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was ever imported here from Spain. If this be cor- soil in which it often grows, it being impoverished rect, are not the improvers entitled to some credit? by its creeping roots. -Browne's Trees of America. I I saw a communication in the April No. of your paper, signed Thomas Affleck, of Mississippi, con: A REVIEW OF THE APRIL

NO. OF THE taining some observations.on the different flocks of

AGRICULTURIST. sheep which he examined during a trip to the north. He seems to be impartial in his remarks, but in future I intend to be less prolix. My object

I CONTINUE my comments upon your publication; and is disposed to give credit where credit is due: in part in my Review of the March No. was, to I noticed also another communication signed John show your readers what a vast amount of useful Brown, of Ohio, which seems to be written in a

I shall now very different spirit. This gentleman speaks very

matter is contained in each No. disparagingly of those that have given a descrip- only notice such articles as I think can be reviewed tion of their own stock in agricultural papers, in

with advantage to them ; as cavilling is not my answer to inquiries. I think it is a proper

object. As you have given me permission to

criticise The public have a just right to demand a pedigree

your articles, I shall begin with that of their stock, and also certificates to prove what upon the they have stated, and it is their duty to give them.

Value of the Grasses.-In my former article I The gentleman says he has lately given to the complained of the want of definiteness in writers editor of the Albany Cultivator the names of seve upon scientific subjects this will apply to this ral wool-growers, who have not puffed up their article. Perhaps it is the fault of the language,

that we have no definite term to express our meansheep in agricultural papers, as entitled to more credit. That is perfectly well understood. Per- ing when speaking of the grasses ;” a term that haps they do not puff their own up, unless through

means a family of some 300 members. Perhaps their agent, but they are very active in puffing their some of your readers are not aware that maize neighbors down. It is one thing for a man to raise (Indian corn), sugar cane, rice, and grain, are part

and parcel of “ the grasses,” as much as timothy his credit by travelling through the country, and collecting a flock of sheep by selecting here and and clover, . When speaking of the latter and their there one from the finest flocks; it is another for immediate kindred, then, it would be better to adopt

some definite term. a man to be at home attentive to his business, and

Suppose we say

“ stock breeding a flock of fine sheep. It is yet another grass,” or “ hay or pasture grass,” to be more defiand still a more difficult thing to improve a fine nite in our meaning: I agree with you as to the flock of sheep by the art of good breeding. The

value of the crop of hay and pasture grass, in some former does nothing but transfer one man's im- parts of the Union, but in others there are thou. provement to another; while the latter not only sands of persons who are called farmers, who live, adds to his own private interest, but is able to fur- year after year, without cultivating a single acre of nish male and female animals for the improvement

such grass. Therefore, anything that you can say of others, and thereby adds to the interest of the to induce an extension of culture of such a valu.

able will be well said. world.

crop, Jacob N. BLAKESLEE. Watertown, Ct., June 2, 1846.

Agricultural Colleges and Schools are in advance of the age—you might as well appropriate that

space for other matters. It is idle to attempt to Effects of SLANDER.—The carumniator injures procure legislative action upon so important and three persons at a time--the person calumniated, beneficial an object, until we are farther advanced the one who listens, and most of all himself -- in the scale of civilisation. Witness our national Spanish Proverb.

councils, and the Smithsonian bequest.

Coal Ashes for Grass Lands.- Valuable without BLIGHT IN GRAIN NOT PRODUCED BY THE BER- doubt. But instead of rolling in the cinders, which BERRY BUSH.—The Berberis vulgaris is subject to a cannot be done so as to keep them entirely out of disease called mildew (Æcidium berberidis) which, the way of the scythe, let them be put into a cart when magnified, is found to consist of a number of or wagon bed made on purpose to sist ashes, and small orange-cups, with a fine film over each. geared to the wheels, so as to give a shaking mo. When ripe, these films burst, and the tops of the tion, and then burn the cinders.

1 cups assume

a ragged, uneven appearance, in Sowing Corn for Fodder.—Among your recom. which state they look like white fungi. The cups mendations, why not tell those tens of thousands of are filled with innumerable little cases, containing Southerners who never save any other kind of seeds or sporules, and these constitute the bright-" roughness,” how much better than “ corn blades" orange powder that is seen on the leaves and would be a crop of broadcast sown corn, and how flowers of the berberry, and was long supposed to much easier to provide a supply of fodder where be the blight on corn both in Europe and America. they won't try to raise hay grass, than their present This opinion, though totally unfounded, is of un- system of stripping the leaves from the growing known antiquity. The error has been ably and corn-stalks ? If the ground is plowed, and weeds scientifically refuted by Messrs. Du Hamel, Brous- well turned under about the 1st of July, there will sonet, and Drs. Grenville and Lindley. The be a good crop, without the necessity of drilling or blight on corn is generally a species of uredo, and after culture.

