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A GOOD GRAZING DISTRICT. not our extensive flock-masters appropriate this I do not know a better grazing district than the broad region to themselves ? It only requires their southern tier of counties of New York, and more est and most productive of our wool-producing

capital and their sheep to make it one of the rich. particularly the western portions of them. Owing to the mistaken policy of the Holland Land Com counties. Long, wool is rapidly becoming an pany, who were the original proprietors of many its production requires little labor; close attention,

article of extensive consumption in our factories; millions of acres, in holding them at high prices on long credits, and for which most of the lands were care, and experience, are only demanded. Its revetaken up in small farms by actual settlers, and nues are liberal ; its expenditures small; and we more or less improved and cleared ; and the subse- hesitate not to say, that after the wide prairies and quent opening of the immense government tracts at the ridgy openings of the far West are all examined, the West at low rates, and the easy communication thousands will return to the green and health-giv. thereto, thousands of these hardy pioneers, finding ing hills of New York, and plant their flocks on themselves with a large debt and its years of accu

their surface. mulated interest on their shoulders, from which

I do not hesitate here to put it on record, that immediate extrication seemed impossible, sold out the “ sequesteral counties," as they have so often for a mere song, and, in frequent instances, availed been terned, of this great State, now that they are themselves of what personal property they pos. Erie railroad,

which is forth with to be prosecuted

certain to be penetrated by that immense work, the sessed, and then emigrated to the great western • Dorado.

cy the vigorous enterprise of our great commercial Some years since, the Holland Land Company city, will

, at no distant day, become the favorite sold out to different parties all its remaining land wool and dairy region of the North. possessions, together with an immense amount of

I may at some fitting time resume this subject, expired land contracts, at low prices, many of and speak of the more eastern counties lying on the which had already reverted to them, and ever

same great lines, prefacing my suggestions, how. since have continued to revert, as the circumstances ever, with the remark, that I hold neither lands, of the contending parties in possession, and the de- railroad shares, nor a particle of any interest whatmands of the wholesale purchasing parties, have ever connected therewith, other than what apper. proved unsatisfactory. The consequence of all tains to the prosperity and growth of the great agrithis is, that in the counties of Wyoming, Allegany, cultural welfare of our community. WESTERN. the southern portion of Erie, Cattaraugus, and Chautauque, are thousands of farms, portions of which, THE CANADA THISTLE, BURRWEED, from one to two-thirds, are cleared up, and can now

AND SPURRY. be purchased at from $5 to $10 an acre, whíen are The Canada thistle (Cnicus arvensis) is one of penetrated by good roads, and in the neighborhood the most pestiferous weeds that are found amongst of mills, schools, churches, and near to railroads us, and has, of late years, increased so rapidly as to and water communications ; abundantly supplied become an object of considerable alarm among our with clear, sparkling streams; delicious springs; a farmers. It springs up among the grain crops, and mcst healthful atmosphere, and delightful scenery; its sharp spínes are so formidable as to cause great and for the growth of grass, oats, all the root crops, difficulty in reaping grain in which the thistle is and the hardy fruits, it cannot be surpassed. I growing. It spreads rapidly, too, in grass lands. have stood on the rich wheat farms of the low If suffered to ripen, its downy seeds are borne by the country, which cannot be purchased for less than winds in clouds, in every direction ; and as they rea. $40 to $50 per acre, and looked out upon those dily take root, and as the plant likewise is perennial. green and vigorous hills, only a few miles distant, rooted, that is, springs from the old root it is difficult where thousands of acres, with quite comfortable to keep it down. Much might be done, however, if buildings, in an humble way, can be bought at $6 to farmers were unanimous, but the plant is in many $8 per acre, and wondered why they were not be cases permitted to grow and ripen by the sides of the dotied with flocks of sheep, and herds of cattle, roads, whence the seeds are scattered over the which can nowhere thrive better than on the sweet fields. Repeated mowings in summer will cause grasses of those elevated grounds. I have visited the roots to wither and die ; and if each one would them often, and nowhere have I ever seen fatter or take the trouble to cut off the flowering heads of healthier cattle, nor better and more highly condi- those that grow in the roads of his own farm, the tioned sheep, or with heavier fleeces. Whether the plant would be prevented from seeding (a). finest kinds of Merino or Saxony will thrive as well The vile plant, however, of which I have just on those moist hill sides and elevations, or in the been speaking, is not so bad as the burrweed (Ga. deep sheltered valleys, as on the more gravelly and leopsis tetrahit) that is spreading over our fields and drier low grounds of other regions, I cannot say; ruining our farms. This is a vigorous plant, but so far as tried, they are equally healthy. And growing from a creeping root, which is, I believe, for long-woolled sheep, I know, from abundant perennial; though the stalk is annual. It has a tall evidence of their trial, that no country can exceed branchy stem, with leaves like those of a nettle; it it. The soil is strong (lacking only in lime), and bears a pretty white labiate flower, succeeded by the grass in the greatest abundance. I have seen large burrs or seed vessels, covered, when ripe, hay produced in the meadows of a whole farm at with hard, sharp prickles, defying the touch. It the rate of two tons per acre; corn forty to fifty produces seeds in most prolific abundance, which bushels; oats thirty io forty; and rutabaga and are unfortunately scattered before our grain is cut; carrots a thousand bushels per acre. Why should land as it spreads from the root as well as the seed,



