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be well not to hide them from the view of the finest taste; and note that in all pools it is best for house, as sheets of water seen alternately when fish to have some retiring place; as namely, holapproaching a residence have a very elegant ap- low banks or shelves or roots of trees, to keep pearance. Their extent depends of course upon them from danger, and when they think fit, from the quantity of fish proposed to be raised. If there the extreme heat of summer as also from the ex. is only one pond, it should not be of less extent tremity of cold in winter. And note that if many than five or six acres; four times this area may be trees be growing about your pond, the leaves desirable, especially in marshy or wet soils, which thereof falling into the water, make it nauseous to often cannot be more advantageously employed; the fish, and the fish to be so to the eater of it." but it is better to construct a series of ponds, the New York, May 12th, 1846. D'JAY BROWNE. first of three acres, the next four acres, and the largest five acres. For ornamental fish-ponds, as
RAMBOUILLET MERINOS. many as five should be formed, situated between UNDER this head, the article which we copy two rising grounds and separated by embankments ; below, recently appeared in the Vermont Chronicle. three, however, is the usual number; the first of Mr. D. C. Collins, the importer of these sheep, which should be slightly elevated, and so situated happening to be in town when we received the that it may receive the drainings of a village ; or at paper, we immediately called his attention to it any rate it should be near a farm, as all the refuse We subjoin his reply. It was written instantly washings from such places supply food. The after reading the said article, without the slightest ponds should be separated by a distance of at least premeditation, and in great haste, which will acone hundred yards; more, if possible, as each can count for any little imperfections of style. We then have the refuse washings of the neighbor- think that W. J., and all reasonable men, will be hood. The ponds should be connected by water perfectly satisfied now, if they were not before, courses, protected by flood-gates of sufficient depth with the “unquestionable proof” here given, of the and descent to allow the whole of the water to pass purity of blood of the sheep imported by Mr. Col. off readily. If the supply of water is even and lins, from the Rambouillet flock. To those who well regulated, the depth of each pond at the centre know Mr. Collins, his word is quite sufficient, may vary from three to five feet ; if the supply is without giving any other proof, as he abundantiy not regular, the depth may be greater by about a has here, to verify his assertions. foot. The sudden introduction of large quantities
As to the “
unmeasured language” in which of fresh water is to be avoided, because its tempe- these sheep were spoken of by us in the Agriculrature is generally below that of the pond, and it turist, about three years since, we can only say, also stirs up the mud. The sides of the pond that every word of it is true ; and if W. J., or any should shelve gradually for about six yards ; this candid person will give themselves the trouble to will encourage the growth of grass, in which a visit the flock now with Mr. Bingham, they will variety of insects, &c., will harbor and supply food find it so. We have seen hundreds of the early to the fish. Another advantage of shelving sides importations of Merinos from Spain, and have been is that if the shallows are protected by stakes, the familiar with sheep and wool and its manufacture pond is not so easily poached. A third advantage for upwards of thirty years, and we profess to is the protection it offers to the brood. as will be know something of these matters; we knew also noticed hereafter. About the sluice or flood-gate when we wrote, that what we should say respect, the water must be deeper for the reception of the ing the Rambouillets would excite the envy and fish when the pond is emptied for cleaning, &c. A jealousy of some flock-masters in this country, and sheet of water may sometimes be divided into two we were particularly careful at the time to tell even by a middle embankment to be raised about two less than the truth warranted us in saying in their feet below the general surface of the water when behalf. the pond is full, so as to allow a boat to pass over “ Messrs. Bishop AND TRACY:—There appeared it: thus one-half can be emptied at a time, and the in your paper of the 18th inst., an article under the fish transferred from one to the other at the time of Agricultural head, said to be extracted from the cleaning.
