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MEDICINAL SPRINGS AND CLIMATE OF FLORIDA,THE CHECK OR BEARING REIN.
MEDICINAL SPRINGS AND CLIMATE OF it articulates with the spine ? Poll-evil, so geneFLORIDA.
rally supposed to originate from blows inflicted on A HIGHLY respectable and intelligent correspond- the part, is attributable alone to the gagging-rein. I ent from South Carolina, commenting on that part never saw a horse used entirely for the saddle
In order to obtain of Mr. Parsons' article on the “ Agriculture of attacked with this affection. Florida,” page 118 of our April No., where he momentary relief from the torment inflicted by the speaks of the country around Lake Monroe, says:
bearing-rein on the poll and mouth, the poor • This is the one spot, where every invalid in the creature is compelled incessantly to toss up his United States, seeking a delightful winter resort, head. By thus strapping down the head you say, will come, if suitable accommodations can be pro- practically, “ I expect you to draw a certain vided for him. The balmiest air; a lovely lake; weight, but I will take away part of your power of abundant game; orange groves ; sulphur, chaly- doing so.” Some have urged that the bearing-rein beate, and iodine springs all in one neighborhood, contributes to the safety of the animal, who, with. and of the highest virtues. I prefer the waters to out it, would be more liable to come down. How. the Saratoga, Virginia, or any European springs I ever applicable such an argument may be to those have visited. If you know a thorough Boniface employed in quick draught--though even with who can command $25,000 capital, send him out them the utility of this instrument is not only exthere, and I will guarantee him a large fortune in a
ceedingly doubtful, but fast giving way to a more few years. If I knew the right sort of man to put rational method of treatment—it assuredly does not there, I would not hesitate a moment to purchase apply to cart-horses, for little fear is ever entertainthe spot myself.”
ed of their falling; and broken knees, so common On showing the above to Mr. Parsons, who has among the faster breeds, are rare amongst them.recently returned from Lake Munroe, with improv- | The Horse in Health and Disease. ed health, he corroborates all that our correspond How TO MAKE A HORSE CARRY a Good Tail.—The ent says-speaks very favorably of the mild and peculiar manner in which an Arab horse carries his equable temperature of the climate, and is of the opi. tail has for a long time excited admiration. It renion that the medicinal springs are of the highest sults from the form of the croup, which may itself value. Living there would be cheap, and of the be an effect of art continued for a long series of best kind. Fish, deer, turkeys, and ducks equal ages. It is possible that this deviation in the posito the best canvass-back, are in such abundance, tion and carriage of the tail may have been first inthat a single man with his rod and gun, would duced by the invariable Eastern custom of keeping easily keep a large family at all times liberally the tail shorn of its hair during the period of supplied with fresh meat of the most delicious growth. The colt is docked early in life, and from kinds. The pastures are green all winter, and that time the dock is kept constantly trimmed until cattle cost little to be kept. Mutton, beef, milk, the fourth or fifth year, or even later. This pracvegetables, eggs, and indeed all farm and garden tice, by removing the weight of hair which tended products are easily attainable. Besides these com- to press down the tail during the colt's growth, has forts, oranges, and several other tropical fruits are the effect of improving its permanent position, and plenty.
giving rise, in the course of many generations, to a Lake Munroe is only one week's travel from Slight deviation from the usual construction of this New York, and the whole distance is easily accom of the frame.-Ibid. plished by railroad and steamboat. The agricultural advantages of the country are considerable. Bone Mills.-Scarce a week passes that we do Any one wishing further detaile on these matters, not receive various letters upon the subject of the would obtain them by addressing Mr. S. B. Parsons, cost of bone mills and their construction. Bone is an Flushing, Long Island.
exceedingly bard substance, and very difficult to
grind. It requires a mill of great strength, and a THE CHECK OR BEARING REIN.