there appears to be no way to eradicate it but pull-up their revenge for years, until an opportunity ing up every plant. But in doing this, the root offers to gratify it. They are called obstinate by often breaks, and leaves a part in the ground, to mulish drivers, and by none else. No opinion is become the progenitor of a new stock of weeds. more erroneous than that mules can thrive on Besides this, wherever this spinous weed grows brambles and briars. They may live, but cannot with wheat or other grain, a great deal of the latter thrive. A mule requires one-third less of nutritive is obliged to be wasted, as it cannot be reaped; for substance than a horse, but his quantum he must no man can put his hand into a bed of burrweed have, or, like other animals, he will starve; and with impunity. In short, though unknown among though not so much of an epicure or glutton as us a few years ago, it is now spreading with alarm- man, he is as much opposed to scanty doses in ing rapidity, and laughs at our efforts to control it. feeding as his master.

JAMES BOYLE. Another pernicious weed is likewise becoming Annapolis, Md. an object of some attention; though it has not yet attained the notoriety of the former. I allude to A REVIEW OF THE MARCH NO. OF THE

AGRICULTURIST.-No, 3. spurry (Spergula arvensis), so abhorred by some of our farmers, that they have given it the name of

Method of Fastening Horses. --Very sensible, “ devil's gut.” It has a long, but very slender S. Y., --short and to the point; I like such articles. stem, trailing on the ground, with nodules, about But I don't like your big heavy headstall and blindan inch apart, at each of which the stem forms an ers and check reins. Check reins are wicked; angle. The leaves and flowers are inconspicuous; blinds are useless; and breeching too, nine times the seed vessels are numerous, globular, and about out of ten ; and in fact the least possible quantity as large as peas; the stems trail a long way from of leather about a harness is the best--and Mr. the root, and twine and entangle one with another. Editor, I am not convinced by your argument in It chiefly infests new land; but I suppose the seed favor of attaching a weight to the halter. The has been imported with other seeds from Europe. truth is, I like that “ Southern barn,” where a There, I have understood, it is sometimes sown for horse can “take his ease” in his own stable, “ with the sake of its herbage, which affords an abundant none to make him afraid.” [So do we; and our and nutritious food for cattle (6). These three are correspondent will find box and stalls, as in the the worst weeds that infest our crops.

We have Southern barn, often recommended in our paper; many others; but they do not spread so rapidly as but all cannot have them, and therefore we give these, and can in some measure be kept under.

the most comfortable method we know of, to fasten CANADIAN NATURALIST.

horses in their stables.] It is but too true, that Compton, Canada East.

most of our fashionable usage of this most noble of

domestic animals, is but a refined kind of cruelty. (a) As the Canada thistle abounds in fertilizing halter round our necks, but it is not comfortable.

I suppose we might get used to sleeping with a salts it may be advantageously plowed in after the The Southern plan, if put to vote among the horses, manner of clover, buckwheat, and other green crops. would be the one adopted as best.