American Agriculturist, communicated by a second Where there is only one pond it may be desira- person, and apparently vouched for by a third, ble to have several kinds of fish in it. Artificial obviously written in praise of a flock of sheep forbottoms must then be made, as different species of merly owned by Mr. Collins, near Hartford, in fish prefer different bottoms. Trout must have a Connecticut, and stated to be since sold to a Mr. gravelly bottom, and will not thrive without one; Bingham, of Williston, Vermont, purporting to be carp and tench are not so dependent on the nature from the Rambouillet flock in France. of the soil, and are fond of weeds. Clay soils are “ Some two or three years since I saw an article not good, as they furnish no nutriment for the praising these sheep in unmeasured language, I larvæ of insects, worms, &c., and consequently no ihink in the Agriculturist, published in the city of food for the fish. Izaak Walton says: “It is ob- New York; and from the high terms in which they served that the best ponds to breed carps are those were recommended, I was induced to make some that be stony or sandy, and are warm and free from inquiries of one or two gentlemen residing in wind, and that are not deep, but have willow trees Hartford, respecting them; but to my surprise I and grass on their sides, over which the water does learned that they knew little or nothing about sometimes flow:” and again, “such pools as be them. I have since inquired of several well inlarge and have most gravel, and shallows where formed men connected with the wool.growing busi. fish may sport themselves, do afford fish of the ness, but with no better success. They had seen
them noticed and recommended in the papers, but as the “Royal Rambouillet breeding flock," the that appeared to be the extent of their information. blood of which was originally in the latter part of
“ In 1786 Louis the Sixteenth made a special the previous century imported from the choicest application to the King of Spain, to allow him to Trashumantes, or Travelling Aocks of Old Spain, obtain a flock of Merinos. This was granted, and of the sort known in Spain as Leonese. I took perthe sheep were driven into France and put on the sonally from several of the said ewes and rams, royal estate of Rambouillet, from which they took samples of their wool, and took down a memorantheir name.
In the Revolution those sheep were dum of the numbers or figures branded on the horns taken under the patronage of the Convention and of the said rams, and by which they were desig. subsequent governments. In 1801, Chancellor nated, among which rams, so examined, sampled, Livingston, then minister in France, obtained four and noted by me, was the superb ram numbered from that flock, and sent them to bis estate in New and branded' 349, being the identical ram subseYork, and the Marquis Lafayette, on his return to quently owned by me, and extensively known in France from the dungeons of Olmutz, obtained the United States by the name of Grandee, the sire some and put on his estate of Lagrange. Those of the ram branded with a figure 3, sold by me sheep were undoubtedly well chosen, and much with the flock to Rev. Luther G. Bingham, of care has been taken of the flock since: but does it Williston, Chittenden County, Vermont. In follow that the sheep of Mr. Collins were of that the spring of the succeeding year, in the month of flock? In every instance in which high bred May, 1840, I purchased at the public sale at RamMerinos or Saxonies have been imported into this bouillet, the said ram Grandee, No, 349 (I now country, they have been accompanied with a certi- still have his head and horns preserved); also, at ficate from some municipal officer or notary public, same time and place, another very fine and beautiproving the breed of the sheep, which certificate ful, but younger ram, and twenty of the most was verified by an American Consul, under his beautiful, and valuable, and desirable ewes which official seal and signature. Now, although I have could be selected from said Royal Rambouillet several times seen Mr. Collins' sheep denominated flock. The business part of the transaction was done Rambouillet, I have nowhere seen any such proof mainly with M. Bourgeois, the superintendant of of their paternity. If they are really Rambouillet, the said Royal flock, and as I understand son of the the fact is easily susceptible of unquestionable former M. Bourgeois, now deceased, so long known proof. I must, therefore, take the liberty of asking as having personal charge of said flock, and who N. L. N., who appears to have obtained the inser- is, I understand, still in charge there. tion of the article in your paper, the following My agent, and temporary shepherd, in bidding or questions, which, if satisfactorily answered, will agreeing for price, and disbursing my funds in payplace the matter beyond all doubt : 1st, In what ment of said sheep, at Rambouillet, provisioning year were those sheep purchased in France ? 2d, and watching over said flock on the voyage of imAt what port in France were those sheep shipped ? portation from Europe to the United States, was 3d, On board of what vessel were they shipped, Monsieur C. P. Bordenave, since and lately a naming the vessel and the captain ? 4th, Were resident of the city of New York, where he has they accompanied with any certificate of any public been favorably known as a teacher and translator functionary in France, and was that certificate veri- of the French language, and (as I was informed) fied by the American Consul? 5th, Into what port associated with Henry C. Deming, Esq., at New of the United States were they imported, and in York, in the translation of several popular French what month and year?
