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PRINCE'S LINNÆAN BOTANIC GARDEN,

ROSES-Aust. Yellow.-Harrison's double yellow.

FLOWERING PLANTS AND SHRUBS. --Kalmia Latifolia alba, Flushing, Long Island, N. Y.

Magnolia Macrophylla, Magnolia Graciiis, Deutzia Scobra, Cypri. List of Plants, Flowers, &c., exbibited at the First Semi-Annual pedium Spectabile, Spiræa filipendula pleno, Geranium pratense Exhibition of the Long Island Hurticultural Society, at Flushing, cerulea maxima, Lychnis dioica pleno alba, Hotteya Japonica, Big.

pleno, Canipanula persicifolia alba pleno, Campanula persicirolia on the lith and 12th of June, 1846, from the Linnæan Botanic vonia Crucigera, New Honey Suckle from Oregon, Iris of ofteen Gardens and Nurseries of W. R. PRINCE & Co. The most of

varieties.
the Roses were exhibited in frames for display, without being of.
fered for premiums.

Pæonies.-Humei, Whitleyi, Fragrans pleno, Reeresii, Speciosa

bicolor, Violacea, Albiflora fragrans pleno.
ROSES.

GREEN-HOUSE PLANTS.-Aloe albaspina, Thunbergia Elata,
ROSES-BENGAL.-Cypres, Cels Multiflora, Darius, Jacksonia, Hydrangea Japonica, Pittosporuci revolutum, Gardenia Horida,
Lonis Philippe, Madame Fries Morel, Philippe, La Superbe, Fur' Gloxinia Caulescens.
tadlo, Perfection.

FuchsiaS.—Paragon, Maria, Venus Victrix, Kentish Hero, Mar.
ROSES-TRA SCENTED.--Arch Dutchess Therese Isabelle, Bou- ginate, Victory Superb.
gere, Dremont, Josephine Malton, Moire, Nitida, Saffrano, Silene, STRAWBERRIES.-Garnestone Scarlet, Large Flat Hautbois,
American White, Fleur de Cypres, La Desire, 'Barbut, Common Prince Albert, Prince's New Pine, Black Roseberry, Downton,
Blush.

Prince's Prince Albert Seedling, Crimson Cone, British Queert, ROSES-BOURBON.-Abbé Plantier, Amenaide, Acidalie, Au. Hovey's Seedling, Boston Pine, Royal Scarlet, Prince's New Early gristine Lelieur, Bosanquet, Bouquet de Flore, Gloire de Rosamanes, Seedling, Victoria, Aberdeen

or Dundee, Princess Alice Maude, Henri Plantier, Julie de Loynes, Madame Breon, Thiaffait, Ma' Ross Phoenix, Myatt's Eliza, Deptford Pine, English White Wood, dame Desprès, Madame Newman, Paul Joseph, Reine du Congress, Prolific Hautbois, Hudson's Bay, Bishop's 'Orange, Royal Scarlet, Comice de Seine and Marne, Madame Margat, Newman, Nargi. Methren Scarlet, Georgian Scarlet.

RHUBARB.—Leviathan, Victoria, Dalley's New Scarlet Giant,
ROSES-NOISETTE.-Lamarque, Miss Glegg, Madame Guerin, Early Tobolsk, Giant or Guliah, Wilmot's Early Red.
Nykemene.

ROSES-PBRPETUAL. - Antinous, Du Roi panache, Darius, Roses exhibited by William R. Prince & Co., June 25th,
Ebène, La Reine, Globe, Marie Denise, Palmyre, Ponctuée.

1846.
ROSES-HYB. PERPETUAL.-Clementine Duval, Aubernon,
Comte de Paris, Madame Laffay, Prince Albert, Queen Victoria, us, Mioland, Reine des Belges, La Superbe, Le Camoens, Jeune Ar-

CHINA.-Archduke Charles, Tancrede, Abelard, Miranda, Dari-
River's (Laffay), Gloire de Guerin, James Watt, Lady Fordwick, cole, Caroline de Berri, Hermine, Joseph Deschiens, Roi de Hol-
Augustine Mouchelet, La Bouquetiere, Isaure La Blaie, Emma lande, Menen, Vilmorin.
Dampierre, Mrs. Elliott, L. Peel, Minerva, Duc d'Enghien, Lady