1 does not correspond in botanical characters with Fish for Manure.-Try spent bark from the tan. the æcidium. One of the principal reasons why yard. It will absorb the ammonia. corn will not thrive in the immediate vicinity of the Descriptive Catalogue.---This is the best adver. berberry is, on account of the meagreness of the tisement that I have ever seen, as the extract expla.





REVIEW OF THE APRIL NO. OF THE AGRICULTURIST. natory of the three plows will in part show, and the Necessity of a Knowledge of Chemical Principles hundred other cuts and explanations, together with to a Farmer.-Convince him of this 'fact, my a mass of other information, makes not only a use. worthy friend, and then will the country be ready ful, but a very interesting, readable book. for agricultural schools. This is one of the best

Mustard as a Field Crop.- If it will yield “ ten writers that appear in your paper, and this is a most or fifteen bushels to the acre,” and bring the half capital article, the title of which will be looked at of the price you say, it is a more profitable crop and passed over by many a one it was intended to than wheat. "Give us more upon the subject. The benefit, as something to them uninteresting; as you western bottom-lands and rich prairies can carry may often hear a farmer say, that he don't want to the crop without danger of exhausting the soil. know anything about chemistry. And yet here,

American Agricultural Association. I have but in this single article, upon the subject of white to little to say of this excellent association. But I preserve his buildings, he might learn enough of will report for Mr. Clark upon “ the expediency of chemistry to be worth fifty times the price of the establishing a silk manufactory," against the mea- Agriculturist, every year. For the reasons stated,

I have great faith in the growing of silk in is not white an excellent color for horses and all this country, but it must be done as a domestic cattle ? Let us hear further from R. L. A., upon business. Every family in the county or villages this interesting subject. could keep a few worms, and the product would be Sheep at the South. - I have no more doubt than all profit.Silk cocoons should be produced just as Mr. Affleck, that fine wool can be grown in Mishoney is now, or rather as it should be, in every sissippi ; but that wool will ever be produced there family.

in great abundance and profitably, I have some A Leaf from a Farmer's Ledger.--I like to see very strong doubts. Mr. A. says he commenced this kind of accounts, but I pray that some of handling our flocks at Utica. At the same place I your readers be not misled in the “root crops.” commenced getting acquainted with this southern I have asked, “ will it answer when oats and corn planter, who, for aught i know, may be a very good are not worth more than ten or twelve cents a one. But will he prove a good shepherd ? I hope bushel,” and hay from $1 to $2 per ton, to culti- he will not lie in bed and leave his sheep to the vate roots for economical feeding ? Such we are care of his careless negroes. This is the reason told is the fact out West. Then, too, $100 will pay why flocks do not prosper better at the South. for 25 or 30 acres of land under good tillage. Mr. A. is out of humor with us because we charge “ Circumstances alter cases,”

too high for sheep. When they are unprofitable, The Row Culture of Wheat.—This, and hoeing we will charge less. out the weeds, will do very well for a patch ," but Agriculture and Lands of Florida.—This is an for a western prairie field of 300 to 800 acres, interesting article, from an interesting writer. where land is very cheap as well as team labor, None of your articles are read with more general and where manual labor is very dear, will it interest, than descriptions of those portions of our answer a good purpose? As for a drilling machine new lands that are but little known in the “old for wheat, when one is wanted, I would recommend settlements.” It is not a matter of surprise to me, Pennock’s of Westchester (or in that vicinity), nor need it be to friend Parsons, that no one has atPenn. I am greatly in favor of drilling all hoed tempted to cultivate and prepare the dried fruits. crops, and perhaps it would be profitable to drill Mr. Affleck gives the reason in the No. under reall grain.