publications. “ It must be obvious to every sensible and re The flock was embarked from the port of Havre, flecting man, that any individual who would take in France, in the autumn of the year 1840, on the trouble and go to the expense of obtaining board the ship Illinois, Capt. Eveleig. Messrs. Rambouillet sheep from France, would be especi- Boyd & Hincken, of this city, were part owners ally careful to obtain the necessary certificates, and agents for said ship, and with whom I made proving the purity of their blood. If these ques- bargain and arrangements for passage of said sheep, tions are not satisfactorily answered, the public before the ship sailed from this country for Europe. have a right to conclude, that Rambouillet is a The flock was landed at New York in the
nomme de guerre,' a borrowed name, in order to autumn of that year (1840), I think in the month assist the sale of the flock, and may be placed side of October, without the loss of a single sheep. by side with the Paular, the Guadaloupes, and the Young Mr. Olmsted (then a lad of twelve or Infantadas, under which name several flocks have fifteen years), second son of John Olmsted, found a much more current sale than they possibly Esq., of Hartford, Conn., was a passenger in could have done from their own intrinsic merit. the said ship Illinois, in care of M. Bordenave, Apropos of the Infantado flock : the Duke del In- with the said flock from France, to the United fantado joined the patriot side in the Peninsula con- States, and can, if needed by Mr. Bingham, verify test, and his flock was not confiscated or sold, nor the fact of the said importation, as herein stated, did any part of it ever come to this country. W J.” Whether M. Bordenave is still in this country, At New York, April 7th, 1846, I, D. C. Collins, or whether he has lately returned to France,
If he is still in the United of Hartford, Conn., hereby certify, that in the I am not aware. autumn of the year 1839 (I think in the month of States he can verify and make oath to all the October), I persor.ally visited the ancient Park of foregoing: Rambouillet, in France, and there examined the The said flock, with the exception of some of the celebrated Merino flock of rams and ewes, known young lambs, was never parted with, or sold by
AGRICULTURAL CHEMISTRY AND GEOLOGY.-NO. 6.
me, till late last fall, when I sold the entire remain- from the Cortes, at the time Ferdinand was detaining flock, for a valuable and satisfactory considera- ed in France, and returned to Cadiz when that city tion, to Rev. Luther G. Bingham, of Williston, was in a state of siege. There I was introduced to Chittenden County, State of Vermont, since which the Duke, by the United States ambassador, Mr. time I have had no pecuniary interest whatever in Ewing. His flocks, he informed me, were in posithe sheep. The youngest imported buck, together tions of safety from the contending armies, in with several of the young rams, and one or two of various parts of Spain--some of them in Andalusia. the imported ewes, were killed by dogs in my yard The result of my interview was, a purchase from at Hartford, in the winter of 1841-2. Most of the the Duke, of a flock of 400 sheep, by myself and original ewes imported by me were rather old, as I associates, which were shipped to Virginia, conchose to select such in preference to young ewes ; signed to Messrs. Brown & Rives, at Richmond. of course most of the old ewes are now dead and subsequently there were obtained from the Duke gone. Some of the said old ewes bred but once or 2,000 more sheep, having his mark (a brand of Y twice after reaching this country. That was the upon the side of the face of the sheep), which were case with the dam of Mr. Bingham's present shipped to New York and Philadelphia, for acchoice stock buck, branded on the horn with the count of Commodore Charles Stewart, Consul figure 3. I raised but that one ram lamb from her Richard S. Hackley, myself, and others. Of one of before she died. She was one of the best pure the cargoes, Chancellor Livingston had a large lot Merino ewes I ever saw-distinguished for fine of my Infantado sheep, which he purchased of my ness and softness, as well as great closeness and agent, Mr. Henry Ward ; and I think in some of weight of fleece, very yolky, but not at all gummy. his writings he speaks of the high estimation in Superior judges of sheep and wool expressed the which he held the flock of the above-named Duke. opinion that in her prime, in her younger and best The invoices of these sheep, and the result of the days, she must have cut a fleece of probably seven shipments, I have among my papers, and will select pounds of washed wool. She was a sheep with a them out hereafter for the inspection of Mr. Allen large, thick-looking, muffled neck, with some con
Chas. HENRY HALL. siderable loose skin on the body, with decidedly SHORT legs, well woolled all over, legs included. AGRICULTURAL CHEMISTRY AND GEOUntil I sold the flock to Mr. Bingham last fall,
LOGY-No 6. I never sold any ewes, old or young, to any person, Q. Of what substances do the different kinds of save one or two old ones which had long ceased breeding, and went to the butcher not known as
grain usually consist ?
A. They consist chiefly of three substances, being from my flock.
starch, gluten, and oil or fat. I never took the trouble, nor did I deem it needful, to procure any certificate of consuls, as to the exists in wheat ?
