs., for every 100 lbs. of previous to harrowing and rolling. guano: it acts in the same way as charcoal. Lime When sward land is to be plowed for a crop, it and ashes must be avoided in composts, as they may be top-dressed with guano previous to plowrapidly expel the ammonia, the most valuable part ing, and then be turned under the sod. It will warm of the guano. Muck, if possible, should not be and hasten the decomposition of the soil, and afford used for the compost, as it is too moist and tena- food for the crop about the time the grain or fruit is cious to form a proper mixture. The same objec- filling, and thus add largely to the product tion holds good against clay or any tenacious soil. Wheat, Rye, Barley, Vats, &c.—On winter wheat Nevertheless, if there be no other soil at hand, and rye, spread broad-cast from 200 to 300 lbs. of muck or clay may be thoroughly dried and pulve- guano, per acre, just before the plant commences rized, and then used. Guano should not be mixed growing in the spring. If applied in the fall, unless with barn-yard manures, or indeed with any moist on very poor soil, it is apt to give the crop too rank substance, as these cause it to undergo the very de- a growth before winter sets in. On spring wheat, composition requisite to promote vegetation. The rye, barley, oats, &c., spread the same quantity at compost should be made under cover, unless the the time of sowing, and harrow it in with the seed, weather be dry. Rain would be quite injurious to If this be not convenient it may be applied within it, in hastening the decomposition of the guano, a week or fortnight after the grain appears above and expelling its ammonia in the atmosphere. ground. Caution must be used about applying too
Value.-Guano is valuable for every kind of soil, much on the small grain crops, otherwise it will be except that which is already very rich, and to every likely to promote too rank a growth and occasion kind of field and garden crop, grass, grain, vege- smut. tables, fruits, and flowers. The reason it is so ser
Indian Corn.--For this crop guano may be viceable to all, arises from the fact of its containing spread broad-cast upon the land, the same as for every kind of food necessary for the growth of wheat; but it is better to apply it directly to the stem, flower, fruit, and seed. The eminent chemist, hill. Hollow out the hill with the hoe, put in Dr. Jackson, of Massachusetts, says: “It comes about a tablespoonful of guano, cover it over onenearer to a UNIVERSAL COMPOST than any other ex-and-a-half to two inches deep with soil, and then cremental manure.”
sow the seed and cover up. If the corn be sowed in Guano is particularly valuable for conservatories drills, furrow out lightly with a one horse plow, and gardens, inasmuch as it is quickly and easily then apply the guano as in hills, and cover it with pplied; its fertilizing matter is in a very condensed the hoe or other implement. At the first time hoe
and it contains no seeds of weeds to shoot up ing, put double the above quantity of guano around and check the growth of plants desired to be culti- the hill, and hoe it in, taking particular care that it vated. Its fertilizing properties being in a very con- does not touch the stalks, otherwise it will be very densed form, the whole cost of enough for an acre likely to kill them. If this can be done just before and its application, is frequently less than the cost a rain, so much the better. Some apply guano again of mere transportation of city or barnyard manures just as the corn is ready to tassel and fruit, but we to the ground where they are to be used. This is should hardly think this necessary except in very a very important consideration to the farmer, and poor soil
. If more than the above quantity be apespecially the gardener.
plied to corn, it must be planted extra wide apart, Quantity Required per Acre.---This depends upon otherwise the growth will be so large as to make the kind of soil and its condition, and the kind of the stalks and leaves intermix and produce smut. crop to be grown. From 250 to 400 lbs. of guano Potatoes, Tomatoes, Sugar Cane, Tobacco, Cotton, per acre is the safest quantity to apply. It acts Cabbage, Cauliflower, and some other crops, may be quickest in a light sandy soil or loam, and is ex- treated nearly in the same manner as comi.