view. Here it is :-" The cotton crop affords no Rambouillet Merinos.-Too much controversy time for attending to others. From New Year's upon this subject to be profitable to your readers. day till Christmas, it keeps every hand incessantly If Mr. Bingham's flock do average 5 lbs. per head employed.” And still they gain nothing ahead. of real Merino wool, then it is a good flock. If Debts and cotton. Cotton, and debts, and slavery. Mr. Randall's average more, and better wool, then And with all, the only freeman is the slave. The his flock is better; to prove which, send the whole master is so great a slave that he has no time to to Mr. Lawrence, of Lowell, and publish bis certifi- cultivate fruit. I can demonstrate, in ten lines, cate as to the relative value of their fleeces, and let that cotton is a curse to the South. « One of the us have no more of this uninteresting dispute of most profitable employments, &c., in Florida, is the which is best.

raising of cattle.” And pray where is it not? If it Scripture's Carriage Wheel.—Unless I am greatly is profitable in Florida, I venture the assertion that mistaken, this is one of the most valuable improve- it is equally, or more so, in Wisconsin ; for there ments of this age of inventions. Capt. De Bon- the beef is worth twice or thrice as much, and can ville, about ten years ago, undertook to cross the be packed 6 or 8 months of the year, sweet, sound, Rocky Mountains with about sixty wagons, before fat, and good, from the wild prairie grass, by means the road through the South pass was known, and of one of the new kind of " salting machines.” his wagons literally tumbled to pieces, in conse- In the North, cattle have a value. In the South, quence of the dryness of the atmosphere at the great particularly Central America, their value is at most elevation that he reached ; and the same difficulty but small.' Commend me to the North for cattlein a lesser degree occurs to every Oregon emigrant. raising for profit. How invaluable would be a set of these wheels, if Sheep Husbandry, by John Brown. —Now, they prove to work well! I pray, you, Mr. Editor, whether Mr. Brown had lately got himself a pair to personally examine some that have been longest of cowhide boots with thick soles, well nailed, not,

and tell us what the owners say of them. I am sure I cannot tell ; but he does hurt some of What is the amount of extra expense ?

our Down East toes most confoundedly; and le

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Gardening, No. 2.-Should have been entitled I don't mean to let him know who owns mine that “ History of Ancient Gardens,” &c. It is an inhe is trampling upon, I shall advise him to keep on teresting historical article. It never struck my mind trampling; and I will risk my toes just for the fun so forcibly, before I read it in this article, that of seeing some of my neighbors kick and scold. JESUS CHRIST was buried in a garden.” And I There is too much humbug peddling among stock thought how much more like heathens than raisers, and an editor of an agricultural paper that Christians, do the most of his followers bury their will accept of pay for puffing off a spurious breed dead, in the byways and highways of this land, of sperm oil Merinos," is no cultivator of moral instead of in gardens, and " a field bordered with honesty. It is time some swindling tricks that I trees.” know of, were exposed. I caution buyers at the Fat Heifers. I am sorry to be obliged to “guess” South and West not to send orders here, unless that Mr. Člift was not well paid for those very fat they do it through some agent who has a reputa- heifers sent to our market. I should be pleased to tion that cannot be greased over with so contempt. see his “ bill of items” of the cost of putting so ible a covering as artificial gum on a sheep's wool. much fat on two set of ribs. Is it profitable? I hope, that after all, Mr. Brown is not advertising [Yes; undoubtedly.) That is a question of most his own flock. Pray let us hear from him again. importance.

Importing Beet Seeds is an absolute disgrace to Experiments with Guano. If you will never this country. But I cannot think it would be, if it publish another article upon this subject, I am will. was known that it would meet with a ready sale at ing to concede that guano (huano is the proper a fair price, if raised at home. Please tell us what name) is the very best manure on earth, or under is the price, and where the market? [We usually the earth, or in the air, fire, or water of the earth ; sell at 75 cents per lb. See our Catalogue, p. 60.] but I never will concede that it is good economy to The crop must be a large one in bushels, per acre; import manure, and waste it, when we might use but only about one-half should ever be put up for home-made. I have done with this subject. [My seed by an honest man, except a sort of a whale-oil dear Reviewer, don't be so savage over the produce Merino-buck honesty. What would the small of innocent sea-fowls.) refuse seed be good for? [Nothing at all that we Polled Cattle.--I always did like them, and don't know of, except for manure.]