(6) In Germany and Belgium, the seeds of spurry are sown in fields of stubble after the grain has wish, Mr. Editor, that it was ours, and that we had

Farm and Villa of Mr. Donaldson.-Don't we been harvested, to supply a tender bite for sheep the wherewithal to enjoy that same ? during winter. It may be sown and reaped in eight covet it not. It is in good hands, and blithe may it

And yet I weeks either in autumn or spring. It is said to ever be to its present owner. If many of our city enrich the milk of cows so much as to render the millionaires would go and do likewise, it would be butter more excellent; and the mutton fed upon it better for them and the world in general. These is preferable to that fed on turnips. It is greedily descriptive views of yours are always read with eaten by hens, dry or green, and is supposed to pleasure and profit. They are calculated to make cause them to lay a greater number of eggs. In the owners feel justly proud to see their labors of the United States, however, it is doubtful whether

improvement duly and honorably appreciated, and it would pay the expense of cultivation.

are well calculated to induce thousande of city

dwellers who have the time and means to enable COLIC IN MULES.

them to enjoy rural life, to go out upon some ill cul. In your last No., page 187, in an article signed tivated or desolate and barren spot, and make it Gaston, the writer complains that his mules die of blossom like the rose, as Mr. Donaldson has done. colic. I will merely say to him, that mules are but To my mind there is no enjoyment for a man of little subject to disease, except by inflammation of wealth, equal to that of creating a little world of the intestines, caused by the grossest exposure to comfort and beauty for and around his own housecold and wet, and excessive drinking of cold water hold. I hope you will continue your visits and after severe labor, and while in a high state of descriptions, till every similar house is described, perspiration. Crushed corn and cob is the best and that you will thereby create a taste, that will iood for them ; neither rye nor wheat straw should cause them to be erected faster than you can give be given them while working, as it renders them us an account of them. unfit for labor, but in times of rest it is a good food. Machine for Cleaning Gravel Walks.—. Will that They have been lost by feeding on cut straw and machine answer in the southern latitude for a corn meal.

“ cotton scraper ?” Let them that know, speak. It In breaking them, they should be mated with a looks to me as though it would take the place of swift walking horse, and if treated kindly, will be " the sweep,” in the hands of a white man; with a gentle; but is treated inhumanly, they will treasure | negro, doubtful.




Scraps from my Note Book, No. 2.- Pretty fair, many objections to this imported wool, which but not quite so good as No. 1. These “ jottings require an article of too great length for us to write down by the way-side” are generally interesting at present.] The sale of every other product beand instructive. "I hope the author will continue sides wool, depends much upon the manner in them.

which it is prepared for market. There is great Peach and Nectarine Trees on Plum Stocks. I want of reform upon this point. I would instance cannot see the object of this kind of grafting in this the article of butter

. If properly prepared, it is fruitful country, where the land is not yet so dear better at six months old than six days. And cheese as to require dwarfing to save room. We graft too should never be eaten till a year old; but then it much. Who raises native fruit now? Is it in must first be properly prepared to keep, as well as consequence of forcing nature that trees are so send to market. short-lived, and that there are so many failures of Buckwheat Cakes.—Another thing, if “ properly fruit ?

prepared,” which affords most excellent eating; but Stump Machine. Is this the “ latest and best ?" unfortunately, these proper preparations are few It strikes me that I saw a failure of one of these and far between. And your preparation with soda machines at Utica, at the fair. The cotton press and acid, and salæratus, and vinegar, may do very seen upon every plantation is similar in principle, well for them that cannot do better. You say but far more powerful.

truly that your vinegar cakes will not be so good as Analysis of Marl on the Hudson.—A valuable when raised by good hop yeast, and you might hav kind of tables that should be more extended. In said that they would only be barely eatable. Substi. some parts of the West, where there is no lime-tute buttermilk for acid and vinegar, and then see stone, quick lime is made of similar marl—it being what the advantage is of living where milk is moulded into brick and burned in a kiln in the same ever flowing. manner that bricks are. This hint may be useful in Castration of Calves.—" Put nothing in the many other districts where there is similar marl and wound,” is common sense, and using salt, ashes, no limestone. The vegetable matter will burn out, &c., is only a refinement of cruelty. But, about and the water dry out, while all else that remains cording. When I was a boy, I witnessed an operabesides the lime, of iron and earthy matter, will not tion called “ turning,” by which the testicle was injure the lime for the use of the mason in the inverted, and by a cord, apparently without pain to least If there is much iron, the lime will be dark. the animal, kept in that position for a few days, colored, and not so white and nice for plastering, when the cord was removed, and the whole seemed that is all.