RULES FOR THE APPLICATION OF GUANO, ITS HISTORY AND VALUE. Peas, Beans, Turnips, Beets, Carrots, Porsnips, it Then as often as you wish to use the guano, and Onions. If these are sown broad-cast, apply take out the stopper and draw out what is necessary the guano in the same way as directed to wheat; from the keg with an iron rod flattened and slightly if in drills, as directed with corn, except it might crooked at the end. Now make a liquid of it as not be best to cover the guano with more than one described above, or with a trowel dig a small quanto one-and-a-half inches of soil in the drill, and tity of it in the earth, around the plant. This, then sow the seed.
says Mr. Teschemacher, must be done before the Asparagus and Celery. It is a good top-dressing plants form their full sized flowering buds, otherfor these early in the spring.
wise they will begin to make new shoots, the buds Melons, Cucumbers, Squashes, and Pumpkins.— will be left behind, and the flowers will open with Treat to guano the same as corn in the hill, allowing diminished beauty. Be very careful not to let the an even tablespoonful for each plant to be left to guano touch the stems or leaves of your plants, run to vine.
otherwise it will be certain to kill them. Strawberries, Raspberries, Currants, Grape Vines, A boquet of flowers may be preserved a long and indeed all fruits, may have guano dug in about time in water, by adding a very small quantity of the small roots, early in the spring.
guano to it as often as renewed. A quarter of an Apple, Pear, Peach, Cherry, Plum, Quince, and ounce to a quart of water would be sufficient. It other Fruit Trees.—Guano not only adds to the might be well also to add a tablespoonful of pulvesize, and fair, plump appearance of all fruits, but is rized charcoal at the same time. said to increase the delicacy of their flavor. It Caution in Application.-Be very careful to place should not be applied around the body of the tree the guano so that it will not touch the embryo, or unless it be a very small one, but to the extreme young roots, or stalks of corn, potatoes, cabbages, ends of the roots, otherwise it cannot be absorbed, tobacco, sugar cane, cotton, or any plant that has and of course will be nearly all lost. Roots of but one stem from its root; for it is of such a burntrees spread under ground about the same distance ing nature, that if a portion no larger than a small from the trunk, as the branches do above ground. pea comes in contact with the plant, before being Let the soil be well trenched from one to three feet watered or rained on, or undergoing partial decom wide, according to the size of the tree, directly position, it instantly kills it. With grass and small under the circle formed by the ends of the branches, grains this caution is not important, as other shoots and the guano then be incorporated with the soil, from the roots will immediately supply the place of within a few inches of the top of the rootlets; it those killed, will thus find its way to their mouths, and as it de Destructive to Insects.- That guano is destructive composes be taken up in the sap for the benefit of to insects may be proved by any one disposed to the tree and its fruit." If applied later than May or make the experiment. Také insects and put them June, it will make a large, soft, spongy, growth of in a saucer or bottle, and spriukle a little guano on unripened wood of no value whatever.
them; or mix up a tablespoonful of guano in a gill Steeps and Liquid for Watering Plants. For of water, and pour this liquid upon the insects. It. one pound of guano use 5, 10, or even 20 gallons will be found to kill the smaller ones almost inof water ; or at the same rate for a smaller propor- stantaneously, and the larger in one or two hours' tion. Stir it up well and cover over the vessel time. tight, so as to prevent the escape of the ammonia, History of Guano.—Guano, or huano, as it is and let it remain from one to three days before called in the Peruvian language, is the dung of seabeing used. Now water aroænd (not upon) the birds which has been accumulating for centuries on plants as occasion may require. If this liquid the headlands and islands of the coast of Peru; the touches the plant, or its leaves, it is apt to burn it. birds resorting to these places to lay, and hatch, and Previous to watering, stir the earth well around the rear their young. A good many of the young die plant. One pound of guano for 20 gallons of water there, or are killed by being trodden under foot by may be thought to make a very weak steep for wa- the old birds. More or less feathers are annually tering plants, but such is not the fact; we have shed from the old birds and incorporated with the seen the most surprising results from watering with dung, all adding to its value. These birds exist in a steep no stronger than this. Some of our friends countless numbers, and living almost entirely on last year steeped their corn and other grain in this fish, their manure is of the richest kind produced. liquid, from 3 to 24 hours previous to planting: It It never rains on the coast of Peru; the fertilizing came up unusually quick, and grew very rapidly. properties of the dung, therefore, are not subject to For steeps we would recommend 10 to 20 gallons be washed out; and as very little of the salts can of water to each pound of guano, using the latter be evaporated in a dry atmosphere, it retains nearly quantity for the more delicate seeds. It is so pow- all its fertilizing properties for ages
. This dry clierful a substance there is great danger of its killing mate is peculiar to the coast of Peru; guano comthe embryo of the seed, if applied in too strong ing from Chili or any other quarter of the globe, doses. The phosphate of lime and magnesia in the cannot therefore be so good as the Peruvian, as the guano are insoluble in water; the sediment there- analyses below fully show. tore is valuable to spread on the land.