Q. What proportion of each of these usually genuineness or authenticity of my imported Merino A. 100 lbs. of wheat flour contain about 50 lbs. flock. Such things are, of course, easily and of starch, 10 lbs. of gluten, and 2 or 3 lbs. of oil. cheaply obtained by those who need, or feel the need
Q. In what proportion do they exist in oats? of them,
A. 100 lbs. of oats contain about 60 lbs. of There is no shadow of doubt as to the au- starch, 18 lbs. of gluten, and 6 lbs. of oil. thenticity or purity of thể breeding of the flock, since it arrived in this country from Europe, consist of ?
Q. What do potatoes and turnips principaly up to the time when I disposed of it, as herein
A. Their principal constituent is water. stated, to Rev. Mr. Bingham. Further this de
Q. How much water is contained in 100 lbs. of ponent saith not at present, though he has no reasonable doubt that the purity of the breeding of
A. 100 lbs. of potatoes contain about 75 lbs. of said flock will hereafter be carefully watched over
water. by the present owner, whose character and qualifi
Q. How much water is contained in 100 lbs. of cations, I believe, entitle him to great confidence. Mr. Burnham, Melancthon Hudson's farmer, at
A. 100 lbs. of turnips contain about 80 lbs. of Oakland (or Hockavum Bridge), near Hartford,
water. Conn., came to New York, in my employment, and
Q. What quantity of starch do potatoes contain: took the said imported Merino flock from the ship Illinois, in the fall of 1840, and delivered the sheep of starch.
A. 100 lbs. of potatoes contain from 15 to 20 lbs at my yard at Hartford. DAVID C. COLLINS. Witness, A. Longett.
Q. Are these proportions of starch, gluten, &c., always the same in the same grain or root ?
A. No. Some varieties of wheat contain more W. J. asserts in his article above, that no part of gluten than others, some varieties of oats more oil the flock of the Duke del Infantado ever came to ihan others, and some varieties of potatoes more this country—meaning the United States. To starch than others. show that he is entirely mistaken in this matter, Q. Have the soil and climate any influence upon we addressed Mr. Charles Henry Hall, of Harlem, the proportion of these ingredients ? N. Y., for a corroboration in writing of what he A. Yes; the wheat of warm climates is said to had frequently told us in conversation. We sub-contain more gluten, and the potatoes and barley join his reply
grown upon light or well drained land, more starcb. The Duke del Infantado, it is true, joined the Q. When grain or potatoes are burned, do they patriot cause, and went ambassador to England leave any inorganic matter or ash ?
UNDRY ITEMS. -OYSTER-SHELL LIME A PREVENTIVE OF THE POTATO ROT, ETC.
A. Yes, they all leave a small quantity of ash and had a large portion of decayed tubers among when burned.
them at the time they were dug up, and the damage Q. Of what does this ash consist ?
was such as to excite much apprehension that they A. It consists of the phosphates of potash, soda, would not keep, and, in consequence, 70 bushels lime and magnesia, of common salt, and other sa- were sold. line substances.—Professor Johnston.
And further, that early in the fall of 1845, four
bushels from the limed, and twenty-one and a half SUNDRY ITEMS.
from the dunged land, were each made quite dry, Chinese Tree Berries poisonous to Pigs. I have by being spread and turned about on the barn floor ; just had the misfortune to lose five of my finest that in this process of drying, there was among Berkshire pigs in twelve hours, by eating the ber-the dunged parcel a large portion which had be. ries of the Chinese trees (a), which are now drop, come rotten and worthless, but of those from lime ping. They were two months old at the time, and not one was discovered unsound; that when thus had not been where the berries grew, before the dried, they were placed in piles, and as they were day they died.
thus placed, they were sprinkled (so as to whiten Orchard.—I have just finished pruning my every tuber) with air slacked lime, and covered, orchard, which contains 40 kinds of the best first with rye straw, and then with earth in the northern and southern apples ; 30 kinds of peach usual way; that in April, 1846, the piles or heaps es; 12 kinds of pears ; 6 kinds of plums; 4 kinds were opened, and from the 4 bushels of those grown of cherries ; 2 kinds of apricots; 2 kinds of necta- on lime, 21 tubers only were found to be unsound, rines; and 2 kinds of grapes.