steady power of at least fifteen horses. Water or I am anxious, in this place, to add my anathema steam is the best power to be applied, that of aniagainst that inhuman instrument of torture, the mals or wind is too unsteady. A good mill could bearing-rein. It is no less detrimental to the utility not be constructed for less than $1,500 so far as we of the animal than it is replete with agony to him. know. We have examined all the cheap concerns It must have been invented by a savage, and can costing from $50 to $300 each, and candidly say, only be employed by the insensate. Whence the they are not worth a penny for grinding bones. benefit of unbearing a draught-horse when going They are not strong enough, nor can they be made up hill? Because the head can then be thrown so without costing a high price. After the castings into its natural position, and materially assist by its are obtained it requires a mill-wright to set them weight in drawing the load. If it is beneficial to up and construct the machinery for their operation. loose the head at that time, it must also be so on other occasions. Look at the elongated mouths of JERUSALEM ARTICHOKES. — Last year I planted the unfortunate animals thus so wantonly abused one peck, and raised nearly 25 bushels. This en. torn by the bit in their unavailing efforts to over-couraged me to plant 15 bushels the past month, come this truly barbarous instrument! What pro- and if the result prove equal to that of last year, I duces that dreadful disease, poll-evil, but the action shall get 1,500 bushels. "I planted them in rows of this cruel strap ; constraining the head during 30 inches apart, dropping the cuttings one foot the violent exertions of the animal, producing in- apart in each row. The after culture will be the flammation and ulceration of the point upon which same as with potatoes
R. L. C.
summer, and seven in winter. Habit will soon make this agreeable, and they will wonder at their
reluctance to adopt the plan, and be agreeably surHINTS TO COUNTRY HOUSEKEEPERS. prised to find how much too short even the longest
My country friends have discovered long ago, day is, for all they wish to accomplish. or I have been strangely misunderstood, that I am In this country, I believe no lady delegates all the a utilitarian, and therefore they will not be sur- household cares to her domestics, however numeprised at receiving another lecture upon the advan-rous they may be ; and in the rural districts, where tages of early rising, and household economy as trained servants are so hard to be obtained, and so connected with it. The subject can scarcely be difficult to keep, if she wishes to be spared the brought too frequently into the notice of young horrors of keeping house all day, she must devote an people; or borne too constantly in mind by those hour or two every morning, exclusively, to the in. more advanced in years, who value time as it spection of every department of her establishment should be valued, and the acquisition of industrious – dairy, poultry-yard, kitchen, and garden-all habits, with the wonderful effects which may be must be carefully reviewed—and errors reformed produced by the careful management of the hours before they become confirmed abuses. If she is not necessarily devoted to sleep. I would have regular and systematical her labor will be light; everybody, women and children not excepted, for, much trouble will be saved ; and, what is of much to them indeed, I especially address myself, always more importance than at first sight it appears to be, employed. Their occupations might be as various no one need be put out of temper by being gently as their convenience should require, or their tastes reminded that they have broken a rule. dictate-from making a loaf of bread or a shirt, em. The whole family should be ready to take their broidering a purse, arranging a bouquet, or painting seats when the coffee is placed upon the breakfast a flower, up to studying a science or calculating the table; no laggard should be waited for, nor indulg. return of a comet; but they must be at work upon ed in a lazy habit by having hot coffee and muffins something; even when the object may appear very ready whenever he thinks proper to make his aptrifling-unless higher duties are neglected, it is not pearance. I have known a case where three or waste of time, and is better than doing nothing; four cold, comfortless breakfasts, operated wonder. above all, never be guilty of so sad a mistake, as to fully in curing a heavy sleeper of indulging in dignify idleness by calling it rest. If the hands are the other nap.” As soon as breakfast is over, tired, let the head work by reading and reflection; and while the servants are eating theirs, the lady if the whole frame has been overtasked, and the should wash the cups, glasses, &c., and arrange the mind sympathizes too much to be exerted to advan- pickle plates, castors, salt-cellars, and other matters, tage, I should recommend, as the best restorative, a for the dinner table and even trim the lamps, short sleep, and a drive to visit some agreeable which seldom burn well when left to the care of neighbor, -nothing restores the exhausted powers subordinates. more effectually, than interchange of sentiments Each member of a family, daughters and sisters, with a friend. Such extreme cases, however, can should have a regular task to perform, which may seldom happen, except to those who are compelled be taken in rotation, that all may be familiar with to labor for a livelihood, or the welfare of their every department of housekeeping—but no interfamilies, -and to them rest is a luxury too rarely ference with each other's duties should be allowed, enjoyed, and too dearly bought, to be denied or beyond a kind hint to help the ignorant and inex. curtailed.