Guano has been used by the Peruvians from time To the Ladies.-Guano is very easily applied by immemorial, for manuring Indian corn and other you, and in the neatest possible manner, to your crops and fruits. After the Spaniards conquered conservatory and garden plants. Purchase a neat Peru, they adopted the use of it in their husbandry, keg of it containing about 60 lbs., have a hole bored and have continued with the best effects for more in the head, into] which insert a stopper. Now than three centuries. In the West India Islands it place the keg on its side as if to draw liquor out of has been used with good effect for a long time. It
was first introduced into England and other parts of
ALPACAS. Europe, to considerable extent, in 1840, and so At the January meeting of the American Agriculpopular has it become with the farmers of that tural Association, a committee was appointed to country, that upwards of 156,000 tons were con- collect all the information to be had in regard to sumed of it the past year. It was first imported into Alpacas, and to devise a way of introducing them the United States in 1824, but was little used till into the United States. At the February meeting last year, when the season being very dry, rendered of the Association, the chairman, R. L. Pell, Esq., it peculiarly unfortunate for experiments. Guano reported favorably to the project. He said, that the must have moisture to derive benefit from it. The committee had given information through the public Peruvians always irrigate their lands after applying papers of their
appointment, and had solicited subit. We should take care to apply it just before scriptions in aid of the enterprise. They put themrain, or early in the spring, when the ground is selves in communication with Amory Edwards, wet, unless it is buried deep enough for the moisture Esq., an American merchant, residing in Peru, who of the ground to fully act upon it and ensure decom- chanced to be in New York. From him they obposition. This may be easily done in planting corn, tained much valuable information. The Alpacas are potatoes, and some other crops, as directed above. to be bought in Peru for six dollars a piece. It is
Best Kind of Guano.- The superiority of the genu- proposed by the committee to import three hundred. ine PERUVIAN Guano has led to various attempts For this purpose it will be necessary to raise in England, and latterly in the United States, to im- $10,000. "It will cost $1,800 to purchase 300, and port and sell that of a very poor and sometimes $1,200 more to lay in the necessary feed for them almost worthless quality, under the name of Peru- during their voyage round Cape Horn, home. Of vian. Farmers should be careful to ascertain the the sum of $10,000, the committee had already on origin of what they buy, to avoid imposition. The the 1st of February, $8,000 subscribed. Of the only genuine Peruvian Guano brought to this coun- $10,000, it will be necessary to place in London, try is shipped by the Guano Company of Lima, immediately, the sum of $3,000, against which to under the authority of the Government of Peru. draw for the purchase of the animals and their food. Every cargo thus shipped will come to New York, Bills on London are more valuable in Peru than to the consignment of EDWIN BARTLETT, or to Balti-money, and this is the best remittance. It will cost more, to Sam’L K. George. Every other offered as $6,000 to $7,000 for the freight of the vessel from Peruvian is spurious and should be avoided. An in- Peru, home. The whole vessel must be taken up ferior kind from Chili has been offered as Peruvian, by the animals and their food. This, of course, is an analysis of which will be found below, showing the great expense. The animals delivered here, if it to be of little value.
they arrive all alive, will cost about $35 each, and For further particulars of this important fertilizer, more per head in proportion to the number that may see Mr. Teschemacher's Essay, recently published be lost on the voyage. They are to be brought in in an octavo pamphlet of 50 pages, at Boston. It is a first class vessel, that they may be more secure, the best work on the subject we have yet seen, and and insurance may be small. we are under considerable obligations to it in mak
Any person who wishes to participate in the im. ing up the above rules. See also American Agricul- portation may still do so. They will for this pur. turist, yol. 3, pages 23, 98, 220, 222, 251, 334, 348 ; pose address R. L. Pell, Esq., New York. When and vol. 4, pages 36, 108 156, 179, 236.