TEA.-White, Le Pactole, Floralie, Therese Isabelle, Moire, Ma.
Seymour, Aricie, Requien, Dutchess de Montmorency, Du Roi, dame Roussel, Comte de Paris, Abricote, Mirabile, Desire Roussel,
long peduncle, St. Fiacre, Strie, Helene Maret, Torrida, Leop. de Arrance de Navarro, Belle Margueritte, Belle Favorite, Perfection,
Baur, Comtesse Duchatel, Docteur Marx, Dutchess de Nemours, Marechal Bugeaud.
Dutchess de Sutherlaud, Julie Dupont, Lady Alice Peel, Lane,

BOURBON.–Princesse de Modena, Hennequin, Amenaide, Anti-
Marquis de Bocella.

nous, Anne Beluze, Gaston de Panek, Newmani, Abbé Plantier,
ROSES-Hyb. CHINBSB.-La Nubienne, Madame Plantier, Ne Don Alvar, Dumont de Courset, Paul Joseph, l'arquin, Souvenir
Plus Ultra, Pallagi panache, Sextus Pompinius, Triomphe d' An. de Malmaison, Jobes Desgaches, Madame Souchet, Julie de
gers, Vandaels, Velour Episcopal, Violet de Belgique, Watt’s Ce. Loynes, La Gracieuse, Belle Interessante, Striped, Bizarine, Zu-
lestial, Belle Feronnière, Poilpré, Sanspareil, Parigot, Duke of lema, Madame Aude, Splendens, Crimson Globe.
Sussex, Anzou, Assuerus, Brendus, Chatelaine, Comte Coutard, NOISETTE.–Vitellina, Aimé Vibert, Clara Wendell, Monstreuse,
De Chenedole, De Laage, Duke of Devoushire, Fabvier, Flora Mc Victoire Daumy, Nykemede, Nemesis, Solfatare, Prince's Superb
Jvor, George the IV., La Grandeur, Louis Le Roi, Beranger, Vi. White, Boulogne.
bert, Boullote, Limulienne, Fimbriata.

PERPETUAL.-Grand Monarque, Requien, Ferox de Guerin,
ROSES-HYB. BOURDON.–Celine, Coupe d'Hebé, Elize Mer Mogador, Billiard, Amanda Patenotte, White Damask, Du Roi
oceur, Henri Barbet, Hortense Le Roy, La Dauphine, Le Gouvé, blanche, D'Esquermes, Isaure Lablée,' Tougard, Moheleda, Pour.
Majestueux, A Petales Mucroné, Strie, Belle de St. Cyr, Paul pre, Minerva, Josephine Antoinette.
Perras.

Hybrid PerPETUAL.-Louis Bonaparte, Duc d'Aumale, Julie
ROSES-FAIRY.--Roseate.

Dupont, Madame Laffay, Princesse Helene, Clementine Duval,
ROSES MULTIFLORA.-Laure Davoust, Russelliana or Cot- Dutchess of Sutherland, Prince Albert, Beck, La Reine, Melanie
tage.
ROSES-HYB. CLIMBING.–Plantier, Triomphe de Bollvyller.

Cornu, David de Angers, Augustine Mouchelet, Marquiso Bocella,

Dutchess de Montmorency.
ROSES-AYRSHIRE.-Ayrshire Queen.
ROSES-Moss.-Common Red, Crested, Crimson, Incarnate, Vibert.

HYBRID Chinese.—Beranger, Duke of Devonshire, Vandaels,
Louise Colet, Laxembourg Crimson, Pompone feu, Princess Roy.

HYBRID BOURBON.- Joasine, Victor Hugo, Hortense Leroy. al, Sage Leaved, Scarlet De la Fleche, White Bach, White French,

HYBRID CLIMBING.--Triumph of Bolwyller.
White Perpetual, D' Orleans, A feuille luisante, Angelique Quetier, HYBRID PROVENCE.—Belle Sylvain.
Charlotte de Sor. Laucel, Celina, Panache double, Rouge, Rose-

PROVENCE.-Unique White.
foncé, Eclatante, Mrs. Wood, Pompon feu, Uniqué de Provence, VARIEGATED PROVENCE.-Superb Striped Unique, Mecéne,
Malvina, French Crimson, A gros fruit, Feuilles Agathe, Charles, Rouget de Lille, Cosimo Ridolphi.
Palo Violet, Vilmorin, Variegated.

DWARF PROVENCE — Pompone de la Quene.
ROSES-ALBA.-Felicité Parmentier, New Blush Hip, Old

MACARTNEY.-Double White, Pink Maria Leonida.
White, Sophie de Bavière, Pompone Carnea.
ROSES-PROVENCR.-Odette de Champdivers, Snow Ball, Roy.