to wither and decay without danger and but little Experiments with Corn.--Here is another useful trouble. Who knows anything of this practice table. But why is it anonymous ? Do give your now? Somebody, surely, and somebody else names, gentlemen, that your reviewer may know would like to. Let us hear from somebody. [This who will bear hard words best. The "home- amounts to the same thing as cording; castration is made” manure in this experiment, must be awarded better, and less painful, depend upon it.] the first premium, as all home-made things upon Oneida County Ag. Society:-Crops worthy of the the farm always should stand first in the affection premiums. And why should they not be, and why of the farmer. It is time enough to look abroad should not the society be a flourishing one, in so to supply his wants, when they can no longer be fertile and rich a county? But, to my mind, there supplied at home.

is need of something beside big crops in this county, Stingless Bees.-A very interesting article, but for there is now and then a specimen of as poor not half full enough. If you please, Mr. Editor, farming as I wish to look at. The Editor of the just step into the book store of your publishers, Tribune says they cultivate large quantities of Messrs. Saxton & Miles, and get a little work en- apples there, of that interesting variety known as titled the “ Honey Bee,” by Edward Bevan, and“ five to the pint.”. And I say that if there is not a look on page 76, for a history of the genus apis, greater spirit of liberality towards the friends of whose proper name is the “ tropical bee,” for they agricultural improvement than was manifested at are not exclusively Mexican. They are common Utica last September, those gentlemen composing the more to Asia and America within the tropics. You Oneida Agricultural Society have some hard cases may make a very interesting extract from the work to deal with, and will need a great deal of patience alluded to, upon the subject of these honey gather- and perseverance on their part before they work a

The same ship that brings the Alpacas can thorough reform. Let me suggest that they offer a also bring a few swarms of stingless bees. premium of $10 to the man who will procure the

Growing Wool.-I often hear this term of greatest number of subscribers to an agricultural “ growing wool” objected to. I insist that it is not paper in that county, as the most likely means of only right, but ought to be as universally adopted producing the desired reform. as" growing turnips." It expresses the meaning Cattle of Texas.-Allow me to differ with your much better than "raising wool," " raising sheep,” opinion so confidently expressed, Gov. Houston. or “ feeding mutton." But, Mr. G., what if you There “ are several good reasons why blooded cannot get such a fine gravelly stream? What, cattle and horses should not do well in Texas, it then ? Will the plan described by Solon Robinson, proper care be taken of them the first year,” Bein his “ Sheep on the Prairies, No. 3,” answer as a cause you will not take proper care of them the substitute ? You say we shall export wool. What! next year, and therefore on the next they will be while we import a half blood Merino quality as we beyond care. The fact is, choice stock needs the do now (unwashed it is true), for seven cents a watchful care of the owner. And one kind of pound, duty free? (Yes, certainly, for there are I stock will take but sorry care of another. Texas




is a land of negroes, flies, musquitoes, gnats, ticks, tions. .. But from such a land as you describe, garapatas ; and very hot and very changeable people have no occasion to emigrate, for they can weather, which more than overbalances the advan- live and be comfortable, contented and happy, and tages of the eternal verdure. The thin-skinned, rich too, in dollars, if they will. high-bred Durham cannot exist in such a country, Seedling Potatoes.-What is meant by the term ? where the only care they will get is an annual [It is a new variety of potatoes grown from seed.] “ marking and branding.” But let me assure you, Is it those which have grown from the balls the first Governor, you have already adapted to your coun- year after planting? This writer, like many try, a better breed for your use, than any Durham, others, is too indefinite upon this point. Evidently in the native cattle. I have seen many of them, he refers back to another article. But every numand think I can judge. Go on with your improve- ber of a paper of this kind should be as near perfect ment of cattle already acclimated and fitted by na- in itself as possible. That is, what information of ture or long residence to your country, and let one subject or one branch is given, be so worded those breed the higher qualities who have a more that it would be complete. Without looking back favorable country for that purpose. Improve the to the other article, it would appear that this writer stock you have-you cannot better it, taking all has made one of the most important discoveries of things into consideration. (Mr. Reviewer, we do the age, and under that title, a short, concise recipe not agree with you here at all.]

should have been given to enable all the rest of the Indian Cakes.—True to the letter. But you world to partake of the benefit. What is the preshould have said don't grind the corn too fine. No vention of rot? Is it the drying of seed or topkind of grain is actually spoiled by grinding too dressing of lime? If the lime is also requisite, fine, except corn; though wheat is injured. But there are many places where the disease prevails good corn bread, cakes, or mush, cannot be made of that the medicine would cost more than the crop fine meal ; neither can corn meal be cooked in a would be worth. Is it objectionable to plant whole hurry. It may be heated and swallowed half raw seed when there is no disease? What is your soil ? --fit food for a hog-certainly not for a man. Will everybody know where Rockland County is ? White corn, of the gourd-seed variety, ground You name no State. [It is in New York.] Soil coarse, and baked in the ashes, southern negro and locality should be definitely given.