The animals arrive, they will be divided among the subscribers, in proportion to the amounts subscribed
by each person. In case there should be subscribed
Peruo. Chilian. African. inore than $10,000, there will be more animals imPhosphate of limo,
..26.82 52.65 38 00 Ammoniacal salts..
..46.43 4.16 22.94 ported, or the subscriptions will be rateably diminOxalate of lime...
ished to the aggregate of $10,000. Phosph. of magnesia and ammonia.2.00
Mr. Edwards, who sailed for Peru on the 5th of Carbonate of lime..
February, with the liberality that characterizes a Chloride of sodium.
4.17 Sulphate of potassa.
patriot, has tendered his services free of charge, and,
as he returns next summer to the United States, has Sulphate of soda.
4.41 agreed to accompany the Alpacas on their voyage Silica, 1
.1.25 16.22 .58 here, and to give his personal attention to them. Alumina, &c.) Undetermined organic matter
He states that they yield about 12 lbs. of wool per
•5.45 containing nitrogen
} 3.88 15 26 head, and that large quantities of their wool are exWater and loss..
5.20 19.05 ; ported from Peru to England; that it is worth in
England about forty cents per pound; that the flesh 100.00 100.00 100.00 of the animal is highly prized in its own country.
They live on the elevated plains of Peru, and on
the sides of the mountains, and endure an elevation Peruvian.
African. in the tropical regions of 12,000 feet. In the Ammoniacal salts, 33 to 40 pr. c. 12 pr.c. 23 to 28 pr. c. mountainous regions of Virginia, North Carolina, Animal matter.....5 to 7
5 to 9
and Tennessee, they will feed themselves all the Salts of potash and 8 to 12
9 to 11 year, and flourish perfectly. In the north they soda Phosph. of lime,
will need the same care and protection that sheep do. Magnesia, and 23 to 28"
53 30 to 37
The high character and responsibility of the com Oxalate of lime,
mittee makes this a good opportunity to obtain Water ·10 to 13 «
4 18 to 25 Alpacas, and we advise all who wish them, to adSand.
dress Ms. Pell and forward their subscriptions.
ANALYSES OF VARIOUS GUANOS BY DR. CHILTON, OF
ANALYSES OF VARIOUS GUANOS BY EMINENT CHEMISTS
AMERICAN AGRICULTURAL ASSOCIATION, ETC.
AMERICAN AGRICULTURAL ASSOCIATION.) Clark, D. P. Gardner, M. D, R. K. Delafield, Shepard
Knapp. The Annual Meeting of this Society for the election of Officers for the ensuing year, was held CHITTENDEN County, VERMONT, AG. SOCIETY. at the Historical Society's rooms, on the 2d of – The Directors of this Society have just had their February, 1846. The chair was taken by Hon. first meeting the present year, and have offered to Luther Bradish.
the public a list of three hundred and twenty-five The minutes of the last meeting were read and premiums, appropriating between $700 and $800 to approved.
various objects. We were the first, probably, to Mr. Pell made the report of the Committee for adopt the plan of giving an agricultural paper to the introduction of the Peruvian Alpaca into this every member of the Society who desired it; and country.
we find this plan meets with universal favor. We A letter from Mr. John Rhey, of Pittsburgh, employed an agent to go into every town in the Penn., addressed to A. B. Allen, upon the same County, and deliver two lectures on Agriculture, and subject, asking for information, &c., was read.
take up subscriptions. Our number of members is Mr. A. Edwards communicated some valuable more than doubled by this plan, and our prospects information relating to the Alpaca.
were never so encouraging. The whole mass of The Society then proceeded to the election of our community are deeply interested in the working officers. The wllowing gentlemen were elected by out of this new experiment; and we anticipate from ballot.