know what we grow horns for, now the farmers' A Massachusetts Barn.- Just what we might ex- girls are all too proud to wear“ horn combs;" and pect from a State where they put timber into a ma “ horn spoons” are entirely out of fashion. The chine that turns out finished plows. I like this only use I know for cattle horns, is, to hook sheep barn, and if Mr. Knox can make them for $600 to death, or occasionally kill a fine horse, or them. each, I would like to take a couple, and allow him selves. As for your assertion that farmers don't 10 per cent. profit. I would recommend an addi- regard “ any point at allin breeding cattle, it is tion, and that is a ventilation in the centre of the just no such thing; for, with a few exceptions, roof, made with slats, like Venetian blinds. They like your correspondent, they almost universally are but seldom added to barns, yet I am persuaded regard two very pointed and useless horns. that they would be of great service in carrying off To keep Land in Grass.—The soil that “a young the gases that arise from the hay and grain, and farmer" speaks of, is probably a sandy, one. In which always make it so oppressive to the laborer, that case, it is better not to try to keep the land in when“ mowing away" near the roof. The slats grass; but sow seed with all small grain, and then can be made to open and shut, by cords coming break up the meadows whenever it fails, this is down to the floor, if that should be preferred to my experience. having them stationary. I hope no one who sees Hood's Balance Gate.—Something new, and I this plan will ever build a barn 60 feet long, with a should think would suit a southern latitude, where, floor running crosswise. I wish, Mr. Editor, that if a man should, “ Yankee fashion,” build his you would procure and publish the plan of an old-house almost into the road, he would be set down fashioned Massachusetts farm-house. [Thank as “ no gentleman;" and where every house has at you for the hint. It shall be done hereafter. We least one, frequently three or four gates to pass, in had the honor, for so we consider it, of being born the approach to it; “ I reckon,” such a gate would and partly reared in one.] Such an one, I mean, be “ right smart convenient.” But the dimensions as you and I-oh, I forget, you don't know who should be given, and the cost also would be useful. “ ľ” am—but such a one as used to be common a They won't suit all latitudes. hundred years ago, having two “

square rooms"

The Garden, No. 2.- This title is too nearly and a kitchen, with such a fire-place! All the synonymous with “ Gardening, No. 2,” and should plans since contrived are not“ improvements."

have borne the title of that. But no matter for Blight in Pear Trees. - More indefiniteness. titles. But few will read the article, and less pracWhat is - blight? First describe the disease, so tise its recommendations. Our American ladies are that everybody can tell what it is, and then I don't entirely too effemina!e and dyspeptic; and ridicucare what you call it, or how you cure it. Will lously full of affectation of delicacy, to engage in somebody tell me if a pear tree ever blighted that so healthy and happy an employment as cultivating had a supply of wood ashes around the roots every the garden. Unpalatable truths these, but truths

The same of plums? There are better nevertheless. I wholly despair of inducing the uses for ashes than throwing them in the street, or present race of farmers' daughters to return to a selling them to the ash gatherers for “ a pound of life of usefulness, and the time and talent employed soap per bushel."

in providing such articles as this for their use, is


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labor lost. I am more disposed to handle this answer to your call upon your readers “ anent this great error in female education “ without gloves.” matter," as to whether I shall continue the work Catch a farmer's daughter in this age of piano of a

REVIEWER. thumping, trundling that wheelbarrow, and I will believe in miracles in all time to come.

GARDENING-No. 6. tience, I am near a stopping place. A word on Having glanced at the Vegetable Kingdom, con.

Country Schools. This article is too discursive; sidered geographically and historically, let us treat a fault of nearly all writers, using too many words upon the objects of vegetable culture as connected to make a point. I acknowledge my own fault in with the subject now before us, which is as this particular, but Ilarnt it in these same“ country follows:-1. To multiply plants. 2. To increase schools," and I learned but very little at them of their number and retain or improve their qualities. any real benefit to me in the ordinary pursuits of 3. To increase their magnitude. 4. To form new life, and I never saw one conducted upon the prin- varieties for the furtherance of all or any of the ciple of teaching children things and meaning of above objects. 5. To propagate, and preserve from words, instead of mere sounds. I would advise degenerating, approved varieties. 6. To preserve " E S.” that some Southern mothers as well as vegetables for future use. The first step for all Northern ones, would make but poor maternal these objects in common, is to procure the desired inspectors of the education of their own girls;” plant, either by removing it in an entire state from and “

good governesses” are not so plenty as its native situation, and planting it in an approblackberries at the North, or black babies at priate one; or by gathering and sowing its seeds; the South.