pert beginner. When the cook has put everything The celebrated Sir William Jones was a very in its proper place, the lady should go into the early riser, and when he was asked how he accom- kitchen to give her orders for dinner; review all plished so much more than other men, he alluded to that is left of cooked meats from the day before, this habit, and added, “ I never do nothing”-a and direct clearly the manner in which the fresh maxim which ought to be written in letters of gold, provision is to be dressed; but this she will never and adopted by every one who aspires to excel. be able to do, unless she knows practically as well lence. Children love to rise early, and they should as theoretically, how to compound each dish she be allowed to continue to do so; they hate idleness, orders and remembering that "spices are the inand they should be encouraged to employ their little visible spirit of cookery, which should rather be fingers in stringing beads, making chains of dande- suspected than tasted”-she should weigh and mealion stems, or any other attractive childish pastime, sure the seasoning for every new dish, until the which would teach those habits of patient labor, cook is a complete mistress of her art. which, though they may be laid aside for a time, The dinner table should be arranged every day are never entirely forgotten, and are resumed much with the same scrupulous regard to neatness, as if more easily than they can be acquired, when company was expected—it will not be more trou. thought begins to influence the actions of young blesome, nor more expensive, and the husband or
father will never hesitate to carry an unexpected Let us now suppose that my fair countrywomen friend home to dine with him ; nor feel afraid of think with me, that early rising is essential to the finding a soiled table-cloth and unpolished knives; good government of a family—that a late breakfast nor the mistress of the family fretting over, and not only, deranges the business of the whole day, apologizing for a badly-dressed dinner. but by throwing a portion of it upon the next, will Neatness is only another word for taste and eleintroduce confusion, not soon remedied—and then gance, yet the absence of it involves all that is they will also agree with me that a farmer's family most unlovely in woman. The females of a family should never breakfast later than six o'clock in should never appear at the breakfast-table in soileá
or tumbled dresses; no matter how coarse or plain Entirely willing to trust the candor and common the cotton gown; with a clean white kerchief, and sense of farmers once roused, let me ask you (for I the hair accurately brushed, it is all that is neces- cannot conceive) behind what shelter this wretched sary to a proper appearance. I cheerfully exone- limping habit of not giving boys good tools, can rate country ladies generally, from the charge of a hide itself to be safe. “ Because they have not want of due attention to cleanliness, but I must skill to use such ; because the poorer serve as confess in sorrow, that, in a few instances, I have well to break, and spoil.”. Shame on such a been shocked to see fine stockings and embroidered reason; a mere spider-web. Long years of teach. collars worn in the morning, because they were not ing from the treasured knowledge of books, long dean enough to appear in during the latter part of years from the voice of a living teacher your boy is the day; and I have seen, may I never witness it to waste, is he? and spend, and learn the secrets again, a dress of expensive material and delicate and motions which are to govern plowing? It is texture, dragged out and soiled, put on at break- not long time alone which teaches this; for some fast, and worn to the dairy, because none but the old farmers, it is a pity, but a fact, are “old fools.” family were present! A poor compliment to one's It is not practice alone, for some hard-working farfather or brothers to tell them virtually, if not lite- mers are slaving fools; but it is time, with practice rally, that their good opinion is of less consequence and with sharp attention, which beget skill in than that of a casual visitor, whom, perhaps, one farming. may never see again!