FAIRY.—Liliputienne, Roseate.

BOURSAULT. -Amadis, Gracilis.
al Cabbage, Blush, Frelatte, Quique.

MULTIFLORA.-Double White.
ROSES- DWARF Prov.-Rose de Juno.
ROSES-VARIBGATED Prov.-L'Hopital, Cosimo Ridolphi, petual, Louise Colet, Feuillc Agathe, Etna, Asepetala, Hardy,

Moss.-Celina, Blush, Sage leaved, White French, White Per
Comte de Murinais, Tibulle, Agamede, Belle Esquermoise, Belle Splendens, Orleans, Variegated.
Hermine No. 6, Belle Hermine No. 7, Insigne Destekls, Pluton,

MICROPHYLLA.- Rosea.
Imperiale, Beriéze, Marjolin pourpre, Sæur Vincent.

VARIBOATED GALLICA.-Village Maid.
ROSES-HYBRID PROVENCB.-Belle Sylvain, Blanche Fleur,

PRAIRIE.-Caradori Allan, Anna Maria, Eva Corinne, Seraphine, Christine de Pisan, Donna Sol, Feu brillant, Lee, Zetelle, Ma- Baltimore Belle, Queen of the Prairies, Mrs. Hovey, Fatima, Ra dame Huet, Glory of France.

nunculiflora, Linnaan Hill Beauty, Triumphant, Pride of WashROSES-GALLICA.-Leon the 10th, Arlequin, Fanny Parisot, Fontenelle, La Muskowa, New Village Maid, Panache "semi-dou: ington, Prince's Gracilis, New Seedling Blush.

ALBA.-Felicité Parmentier, New Blush Hip.
ble, Stella, Tricolor No. 1, Tricolor No. 2, Village Maid, The

GALLICA.--Boula de Nanteuil.
Priuce, La Belle Marié, Antonine d’Ormois, Vidua, Aurelie La

HYBRID.-Manetti, Helene Maret.
Marc, Boula de Nauteuil, Crivalis, Roi de Prusse, Dutchess of DAMASK.-Madame Hardy.
Buccleugh, Heureuse Surprise, William Tell, Mignon bicolor.

Flowens.-Iris of various species, Large Blue Clematis, Cypri-
ROSES-DAMASK.-Monstrueux.

pediums, &c.
ROSES-CENTIFOLIA.-Al. Blanchard, Oielet.
ROSES-BLACK.-Adelaide, Black Merice, Champion, Cra-

STRAWBERRIBS.-Montevideo Pine, monstrous size.
moisie enflamme, Gloriosa Superba, imperiale, Iris Noir, La Belle
Africaine, La Cherie, La Negresse, Le Seigneur d'Artzelaine, Ne-

PATENT SYRINGES AND GARDEN ENGINES. gro, Negro panache, Pluto, Proserpine, Rebecca, Regina Nigra York Agricultural Warehonse. Price of Syringes from $1 to $6.

Manufactured and improved by M. Pool, and sold at the New rum, Tuscany, Veuustus.

ROSES-SÚMMBR.—Belie Elize, Bright Crimson, Dark Mar. Garden Engine from $25 to $30.
bled, Dindėme Superbe, Garnier Pages, Grand Alexandre, Grand

A. B. ALLEN, No. 187 Water Street, N.Y.
Duc, Grand Modstreuse, Jacqueline panache, L' Aimable d'Stors,
Ornement de parade, Paragon, Petite Blush, Purple Velvet, Strik.

IMPROVED BERGEN PLOW.
ing Red, Transparent, Victoire Bizarre, Volidatur, Agremont. The subscriber has just received a lot of the above Plows,

KOSES-Sweet Briars.-Double Margined Hip, Riego, manufactured by B. Meyer, Newark, N...
White American

A. B. ALLEN, 187 Water Street, N. Y:

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FOR SALE, AT ASTORIA, L. l.