or by propagating from a part of the plant itself. The Farmer's Dictionary.-One of the best evi. Hence the general origin both of agriculture and dences of an improved state of feeling in the public gardening, and of all the different modes of propa. mind is, that such works by such men are under- gation, transplanting, and collecting seeds. The taken to be written and published, sold, and read; next step is to secure the plants to be cultivated and when ten years ago we could not find a half from the depredations of animals, or unsuitable dozen volumes, upon any agricultural subject, of weather. Hence the origin of fences and enclo. American printed books, we can now form a hand- sures, and plant-habitations. A third step, common some library.

to all the above objects of culture, is to remove Observations on the Potato Diseuse, &c.— I have from the vicinity of the plant to be cultivated, or no objection to see every one light his taper to illu- from the plant itself, all other plants, or animals, mine this subject, but the cure is yet in darkness or objects likely to impede its progress. Hence the No more is yet known of this disease, as to its origin of weeding, thinning, destroying insects, and cause or cure, than is known of the Asiatic cholera.

curing diseases. The theories upon both cases are about equally To increase the number and retain the native numerous and contradictory.

qualities of vegetables, it is necessary to imitate, as The Naturalist.If I was reviewing that work, exactly as circumstances will admit, their native I should say that some of its articles were a little habitation, in respect to soil, climate, mode of wa. too prosy, to suit the taste of Southwestern agricul- tering, light, &c. ' If the habitation is in any way tural readers. As I am really anxious for its ameliorated, the qualities of the plant will be success, I am sure friend Fanning would take it in altered, and its parts enlarged, which is not desired. kindness if he knew from whence the hint came, All that is necessary, therefore, for effecting this when I tell him that he must make the “ Naturál- branch of culture, is to imitate the habitation, and ist more interesting than the “ Agriculturist” was, to propagate. This ought to be the case wherever or it will never be supported in his latitude. I plants are grown for medical or scientific purposes, speak knowingly, and advise for good.

as in herb and botanic gardens. Treatise on Domestic Economy.--I wish I had To increase the magnitude of vegetables, without this work before me, I should like to review it. reference to their quality, it is necessary to afford That American ladies need improving “ mentally them an increased supply of all the ingredients of and physically," I have just said, and therefore food, distributed in such a body of well pulverized agree with you that “ there is great need.” soil as the roots can reach; and of heat and moist.

I did intend to review the “ Premium List for ure. They should also be partially excluded from 1845," but I find I am getting prolix, and will the direct rays of the sun, so as to moderate pertherefore only say that 25 premiums of Coleman's spiration; and from the wind, so as to prevent Tour certainly show a very strong partiality for a sudden dryness. Nature gives the hint in the work essentially English, over some others that I occasional luxuriance of plants, accidentally placed think none the worse of for being American. in favorable circumstances; man adopts it, and, imWithout any disparagement to Coleman's Tour, I proving upon it, produces cabbages and turnips of do say that one volume of the American Agricul- twenty-five pounds weight, and apples of one or turist would be worth more, and would be more two pounds; productions which may, in some *Tead by nine-tenths of the recipients of those pre respects, be considered as diseased. miums than all the numbers of this much-puffed Io increase the number, improve the quality, and “ Tour;" and unless the later numbers show a vast increase the magnitude of particular parts of vege. improvement over those that I have seen—and I can tables, it is necessary to remove those parts which find ten thousand backers to this opinion. I have are not wanted, such as the blossoms of bulbous or

tuberous-rooted plants, when the bulbs are to be in. I shall continue my comments upon one more creased; the over-luxuriant wood-shoots and leaf. No., and by that time we shall probably get some buds of fruit trees; the flower-stems of some, and

said my say.



the male flowers and runners of others. Hence the fruit; a good bearer, of fair quality; and what important operations of pruning, ringing, cutting forms its chief quality, and gives it a preference off large roots, and other practices, for improving over all other staminates as an impregnator, is, fruits, and throwing trees into a bearing state. At that it can, by its leaf and growth, be at all times first sight, these practices do not appear to be distinguished from Hovey’s seedling, and other copied from nature; but man, though an improving valuable pistillate plants. It has this peculiarity animal, is still in a state of nature, and all his prac- of blossom, whilst à large portion of them are per tices, in every stage of civilisation, are as natural to fect in both organs, some will be found on the him, as those of the other animals are to them. same stem wholly defective in the male organs, Cottages and palaces are as much natural objects as and depending on their neighbors for impregnation. the nests of birds, or the burrows of quadrupeds; There are many famous English staminates, and and all the laws and institutions by which social Hovey's Pine and Buist's seedling among them, man is guided in his morals and politics, are no valuable as impregnators; but in my opinion, as more artificial than the instinct which congregates impregnators only. The objection to them is, that sheep and cattle into flocks and herds, and guides they will not average one-third of a crop, and are them in their choice of pasturage and shelter. not so distinct in appearance as the Duke of Kent's.