Lately, if not long ago, it has been found that, Eutavah.
comparing five men, whose strength is the same,
whose skill the same, never mind the ages, but Boys' Department.
who handle tools of different quality, that hand fur
nished with the best tools can do the most work; GOOD TOOLS FOR BOYS.No. I.
that is, other things equal, the quantity of work is LARGE as the whole body of farmers in our cellence of tools never fails to confer on the user a
as the varying quality of the tool, and therefore excountry, plainly appears, when compared statistically with the rest of the community, consider but certain fragment of advantage. Such advantage, for a moment, and you will gain sight of this most great of small, naturally and properly true kind
ness and love would lead us to give cheerfully into interesting idea, that the whole body of farmer- the hand of whoever has most need of it. boys cannot certainly number less than many thou.
Now, boys are, as an obvious fact, least skilful, sands, and further, that these, growing older with having but slight acquaintance of the new business each passing season, are gradually initiated into the which
they could learn, and whose door of entrance various branches of farm work, till, sooner or later, had, till then, been locked with grumbling caution. they master the whole. Édward, for instance, will learn to mow this least strong, or mature, their young gristle not
Boys are, beside the other workmen, surely the year, though, last year, he was not ripe for it; and hardened into bone; they are most sensitive, not George prides himself that he is now able to hold nerved to bear disappointing and failing with the plow, whereas, last year, he could only drive the
courage of men, however manly the youngster may team. Very likely, then, in fact it may be said, be for his years; there is no pleasure to them necessarily, among these thousands, there will be lagging far behind, that those in advance are laughsome unfortunates who begin work too soon, some driven to it by boyish ambition, some by hard to do well, by a thorough use of his power, which
ing in the outflow of sociality; there is an ambition masters. It is a hundred-fold better that they should be fanned, a proper love of praise worthy to should, one and all, begin late than too early, since be nourished; their habits of work, which will be learning late with health unbroken, and strength apt to last life-long, are now just cooling in the whole, far outweighs learning too soon, which mould where they were run; the whole characmost frequently crushes at once the spirit to work, ter of the lad is like a fused metal, so that you give and always the strength.
it what cast you like these are the boy himself. Working, begin when you will, implies tools Who will
doubt, then, that the boy most needs the now-a-days.: Some farmers, apparently in the good tools, the good ? aye, even the best, so that, belief thai, give whatever kind of tool you choose indulgently hearing us so moderate, the only claim to a learner, he must use it,--that a good tool, is for good tools, ye who heartily love your sons, therefore, in the unpractised hand of the boy is no give them that help. Not fit to use such! How less misplaced than an elegant copy-book to hold foolish to say this, and fancy it! overlook the the first rude scrawl, and therefore equally foolish, plain truth, that whoever has the skill, the wit, the -conclude readily, too readily, that the boys must tact, so far to conquer the evils and troubles of a not have tools good as the best. Fancying it must bad tool, as to use it well, can use any other. be true in everything, that the first attempts should Ability to compass the former must, practically be made with the coarser means, partly led into this speaking, measure a quart, if that for the latter be by a stinting of cost, money being so precious, and a pint. "Does not the quart include a pint? the ways to spend it so many, their habit is harshly
Candidly confess, then, if the above be so, that to turn off the boy with an old scythe, clumsy, or the proper conclusion is either that your son is fit to ill hung, with the rough-handled hoe of rusty learn the use of good tools, or of none. Thus, far, blade ; but let their own benevolence have full I have battled in behalf of good tools, for the boys' scope in that tool, which is newest and best-any- sake-next for the sake of the master, or the affecthing, in the view of such economists, anything tionate parent.
LERT for boys, but for men the best.
FOREIGN AGRICULTURAL NEWS. enviable gratification of having conferred a valuable By the steamer Britannia we are in receipt of our boon on their fellow countrymen.-Farmers' Herald. foreign journals up to May 5th.