THE AMERICAN AGRICULTURIST. A delightful Country Residence-House, Barn, Ice-House, Published Monthly, by SAXTON & MILES, 205 Broadway, New &c., with 3 acres of Land, highly cultivated--beautiful Hedges, York, containing 32 pages, royal octavo. Shrubbery, and Flowers, abundance of Fruit of all kinds, a fine TERMS-One Dollar per year in advance; three copies for Two view of the East River-Churches, Schools, Physicians--facili- DoHars; eight copies for Five Dollars. ties for communicating with the city every hour of the day. In

When Agriculinral Societies order the work for distribution, deod, everything that is desirable in a country residence. For among the members, the price will be only FIFTY CENTS a further particulars inquire of COOK & SMITH, 68 South St. year, for the Monthly Numbers, and SEVENTY-FIVE CENTS

per copy for bound volumes. It will be expected that these PRINCE'S PREMIUM STRAWBERRIES. orders come officially, and be signed by the President or Secretary Wm. R. Prince & Co., Flushing, having devoted great atten- low rate is, to benefit the farming community more extensively

of the Society. The object in putting our periodical at this very tion to this fruit, now offer the most celebrated collection exist than it could otherwise be done. We hope, henceforth, to see ing in America or Europe, embracing all the choicest varieties recommended by the London Hort. Society, and the most esti- the Agriculturist in the hands of every Farmer and Planter in the

country. mable of other countries, including several splendid seedlings

Each nantber of the Agriculturist contains but One sheet, and originated by themselves and others. The sexuality of every is transported by mail under the same regulations as newspapers, variety has been investigated, and such plants and directions viz.: free any distance not over 30 miles from its place of publicawill be furnished, as will insure abrındant crops. There is no tion; over this and within 100 miles, or to any town in the State such thing as Strawberries becoming barren when properly man- of New York, one cent postage on each number, and one and a half aged. They can be transplanted from August to November. Primordian, the finest and most producive early crimson variety, I cents if over 100 miles, without the State. la rge, profuse bearer, one of our seedlings, and now first offered, tables of contents complete, for sale at $1.00 each ; ele.

Back Volumes of 'THE AMERICAN AGRICULTURIST, with $3 per dozen. Large early scarlet 81 per 100. Garnstone scar- gantly and uniformly bound in cloth, $1.25. These are handlet i for 25 or 82 per 100. Crimson Pine, large, fine, and pro- soine, tasteful books, and make very desirable premiums for dislific, another of our new seedlings, $2 per dozen, and $3 for 25. tribution with Agricultural Societies, ard should also find place Crimson Cone, one of the most splendid, Jarge, bright crimson, in all our District School Libraries. They constitute the best and high flavor, profuse bearer, unrivalled, $3 for 50 and $5 per 100 most complete treatise on American Farming, Stock-Breeding, Prince Albert (true sort), Coul late scarlet, Iowa and Willay, s! and Horticulture, extant. When several copies are ordered, a per dozen and $2 for 50. Alice Maude, Deptford Pine, Core?s liberal discount will be made. seedling, Boston Pine, and Buist's Prize, $1.50 per dozen. Piesident and Clara Victoria, $3 for 6. Swainstone, Black Roseberry ly, or advertising it, will be furnished a copy gratis, upon sending

Editors of newspapers noticing the numbers of this work month. and Victoria, $1 for 25 and $2 per 100. Black Prince, Georgian such notice to this office. Scarlet, late, and Bishop's seedling, beautiful and prolific, $1 for 25 and $3 per 100. British Queen, Myatt's Eliza, Myatt's Pine, Etton and Old Pine, all fine flavor but poor bearers, $i for 5 and

PERUVIAN GUANO AT REDUCED PRICES. 82 to $3 per 100. Hovey's seedling, Bishop's Orange, Ross

The subscriber keeps this superior fertilizer constantly on Phænix or Keen's seedling, and Roseberry, 30cts. for 25, and

$1.50 hand for sale, in bags, barrels, half barrels, and kegs. It codes per 100. Dundee, Hudson's Bay, and Methven, $1 per 100. direct from the Agent of the Peruvian Company, and is warranted Royal Scarlet, Old Scarlet, Melon and Downton, moderate bear. genuine and of a first rate quality. ers, 50cts. for 25, and $1 per 100 Judson (of Cincinnati) great Five tons and over..

......2 cents per lb. bearers, $1 for 25, and $2.50 per 100. Prolific, Large flat and One ton and under five tons..........2 1-8 do. Green Hautbois, $2 for 25 and $2 per 100. White and red running Half a ion and under one ton.........2 1-4 do. Alpine Everbearing, $1 for 50 ; White and Red Bush do. $1 for Under half a ton...