while from the 214 bushels from the manured land Corn Bread.—I send you a receipt for making nearly 2 pecks were in a decayed state; and, fur, corn bread, such as is used at every meal at my ther, that at the time the above named were piled house. I have stopped at nearly all the fashionable and buried, one barrel of the dunged crop was set hotels in the Union, and never have found anything away in a coal cellar, and without being sprinkled that has equalled it. It should be tried by every with lime, and in the spring, that is to say, in the one who wishes to have a superior bread.
month of April, upon examination there were found Take one egg well beaten, a half pint of thick to be about the same proportion of decayed tubers cream, Indian meal sufficient to form a thick batter, as in the other part of the same crop. a small quantity of salt; add half a teaspoonful of salæratus, dissolved in a small quantity of water ;
AGRICULTURAL PUBLICATIONS. after mixing thoroughly, put it into the pans or oven, and bake immediately. E. J. CAPELL.
SINCE January I have received the Agriculturist Centreville, Miss., April 15, 1846.
for 1846, regularly. I am so much pleased with
it that I feel disposed to be one among its patrons. (a) These trees we presume are what are com-Its contents are so much of the common every day monly called the “ Pride of China” at the South, order of things, that they may be deemed not only and • Azedarach” throughout Europe.
practical, but very useful and instructive. Such
should be the works devoted to agriculture; as our OYSTER-SHELL LIME A PREVENTIVE OF callings are adapted to the most useful, practical THE POTATO DISEASE.
and the earliest method to suit the purposes we are We have frequently recommended the applica- engaged. Anything mysterious, complicated, or tion of lime to the potato crop, as a preventive of extravagant, does not suit the farmers of our country. the disease so destructive at present to this valuable We are yet in our infancy in our occupations; as root. A correspondent sends us the following re- such, we stand in need of plain instruction. Step port at a meeting of the Brooklyn Institute, from by step we must learn, and not be tutored too ra. the Star, of its application to a crop of potatoes, pidly, for fear of too sudden advancement, not raised by Mr. Charles Nadansky,of North Hempsted, knowing the grounds we have passed over. Plain Long Island, which is so conclusive of the good and useful instruction we need, so that when we effect of shell lime, that we give it in full for the read we can understand ; and if we endeavor to benefit of our readers, trusting that they will profit carry the lessons into the field, let it be such as can from the example of an intelligent practical farmer. be profitably bestowed. When agricultural works
That the piece of land planted is about one acre; are aiming at the mysterious, and remote sciences, and was planted in the spring of 1845; that all of they at once lose their usefulness to the common it except about one fifth was manured at the time of planter; for in our day and time, we are neither planting in the usual way, with farm yard dung in prepared nor competent to carry them into executhe hills; that a strip in the middle of the piece, tion; it is “as pearls cast before swine.” The being about a fifth of the whole, was left without instruction we most need, is the most easy and dung, and in place thereof about one pint of slacked ready modes of carrying out our practical duties to shell lime was used to each hill; that the yield of the most advantage and profit. The mechanic arts the whole was about one hundred bushels ; that the are of value to us ; the time and manner of procurproduce of those grown on lime was estimated at ing green timber for seasoning for use; the kinds one third less than those grown on dunged land, but best adapted for certain purposes; those most duraof a quality very superior, being all sound, very ble and best to be applied for wet or dry places ; regular as to size, fair, without å diseased or de- all such lessons are useful, as they are constantly cayed tuber in them at the time of digging up, needed. The stock department, and hints on do. whereas those grown on the manured part were mestic and rural economy, are highly necessary. very irregular as to size, of an ill shape, watery,
Jxo. H. Dext.
MR. TUDOR'S GARDEN.-AMERICAN AGRICULTURAL ASSOCIATION.
MR. TUDOR'S GARDEN.