Your refashion, does make sweet, good, rich, healthy, marks upon liquid manure, and manner of applying palatable bread.

it, I approve. "Much of the most valuable part of The Grass Lands of Western New York.Time manure is lost in the waste of liquids in town and will bring about the same results over a vast part country. The wisdom of the Chinese I have before of that great wheat-growing country, west of the referred to. They have learned how to save the Lakes, that you describe, notwithstanding so many enormous tax upon industry in the shape of fence, of our citizens are so anxious to locate themselves and that enables them to devote more time than we upon an inexhaustible wheat soil.” They will can to the saving and applying manure. I am not be disappointed, just as the first settlers were, upon so sure that it is the best way though to apply it in the lands you mention. And “strange whims and the liquid state in this country, unless done in a very conceits” will continue to exist. Why is it, that dry time. Notwithstanding that bones are such men adhere so pertinaciously to wheat, as though valuable manure, not one farmer in ten that saves there was no other crop that could be cultivated to them. Even a dead horse is hauled off' to feed the any advantage? A new country, whatever else its dogs, instead of being used to feed vegetation. advantages may be, whenever a new settler comes Ladies' Department.— Insects, No. 2.-What ! into it, his first inquiry is, “ is it good for wheat ?” ladies writing about bugs and beetles, woodpeckers and if not, be passes on; though this depends and worms, and going out in the storm to search partly upon where he comes from; for, if from the into the operations of nature, wrapped up in a thin South, he will be just as anxious as the Eastern coat and hood! I don't believe it. oh, I beg man to know whether the new land is good for pardon. I see now, it is from the Diary of an Old corn; if not, he passes on. Few, if any, seek for Lady. It is no wonder she sought employment. a grass country. If land can be bought as cheap as This kind of information is not taught our latter you say, many persons who seek new homes might day” young ladies, who get an education (do they go farther and fare worse. It is a great error of —is it a real education) in a “ fashionable board. people in this part of the country, that they only ing-school,” where they are taught to think it count wealth by dollars in cash. . . . In England, would be a disgrace to visit a meat room, and land is wealth. In the Southern tes, a man's looking for bugs and moths, and would faint if the wealth is estimated by the number of his slaves. It name of “a red-headed woodpecker” should be is a common expression in speaking of the marriage spoken in their presence. And these are farmers' of a young man, to say, “ Mr. A. has married fifty girls of our day. Verily this writer must be an old negroes.” Heavens what a bride! On the south- woman, indeed. And with her generation the race ern part of this continent, a man is estimated by his of such will disappear, I am afraid. I only hope cattle. . All this shows that something is yet want- that this “ diary” is voluminous, and that you have ing to your grass lands of Western New York; free access to it. If any of your readers have neg. that something is, intelligence, information, im- lected to read this article, because it comes from an provement, and that wealth does not consist in old lady, let them hasten to correct their error, and dollars, acres, negroes, nor hoofs and horns; but in retrieve their loss. the greatest amount of human happiness. That The Garden.--This article is calculated for the country is the best where this exists in the greatest meridian of New York. The writer forgets that in abundance, no matter what are the staple produc-1 several of the states, corn is planted in the previous



month, and garden vegetables are being eaten in how we are to make the custom-house officers beMarch. It is very difficult to calculate an agricul- lieve that mutton hams are not hams, is past my untural or horticultural article to suit the wide-spread derstanding. More gammon.” There are a great varied climate of this nation. (But this was done many sheep in the United States that ought to be in the Northern and Southern Calendars, in our muttoned, but I hope Mr. Rotch will bring us some third volume ; and these, by the way, have been from Spain that ought not to be. . . The prize that the regular plunder of every Almanac maker and Mr. Norton has won, shows that the Highland So. writer of Calendars since their publication.] ciety think that there are other objects worthy of a

Hints to Ladies.--Should have been hints to the prize besides big bulls and boars. When shall we carpenter who builds the stairs, to carefully round witness the same spirit here? off the corners, and then the paper may be dis To prevent the Return of Disease in Potatoes.pensed with