....2 1-2 do. 25. Common English Red Wood (erroneously called Stoddard's

This Guano is packed in bags weighing from 120 to 150 ibs.; Washington Alpine) $1 per 100. English White Wood, $1 per barrels, from 220 to 250 lbs.; half barrels from 115 to 130 lbs 100. Very large quantities at a reduction. Orders not less than kegs about 60 lbs. each. When a larger quantity than one $5 (cash enclosed) will meet prompt attention.

ton is taken, it is expected it will be in bags. No allowance N. B. All orders must be sent direct to us, and no plants are for tare, and no charge for packages. Cartage extra. from us, anless our printed bill and signature accompany them.

A. B. ALLEN, 187 Water Street, N. Y. NEW YORK AGRICULTURAL WAREHOUSE.

TO GARDENERS AND NURSERYMEN. Just received a few of Bryan's celebrated Premium Fanning Cast-iron Tallics or Naming Sticks for Sale.-This is a recent Mills, a superior article to any in ase. Price from $21 to $26. Invention, and is so constructed as to receive the name of any

Also a large supply of Sinclair's, Thorn's, Stevens', and Ho- seed, plant, or tree, under a glass cover, thus keeping it safe and vey's Stalk, Straw, and Hay Cutters. Price from $8 to $30. always distinct to be seen. They will last half a century, and Corn Shellers of all patterns, from $7 to $50.

are very cheap, costing only 50 cents to $1.50 per dozen.
Burr Stone Mills, of various patterns, from 12 to 36 inch stones.
Price from $25 to $100.

Improved Horse Powers, Ross's, Warren's, Trimble's, and CONTENTS OF AUGUST NUMBER.
Taplin's Also Wheeler's celebrated Railway Power.
Threshers of different patterns, with or without Separators.

Feepchtmode or DPying Pederse your Potatoes }
Also Corn and Cob Crushers, Corn Shellers, with Mill attached New York Farmers' Club...
for grinding, a new and good article. Price $12.

Self-Acting Machine for Raising Water, or Water Ram...... 235 Clover and Sugar Mills, and Root Cutters.

Farm and Villa of Mr. King Ruggles, Nourse & Mason's celebrated Centre-draught Plows, The Alpaca, No. 3; Flax Machine of all patterns and sizes.

Do the Races of Fruit Trees wear out ? New York cheap Southern Plows, mado up by Patent Machi Henry W. Edwards ; Theory of Knight Refuted nery, of best White Oak timber, and first-rate quality

of castings, Culture of the Grape and Manufacture of Wine consisting of the following patterns :

From N. Longworth
No. 107

Dairy Cows; Raising Grain at the South
Alexander McDonald; Glass Milk Pans

..... 240 12

Disease of Fowls, S.; Sheep Husbandry,
Corn.
Jacob N. Blakeslee

... 941 No. 2, M. & Co.

Blight in Grain not produced by the Berberry Bush,
4 3, M. & Co.
Browne's Trees of America; A Review of the

943 4. M. & Co.

April No. of the Agriculturist, Reviewer
11 Dutcher's.

Gardening, No. 6, L. T. Talbot....
Ditto.

Vindication of the Duke of Kent's Strawberry,
Nos. 18, 19, 20, 21, Miner & Horton's.

N. Longworth; What is Blight?

Hints on the Construction of Farm-Houses, A J. Downing... 948 Castings for all the above, at very low prices.

Preservation and Application of Manures, A. Beatty..
Also Meyer's Improved Premium Bergen Plows, made up in a Queries on Butter Making, A Subscriber
superior manner. A. B. ALLEN, 187 Water Street, N.Y. Domestic Flin Fonds, Nords, D'Pase Brewne}

To make Bacon...
DURHAM CATTLE FOR SALE.

New York State Agricultural Show.............
The Subscriber offers for sale his entire herd of thorough-bred Pennock's Seed and Grain Planter

, , 2, T. B. Miner} 255 the number of 25 head. It has been bred with great care, and Cultivation of Corn, M. C. M. Harimond........ with especial reference to its dairy properties. For pedigrees,

LADIES' DEPARTMENT: Knitting, E. L........ see the American Herd Book; and for a knowledge of this stock, Boys' DEPARTMENT : Good Tools for Boys Again, Lert....... 253 I would refer to A. B. Allen, 187 Water Street, New York. For Foreign Agricultural News................................. further particulars inquire of

Editor's Table.......................................... PAOLI LATHROP.

960 South Hadley Falls, Mass., Aug., 1846.

Review of the Market.......................................

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Agriculture is the most healthful, the most useful, and the most noble employment of man.-WASHINGTON.
VOL. V.
NEW YORK, APRIL, 1846.

NO. IV. A. B. ALLEN, Editor.