Improved Method of Managing Farm-yard Manure.MARKETS.-Ashes an improved demand. Cotton At a late meeting of the Council of the English Agri. was firm, with an upward tendency. The stock on cultural Society, M. Encoutre submitted his plan of hand in Liverpool on the 1st of May, was 800,000 bales, managing farm.yard manure. He said that the grea. against 860,000 same period last year. Flour no
er number of farmers left their manure-heaps exposed to change, nor can there be till the corn bill is passed, of the rain, while the smaller number covered them with which there is a speedy prospect. Indian Meal selling earth, but imperfectly, and without entirely preserving freely. Cheese had slightly advanced. Beef and Pork them from injury and loss; and he was led to conceive dull." Naval Stores sales large. Tallow a trifling re- that this object would be most effectually attained by duction. Tobacco little was doing. Wool an increased covering the whole of their surface with a layer of tar trade in foreign qualities.
mixed with lime. This covering, he imagined, would Money was much easier and readily obtained at 31 not only be a complete protection against the rain, bat to 4 per cent.
would also tend to the attainment of the following obAmerican Provisions of all kinds were arriving freely jects:-1. The retention of those exhalations which in the British ports, and a quick market was antici-have nitrogen for their chief element, and, in a manurpated for them, although prices may rate low.
ing point of view, are of the greatest value. 2. The Early New Potatoes appeared in the Irish market on watering of the heap by different manuring liquids prothe 18th of April. They were of the early cruffely duced on the farm, or furnished from other sources, kind, planted in January, and were nearly full-sized should a deficiency exist. 3. The acceleration of the and perfectly free from disease of any kind.
fermentation and decay of the heaps by passing An Apple Tree with Blossom and Fruit.-We paid a through them different pipes heated by means of visit to an old and esteemed friend, Mr. T. B. Black- steam to a temperature ranging from 60 deg. to burne, at his residence in Cheshire, and, in walking 70 deg. F., and supplied by a boiler
, of which the orithrough his garden, saw an apple tree bearing bloom ginal price would not be more than £2 or £3. M and fruit at the same time. The apples had remained Encoutre also stated that the grain, before being sown, on the tree all through the winter, and appeared likely I was immersed in a solution of gelatine and starch die to continue there to welcome the succeeding year's luted with brine, and then sprinkled with the manure fruit
. We brought one of the apples away, which we reduced to a dry and powdery state. Having giren send to a mutual friend at New York, as one of the this account of his plan, he proceeded to detail the latest novelties from England.
practical results which had been obtained in France Guano and the Potato Disease.—Professor Johnston by its adoption; from which it appeared : 1. That delivered a lecture on agricultural chemistry to a con
only one-sixth of manure thus prepared would be residerable number of farmers and others interested in quired in comparison with the quantity of common agricultural pursuits, in the town of Montrose. In farm-yard manure usually applied for the same extent the course of his observations the learned Professor of surface. 2. That the produce of grain was found to referred to the application of manure to the potato be one-sixth greater where his manure had been used. crop, with a view of stopping the progress of the dis- 3. That after two years the same land was found to ease. He recommended various applications, such as require only one-half of the original manurings to keep guano, pounded kelp, and pearl ash, and condemned it in the same condition. 4. That the expense attendthe use of fermented dung. 'He stated, that where the ing the application of this manure was Ss. per acre dung was the richest the disease was the worst; and M. Encoutre, in conclusion, requested the Council to that there was least disease where guano was em appoint one or more farms in different parts of the ployed.