We found several other things here well worthy This superb garden is at Nahant, a rough, with stones and different kinds of substance, such
of record : for example, Mr. Tudor's contrivances rocky, narrow peninsula, three or four miles long, jutting boldly into the sea, from the low sandy the soil being excessively dry. This garden is
as peat, forest leaves, &c., to retain moisture there, beach of Lynn, seven miles northeast of Boston. well worthy of the visit of amateurs ; for, taking it Being open to every ocean breeze, and with supe, all in all, it is quite unique, and an object of no litrior bathing and fishing ground, it is a delightful tle curiosity. We have never met with anything summer retreat for the citizens of the adjacent like it on so extensive a scale, either in this countowns, and has long been quite a fashionable watering place for the public at large. Several spacious try or in Europe ; and we are informed that its hotels crown the dark cliffs of the south end of opulent owner, with great liberality, allows all reNahant, while picturesque cottages are scattered spectable applicants to walk over it at their leisure. here and there, occasionally varied by groups of farm buildings, pleasing for their tidiness, or the reverse, AMERICAN AGRICULTURAL ASSOCIATION. according to the means and tastes of their several This Institution held its regular meeting on occupants. The surface of this peninsula is com Wednesday evening, May 6th. . Although the posed mostly of rocks, or hard, dry gravel; profit. number in attendance was small, the subjects disable gardening, therefore, much less farming, is cussed were not deficient in interest. nearly out of the question. In addition to the want Alpaca Fund.-Mr. Moses Barran, of Mount of a good soil, the night and mornings are cold; Morris, N. Y., announced through the Treasurer of and in the storms on the coast, the wind sweeps the Association, that he had subscribed $200 to. across the peninsula with great violence, loading wards the enterprise of introducing the Alpaca into the air and saturating the earth with salt spray the United States. from the sea. Under these circumstances, few Syrian Millet.-S. B. Parsons, who had recently shrubs and trees, and these of a peculiar kind only, returned from the South, stated that the Syrian can be reared here without strong, high shelter, millet (Sorghum halepense) is successfully cultivated while growing vegetables and grain are precarious. in Carolina and Georgia, from seeds procured from But there are so many persons at present residing the banks of the Nile. This species of grass, be at Nahant during the summer season, that gardens said, has a tuberous, perennial root, with a succuhave become quite a desideratum.
lent top, and has grown five feet high on the dry, Various schemes have been devised for a more pine-barrens of North Carolina, and promises to successful growth of fruits and vegetables here, afford a valuable forage for cattle, on the poorest but nothing has been found to answer so well as soils of the South, without manure. ample protection. Among those who have adopted Egyptian Horse Beans.—Capt. Luther T. Wilson, this most extensively and successfully, is Mr. recently from Egypt, invited the attention of the Frederic Tudor. His garden comprises about four Society to a few bushels of beans which he bad acres, and is filled with nearly every delicacy of brought from that country, and had deposited for flower, fruit, and vegetable, which it is possible to seed in the warehouse of Mr. A. B. Allen, at 187 grow in the climate of Nahant. His method of pro- Water Street, N. Y. He said that these beans grov tection consists of a series of fences. The outside all over Egypt, but principally in the upper part, line is 16 feet high, made of large cedar posts, deeply and that they are much exported to England as food sunk and braced in the ground, connecting with for horses. He remarked that they brought, at joists 3 by 5 inches, to which slats or pickets, 3 Cairo, seventy cents per bushel, by the cargo,
and inches wide and one inch thick, of the same length that the annual amount carried to Europe, he had as the posts, are nailed in an upright position 2 understood, was 600,000 bushels. inches apart. To this fence espaliers of the hardiest Mr. Amb. Stevens explained the difference be. kinds of fruit trees are trained. A second fence of tween the properties of Egyptian and other beans, the same fashion and materials, but not quite so and Indian corn, with reference to the feeding of high, is run round the garden a short distance from horses, and pointed out the importance of obtaining the first. Then comes a third fence, with others to a kind of bean that is not too stimulating to them, the number of nearly one hundred, short and long, which can be cultivated in the United States as a running off at different angles from the first line, field crop. He recommended that experiments be making a complete labyrinth of the garden. To made in different parts of the country, with the these shorter fences are trained apricots, nectarines, Egyptian horse bean, both as regards its culture, peaches, grapes, and other delicate fruit. In ano- and applicability as food for horses and other ani. ther part of the garden is a peachery by itself, of mals; upon which, a committee was appointed, 300 trees, grown by the sides of short slaited fences, consisting of himself and the chemist of the Assoa few feet apart, protected in front by a thick hedge ciation, to analyze and report upon this vegetable, of dwarf willow. One would be surprised to find forthwith, through the columns of some of the what a difference these fences make between the leading agricultural journals of the day. Mr. Ham. atmosphere of the garden and that surrounding it. mersley offered specimens, procured by himself, of Although it was in the month of July when we the strata of the banks of the Nile, for examination visited the garden, without, the air was chilly and for analysis by the committee. blustering, within, bland and warm. Several kinds The Association held a special meeting on Wed. of fruits were in season, all of which we tasted, nesday evening, May 20th, from which they ad. and found them as delicious as those grown in a journed until the first Wednesday of October of the much milder climate.