SAXTON & Miles, Publishers, 205 Broadway. VALUE OF THE GRASSES. sults, for he will secure nothing for his purse, if he The product of our grass land is not only far even succeeds in providing himself and family with beyond that of any other crop in the United States, the necessaries of life. but is probably greater than all other crops com With too many of the farmers, grass lands are bined, as they are taken from the field. This is either totally neglected, or they receive just enough not true with certain parts of the Union, as in por- of attention to rescue them from absolute abandontions of the South, where cotton, rice, sugar, or ment. Some farmers never sow an ounce of grass other leading articles are cultivated; nor with such seed on their land; but after first clearing off as are in the neighborhood of large markets, where the original growth of wood, or taking off a crop of fruits and vegetables are in steady demand at high grain, they heedlessly abandon it to the growth of prices. But througliout the States generally, we do such herbage as may spring up from the chance not doubt that the aggregate of the production of seed of former years accumulation in the soil; and grass is far beyond that of all other raw products as this is pretty equally made up of the seeds of combined : for it must be remembered that grain grass and weeds, the latter usually usurp their full and rice, after harvesting, must be threshed and share of the soil, till such time as the former has the cleaned at an expense of several cents per bushel : power of assuming that predominance which a kind cotton must be carefully picked and cleaned, and Providence has given to the useful over the useless then baled ; sugar and tobacco must be manufac- or prejudicial products of nature. tured before they are ready for market; all of Grass-lands, whether intended for meadow or which expenses should first be deducted before pasture, ought to be prepared with the same cauplacing them on a par with grass, which is always tion as fields of grain or vegetables. They should marketable in the field, either by the animals which be finely, evenly, and smoothly plowed and harconsume it, or as hay. If we consider farther, tha: zowed; they should be in high condition as to fernearly every one of the other products is raised by tility; all the furrows should be carefully smoothed long-continued, expensive, laborious efforts, both of down and levelled if leechy land, or as carefully man and beast, we largely enhance the comparative cleaned out and kept open for thorough surface value of the grasses, as they are thus secured in all draining, if they consist of stiff clay. The seed their value and importance at a much cheaper rate should be well chosen for plumpness and weight, than other productions. Another and highly im- and entire freedom from any improper mixture ; portant advantage they possess over other crops is, and, lastly, it should be evenly and most liberally they but slightly impoverish the soil in any in- sown with one, or as many varieties of grass or stance, while, in many, they tend to its fertilisation, clover, as is best suited to the soil, or the object but all other crops exhaust it to a greater or less proposed. If, from unforeseen causes, as drought degree. If these propositions be true, it behooves or winter killing, or imperfection of seed, any spots the farmer to look well after his grass lands. If should prove bare or imperfectly seeded, the first properly prepared and managed, they are a mine of proper time should be taken for re-seeding it. wealth to him; while, with the generality of Cattle should be carefully excluded till the grass farmers, if they be neglected, wo betide his re- has acquired a fine sod, and, in the spring, and suf

106

AGRICULTURAL COLLEGES AND SCHOOLS.

ficiently early in the autumn, to prevent any poach- the munificence of the State; yet they will find ing, by which unsightly holes are made for standing there little to fit them for their own peculiar sphere. water, and to the total exclusion of all growth of The discovery of a new world of agricultural grass. If the herbage at any time becomes thin or science has burst upon this age; and order and dedeficient, or mosses or weeds encroach upon the sign are found to govern, by the exactest principles useful growth, guano, ashes, plaster, lime, stable- and laws, every one of nature's operations. Many manure, peat, or muck composts should be added to of these principles and laws have been detected by remedy the first, and the usual appliances resorted the ablest scientific explorers of Europe, such as to for removing the last. Thus managed and grazed Davy, Chaptal, Boussingault

, Liebig, Johnston, and by choice breeds of stock, every way well looked others. These discoveries, and what are destined after, the farmers generally will find their most pro- to succeed them, will give to agricultural pursuits fitable returns from grass lands.

a precision and advantage, similar to what follow.

ed the discovery of the magnet in maritime affairs. AGRICULTURAL COLLEGES AND SCHOOLS. The farmer has, from time immemorial, been groping

To Legislators throughout the United States or in the dark; he knew only what experience reveal. rather to their constituents, as the former are merely ed to him; and even from this he often drew false their servants—their waiting echo.