country where his experiments might be repeated, and Introduction of South American Potatoes into England. the value of his plan brought to the test of practical -Potatoes from the Azores, New Granada, Oporto, trial, expressing his willingness to give his personal and Naples, have been received in the garden of the attendance to each of the places selected, and to idLondon Horticultural Society, and are about to be struct the parties appointed to make the trial in the planted for the purpose of ascertaining whether a crop mode of proceeding: -Ibid. of sound potatoes cannot be produced from them. How to Use Ammoniacal Liquor.- It should be diluted Those from Oporto consist of a pink and white kind. with four or five times its bulk of water, or till it is The sample from New Granada was composed of nearly tasteless, and used as a top-dressing for grass small, but clean fine-looking tubers. All the above or young corn, could it be conveniently applied to the mentioned are apparently quite free from the peculiar latter; or, there may be added to it, in this diluted disease of last season. Plants of the Yellow Peruvian state, a sufficient quantity of gypsum, or, more directpotato, growing in pots, appeared to be healthy. ly, sulphuric acid, for the purpose of fixing the ammo
To Effect Great Agricultural Improvements. Mr. Mechi nia which it contains.-Ibid. says, in considering how these improvements can be Value of Bone Dust.- A farmer recently instituted most readily effected—it is quite clear that individuals privately some comparative experiments, the results generally have seldom the means, the ability, or the of which proved that bone-dust acts in the cultivation inclination to carry out a perfect system of Agricultu- of ground as compared with the best stable manure ral Improvement; it must be done by companies of 1. In respect to the quality of grain, as seven to five. associated capitalists, the same as our railways and 2. In respect to the quantity, as five to four.-3. la other great undertakings. I will venture to assert, respect to the durability of the energy of the soil, as from experience, that there is not, in agricultural un-three to two. It produces several collateral advanta. dertakings, one-tithe of the difficulty or uncertainty that ges:-1. It destroys weeds. 2. It diminishes the neattended railway operations. If there had been such cessity of suffering the land to lie fallow. 3. This a company, I, for one, would have invested my spare concentrated manure, or substitute for manure, is capital in it; but there not being one, I have carried more easy of conveyance, less laborious to spread, out individually, at no small personal trouble and and can with facility be applied to the steepest vine thought, those improvements which I hope to see yards or other wet lands, either in mountainous some day effected, as a matter of course, by a well-re. countries or in wet meadow land. 4. It renders agri
ulated charter, of associated pitalists, who will de culture practicable with cattle breeding or grazing.rive not only a good pecuniary benefit, but the more Ibid.
the superiority of this work consists in the exceeding accuracy of its nomenclature. Mr. L. availed himself
of the facilities afforded him by the gardens of the The Book of ILLUSTRIOUS MECHANICS OF EU- Horticultural Society of London, where fruits of all ROPE AND
AMERICA. Translated from the French of kinds and from all quarters are cultivated, their chaEdward Foucaud, by John Frost. D. Appleton & racters noted, and their merits or demerits fairly Co., 200 Broadway. Pp. 344, with numerous embel. weighed. We need not inform our readers that this is lishments. Price $1. This is an exceedingly interest. standard work, and by the valuable additions of Mr. ing and most valuable work, especially for the young Floy it is almost as necessary to the American as to mechanic. It shows him what has been done by emi- the English cultivator of superior fruits. nent persons in the trades, thus teaching him by ex COAL TAR NOT GOOD FOR Fruit TREES.- A corample what he himself is capable of arriving at, if he respondent in the Ohio Cultivator states, that a neighuses proper industry, economy, and perseverance. bor of his had a large orchard of young apple trees,
A TREATISE ON Much Cows. By M. Francis planted out one year, and a number of fine budded Guenon, with introductory observations, by John S. peach trees, some of which had been badly used the Skinner. Published by Greeley & McElrath, Nassau winter before by the rabbits; and to all of which he Street, N. Y. We have not had an opportunity of ex. applied last fall, coal tar, laid on with a painter's amining the living subjects to test the accuracy of the brush, to the height of two feet from the ground. He wonderful discovery herein claimed by M. Guenon; says that he found this “ a fatal plaster," and they are but a friend of ours in the country, who took the work now all dead !—burnt up, as if aqua fortis had been in hand, and looked over three separate herds of cows rubbed round their trunks! This is bad enough ; but comprising 153 head, embracing all kinds of milkers, my neighbor, in his unbounded admiration of Down. from very good down to very poor, informs us, that ing, had purchased in Cincinnati a barrel of the black the quirls” were far from proving infallible guides in drop, and insisted upon my using it on some of my beaudistinguishing their good or bad qualities at the pail. tiful and choice peach trees, which, the spring before, Observations are now making in various places which I bought of that excellent nurseryman, s. S. Jackson; will fully determine the truth of the criterion. If the and they, too, are all dead! book prove not true, still it is of value as a commence A GREAT LAYER.-A friend informs us, that he ment of a new kind of observation on the subject. has a Dorking hen which laid 142 eggs last year, And yet we think those tests already well known to without sitting. She then sat and hatched out a shrewd judges, of the size and shape of the bag; the brood of 14 chickens. Who can beat this? texture of its skin; the setting of the teats and their AN EXTRAORDINARY POTATO.- A sweet potato, number; and the development of the milky veins in a raised in this town from seed planted in June, was calf, are more certain evidences of good or indifferent shown to us on Friday last. When first taken from milking qualities, than those here given by M. Guenon. the ground it weighed fourteen and three quarter pounds,
A First and Second Latin Book. By Thomas and measured in circumference thirty-four inches. In Kerchever Arnold. Carefully revised and corrected shape it resembled a turnip more than a potato.. by Rev. J. A. Spencer. From the fifth London Edi- Newport Rhode Islander. tion. D. Appleton & Co., 200 Broadway. Pp. 333. A Prolific Cow.-Mr. Benjamin Eaton, of BowPrice $1. These volumes are the first of a series of doin, Lincoln County, Me., owns a cow, which, withclassical school books on the basis of Ollendorf's in a year, produced five calves—the last time, three heifer much and justly admired system-imitation and fre-calves—which are all in a thriving condition. The quent repetition-just as a child learns its own owner intends raising these for his own dairy. Such language.