To form new varieties of vegetables, as well as The Roses Phønix is one of the best bearers of Aowers, and of useful plants of every description, among them, but I have never yet seen it bear one. it is necessary to take advantage of their sexual third of a crop of perfect fruit. I this season gave differences, and to operate in a manner analogous to the famous English varieties, the Swainstone, crossing the breed in animals. This practice is but Downton, Emperor, Myatt's Pine, and some others, an imitation of what takes place in nature by the a fair trial; not one-half of their blossoms bore agency of bees and other insects, and of the wind; perfect fruit. Even our scientific English gardeners all the difference is, that man operates with a par- now distinguish the difference between the stami. ticular end in view, and selects individuals possess- nate and pistillate blossom, and the barren character ing the particular properties which he wishes to of the former, and their indispensable necessity for perpetuate or improve.

impregnating Hovey's, and other pistillates; but The preservation of vegetables for future use is gravely assure us all blossoms were perfect in effected by destroying or rendering dormant the both organs in England - that it is a change principle of life, and by warding off, as far as prac-effected by our climate, and that they would at once ticable, the progress of chemical decomposition. change their character if sent back to England. I Hence the herbs or roots, or fruits of some vege- trust Mr. Hovey will, by experiments, this season, tables, are dried; others are placed beyond the ascertain the character of his old seedling, and that reach of the active principles of vegetation, as his experiments will be sanctioned by the report of seeds, cuttings, scions, roots, and fruits; and soine the committee of the Boston Horticultural Society, are, in addition, excluded from the air, or placed in and other cities in future be supplied with this very low temperatures.

delicious fruit, as abundantly and as cheap as we The whole of gardening, as an art of culture, is are in Cincinnati

, and a theory heretofore denounced but a varied development of one or more of the by the learned, because it was first practised by an fore-named practices, all founded in nature, and for illiterate market woman, received with favor. My the most part rationally and satisfactorily explain. only fear is, that the poor woman may have her ed on chemical and physiological principles. merit detracted from, by their showing, that Hence the great necessity of the study of botany to although Linnæus scouted at it, the doctrine was the cultivator.

L. T. TALBOT. fully tested and believed in by some of his disciples;

that even Kean discovered it, in one variety, and VINDICATION OF THE DUKE OF KENT'S made it known to the London Horticultural Society. STRAWBERRY.

Cincinnati, June 19, 1846. N. LONGWORTH. In the Boston Magazine of Horticulture, the editor censures Mr. Thomas for recommending the

TO MAKE WATER COOL FOR SUMMER.—The fol. Duke of Kent Strawberry for cultivation, pronounc lowing is a simple mode of rendering water almost as

quite worthless," and seals its fate by cold as ice :- Let the jar, pitcher, or vessel, used for saying the London Horticultural Society deem it of water, be surrounded with one or more folds of no value. When that learned body, and the Eng. coarse cotton, and be kept constantly wet. The fish gardeners shall have progressed so far as to evaporation of the water will carry off the heat have discovered that there are two separate and from the inside, and reduce it to a freezing point. distinct plants in the strawberry, the one defec- In India, and other tropical regions, where ice can. live in the male, and the other in the female organs, not be procured, this is common. to a greater or less extent, and the difference in their size and appearance so great that a blind man can distinguish the blossoms at the distance of WHAT IS BLICHT - It is a sun-stroke, or a twenty feet, I shall pay proper respect to their frost-bite, a plague of insects, or of fungi, a opinions. I have cultivated the Duke of Kent's paralysis of the root, or a gust of bad air; it is wetseveral years, to impregnate Mr. Hovey's seedling, ness, it is dryness, it is heat, it is cold, it is plethora, and deem it next in value to that valuable straw. it is starvation; in short, it is anything that destroys berry. It is the only plant I have ever met with or distigures foliage. Can a definition be more that comes near meeting Mr. Downing's fancy of a perfect? We should expunge the word as a subperfect plant. (I here, of course, except the alpines.) stantive term from our language, and only use it in It has four merits to recommend it. It is an earlylits adjective sense. --Dr. Lindley.

ing it “

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