conclusions, from not being able to comprehend all The establishment of Agricultural Schools and the premises, and the most ordinary operations of Colleges by our legislative bodies has been repeat- nature. With well known, undeviating principles edly urged in these columns, but hitherto, like many with which to work, the Agriculturist could push other important things, without success. Although boldly into the ocean of experiments, and calculate, hopeless of securing any present aid for these most with unerring certainty, his latitude and longitude, praiseworthy objects, by our National or State and the precise distance he was from any given Legislatures, we yet deem it incumbent upon us, as point, instead of slowly coasting along dangerous, conductors of a public journal, whose sole object is dreary coasts, in continual fear of shipwreck. the advancement of the agricultural classes, to re- The difference between the practice of a farmer of iterate and re-urge this question. If we cannot for the last century and of one in the age to come, will the present induce any favorable action from those not be less than the difference between a voyage who are delegated to enact laws, we can bring the from Liverpool to Boston by the Cunard line of subject to the attentive consideration of those ho steamers, and a coasting voyage from the same select their representatives for this purpose. We point, by the Scottish coast, the Orkneys and Shet. thus hope to enlighten public sentiment on this all- land islés, Nova Zembla, the Polar ice, Greenland, important matter ; and if the people are once and the north-eastern coast of America, in the awakened to its importance, they will see to it, that ancient craft of the Carthaginians or freebooting their representatives do not long continue to neglect Danes and Swedes. their interests. If they will not lead in a measure Talk of the agricultural intelligence of this age ! of such vital consequence to this, the largest inter- Why, it is merely this ; some few intellectual men ests of the community, they can be driven into it of other countries scarcely any of our own-have when the people have become aroused.

just overstepped that horizon of darkness, which It is somewhat strange, and entirely unaccount- has hitherto hedged in the world, and made a few able on any other principle than narrowness of preliminary discoveries! What a poor amount of views, discreditable to the age, or the utter subser-agricultural knowledge is this! It is in the spirit viency of our leading men to the behests of party, of the age, and should be peculiarly that of this that they cannot take this single step in advance of country, which boasts of its intelligence, to carry the practice

past ages, and assume the responsi- out by every means in its power, so laudable, so bility of maturing and carrying out a measure intelligent, and withal so money-making a scheme,fraught with so much benefit to the country at for “ moneyis the talismanic word we are forced large, as would result from the establishment of one to use. But so little light has hitherto penetrated or more institutions, which will bring to the minds among our agriculturists, that five-sixths of the of adults as well as youth, the great principles and most intelligent of them will tell you, that “the the most approved practice of Agricultural Science. new of the moon is the time for this, the first quar. Should our law-makers vote an amount perfectly ter for that, her fulling for another, and her waning adequate to the purchase of a suitable experimental for something else.” Not even a Farmer's Almanai farm and the erection of proper buildings, apparatus, will sell, without a mystic figure installed as the &c., and engage some able men to carry out the key of nature, surrounded by the Zodiac and its objects of the undertaking, can it be doubted that signs, whose converging rays indicate the bidden the farmers of the great State of New York would secrets of nature, and expose the whole cycle of not most fully sustain it? Are they for ever to re- her operations ! Astrology, that has been aban. main the hewers of wood and drawers of water to doned by the world at large for two hundred years every other class in the community, and see thou- or more, is good enough to reveal the mysteries of sands annually devoted to the higher branches of the farmer's art, embracing, as it does, almost all the education in other professions, and they not be laws of nature ! Out upon the twaddle, and more allowed to receive a meagre per centage of this out- unmeaning gibberish than nursery maids deal out to lay, for the necessary improvement of their own nurslings, when they tell the farmers, “ their dear profession and interests? True, they can participate, constituents,”—“the bone and sinew of the land”— in common with others, in the higher walks of " the most enlightened class of the country,”academical and collegiate education, provided by " the expectancy and rose of the fair State," and

VALUE OF ANTHRACITE COAL ASHFS. -INDIAN CORN FOR SOILING, ETC.