More gammon. The truth is, the disease hag Boys

' Department.Useful Amusements.-Iobject shown itself in isolated places upon the ground to the positive term of the first line. It should prairie of Illinois, within a year past, where it was have read," the care of young stock should belong utterly impossible that it could have been by conta. to the women and boys.” But when you know gion with diseased seed. The military cordons of what you know, you will not say, on most Europe never stopped the cholera, nor will it prefarms it does,” &c., because on most farms, except vent the spread of the potato disease. where linger a few of the ancients, like your old Increase of Stock in New South Wales.—Why lady of the Diary, the women pay but little atten- cannot we have an annual census of stock taken by tion to the stock. And some of our boys are more the assessors in our country, to show that we grow inclined to become acquainted with a stock of dry some too? In regard to sheep, particularly, such goods, than a stock of cattle. And far too many tables would be useful. [Reviewer will find these know more about sucking the bottle, than sucking matters in the census returns of this State, taken the calves. The same remarks of kind treatment last year.] should apply to every domestic animal apon the Steep for Seed Wheat.-Very rational, and plainly farm. Be gentle, and they will be gentle. stated. Something of a job to prepare the seed of

Another Poultry Account.--Here we have a kind some of the western wheat farms—and costly, but of Peter Parley poulterer, who understands what it might pay cost, and make profit. but very few writers do, “ the art of writing for Potatoes.—“No great loss without some small boys.” They must be amused while being instruct- gain,” if the diseased tubers will fatten the pigs ed. He is willing to tell his errors, which but few faster than sound ones. But I fear that in this ac. are. Évident from the quantity of lice, that you count there is more gammon." We have a dise did not use whitewash, ashes, and lime enough, in ease in this country that don't stop after it starts, the hen-house. Ought to have burnt that brush till the whole potatoe is “ as rotten as a potato." heap that harbored that rat. Ought not to feed so Do they plant potatoes in England, in autumn ? high, and ought to have used cheaper feed. Ought (Yes, in the South of England; and have them ripe to have put one grain of strychnia in a piece of in May, to supply the London market

. The winter meat, or inside a little lump of lard on a chip, and there is seldom colder than the month of November, put that in the way of their dogs. It is very in latitude 40°, in the United States. It is usually wholesome medicine for night-prowling dogs; it much more rainy, however.] I know it is done in entirely cures them of the propensity. Some of Mississippi, but did not know it was so in England. these figures in some places upon both sides, will But“ live and learn” is an old and true proverb. look rather large, but perhaps are all right, except Editor's Table.—Now, my dear reader, here is the feathers. They are quoted “above the market.” “ more gammon.” The editor of the American Friend L., will you tell the boys how that pond is Agriculturist is a bachelor, and, as a matter of made, artificially, to hold water all summer? course, has not got any table ; though his personal There are many places where such ponds are appearance certainly indicates that he is fond of a needed.

good table, and yet I know few men more abste. Foreign Agricultural News.-Will those reduc- mious. But as he has had the advantage often of tions of the British tariff so greatly benefit this sitting at a good table, he ought now to be able to country as is anticipated, if met by a " similar set a good one for us. I have now shown up his spirit at Washington,” upon the free-trade prin. “ bill of fare” for one month, and what do you say ciple? The discrimination between “ bacon” and to it? Does he furnish forth a good table to feed " horns,” of 7s. on the cwt., shows very plainly our intellectual appetites, and gratify our hunger that the British cabinet never were in the city of after a knowledge of an improved state of agricul. “ Porkopolis.” It is all “ gammon.” To save ture? Who votes in the affirmative ? His subthe Times the trouble of sending us a recipe to scription list will tell. Who votes in the negative! cure the "

dainty dish” of bacon, I will give one It is no libel, I suppose, to say not one. “ free of postage." Use 6 lbs. of salt and 3 oz. of The Illustrated Botany. Of all the valuable new saltpetre, to 100 lbs. of pork, and never touch works noticed in the editor's table, this may be water to it, or use a cas--salt it on a hench where made the most interesting. Whether this is so or all the bloody matter can drain off. When the salt not I cannot say, not having seen it. While upon is absorbed, put it to smoke where the fire will not this subject, I will offer my opinion, that if some of heat it, and where there is a good ventilation, and our publishers would issue a cheap edition of use hickory or maple wood-don't smoke too fast, Michaux's North American Sylva, it would meet and my word for it, the bacon will be as good as with a ready sale, and would prove a most valuable was ever eaten by Englishmen. If hams pay duty, I work for all agricultural readers. The plates are in

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