it the best results. We wish that other County SoFor Presidust, Hon. Luther Bradish ; for Vice Presi- cieties would try the same measure, and tell the dents, Hon. Theodore Frelinghuysen, James Lenox, world whether it is good or bad; whether the interJames Boer aan, A. H. Stevens, M.D., T. A. Emmet, ests of the farmer are promoted by it or not. We H. Maxv.e.), s. Whitney, S. Knapp, Vice Chancellor wish to hear from other organizations on the subLivingsien; for Treasurer, A. P.'Halsey; for Recording ject, and hope they
will open a correspondence with
L. G. BINGHAM, Screery, R. Ogden Doremus ; for Corresponding Secreus, detailing their success. lyn, A. H. Green; for Erecutive Committee, R. L. Pell,
President C. C. Ag. Society. H. Draper, M.D., Archibald Russell, Col. Edward Williston, Vt., Feb. 14, 1846.
THE EAGLE PLOW. The plow of which we give the Annexed cut, is manufactured by Messrs. Ruggles, Nourse & Mason, of Worcester, Mass.; and the only place to find the genuine article in this city, is at our warehouse, No. 187 Water Street. We consider it the most perfect plow in the United States for general work. It will turn a furrow from 6 to 12 inches deep, and from 10 to 18 inches wide, according to the size
THE EAGLE Plow.-FIG. 18. used, and the requirements of the plowman. Four!
Cheap, worthless imitations of this admirable different sizes are already constructed, and others plow have been recently got up in New York and can be manufactured on the same principles if de- elsewhere. We caution the public not to be im. sired. The cutter can be raised and lowered at plea: posed upon by them. To prevent this, their only sure, or be taken out of the beam entirely: the safety is to address their orders directly to us, or to same may be done with the wheel; but being gene- Ruggles, Nourse & Mason, at Boston, or Worcester, rally fastened on the outside, this is unnecessary, as Massachusetts. it can be raised so high as to admit the plow into the earth if wished, nearly up to the beam. In REDUCTION OF THE BRITISH TARIFF.-It will be stead of a clevis, it has a draught-rod attached, to seen by reference to our Foreign News, that Sir pull by, when preferred, thus making it a perfect Robert Peel proposes very important reductions in centre-draught plow.
the duties on agricultural products, admitting bacon, The latest improvement in the Eagle plow is a beef, hay, hides, meat, and pork, free; and others, neat and simple dial apparatus (recently patented by such as buckwheat, Indian corn, and tallow, nomiRuggles, Nourse & Mason) attached to the end of nally free. This is to be followed by a gradual rethe beam, by which the plowman can easily and duction of duties to the same scale, on wheat, flour, quickly place the end of the rod in a position that and some other things, which will open a very exwill cause the share to take any required width or tensive market hereafter to American products, into depth of furrow. Considering the work it does, Great Britain and Ireland. We hope that these conthe plow moves with great ease. A single pair of cessions will be met with a corresponding spirit on horses or oxen, in ordinary soils, will take a cut the part of Congress, and that this war of high from 6 to 7 inches deep, and 10 to 12 inches wide, tariffs may hereafter cease. One nation may be so with the No. 1 Eagle, and do the work in admirable situated that it can produce certain articles cheaper style, laying the furrows flat over or lapped, as re- and better than another nation; why then should it quired, and according to the set of the wheel and force other products by high tarifts, rather than cutter.
make a beneficial exchange with its neighbors ?
LIEBIG'S PATENT PROCESS OF MANTFACTURING MANURE.
LIEBIG'S PATENT PROCESS OF MANU pounds I mis other ingredients as hereafter menFACTURING MANURE.
tioned), so as to produce manures; and such comIt has been ascertained, that the growing of any positions, when cold, being ground into powder by crop on land in a state of cultivation, and the re-edge-stones or other convenient machinery, the moving and consuming of such crop wholly from same is to be applied to land as manure. And in the land where it was grown, takes away mineral order to apply such manure with precision, the compounds; and it has been suggested by Professor analysis and weight of the previous crop ought to Liebig, that in cultivating land and supplying be known with exactness, so as to return to the land manure thereto, the manure should be such as to the mineral elements in the weight and proportion restore to the land the matters and the quantities in which they have been removed by the crop. thereof, which the particular plants have abstracted Two compounds are first prepared, one of which from the soil during their growth. It has been ob- is the basis of all manures, which I shall describe served in the chemical examination of maris and as the first and second preparations. vegetable ashes, that the alkaline carbonates and the The first preparation is formed by fusing together carbonate of lime can form compounds, the solubility two or two-and-a-half parts of carbonate of lime, of which depends on the quantity of carbonate of with one part of potash of commerce (containing, lime contained in the particular compound. It has on an average, sixty carbonate of potash, two sul. further been found, that the said alkaline carbonates phate of potash, and ten chloride of potassium os can form a like compound with phosphate of lime, common salt, inthe hundred parts), or with one part of in which the carbonate of potash or soda is partly carbonate of soda and potash, mixed in equal parts. changed into phosphate of potash or soda.