instances are rare of fruitfulness in cows. A PRACTICAL INTRODUCTION TO LATIN PROSE Bee FEEDER.-Mr. Elam Bush, of Shoreham, Vt, COMPOSITION. By the same author and reviser as the has just proved a new feeder, constructed by himself
. above. Appleton & Co., 200 Broadway: Pp 340. Price The bees feed actively and with perfect safety, when $1. The principal advantages which this work has over the sun shines, even in cold weather. It is a square those of a similar kind are, that it contains a copious, tin box with a glass cover, having a hole through the but concise illustration of Latin synonymes, and a back. This is to be fastened to the hive, so that the careful and precise notation of the differences of idiom bees can pass out and into the box only.-N. Y. Mech. between the Latin and English languages. In addition SUGAR CROP.-Mr. P. A Champomier, of North to this the exercises are wholly in English. We Carolina, has published a pamphlet giving the detail know of none more valuable than the two works of the sugar crop of Louisiana last year. The product above, for the elementary scholar.
was 136,650 hhds., weighing 207,337,000 lbs. The STATISTICS OF THE WOOLLEN MANUFACTURES IN number of planters is 2,077. In 1844 the number of Tuz V. S.; containing the number of woollen manu- hhds. was 191,324, and of pounds 204,913,000. It should factories in operation in the U. S.; the location; with be remarked, however, that in the above estimate of the names of the owner, firm, or company; the num- the crop of 1844 the cistern sugar was excluded, while ber of cards run by each; and the kind and quality of that of the past season is included. goods manufactured, &c. Wm. H. Graham, publisher, The molasses crop of last year was estimated by Pp. 190. Price 50 cents. This is a valuable statistical Mr. C. at 9,000,000 gals. work, and is prepared with more accuracy and fulness CHERRY AND Peach LEAVES POISONOUS TO of detail than we could suppose possible.
SHEEP.-A farmer lately turned his sheep into a lot A GUIDE TO THE ORCHARD AND Fruit GARDEN ; occupied by some cherry trees, which had sent up or an Account of the most valuable Fruits cultivated shoots from the roots; the consequence was, that the in Great Britain. By George Lindley. With addi- sheep partook of the leaves of these shoots, and were tions of all the most valuable Fruits cultivated in soon seen staggering about the lot and tumbling upon America. By Michael Floy, Gardener and Nursery- their heads. Many of them died, when their stomachs man, Harlem, N. Y. Published by J. C. Riker, 129 were found to contain large quantities of these leaves, Fulton Street. Pp. 420. Price $1.50 We are pleased which, all know, abound with prussic acid, fatal alike to hail a new and improved edition of this valuable to man and animals. It should be known, too, that work of Prof. Lindley, Americanized by so experienced the stones and twigs, as well as the leaves of the a pomologist as Mr. Floy, who says, very truly, that speach, also contain prussic acid, and are poisonous.