107

other holiday and juggling terms, with which they these ashes, after spreading them on grass lands, it are smothered ; adding that “they do not require would be well to pass a roller over the meadow in any assistance from art, they have only to plow order to sink the cinders in the ground, out of the and delve, and cast in their seed, and nature will do way of the edge of the scythe.Anthracite ashes the rest—they need but pay their taxes for the sup- can be had in the city for the mere cost of gathering, port of the State, and others will take care that and in some instances the corporation carts will degovernment and the professions are well looked liver them on the dock, gratis. We hope to see after.”

them no longer wasted in the streets of New York. Were our own views carried out, we would ap. propriate at once, half a million of dollars for the INDIAN CORN FOR SOILING AND FODDER. founding of an Agricultural College and experi We doubt whether the value of Indian corn is mental farm, the interest of which should for ever more than half known yet among the generality of be devoted to the employment of the ablest profes- farmers; and if the unparallaled drought throughsors the world affords, whose whole genius and at- out the country last summer should have a tendency tainments should be devoted to discoveries in this to teach it to them, the terrible lesson may be art, and in teaching them to our most intelligent looked upon as a mercy rather than a scourge, from youth. We would invite the Liebigs, and Bous- a beneficent Providence. During the past eight singaults, and Johnstons, and Bakewells, to occupy months, thousands of animals have perished or been chairs in the institution, at salaries which would com- sacrificed for want of grass or fodder to sustain mand their acceptance ; and as soon as others could them, all of which might have been saved and kept be appropriately filled by American genius, who in good condition, had each farmer sown a few should be pressed into service to the full extent of acres of corn for soiling and fodder. We saw last the demand. Minor establishments should receive summer, on a light sandy soil, a crop of corn growencouragement and support, and every pecuniary ing, which turned out six tons of excellent dry fod. aid which could facilitate the discovery and disse- der per acre. It was sown on the first day of July, mination of agricultural science and art, should be in drills three feet apart. The land was plowed freely and liberally granted. We should then see deep, and highly manured. This crop was the the beginning of the end of the shameful neglect of means of saving a superior herd of cows from starthe agricultural class; we should be able to console vation. Henceforth, however promising the grass ourselves with the reflection, that we had at least and hay crop may be, let no farmer depend entirely made whatever effort was in our power, to accom- upon it, but let him sow a few acres of corn for plish the greatest good to the greatest number. summer soiling, or to be cured for winter's use.

What say you, farmers, to this proposition ? He will then be tolerably independent of a capri. Shall anything be done or not? If anything is to cious season. If the land be rich and properly prebe accomplished, you will have to make the first pared for corn, it will be sure to come up and grow, move. You must coramand your delegates to give however dry it may be, provided the seed be preyou from their loaded coffers, some small part of the pared by steeping it in guano or saltpetre water, or means you have so liberally provided for them, that some other cheap solution. When corn is tolerably you may be able, from its judicious expenditure, to advanced in its growth, it completely shades the supply still more. You have only to set about this ground, and the drought will have little effect upon in earnest, and the object is already accomplished. it. A larger crop, may usually be grown in drills

The above was written for our March "number, than when sown broad-cast; and if these drills be but unfortunately crowded out. By reference to two or two and a half feet apart, we believe it will the proceedings of the American Agricultural Asso- be found better than nearer, especially in a very dry ciation, page 109, it will be seen that one of our season, as the cultivator can be often run between citizens has generously offered the free use of his the rows, stirring the ground effectually, and neufarm for five years, for the benefit of an Agricultural tralizing, in a measure, the effects of dry weather. School. This farm is in the finest possible order, We recommend sowing at least one acre of corn and one of the best in this vicinity. Its buildings for fodder, for every five head of cattle kept on also are very complete, and nearly new. We hope the farm. If there be an overplus of hay it is very others will be stimulated to follow this munificent easily disposed of. example. If public bodies will not move, let private bodies do so, and the former will soon emulate Fish.— These are used in large quantities as matheir example. It is painful to think of the wealth nure. They are ordinarily applied directly to the which is annually lavished on vanity and folly in land by being plowed in, or corn and other crops this country, which might, if the owners would but are manured in the hill with them. This is a will it, be devoted to the glorious cause of the ad- great waste, however, in their application, and a vancement of the science and practice of agriculture. shocking nuisance to the country around; for the

moment decomposition begins, the air is poisoned VALUE OF ANTHRACITE COAL ASHES.—In the with their noxious smell. To prevent this, they February No. of the Agriculturist, page 55, one of should be mixed with peat, in layers of 3 inches of our correspondents gave an excellent article on the fish to 9 inches of the latter. After lying three value of anthracite ashes for corn.' Since this, we months or so, toss over the compost, and it is ready understand they were applied on the grass lands in for use. Fishmay be composted with muck or New Jersey, last spring, at the rate of 50 bushels soil of any description, in the same way as poat; per 'acre, and notwithstanding the unprecedented but in this case sufficient charcoal dust or plaster of drouth, they were the means of doubling the crop Paris must be added to absorb the unpleasant of grass. As there are more or less hard cinders in smell.

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