The second preparation is formed by fusing toNow, the object of this invention is to prepare gether one part of phosphate of lime, one part of a manure in such a manner as to restore to the land potash of commerce, and one part of soda ash. the mineral elements taken away by the crop which Both preparations are ground to powder, other has been grown on and removed from the land, and salts or ingredients in the state of powder are added in such manner, that the character of the alkaline to these preparations and mixed together, or those matters used may be changed, and the same render- not of a volatile consistency may be added when the ed less soluble, so that the otherwise soluble alka- preparations are in a state of fusion, so that the maline parts of the manure may not be washed away nure may represent as nearly as possible the compofrom the other ingredients by the rain falling on the sition of the ashes of the preceding crop. This is land, and thus separating the same therefrom. And assuming that the land is in a high state of cultivait is the combining carbonate of soda or carbonate tion; but if it be desired to grow a particular crop on of potash, or both, with carbonate of lime, and also land not in a high state of cultivation, then the mathe combining carbonate of potash and soda with nure would be applied in the first instance suitable phosphate of lime, in such manner as to diminish for the coming crop, and then in subsequent cases, the solubility of the alkaline salts to be used as in the manure prepared according to the invention gredients for manure (suitable for restoring to land would, as herein described, be applied to restore to the mineral matters taken away by the crop, which the land what has been taken therefrom by the may have been grown on and removed from the preceding crop. land to be manured), which constitutes the novelty Preparation of manure for land which has had a of the invention.
wheat crop grown on and removed therefrom. I would here state, that although the manures Take of the first preparation six parts by weight, made in carrying out this invention will have and of the second preparation one part, and mix various matters combined with the alkaline car with them two parts of gypsum, one part of calcined bonates, no claim of invention is made thereto bones—silicate of potash (containing six parts oi separately, and such materials will be varied ac- silica), and one part of phosphate of magnesia and cording to the matters which the land to be manur- ammonia. ed requires to have returned to it, in addition to the And such manure is also applicable to be used mineral substances above mentioned. The quan- after growing barley, oats, and plants of a similai tity of carbonate or phosphate of lime, used with character. carbonate of soda or potash, may be varied accord Preparation of manure for land which has had 6 ing to the degree of solubility desired to be obtain-crop of beans grown thereon and removed therefrom. ed, depending on the locality where the manure is Take fourteen parts by weight, of the first prepa to be used, in order to render the preparation less ration, two parts of the second preparation, and mix soluble in localities where the average quantity of them with one part of common salt (chloride ol rain falling in the year is great; but,
as in practice sodium), a quantity of silicate of potash (containing it would be difficult to prepare manures to suit each two parts of silica), two parts of gypsum, and one particular locality with exactness, I shall give such part of phosphate of magnesia and ammonia, average preparations as will suit most soils as ma And such manure is also applicable for land on nure, and I will afterwards give such information as which peas or other plants of a similar character will enable parties desirous of applying the inven- have been grown and removed. tion under the most disadvantageous circumstances Preparation of manure for land on which turnips to have manure manufactured for their particular have been grown and removed therefrom cases. In making manure according to the inven Take twelve parts by weight, of the first prepara, tion, I cause carbonate of soda or of potash, or both, tion, one part of the second preparation, one part of to be fused in a reverberatory furnace, such as is gypsum, and one part of phosphate of magnesia used in the manufacture of soda ash, with carbonate and ammonia. or phosphate of lime (and with such fused com And such manure is also applicable for lands